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Title 14

Displaying title 14, up to date as of 9/23/2021. Title 14 was last amended 9/23/2021.

Title 14

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§ 25.397 Control system loads.

(a) General. The maximum and minimum pilot forces, specified in paragraph (c) of this section, are assumed to act at the appropriate control grips or pads (in a manner simulating flight conditions) and to be reacted at the attachment of the control system to the control surface horn.

(b) Pilot effort effects. In the control surface flight loading condition, the air loads on movable surfaces and the corresponding deflections need not exceed those that would result in flight from the application of any pilot force within the ranges specified in paragraph (c) of this section. Two-thirds of the maximum values specified for the aileron and elevator may be used if control surface hinge moments are based on reliable data. In applying this criterion, the effects of servo mechanisms, tabs, and automatic pilot systems, must be considered.

(c) Limit pilot forces and torques. The limit pilot forces and torques are as follows:

Control Maximum forces or torques Minimum forces or torques
Aileron:
Stick 100 lbs 40 lbs.
Wheel1 80 D in.-lbs2 40 D in.-lbs.
Elevator:
Stick 250 lbs 100 lbs.
Wheel (symmetrical) 300 lbs 100 lbs.
Wheel (unsymmetrical)3 100 lbs.
Rudder 300 lbs 130 lbs.

[Doc. No. 5066, 29 FR 18291, Dec. 24, 1964, as amended by Amdt. 25-38, 41 FR 55466, Dec. 20, 1976; Amdt. 25-72, 55 FR 29776, July 20, 1990]