58 FR 36119, July 6, 1993, unless otherwise noted.
73 FR 23013, Apr. 28, 2008, unless otherwise noted.
When taking a personnel action authorized by this chapter, an agency must comply with qualification standards and regulations issued by the Office of Personnel Management (OPM), the instructions OPM has published in the Guide to Processing Personnel Actions, and the provisions of any delegation agreement OPM has made with the agency. When taking a personnel action that results from a decision or order of OPM, the Merit Systems Protection Board, Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, or Federal Labor Relations Authority, as authorized by the rules and regulations of those agencies, or as the result of a court order, a judicial or administrative settlement agreement, or an arbitral award under a negotiated agreement, the agency must follow the instructions in the Guide to Processing Personnel Actions and comply with all other relevant substantive and documentary requirements, including those applicable to retirement, life insurance, health benefits, and other benefits provided under this chapter.
OPM may delegate its authority, including authority for competitive examinations, to agencies, under 5 U.S.C. 1104(a)(2), through a delegation agreement. The delegation agreement developed with the agency must specify the conditions for applying the delegated authorities. The agreement must also set minimum standards of performance and describe the system of oversight by which the agency and OPM will monitor the use of each delegated authority.
If OPM finds that an agency has taken an action contrary to a law, rule, regulation, or standard that OPM administers, OPM may require the agency to take corrective action. OPM may suspend or revoke a delegation agreement established under § 250.102 at any time if it determines that the agency is not adhering to the provisions of the agreement. OPM may suspend or withdraw any authority granted under this chapter to an agency, including any authority granted by delegation agreement, when OPM finds that the agency has not complied with qualification standards OPM has issued, instructions OPM has published, or the regulations in this chapter. OPM also may suspend or withdraw these authorities when it determines that doing so is in the interest of the civil service for any other reason.
81 FR 89364, Dec. 12, 2016, unless otherwise noted.
Pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 1103(c), this subpart defines a set of systems, including standards and metrics, for assessing the management of human capital by Federal agencies. These regulations apply to agencies covered by 31 U.S.C. 901(b) of the Chief Financial Officers (CFO) Act of 1990 (Pub. L. 101-576), as well as 5 U.S.C. 1401 and support the performance planning and reporting that is required by sections 1115(a)(3) and (f) and 1116(d)(5) of title 31, United States Code.
[83 FR 55931, Nov. 9, 2018]
Chief Human Capital Officer (CHCO) is the agency's senior leader whose primary duty is to:
(1) Advise and assist the head of the agency and other agency officials in carrying out the agency's responsibilities for selecting, developing, training, and managing a high-quality, productive workforce in accordance with merit system principles; and
(2) Implement the rules and regulations of the President, the Office of Personnel Management (OPM), and the laws governing the civil service within the agency.
Director of OPM is, among other things, the President's advisor on actions that may be taken to promote an efficient civil service and a systematic application of the merit system principles, including recommending policies relating to the selection, promotion, transfer, performance, pay, conditions of service, tenure, and separation of employees. The Director of OPM provides governmentwide leadership and direction in the strategic management of the Federal workforce.
Evaluation system is an agency's overarching system for evaluating the results of all human capital planning and implementation of human capital strategies to inform the agency's continuous process improvement efforts. This system is also used for ensuring compliance with all applicable statutes, rules, regulations, and agency policies.
Federal Workforce Priorities Report (FWPR) is a strategic human capital report, published by OPM by the first Monday in February of any year in which the term of the President commences. OPM may extend the date of publication if needed. The report communicates key Governmentwide human capital priorities and suggested strategies. The report also informs agency strategic and human capital planning.
Focus areas are areas that agencies and human capital practitioners must focus on to achieve a system's standard.
HRStat is a strategic human capital performance evaluation process that identifies, measures, and analyzes human capital data to inform the impact of an agency's human capital management on organizational results with the intent to improve human capital outcomes. HRStat, which is a quarterly review process, is a component of an agency's strategic planning and alignment and evaluation systems that are part of the Human Capital Framework.
