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e-CFR data is current as of March 3, 2021

Title 7Subtitle BChapter IXPart 915 → Subpart D


Title 7: Agriculture
PART 915—AVOCADOS GROWN IN SOUTH FLORIDA


Subpart D—Container and Pack Requirements


Contents
§915.305   Florida Avocado Container Regulation 5.
§915.306   Florida avocado grade, pack, and container marking regulation.
§915.332   Florida avocado maturity regulation.

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§915.305   Florida Avocado Container Regulation 5.

(a) No handler shall handle any avocados for the fresh market from the production area to any point outside thereof in containers having a capacity of more than 4 pounds of avocados unless the containers meet the requirements specified in this section: Provided, That the containers authorized in this section shall not be used for handling avocados for commercial processing into products pursuant to §915.55(c). All avocados shall be packed in containers of 33, 31, 24, 12, and 8.5 pounds designated net weights and shall conform to all other applicable requirements of this section:

(1) Containers shall not contain less than 33 pounds net weight of avocados, except that for avocados of unnamed varieties, which are avocados that have not been given varietal names, and for Booth 1, Fuchs, and Trapp varieties, such weight shall be not less than 31 pounds. Not more than 10 percent, by count, of the individual containers in any lot may fail to meet the applicable specified weight. No container in any lot may contain a net weight of avocados exceeding 2 pounds less than the specified net weight; or

(2) Containers shall not contain less than 24 pounds net weight of avocados: Provided, That not to exceed 5 percent, by count, of such containers in any lot may fail to meet such weight requirement. All avocados packed at this designated net weight shall be placed in two layers and the net weight of all avocados in any such container shall not be less than 24 pounds: Provided, That the requirement as to placing avocados in two layers only shall not apply to such container if each of the avocados therein weighs 14 ounces or less; or

(3) Containers shall not contain less than 12 pounds net weight of avocados: Provided, That not to exceed 5 percent, by count, of such containers in any lot may fail to meet such weight requirement. All avocados packed at this designated net weight shall be placed in one layer only and the net weight of all avocados in any such container shall not be less than 12 pounds; or

(4) Containers shall not contain less than 8.5 pounds net weight of avocados: Provided, That not to exceed 5 percent, by count, of such containers in any lot may fail to meet such weight requirement. All avocados packed at this designated net weight shall be placed in one layer only and the net weight of all avocados in any such container shall not be less than 8.5 pounds. Such containers shall be for export shipments only.

(5) Such other types and sizes of containers as may be approved by the Avocado Administrative Committee, with the approval of the Secretary, for testing in connection with a research project conducted by or in cooperation with said committee: Provided, That the handling of each lot of avocados in such test containers shall be subject to prior approval, and under the supervision of, the Avocado Administrative Committee.

(b) The limitations set forth in paragraph (a) of this section shall not apply to master containers for individual packages of avocados: Provided, That the markings or labels, if any, on the individual packages within such master containers do not conflict with the markings or labels on the master container.

(c) No handler shall handle any avocados for the fresh market in 20 bushel plastic field bins to destinations inside the production area.

(d) Avocados handled for the fresh market in containers other than those authorized under §915.305(a) and shipped to destinations within the production area must be packed in 1-bushel containers.

(e) All containers in which the avocados are packed must be new, and clean in appearance, without marks, stains, or other evidence of previous use.

[63 FR 37480, July 13, 1998, as amended at 64 FR 69383, Dec. 13, 1999; 65 FR 15205, Mar. 22, 2000; 70 FR 36470, June 24, 2005; 73 FR 66719, Nov. 12, 2008]

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§915.306   Florida avocado grade, pack, and container marking regulation.

(a) No handler shall handle any variety of avocados grown in the production area unless:

(1) Such avocados grade at least U.S. Combination, except that avocados handled to destinations within the production area grade at least U.S. No. 2.

(2) Such avocados are in containers authorized under §915.305, when handled to points outside the production area.

