Home
gpo.gov
govinfo.gov

e-CFR Navigation Aids

Browse

Simple Search

Advanced Search

 — Boolean

 — Proximity

 

Search History

Search Tips

Corrections

Latest Updates

User Info

FAQs

Agency List

Incorporation By Reference

eCFR logo

Related Resources

Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

We invite you to try out our new beta eCFR site at https://ecfr.federalregister.gov. We have made big changes to make the eCFR easier to use. Be sure to leave feedback using the Feedback button on the bottom right of each page!

e-CFR data is current as of March 4, 2021

Title 7Subtitle BChapter VIIISubchapter BPart 869 → Subpart A


Title 7: Agriculture
PART 869—REGULATIONS FOR THE UNITED STATES WAREHOUSE ACT


Subpart A—General Provisions


Contents
§869.1   Applicability.
§869.2   Administration.
§869.3   Definitions.
§869.4   Fees.
§869.5   Penalties.
§869.6   Suspension, revocation and liquidation.
§869.7   Return of suspended or revoked certificates of licensing or certificates of authorization.
§869.8   Appeals.
§869.9   Dispute resolution and arbitration of private parties.
§869.10   Posting of certificates of licensing, certificates of authorization or other USWA documents.
§869.11   Lost or destroyed certificates of licensing, authorization or agreements.
§869.12   Safe keeping of records.
§869.13   Information of violations.
§869.14   Bonding and other financial assurance requirements.

return arrow Back to Top

§869.1   Applicability.

(a) The regulations of this part set forth the terms and conditions under which the Secretary of Agriculture through the Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) will administer the United States Warehouse Act (USWA or the Act) and sets forth the standards and the terms and conditions a participant must meet for eligibility to act under the USWA. The extent the provisions of this part are more restrictive, or more lenient, with respect to the same activities governed by State law, the provisions of this part shall prevail.

(b) Additional terms and conditions may be set forth in applicable licensing agreements, provider agreements and other documents.

(c) Compliance with State laws relating to the warehousing, grading, weighing, storing, merchandising or other similar activities is not required with respect to activities engaged in by a warehouse operator in a warehouse subject to a license issued in accordance with this part.

return arrow Back to Top

§869.2   Administration.

(a) AMS will administer all provisions and activities regulated under the Act under the general direction and supervision of AMS's Director, Warehouse and Commodity Management Division, or a designee.

(b) AMS may waive or modify the licensing or authorization requirements or deadlines in cases where lateness or failure to meet such requirements does not adversely affect the licensing or authorizations operated under the Act.

(c) AMS will provide affected licensees or authorized providers with changes to their licensing or provider agreements before the effective date.

(d) Licensing and authorization agreement updates will be available at:

(1) AMS's USWA website, and

(2) The following address: Director, Warehouse and Commodity Management Division, Fair Trade Practices Program, AMS, USDA, Stop 3601, 1400 Independence Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20250-3601.

[67 FR 50783, Aug. 5, 2002. Redesignated and amended at 84 FR 45645, 45646 Aug. 30, 2019]

return arrow Back to Top

§869.3   Definitions.

Words used in this part will be applicable to the activities authorized by this part and will be used in all aspects of administering the Act.

Access means the ability, when authorized, to read, change, and transfer warehouse receipts or other applicable document information retained in a central filing system.

Agricultural product means an agriculturally-produced product stored or handled for the purposes of interstate or foreign commerce, including a processed product of such agricultural product, as determined by AMS.

Central filing system (CFS) means an electronic system operated and maintained by a provider, as a disinterested third party, authorized by AMS where information relating to warehouse receipts, USWA documents and other electronic documents is recorded and maintained in a confidential and secure fashion independent of any outside influence or bias in action or appearance.

Certificate means a USWA document that bears specific assurances under the Act or warrants a person to operate or perform in a certain manner and sets forth specific responsibilities, rights, and privileges granted to the person under the Act.

Control of the facility means ultimate responsibility for the operation and integrity of a facility by ownership, lease, or operating agreement.

Department means the Department of Agriculture.

Electronic document means any document that is generated, sent, received, or stored by electronic, optical, or similar means, including, but not limited to, electronic data interchange, advanced communication methods, electronic mail, telegram, telex, or telecopy.

Electronic warehouse receipt (EWR) means a warehouse receipt that is authorized by AMS to be issued or transmitted under the Act in the form of an electronic document.