Human Capital Evaluation Framework underlies the three human capital evaluation mechanisms (i.e., HRStat, Audits, and Human Capital Reviews) to create a central evaluation framework that integrates the outcomes from each to provide OPM and agencies with an understanding of how human capital policies and programs are supporting missions.
Human Capital Framework (HCF) provides comprehensive guidance on the principles of strategic human capital management in the Federal Government. The framework, as described in § 250.203 below, provides direction on human capital planning, implementation, and evaluation in the Federal environment.
Human Capital Operating Plan (HCOP) is an agency's human capital implementation document, which describes how an agency will execute the human capital elements stated within Agency Strategic Plan and Annual Performance Plan (APP). Program specific workforce investments and strategies (e.g., hiring, closing skill gaps, etc.) should be incorporated into the APPs as appropriate. The HCOP should clearly execute each of the four systems of the HCF. The HCOP should align with the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA) Modernization Act of 2010, annual performance plans and timelines.
Human Capital Review (HCR) is OPM's annual, evidence-based review of an agency's design and implementation of its HCOP, independent audit, and HRStat programs to support mission accomplishment and human capital outcomes.
Independent audit program is a component of an agency's evaluation system designed to review all human capital management systems and select human resources transactions to ensure efficiency, effectiveness, and legal and regulatory compliance.
Skill gap is a variance between the current and projected workforce size and skills needed to ensure an agency has a cadre of talent available to meet its mission and make progress towards achieving its goals and objectives now and into the future.
Standard is a consistent practice within human capital management in which agencies strive towards in each of the four HCF systems. The standards ensure that an agency's human capital management strategies, plans, and practices:
(1) Are integrated with strategic plans, annual performance plans and goals, and other relevant budget, finance, and acquisition plans;
(2) Contain measurable and observable performance targets;
(3) Are communicated in an open and transparent manner to facilitate cross-agency collaboration to achieve mission objectives; and
(4) Inform the development of human capital management priority goals for the Federal Government.
Strategic human capital management systems, standards, and focus areas are defined within the Human Capital Framework (HCF). The four systems described below provide definitions and standards for human capital planning, implementation, and evaluation. The HCF systems and standards are:
(a) Strategic planning and alignment. A system that ensures agency human capital programs are aligned with agency mission, goals, and objectives through analysis, planning, investment, and measurement. The standards for the strategic planning and alignment system require an agency to ensure their human capital management strategies, plans, and practices -
(1) Integrate strategic plans, annual performance plans and goals, and other relevant budget, finance, and acquisition plans;
(2) Contain measurable and observable performance targets; and
(3) Communicate in an open and transparent manner to facilitate cross-agency collaboration to achieve mission objectives.
(b) Talent management. A system that promotes a high-performing workforce, identifies and closes skill gaps, and implements and maintains programs to attract, acquire, develop, promote, and retain quality and diverse talent. The standards for the talent management system require an agency to -
(1) Plan for and manage current and future workforce needs;
(2) Design, develop, and implement proven strategies and techniques and practices to attract, hire, develop, and retain talent; and
(3) Make progress toward closing any knowledge, skill, and competency gaps throughout the agency.
(c) Performance culture. A system that engages, develops, and inspires a diverse, high-performing workforce by creating, implementing, and maintaining effective performance management strategies, practices, and activities that support mission objectives. The standards for the performance culture system require an agency to have -
(1) Strategies and processes to foster a culture of engagement and collaboration;
(2) A diverse, results-oriented, high-performing workforce; and
(3) A performance management system that differentiates levels of performance of staff, provides regular feedback, and links individual performance to organizational goals.
(d) Evaluation. A system that contributes to agency performance by monitoring and evaluating outcomes of its human capital management strategies, policies, programs, and activities by meeting the following standards -
(1) Ensuring compliance with merit system principles; and
(2) Identifying, implementing, and monitoring process improvements.