(3) Such avocados are packed in accordance with standard pack, when handled in containers authorized under §915.305.

(4) Such avocados are in containers marked with a Federal-State Inspection Service lot stamp number, when handled in containers authorized under §915.305: Provided, That when inspection occurs after palletization, only all exposed or outside containers of avocados must be plainly marked with the lot stamp number corresponding to the lot inspection conducted by an authorized inspector.

(5) Such avocados are in containers marked with a Federal-State Inspection Service (FSIS) lot stamp number applied to an adhesive tape seal affixed to the container in a manner to prevent the container from being opened and/or the fruit being removed without breaking the seal, when handled in containers other than those authorized under §915.305. The stamp and tape shall be affixed to the container by the FSIS or by the handler under the supervision of the FSIS. Only stamps and tape which have been approved by the Fresh Products Branch, Fruit and Vegetable Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, may be used for purposes of stamping and sealing containers to meet these requirements.

(6) Such avocados when handled in containers authorized under §915.305, except for those to export destinations, are marked once with the grade of fruit in letters and numbers at least 1 inch in height on the top or one side of the container, not to include the bottom.

(7) Such avocados when handled in containers other than those authorized under §915.305(a) for shipment to destinations within the production area are marked once with the grade of fruit in letters and numbers at least 3 inches in height on the top or one side of the container, not to include the bottom. Each such container is also to be marked at least once with either the registered handler number assigned to the handler at the time of certification as a registered handler or with the name and address of the handler.

(b) The provisions of paragraphs (a)(2), (a)(3), (a)(4), (a)(5), and (a)(6) of this section shall not apply to individual packages of avocados weighing four pounds or less, net weight, in master containers.

(c) Terms pertaining to grades and standard pack mean the same as those defined in the United States Standards for Florida Avocados (7 CFR 51.3050 through 51.3069).

[50 FR 32553, Aug. 13, 1985, as amended at 56 FR 36080, July 31, 1991; 57 FR 3716, Jan. 31, 1992; 57 FR 48931, Oct. 29, 1992; 60 FR 42770, Aug. 17, 1995; 61 FR 31006, June 19, 1996; 63 FR 37480, July 13, 1998; 73 FR 66719, Nov. 12, 2008; 78 FR 51043, Aug. 20, 2013; 79 FR 67039, Nov. 12, 2014]

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§915.332   Florida avocado maturity regulation.

(a) No handler shall handle any variety of avocados, except Hass, Fuerte, Zutano, and Edranol, grown in the production area unless:

(1) Any portion of the skin of the individual avocados has changed to the color normal for that fruit when mature for those varieties which normally change color to any shade of red or purple when mature, except for the Linda variety; or

(2) Such avocados meet the minimum weight or diameter requirements for the Monday nearest each date specified, through the Sunday immediately prior to the nearest Monday of the specified date in the next column, for each variety listed in the following table I: Provided, that avocados may not be handled prior to the earliest date specified in column A of such table for the respective variety; Provided further, There are no restrictions on size or weight on or after the date specified in column D; Provided further, That up to a total of 10 percent, by count to the individual fruit in each lot may weigh less than the minimum specified or be less than the specified diameter, except that no such avocados shall be over 2 ounces lighter than the minimum weight specified for the variety: Provided further, That up to double such tolerance shall be permitted for fruit in an individual container in a lot.

