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Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

e-CFR data is current as of December 4, 2019

Title 46Chapter ISubchapter HPart 78 → Subpart 78.47


Title 46: Shipping
PART 78—OPERATIONS


Subpart 78.47—Markings for Fire and Emergency Equipment, Etc.


Contents
§78.47-1   Application.
§78.47-3   General.
§78.47-5   General alarm contact makers.
§78.47-7   General alarm bells.
§78.47-9   Carbon dioxide and clean agent alarms.
§78.47-10   Manual alarm boxes.
§78.47-11   Carbon dioxide warning signs.
§78.47-13   Fire and automatic sprinkler alarm indicators.
§78.47-15   Fire extinguishing system branch lines.
§78.47-17   Fire extinguishing system controls.
§78.47-20   Fire hose stations.
§78.47-23   Supervised patrol stations.
§78.47-25   Emergency squad equipment.
§78.47-27   Self-contained breathing apparatus.
§78.47-30   Hand portable fire extinguishers.
§78.47-33   Emergency lights.
§78.47-35   Fire doors.
§78.47-37   Watertight doors.
§78.47-38   Valves and closing appliances.
§78.47-40   Exit signs.
§78.47-45   Markings for lifesaving appliances, instructions to passengers, and stowage locations.
§78.47-53   Automatic ventilation dampers.
§78.47-55   Instructions for changing steering gear.
§78.47-57   Rudder orders.
§78.47-70   Portable magazine chests.
§78.47-75   Ventilation alarm failure.
§78.47-90   Vessels contracted for prior to November 19, 1952.

§78.47-1   Application.

(a) The provisions of this subpart with the exception of §78.47-90, shall apply to all vessels contracted for on or after November 19, 1952. Vessels contracted for prior to November 19, 1952, shall meet the requirements of §78.47-90.

(b) [Reserved]

§78.47-3   General.

(a) It is the intent of this subpart to provide such markings as are necessary for the guidance of the persons on board in case of emergency. In any specific case, and particularly on small vessels, where it can be shown to the satisfaction of the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection, that the prescribed markings are unnecessary for the guidance of the persons on board in case of emergency, such markings may be modified or omitted.

(b) In addition to English, all stateroom notices, directional signs, etc., shall be printed in languages appropriate to the service of the vessel or other action be taken to achieve the same purpose.

(c) Where in this subpart red letters are specified, letters of a contrasting color on a red background will be accepted.

§78.47-5   General alarm contact makers.

Each general alarm contact maker must be marked in accordance with the requirements in subchapter J (Electrical Engineering Regulations) of this chapter.

[CGD 74-125A, 47 FR 15232, Apr. 4, 1982]

§78.47-7   General alarm bells.

(a) All general alarm bells shall be identified by red lettering at least 12 inch high: “GENERAL ALARM—WHEN BELL RINGS GO TO YOUR STATION.”

(b) [Reserved]

§78.47-9   Carbon dioxide and clean agent alarms.

Each carbon dioxide or clean agent fire extinguishing alarm must be conspicuously marked: “WHEN ALARM SOUNDS VACATE AT ONCE. CARBON DIOXIDE OR CLEAN AGENT BEING RELEASED.”.

[USCG-2006-24797, 77 FR 33877, June 7, 2012]

§78.47-10   Manual alarm boxes.

(a) In all new installations, manual alarm boxes shall be clearly and permanently marked “IN CASE OF FIRE BREAK GLASS.” Existing boxes not so marked with the same or equivalent wording, shall be identified either on the box or adjacent bulkhead in at least 12 inch letters “IN CASE OF FIRE BREAK GLASS.” All manual alarm boxes shall be numbered in red on the adjacent bulkhead with at least 12 inch figures. The number shall agree with the number of the zone.

(b) [Reserved]

§78.47-11   Carbon dioxide warning signs.

Each entrance to a space storing carbon dioxide cylinders, a space protected by carbon dioxide systems, or any space into which carbon dioxide might migrate must be conspicuously marked as follows:

(a) Spaces storing carbon dioxide—“CARBON DIOXIDE GAS CAN CAUSE INJURY OR DEATH. VENTILATE THE AREA BEFORE ENTERING. A HIGH CONCENTRATION CAN OCCUR IN THIS AREA AND CAN CAUSE SUFFOCATION.”.