Examiner means an individual designated by AMS for the purpose of examining warehouses or for any other activities authorized under the Act.

Financial assurance means the surety or other financial obligation authorized by AMS that is a condition of receiving a license or authorization under the Act.

Force majeure means severe weather conditions, fire, explosion, flood, earthquake, insurrection, riot, strike, labor dispute, act of civil or military, non-availability of transportation facilities, or any other cause beyond the control of the warehouse operator or provider that renders performance impossible.

Holder means a person that has possession in fact or by operation of law of a warehouse receipt, USWA electronic document, or any electronic document.

License means a license issued under the Act by AMS.

Licensing agreement means the document and any amendment or addenda to such agreement executed by the warehouse operator and AMS specifying licensing terms and conditions specific to the warehouse operator and the agricultural product licensed to be stored.

Non-storage agricultural product means an agricultural product received temporarily into a warehouse for conditioning, transferring or assembling for shipment, or lots of an agricultural product moving through a warehouse for current merchandising or milling use, against which no warehouse receipts are issued and no storage charges assessed.

Official Standards of the United States means the standards of the quality or condition for an agricultural product, fixed and established under (7 U.S.C. 51) the United States Cotton Standards Act, (7 U.S.C. 71) the United States Grain Standards Act, (7 U.S.C. 1622) the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946, or other applicable official United States Standards.

Other electronic documents (OED) means those electronic documents, other than an EWR or USWA electronic document, that may be issued or transferred, related to the shipment, payment or financing of agricultural products that AMS has authorized for inclusion in a provider's CFS.

Person means a person as set forth in 1 U.S.C. 1, a State; or a political subdivision of a State.

Provider means a person authorized by AMS, as a disinterested third party, which maintains one or more confidential and secure electronic systems independent of any outside influence or bias in action or appearance.

Provider agreement means the document and any amendment or addenda to such agreement executed by the provider and AMS that sets forth the provider's responsibilities concerning the provider's operation or maintenance of a CFS.

Receipt means a warehouse receipt issued in accordance with the Act, including an electronic warehouse receipt.

Schedule of charges means the tariff or uniform rate or amount charged by an authorized person for specific services offered or rendered under the Act.

Schedule of fees means the fees charged and assessed by AMS for licensing, provider agreements or services furnished under the Act to help defray the costs of administering the Act, and as such are shown in a schedule of fees attached to the licensing or provider agreement.

Service license means the document and any amendment to such document, issued under the Act by AMS to individuals certified competent by the licensed warehouse operator to perform inspection, sampling, grading classifying, or weighing services according to established standards and procedures, set forth in §868.202, at the specific warehouse license.

Stored agricultural products means all agricultural products received into, stored within, or delivered out of the warehouse that are not classified as a non-storage agricultural product under this part.

User means a person that uses a provider's CFS.

USWA electronic document means a USWA electronic document initiated by AMS to be issued, transferred or transmitted that is not identified as an EWR or OED in the appropriate licensing or provider agreement or as determined by AMS.

Warehouse means a structure or other authorized storage facility, as determined by AMS, in which any agricultural product may be stored or handled for the purpose of interstate or foreign commerce.

Warehouse capacity means the maximum quantity of an agricultural product that the warehouse will accommodate when stored in a manner customary to the warehouse as determined by AMS.

Warehouse operator means a person lawfully engaged in the business of storing or handling agricultural products.

Warehousing activities and practices means any legal, operational, managerial or financial duty that a warehouse operator has regarding an agricultural product.

[67 FR 50783, Aug. 5, 2002. Redesignated and amended at 84 FR 45645, 45646 Aug. 30, 2019]

return arrow Back to Top

§869.4   Fees.

(a) AMS will assess persons covered by the Act fees to cover the costs of administering the Act.

(b) Warehouse operators, licensees, applicants, or providers must pay:

(1) An annual fee as provided in the applicable licensing or provider agreement; and

(2) Fees that AMS assesses for specific services, examinations and audits, or as provided in the applicable licensing or provider agreement.

(c) The schedule of fees showing the current fees or any annual fee changes will be provided as an addendum to the applicable licensing or provider agreement or/and:

(1) Will be available at AMS's website, or

(2) May be requested at the following address: Director, Warehouse and Commodity Management Division, Fair Trade Practices Program, AMS, USDA, Stop 3601, 1400 Independence Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20250-3601.