(a) An agency must use the systems and standards established in this part, and any metrics that OPM subsequently provides in guidance, to plan, implement, evaluate and improve human capital policies and programs. These policies and programs must -
(1) Align with Executive branch policies and priorities, as well as with individual agency missions, goals, and strategic objectives. Agencies must align their human capital management strategies to support the Federal Workforce Priorities Report, agency strategic plan, agency performance plan, and agency budget;
(2) Be based on comprehensive workforce planning and analysis;
(3) Monitor and address skill gaps within governmentwide and agency-specific mission-critical occupations by using comprehensive data analytic methods and gap closure strategies;
(4) Recruit, hire, develop, and retain an effective workforce, especially in the agency's mission-critical occupations;
(5) Ensure leadership continuity by implementing and evaluating recruitment, development, and succession plans for leadership positions;
(6) Implement a knowledge management process to ensure continuity in knowledge sharing among employees at all levels within the organization;
(7) Sustain an agency culture that engages employees by defining, valuing, eliciting, and rewarding high performance; and
(8) Hold the agency head, executives, managers, human capital officers, and human capital staff accountable for efficient and effective strategic human capital management, in accordance with merit system principles.
(b) Each agency must meet the statutory requirements of the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA) Modernization Act of 2010, by including within the Annual Performance Plan (APP) human capital practices that are aligned to the agency strategic plan. The human capital portion of the APP must include performance goals and indicators.
(c) An agency's Deputy Secretary, equivalent, or designee is responsible for ensuring that the agency's strategic plan includes a description of the operational processes, skills and technology, and human capital information required to achieve the agency's goals and objectives. Specifically, the Deputy Secretary, equivalent, or designee will -
(1) Allocate resources;
(2) Ensure the agency incorporates applicable priorities identified within the Federal Workforce Strategic Priorities Report and is working to close governmentwide and agency-specific skill gaps; and
(3) Remain informed about the progress of their agency's quarterly HRStat reviews, which are led by the CHCO, in collaboration with the PIO.
(d) The Chief Human Capital Officer must design, implement and monitor agency human capital policies and programs that -
(1) Ensure human capital activities support merit system principles;
(2) Use the OPM designated method to identify governmentwide and agency-specific skill gaps;
(3) Demonstrate how the agency is using the principles within the HCF to address strategic human capital priorities and goals;
(4) Establish and maintain an Evaluation System to evaluate human capital outcomes that is -
(i) Formal and documented; and
(ii) Approved by OPM;
(5) Maintain an independent audit program, subject to full OPM participation and evaluation, to review periodically all human capital management systems and the agency's human resources transactions to ensure legal and regulatory compliance. An agency must -
(i) Take corrective action to eliminate deficiencies identified by OPM, or through the independent audit, and to improve its human capital management programs and its human resources processes and practices; and
(ii) Based on OPM or independent audit findings, issue a report to its leadership and OPM containing the analysis, results, and corrective actions taken; and
(6) Improve strategic human capital management by adjusting strategies and practices, as appropriate, after assessing the results of performance goals, indicators, and business analytics.
(7) The agency's human capital policies and programs must support the implementation and monitoring of the Federal Workforce Priorities Report, which is published by OPM every four years, and -
(i) Improve strategic human capital management by using performance goals, indicators, and business analytics to assess results of the human capital management strategies planned and implemented;
(ii) Ensure human capital activities support merit system principles;
(iii) Adjust human capital management strategies and practices in response to outcomes identified during HRStat quarterly data-driven reviews of human capital performance to improve organizational processes; and
(iv) Use the governmentwide and agency-specific human capital strategies to inform resource requests (e.g., staff full-time equivalents, training, analytical software, etc.) into the agency's annual budget process.
Each agency must develop a Human Capital Operating Plan (HCOP) that aligns with an agency's Strategic Plan and Annual Performance Plan. The HCOP is to be reviewed and approved annually, and updated as needed. The HCOP must demonstrate how an agency's human capital implementation strategies follow the principles and standards of the HCF while including an explanation of how human capital policies, initiatives, objectives, and resources will be used to achieve agencies' human capital goals. The HCOP will be made available to OPM upon request. The HCOP must -
(a) Be established by the CHCO, in collaboration with the agency's senior management team;
(b) Be used to support the execution of an agency's strategic plan, as an agency's human capital can affect whether or not a strategy or strategic goal is achieved;
(c) Explicitly describe the agency-specific skill and competency gaps that must be closed through the use of agency selected human capital strategies;
(d) Include annual human capital performance goals and measures that will support the evaluation of the agency's human capital strategies, through HRStat quarterly reviews, and that are aligned to support mission accomplishment;
(e) Reflect the systems and standards defined in § 250.203 above, consistent with their agency strategic plan and annual performance plan, to address strategic human capital priorities and goals; and
(f) Address the governmentwide priorities identified in the Federal Workforce Strategic Priorities Report.
