(a) Upon motion of a party, the ALJ may impose sanctions under paragraph (b) of this section if any party:
(1) Fails to comply with an order approving discovery; or
(2) Fails to supplement or amend a response to discovery under § 1.642(a).
(b) The ALJ may impose one or more of the following sanctions:
(1) Infer that the information, testimony, document, or other evidence withheld would have been adverse to the party;
(2) Order that, for the purposes of the hearing, designated facts are established;
(3) Order that the party not introduce into evidence, or otherwise rely on to support its case, any information, testimony, document, or other evidence:
(i) That the party improperly withheld; or
(ii) That the party obtained from another party in discovery;
(4) Allow another party to use secondary evidence to show what the information, testimony, document, or other evidence withheld would have shown; or
(5) Take other appropriate action to remedy the party's failure to comply.