(d) At the sole discretion of AMS, these fees may be waived.

[67 FR 50783, Aug. 5, 2002. Redesignated and amended at 84 FR 45645, 45646 Aug. 30, 2019]

return arrow Back to Top

§869.5   Penalties.

If a person fails to comply with any requirement of the Act, the regulations set forth in this part or any applicable licensing or provider agreement, AMS may assess, after an opportunity for a hearing as provided in §869.8, a civil penalty:

(a) Of not more than the amount specified in §3.91(b)(10)(i) of this title per violation, if an agricultural product is not involved in the violation; or

(b) Of not more than 100 percent of the value of the agricultural product, if an agricultural product is involved in the violation.

[67 FR 50783, Aug. 5, 2002, as amended at 75 FR 17560, Apr. 7, 2010. Redesignated and amended at 84 FR 45645, 45646 Aug. 30, 2019]

return arrow Back to Top

§869.6   Suspension, revocation and liquidation.

(a) AMS may, after an opportunity for a hearing as provided in §869.8, suspend, revoke or liquidate any license or agreement issued under the Act, for any violation of or failure to comply with any provision of the Act, regulations or any applicable licensing or provider agreement.

(b) The reasons for a suspension, revocation or liquidation under this part include, but are not limited to:

(1) Failure to perform licensed or authorized services as provided in this part or in the applicable licensing or provider agreement;

(2) Failure to maintain minimum financial requirements as provided in the applicable licensing or provider agreement;

(3) Failure to submit a proper annual financial statement within the established time period as provided in the applicable licensing or provider agreement.

(4) Failure to maintain control of the warehouse or provider system.

(5) The warehouse operator or provider requests closure, cancellation or liquidation. and

(6) Commission of fraud against AMS, any depositor, EWR or OED holder or user, or any other function or operation under this part.

(c) AMS retains USWA's full authority over a warehouse operator or provider for one year after such license revocation or provider agreement termination or until satisfaction of any claims filed against such warehouse operator or provider are resolved, whichever is later.

(d) Upon AMS's determination that continued operation of a warehouse by a warehouse operator or an electronic provider system by a provider is likely to result in probable loss of assets to storage depositors, or loss of data integrity to EWR or OED holders and users. AMS may immediately suspend, close, or take control and begin an orderly liquidation of such warehouse inventory or provider system data as provided in this part or in the applicable licensing or provider agreement.

(e) Any disputes involving probable loss of assets to storage depositors, or loss of data integrity to EWR or OED holders and users will be determined by AMS for the benefit of the depositors, or EWR or OED holders and users and such determinations shall be final.

[67 FR 50783, Aug. 5, 2002. Redesignated and amended at 84 FR 45645, 45646 Aug. 30, 2019]

return arrow Back to Top

§869.7   Return of suspended or revoked certificates of licensing or certificates of authorization.

(a) When a license issued to a warehouse operator or service license ends or is suspended or revoked by AMS, such certificates of licensing and applicable licensing agreement and certificates of authorization must be immediately surrendered and returned to AMS.

(b) When an agreement with a provider ends or is suspended or revoked by AMS, such certificates of authorization and applicable provider agreement must be immediately surrendered to AMS

return arrow Back to Top

§869.8   Appeals.

(a) Any person who is subject to an adverse determination made under the Act may appeal the determination by filing a written request with AMS at the following address: Director, Warehouse and Commodity Management Division, Fair Trade Practices Program, AMS, USDA, Stop 3601, 1400 Independence Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20250-3601.

(b) Any person who believes that they have been adversely affected by a determination under this part must seek review by AMS within twenty-eight calendar days of such determination, unless provided with notice by AMS of a different deadline.

(c) The appeal process set forth in this part is applicable to all licensees and providers under any provision of the Act, regulations or any applicable licensing agreement as follows:

(1) AMS will notify the person in writing of the nature of the suspension, revocation or liquidation action;

(2) The person must notify AMS of any appeal of its action within twenty-eight calendar days;

(3) The appeal and request must state whether:

(i) A hearing is requested,

(ii) The person will appear in person at such hearing, or

(iii) Such hearing will be held by telephone;

(4) AMS will provide the person a written acknowledgment of their request to pursue an appeal;

(5) When a person requests an appeal and does not request a hearing AMS will allow that person:

(i) To submit in writing the reasons why they believe AMS's determination to be in error,