Table I

VarietyA dateMin. wt.Min. diam.B dateMin. wt.Min. diam.C dateMin. wt.Min. diam.D date
Dr. Dupuis #25-30163716 6-13143516 7-04123216 7-18
Simmons6-20163916 7-04143716 7-18123116 8-01
Pollock6-201831116 7-04163716 7-18143416 8-01
Hardee6-27163216 7-041421416 7-11127-25
Nadir6-27143316 7-04123116 7-111021416 7-18
Ruehle7-041831116 7-11
7-18
16
14
3916
3716
8-01
8-08
12
10
3516
3316
8-15
Bernecker7-18183616 8-01163516 8-15143416 8-29
Miguel (P)7-182231316 8-012031216 8-151831016 8-29
Nesbitt7-182231216 8-01163516 8-08143316 8-22
Tonnage8-01163616 8-15143416 8-22123016 8-29
Waldin8-01163916 8-15143716 8-29123416 9-12
Tower II8-01143616 8-15123416 8-29103216 9-05
Beta8-08183816 8-15163516 8-29143316 9-05
Lisa (P)8-08123216 8-151138-22
Black Prince8-15284116 8-292331416 9-12163916 10-03
Loretta8-22304316 9-052631516 9-192231216 9-26
Booth 88-29163916 9-12143616 9-26
10-10
12
10
3316
3116
10-24
Booth 78-291831316 9-121631016 9-26143816 10-10
Booth 59-05143916 9-19123616 10-03
Choquette9-26284416 10-10244116 10-242031416 11-7
Hall9-262631416 10-10203916 10-24183816 11-07
Lula10-031831116 10-10143616 10-31123316 11-14
Monroe11-07264316 11-21244116 12-05
12-19
20
16
31416
3916
1-02
Arue5-16165-30143316 6-20127-04
Donnie5-23163516 6-06143416 6-20127-04
Fuchs6-06143316 6-20123016 7-04
K-56-13183516 6-27143316 7-11
West Indian Seedling16-20187-18168-22149-19
Gorham7-04294516 7-18274316 8-15
Biondo7-11138-15
Petersen7-11143816 7-18123516 7-25103216 8-08
2327-18148-01128-15
Pinelli7-181831216 8-011631016 8-15
Trapp7-181431016 8-01123716 8-15
K-98-01168-22
Christina8-011121416 8-22
Catalina8-15248-29229-19
Blair8-29163816 9-12143516 10-03
Guatemalan Seedling29-051510-031312-05
Marcus9-053241216 9/19244516 10-31
Brooks 19789-05123416 9-12103116 9-19821416 10-10
Rue9-12304316 9-192431516 10-03183916 10-17
Collinson9-121631016 10-10
Hickson9-12123116 9-26103016 10-10
Simpson9-19163916 10-10
Chica9-19123716 10-03103416 10-17
Leona9-261831016 10-031610-10
Melendez9-262631416 10-102231116 10-24183716 11-07
Herman10-03163916 10-17143616 10-31
Pinkerton (CP)10-03133316 10-17113016 10-31911-14
Taylor10-10143516 10-24123216 11-07
Ajax (B-7)10-101831416 10-31
Booth 310-10163816 10-17143616 10-31
Semil 3410-171831016 10-31163816 11-14143516 11-28
Semil 4310-241831016 11-7163816 11-21143516 12-05
Booth 111-141631216 11-28123616 12-12
Zio (P)11-14123116 11-281021416 12-12
Gossman11-28113116 12-26
Brookslate12-051831316 12-121631016 1-02123516 1-30
            12-19143816 1-1610
Meya (P)12-12133216 12-26113016 1-09
Reed (CP)12-12123416 12-26103316 1-0993016 1-23

1Avocados of the West Indian type varieties and seedlings not listed elsewhere in table I.

2Avocados of the Guatemalan type varieties and seedlings, hybrid varieties and seedlings, and unidentified seedlings not listed elsewhere in table I.

(3) Avocados which fail to meet the maturity requirements specified in this section must be maintained under the supervision of the Federal or Federal-State Inspection Service using the Positive Lot Identification program, and when presented for reinspection, must meet the maturity requirements which correspond to the date of the original inspection.

(b) The term diameter means the greatest dimension measured at a right angle to a straight line from the stem to the blossom end of the fruit.

[59 FR 30869, June 16, 1994, as amended at 64 FR 53185, Oct. 1, 1999; 71 FR 11294, Mar. 7, 2006; 73 FR 26945, May 12, 2008; 79 FR 55353, Sept. 16, 2014]

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