60 FR 45371, Aug. 31, 1995, unless otherwise noted.
(a) This subpart is based on certain provisions of section 1862(b) of the Act, which impose specific requirements and limitations with respect to -
(1) Individuals who are entitled to Medicare on the basis of disability; and
(2) Large group health plans (LGHPs) that cover those individuals.
(b) Under these provisions, the LGHP may not take into account the Medicare entitlement of a disabled individual who is covered (or seeks to be covered) under the plan by virtue of his or her own current employment status or that of a member of his or her family. (§ 411.108 gives examples of actions that constitute taking into account.)
As used in this subpart -
Entitled to Medicare on the basis of disability means entitled or deemed entitled on the basis of entitlement to social security disability benefits or railroad retirement disability benefits. (§ 406.12 of this chapter explains the requirements an individual must meet in order to be entitled or deemed to be entitled to Medicare on the basis of disability.)
Family member means a person who is enrolled in an LGHP based on another person's enrollment; for example, the enrollment of the named insured individual. Family members may include a spouse (including a divorced or common-law spouse), a natural, adopted, foster, or stepchild, a parent, or a sibling.
(a) Medicare benefits are secondary to benefits payable by an LGHP for services furnished during any month in which the individual -
(1) Is entitled to Medicare Part A benefits under § 406.12 of this chapter;
(2) Is covered under an LGHP; and
(3) Has LGHP coverage by virtue of his or her own or a family member's current employment status.
(b) Individuals entitled to Medicare on the basis of disability who are also eligible for, or entitled to, Medicare on the basis of ESRD. If a disabled individual is, or could upon filing an application become, entitled to Medicare on the basis of ESRD, the coordination of benefits rules of subpart F of this part apply.
(a) General rule. CMS makes Medicare primary payments for services furnished to disabled beneficiaries covered under the LGHP by virtue of their own or a family member's current employment status if the services are -
(1) Furnished to Medicare beneficiaries who have declined to enroll in the GHP;
(2) Not covered under the plan for the disabled individual or similarly situated individuals;
(3) Covered under the plan but not available to particular disabled individuals because they have exhausted their benefits under the plan;
(4) Furnished to individuals whose COBRA continuation coverage has been terminated because of the individual's Medicare entitlement; or
(5) Covered under COBRA continuation coverage notwithstanding the individual's Medicare entitlement.
(b) Conditional primary payments: Basic rule. Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, CMS may make a conditional Medicare primary payment for any of the following reasons:
(1) The beneficiary, the provider, or the supplier that has accepted assignment has filed a proper claim with the LGHP and the LGHP has denied the claim in whole or in part.
(2) The beneficiary, because of physical or mental incapacity, failed to file a proper claim.
(c) Conditional primary payments: Exceptions. CMS does not make conditional Medicare primary payments if -
(1) The LGHP denies the claim in whole or in part for one of the following reasons:
(i) It is alleged that the LGHP is secondary to Medicare.
(ii) The LGHP limits its payments when the individual is entitled to Medicare.
(iii) The LGHP does not provide the benefits to individuals who are entitled to Medicare on the basis of disability and covered under the plan by virtue of current employment status but does provide the benefits to other similarly situated individuals enrolled in the plan.
(iv) The LGHP takes into account entitlement to Medicare in any other way.
(v) There was failure to file a proper claim for any reason other than physical or mental incapacity of the beneficiary.
(2) The LGHP, an employer or employee organization, or the beneficiary fails to furnish information that is requested by CMS and that is necessary to determine whether the LGHP is primary to Medicare.
(d) Limit on secondary payments. The provisions of § 411.172(e) also apply to services furnished to the disabled under this subpart.