(ii) Twenty-eight calendar days from the receipt of the acknowledgment to file any statements and documents in support of their appeal, unless provided with notice by AMS of a different deadline, and

(iii) An additional fourteen calendar days to respond to any new issues raised by AMS in response to the person's initial submission, unless provided with notice by AMS of a different deadline;

(6) If the person requests to pursue an appeal and requests a hearing, AMS will:

(i) Notify the person of the date of the hearing,

(ii) Determine the location of the hearing, when the person asks to appear in person,

(iii) Notify the person of the location of the hearing,

(iv) Afford the person twenty-eight calendar days from the receipt of the notification of the scheduling of the hearing to submit any statements and documents in support of the appeal, unless provided with notice by AMS of a different deadline, and

(v) Allow the person an additional fourteen calendar days from the date of the hearing to submit any additional material, unless provided with notice by AMS of a different deadline;

(7) Determinations of AMS will be final and no further appeal within USDA will be available except as may be specified in the final determination of AMS; and

(8) A person may not initiate an action in any court of competent jurisdiction concerning a determination made under the Act prior to the exhaustion of the appeal process set forth in this section.

[67 FR 50783, Aug. 5, 2002. Redesignated and amended at 84 FR 45645, 45646 Aug. 30, 2019]

return arrow Back to Top

§869.9   Dispute resolution and arbitration of private parties.

(a) A person may initiate legal action in any court of competent jurisdiction concerning a claim for noncompliance or an unresolved dispute with respect to activities authorized under the Act.

(b) Any claim for noncompliance or an unresolved dispute between a warehouse operator or provider and another party with respect to activities authorized under the Act may be resolved by the parties through mutually agreed-upon arbitration procedures or as may be prescribed in the applicable licensing or provider agreement. No arbitration determination or award will affect AMS's authority under the Act.

(c) In no case will USDA provide assistance or representation to parties involved in an arbitration proceeding arising with respect to activities authorized under the Act.

return arrow Back to Top

§869.10   Posting of certificates of licensing, certificates of authorization or other USWA documents.

(a) The warehouse operator must post, in a conspicuous place in the principal place where warehouse receipts are issued, any applicable certificate furnished by AMS that the warehouse operator is an authorized licensee under the Act.

(b) Immediately upon receipt of their certificate of service licensing or any modification or extension thereof under the Act, the licensee and warehouse operator must jointly post the same, and thereafter, except as otherwise provided in the regulations in this part or as prescribed in the applicable licensing agreement, keep such certificate of licensing conspicuously posted in the office where all or most of the services are done, or in such place as may be designated by AMS.

(c) The provider must post, in a conspicuous place in the principal place of business, any applicable certificate of authorization furnished by AMS that the provider is authorized to offer and provide specific services under the Act.

return arrow Back to Top

§869.11   Lost or destroyed certificates of licensing, authorization or agreements.

AMS will replace lost or destroyed certificates of licensing, certificate of authorization or applicable agreement upon satisfactory proof of loss or destruction. AMS will mark such certificates or agreements as duplicates.

return arrow Back to Top

§869.12   Safe keeping of records.

Each warehouse operator or provider must take necessary precautions to safeguard all records, either paper or electronic format, from destruction.

return arrow Back to Top

§869.13   Information of violations.

Every person licensed or authorized under the Act must immediately furnish AMS any information they may have indicating that any provision of the Act or the regulations in this part has been violated.

return arrow Back to Top

§869.14   Bonding and other financial assurance requirements.

(a) As a condition of receiving a license or authorization under the Act, the person applying for the license or authorization must execute and file with AMS a bond or provide such other financial assurance as AMS determines appropriate to secure the person's compliance with the Act.

(b) Such bond or assurance must be for a period of not less than one year and in such amount as required by AMS.

(c) Failure to provide for, or renew, a bond or a financial assurance instrument will result in the immediate and automatic revocation of the warehouse operator's license or provider's agreement.

(d) If AMS determines that a previously accepted bond or other financial assurance is insufficient, AMS may immediately suspend or revoke the license or authorization covered by the bond or other financial assurance if the person that filed the bond or other financial assurance does not provide such additional bond or other financial assurance as AMS determines appropriate.

(e) To qualify as a suitable bond or other financial assurance, the entity issuing the bond or other financial assurance must be subject to service of process in lawsuits or legal actions on the bond or other financial assurance in the State in which the warehouse is located.

return arrow Back to Top

Need assistance?