(b) Spaces protected by carbon dioxide—“CARBON DIOXIDE GAS CAN CAUSE INJURY OR DEATH. WHEN ALARM OPERATES OR WINTERGREEN SCENT IS DETECTED, DO NOT ENTER UNTIL VENTILATED. LOCK OUT SYSTEM WHEN SERVICING.” The reference to wintergreen scent may be omitted for carbon dioxide systems not required to have odorizing units and not equipped with such units.

(c) Spaces into which carbon dioxide might migrate—“CARBON DIOXIDE GAS CAN CAUSE INJURY OR DEATH. DISCHARGE INTO NEARBY SPACE CAN COLLECT HERE. WHEN ALARM OPERATES OR WINTERGREEN SCENT IS DETECTED VACATE IMMEDIATELY.” The reference to wintergreen scent may be omitted for carbon dioxide systems not required to have odorizing units and not equipped with such units.

[USCG-2006-24797, 77 FR 33877, June 7, 2012]

§78.47-13   Fire and automatic sprinkler alarm indicators.

(a) The fire detection, alarm, and automatic sprinkler indicators in the engine room must be identified by at least 1-inch red lettering as “FIRE ALARM” or “SPRINKLER ALARM” as appropriate. Where such alarm indicators on the bridge or in the fire control station do not form a cabinet, the indicators must be suitably identified as above.

(b) [Reserved]

[USCG-2012-0196, 81 FR 48261, July 22, 2016]

§78.47-15   Fire extinguishing system branch lines.

(a) The branch line valves of all fire extinguishing systems shall be plainly and permanently marked indicating the spaces served.

(b) [Reserved]

§78.47-17   Fire extinguishing system controls.

Each control cabinet or space containing valves or manifolds for a fire extinguishing system must be distinctly marked in conspicuous red letters at least 2 inches high: “[CARBON DIOXIDE/STEAM/FOAM/WATER SPRAY/MANUAL SPRINKLING/AUTOMATIC SPRINKLING/CLEAN AGENT—as appropriate] FIRE SYSTEM.”.

[USCG-2006-24797, 77 FR 33877, June 7, 2012]

§78.47-20   Fire hose stations.

(a) Each fire hydrant shall be identified in red letters and figures at least 2 inches high “FIRE STATION NO 1,” “2,” “3,” etc. Where the hose is not stowed in the open or behind glass so as to be readily seen, this identification shall be so placed as to be readily seen from a distance.

(b) [Reserved]

§78.47-23   Supervised patrol stations.

(a) Each supervised patrol clock or key station shall be numbered.

(b) [Reserved]

§78.47-25   Emergency squad equipment.

(a) Lockers or spaces containing equipment for the use of the emergency squad shall be marked “EMERGENCY SQUAD EQUIPMENT.”

(b) [Reserved]

§78.47-27   Self-contained breathing apparatus.

Lockers or spaces containing self-contained breathing apparatus shall be marked “SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS.”

[CGD 95-028, 62 FR 51205, Sept. 30, 1997]

§78.47-30   Hand portable fire extinguishers.

(a) Each hand portable fire extinguisher shall be marked with a number and the location where stowed shall be marked with a corresponding number at least 12 inch high. Where only one type and size of hand portable fire extinguisher is carried, the numbering may be omitted.

(b) [Reserved]

§78.47-33   Emergency lights.

(a) All emergency lights shall be marked with a letter “E” at least 12 inch high.

(b) [Reserved]

§78.47-35   Fire doors.

(a) All doors in main vertical zone bulkheads or stairway enclosures, except from individual rooms such as staterooms, fan rooms, lockers, etc., shall be numbered conspicuously on an etched plate or equivalent in not less than 38 inch letters and figures “F. S. D. 1,” “2,” “3,” etc. If stenciled or similar notice is used, the letters and figures shall be at least 1 inch high. The number shall be conspicuous with the door in the open position.

(b) [Reserved]

§78.47-37   Watertight doors.

(a) All watertight doors in subdivision bulkheads shall be numbered conspicuously on both sides on an etched plate or equivalent in not less than 38 inch letters and figures “W. T. D. 1,” “2,” “3,” etc. If a stenciled or similar notice is used, the letters and figures shall be at least 1 inch high. If the construction is such that the number cannot be seen with the door in the open position, a similar number shall be placed on the frame or other location immediately adjacent to the door. All watertight door remote control stations shall be marked in the same manner, and in addition, the direction of operation of the lever or wheel to open and close the door shall be conspicuously marked.