Each agency must participate with OPM in a Human Capital Review (HCR). The HCR will be conducted during the evaluation phase and OPM will issue guidance about the HCR requirements.
The Chief Human Capital Officer must design, implement and monitor agency human capital policies and programs that -
(a) Use the HRStat quarterly reviews, in coordination with the agency Performance Improvement Officer (PIO), to assess the agency's progress toward meeting its strategic and performance goals;
(b) Implement the HRStat Maturity guidelines specified by OPM; and
(c) Use HRStat quarterly reviews to evaluate their agency's progress.
OPM reserves the right to provide additional guidance regarding metrics.
If OPM finds that an agency has taken an action contrary to a law, rule, regulation, or standard that OPM administers, OPM may require the agency to take corrective action. OPM may suspend or revoke a delegation agreement established under 5 U.S.C. 1104(a)(2) at any time if it determines that the agency is not adhering to the provisions of the agreement. OPM may suspend or withdraw any authority granted under this chapter to an agency, including any authority granted by delegation agreement, when OPM finds that the agency has not complied with qualification standards OPM has issued, instructions OPM has published, or the regulations in this chapter of the regulation. OPM also may suspend or withdraw these authorities when it determines that doing so is in the interest of the civil service for any other reason.
81 FR 89367, Dec. 12, 2016, unless otherwise noted.
Agency means an Executive agency, as defined in 5 U.S.C. 105.
(a) Each executive agency must conduct an annual survey of its employees to assess topics outlined in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004, Public Law 108-136, sec. 1128, codified at 5 U.S.C. 7101.
(1) Each executive agency may include additional survey questions unique to the agency in addition to the employee survey questions prescribed by OPM under paragraph (a)(2) of this section.
(2) The 16 prescribed survey questions are listed in the following table:
|(i) Leadership and Management practices that contribute to agency performance|
|My work unit has the job-relevant skills necessary to accomplish organizational goals.|
|Managers communicate the goals of the organization.|
|I believe the results of this survey will be used to make my agency a better place to work.|
|(ii) Employee Satisfaction with -|
|(A)||Leadership Policies and Practices:|
|How satisfied are you with your involvement in decisions that affect your work?|
|How satisfied are you with the information you receive from management on what is going on in your organization?|
|Considering everything, how satisfied are you with your organization?|
|The people I work with cooperate to get the job done.|
|My workload is reasonable.|
|Considering everything, how satisfied are you with your job?|
|I can disclose a suspected violation of any law, rule or regulation without fear of reprisal.|
|(C)||Rewards and Recognition:|
|In my work unit, differences in performance are recognized in a meaningful way.|
|How satisfied are you with the recognition you receive for doing a good job?|
|(D)||Opportunities for professional development and growth:|
|I am given a real opportunity to improve my skills in my organization.|
|My talents are used well in the workplace.|
|(E)||Opportunity to contribute to achieving organizational mission:|
|I know how my work relates to the agency's goals.|
|I recommend my organization as a good place to work.|
(a) Each agency will make the results of its annual survey available to the public and post the results on its Web site unless the agency head determines that doing so would jeopardize or negatively impact national security. The posted survey results will include the following:
(1) The agency's evaluation of its survey results;
(2) How the survey was conducted;
(3) Description of the employee sample, unless all employees are surveyed;
(4) The survey questions and response choices with the prescribed questions identified;
(5) The number of employees surveyed and number of employees who completed the survey; and
(6) The number of respondents for each survey question and each response choice.
(b) Data must be collected by December 31 of each calendar year. Each agency must post the beginning and ending dates of its employee survey and either the survey results described in paragraph (a) of this section, or a statement noting the decision not to post, no later than 120 days after the agency completes survey administration. OPM may extend this date under unusual circumstances.