The soil classification and bearing capacity of the soil must be determined before the foundation is constructed and anchored. The soil classification and bearing capacity must be determined by one or more of the following methods, unless the soil bearing capacity is established as permitted in paragraph (f) of this section:
(a) Soil tests. Soil tests that are in accordance with generally accepted engineering practice; or
(b) Soil records. Soil records of the applicable LAHJ; or
(c) Soil classifications and bearing capacities. If the soil class or bearing capacity cannot be determined by test or soil records, but its type can be identified, the soil classification, allowable pressures, and torque values shown in Table to § 3285.202 may be used.
(d) A pocket penetrometer; or
(e) In lieu of determining the soil bearing capacity by use of the methods shown in the table, an allowable pressure of 1,500 psf may be used, unless the site-specific information requires the use of lower values based on soil classification and type.
(f) If the soil appears to be composed of peat, organic clays, or uncompacted fill, or appears to have unusual conditions, a registered professional geologist, registered professional engineer, or registered architect must determine the soil classification and maximum allowable soil bearing capacity.
Table to § 3285.202
|Soil classification||Soil description||Allowable soil bearing
|Blow count ASTM D 1586-99||Torque probe3 value4
|Classification number||ASTM D 2487-00
or D 2488-00
reference, see § 3285.4)
|1||Rock or hard pan||4000 +|
|2||GW, GP, SW, SP, GM, SM||Sandy gravel and gravel; very than dense and/orcemented sands;coursegravel/cobbles;preloaded silts,clays and coral||2000||40 +||More than 550.|
|3||GC, SC, ML, CL||Sand; silty sand; clayey sand; siltygravel; medium dense course sands; sandygravel; and very stiff silt, sand clays||1500||24-39||351-550.|
|4A||CG, MH2||Loose to medium dense sands; firm to stiff clays and silts; alluvial fills||1000||18-23||276-350.|
|4B||CH, MH2||Loose sands; firm clays; alluvial fills||1000||12-17||175-275.|
|5||OL, OH, PT||Uncompacted fill; peat; organic clays||Refer to 3285.202(e)||0-11||Less than 175.|