(b) Class 1 doors fitted in accordance with the requirements in §170.255 of this chapter must additionally be marked “RECLOSE AFTER USE.”

[CGFR 65-50, 30 FR 16955, Dec. 30, 1965, as amended by CGD 79-023, 48 FR 51008, Nov. 4, 1983; USCG-2014-0688, 79 FR 58282, Sept. 29, 2014]

§78.47-38   Valves and closing appliances.

(a) All valves and closing appliances, or other mechanisms which may be required to be operated for damage control purposes in case of emergency shall be conspicuously marked with letters at least 1 inch high identifying the control and the direction of operation. In all cases indication shall be provided to show whether the control is open or closed.

(b) [Reserved]

§78.47-40   Exit signs.

(a) Illuminated exit signs are required and must be installed in accordance with subchapter J (Electrical Engineering Regulations) of this chapter.

(b) Small rooms or spaces having a secondary means of escape which is not obviously apparent shall have a suitable sign in red letters “EMERGENCY EXIT” directing attention to such escape.

Cross Reference: See subchapter J (Electrical Engineering) of this chapter for minimum size.

[CGFR 65-50, 30 FR 16955, Dec. 30, 1965, as amended by CGD 74-125A, 47 FR 15232, Apr. 8, 1982]

§78.47-45   Markings for lifesaving appliances, instructions to passengers, and stowage locations.

Lifesaving appliances, instructions to passengers, and stowage locations must be marked in accordance with subchapter W (Lifesaving Appliances and Arrangements) of this chapter.

[CGD 84-069, 61 FR 25288, May 20, 1996]

§78.47-53   Automatic ventilation dampers.

(a) The manual operating positions for automatic fire dampers in ventilation ducts passing through main vertical zone bulkheads shall be identified by red day light-reflecting letters at least 12 inch high “VENTILATION FIRE DAMPER.” In addition, the open and closed positions shall be similarly marked.

(b) [Reserved]

[CGFR 65-50, 30 FR 16955, Dec. 30, 1965, as amended by CGD 67-87, 32 FR 19181, Dec. 20, 1967]

§78.47-55   Instructions for changing steering gear.

(a) Instructions in at least 12 inch letters and figures shall be posted in the steering engine room, relating in order, the different steps to be taken in changing to the emergency steering gear. Each clutch, gear, wheel, lever, valve or switch which is used during the changeover shall be numbered or lettered on a metal plate or painted so that the markings can be recognized at a reasonable distance. The instructions shall indicate each clutch or pin to be “in” or “out” and each valve or switch which is to be “opened” or “closed” in shifting to any means of steering for which the vessel is equipped. Instructions shall be included to line up all steering wheels and rudder amidship before changing gears.

(b) [Reserved]

§78.47-57   Rudder orders.

(a) At all steering stations, there shall be installed a suitable notice on the wheel or device of in such other position as to be directly in the helmsman's line of vision, to indicate the direction in which the wheel or device must be turned for “right rudder” and for “left rudder.”

(b) [Reserved]

§78.47-70   Portable magazine chests.

(a) Portable magazine chest shall be marked in letters of at least 3 inches high “PORTABLE MAGAZINE CHEST—FLAMMABLE—KEEP LIGHTS AND FIRE AWAY”.

(b) [Reserved]

§78.47-75   Ventilation alarm failure.

(a) The alarm required by §72.15-15 (c)(4) of this subchapter, which indicates the loss of required ventilation in spaces specially suitable for vehicles, shall be marked with a conspicuous sign in at least 14 -inch letters “VENTILATION FAILURE IN VEHICULAR SPACE.”

(b) [Reserved]

[CGFR 66-33, 31 FR 15284, Dec. 6, 1966]

§78.47-90   Vessels contracted for prior to November 19, 1952.

(a) Vessels contracted for prior to November 19, 1952, shall meet the requirements of this paragraph.

(1) The requirements of §§78.47-5 through 78.47-75 shall be met with the exception that existing signs and markings containing the same general intent, but not necessarily identical wording or exact letter type, size, or color, may be retained so long as they are in good condition to the satisfaction of the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection.

(2) [Reserved]

(b) [Reserved]

[CGFR 65-50, 30 FR 16955, Dec. 30, 1965, as amended by CGFR 66-33, 31 FR 15284, Dec. 6, 1966]

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