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Title 46Chapter ISubchapter BPart 15 → Subpart H


Title 46: Shipping
PART 15—MANNING REQUIREMENTS


Subpart H—Computations


Contents
§15.801   General.
§15.805   Master.
§15.810   Mates.
§15.812   Pilots.
§15.815   Radar observers.
§15.816   Automatic radar plotting aids (ARPAs).
§15.817   Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) radio operator.
§15.818   Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) at-sea maintainer.
§15.820   Chief engineer.
§15.825   Engineers.
§15.830   Radio officers.
§15.835   Staff officers.
§15.840   Able seamen.
§15.845   Lifeboatmen.
§15.850   Lookouts.
§15.855   Cabin watchmen and fire patrolmen.
§15.860   Tankerman.
§15.865   Qualified member of the engine department (QMED).

Source: CGD 81-059, 52 FR 38652, Oct. 16, 1987, unless otherwise noted. Redesignated by USCG-2004-17914, 78 FR 78001, Dec. 24, 2013.

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§15.801   General.

The OCMI will determine the specific manning levels for vessels required to have certificates of inspection by part B of subtitle II of title 46 U.S.C. The masters or individuals in command of all vessels, whether required to be inspected under 46 U.S.C. 3301 or not, are responsible for properly manning vessels in accordance with the applicable laws, regulations, and international conventions.

[CGD 81-059, 54 FR 149, Jan. 4, 1989]

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§15.805   Master.

(a) There must be an individual holding an appropriate license as or a valid MMC with endorsement as master in command of each of the following vessels:

(1) Every self-propelled, seagoing documented vessel of 200 GRT and over.

(2) Every self-propelled inspected vessel;

(3) Every inspected passenger vessel;

(4) Every inspected small passenger vessel; and

(5) Every towing vessel of at least 8 meters (26 feet) or more in length must be in command of a master of towing vessels, or a mariner holding a license or MMC endorsed as master of inspected, self-propelled vessels greater than 200 GRT holding either—

(i) A completed Towing Officer's Assessment Record (TOAR), bearing the signature of a Designated Examiner and stating that the Examiner found the candidate proficient; or

(ii) A license or MMC endorsed for master of towing vessels.

(6) Every uninspected passenger vessel of at least 100 GRT.

(7) Every uninspected passenger vessel engaged on an international voyage.

(b) On vessels subject to STCW, the individual meeting the requirement of this section must also hold an STCW endorsement as master with the appropriate tonnage for the vessel which he or she is operating, except as noted in §15.105(g) of this part for vessels on domestic near-coastal voyages.

(c) Every vessel documented under the laws of the United States, other than a vessel with only a recreational endorsement, must be under the command of a U.S. citizen.

[CGD 81-059, 52 FR 38623, Oct. 16, 1987, as amended by CGD 81-059, 54 FR 149, Jan. 4, 1989; USCG-1999-6216, 64 FR 53223, Oct. 1, 1999; USCG-1999-6224, 64 FR 63235, Nov. 19, 1999; 66 FR 20944, Apr. 26, 2001; USCG-1999-5040, 67 FR 34767, May 15, 2002; USCG-2006-24371, 74 FR 11261, Mar. 16, 2009; USCG-2004-17914, 78 FR 78005, Dec. 24, 2013]

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§15.810   Mates.

(a) The OCMI determines the minimum number of mates required for the safe operation of inspected vessels.

(b) The minimum number of mariners holding a license or MMC officer endorsement as mate required to be carried on every inspected, self-propelled, seagoing and Great Lakes vessel, and every inspected, seagoing, passenger vessel must not be less than the following, except when reductions are authorized under paragraph (e) of this section:

(1) Vessels of 1,000 GRT or more (except MODUs)—three mates (except when on a voyage of less than 400 miles from port of departure to port of final destination—two mates).

(2) MODUs of 1,000 GRT or more:

(i) Three mates when on a voyage of more than 72 hours.

(ii) Two mates when on a voyage of more than 16 but not more than 72 hours.

(iii) One mate when on a voyage of not more than 16 hours.

(3) Vessels of 100 GRT or more but less than 1,000 GRT—two mates (except vessels of at least 100 but less than 200 GRT on voyages which do not exceed 24 hours in duration—one mate).

(4) All vessels of less than 100 GRT—one mate (except vessels on voyages not exceeding 12 hours in duration may, if the OCMI determines it to be safe, be operated without mates).

(5) An offshore supply vessel of 100 GRT (100 GT ITC if GRT is not assigned) or more, but less than 6,000 GT ITC (500 GRT if GT ITC is not assigned) as defined in §125.160 of this chapter—one credentialed mate (except when on a voyage of at least 600 miles—two credentialed mates). A voyage includes the accrued distance from port of departure to port of arrival and does not include stops at offshore points.

(6) An offshore supply vessel of at least 6,000 GT ITC (500 GRT if GT ITC is not assigned) as defined in §125.160 of this chapter—two credentialed mates provided that the OSV meets the requirements in 46 CFR 15.1111 (except when on a voyage of more than 600 miles—three credentialed mates). A voyage includes the accrued distance from the vessel's port of departure to the vessel's port of arrival. Stops at offshore points or facilities do not constitute separate voyages; stops at offshore points or facilities are included in the total accrued distance between the vessel's port of departure and the vessel's port of arrival.

(c) An individual in charge of the navigation or maneuvering of a self-propelled, uninspected, documented, seagoing vessel of 200 GRT or over must hold an appropriate license or MMC authorizing service as mate.

(d) Each person in charge of the navigation or maneuvering of a towing vessel of at least 8 meters (26 feet) in length must satisfy the requirements of §15.805(a)(5) of this part or hold a license or MMC authorizing service as either—

(1) Mate (pilot) of towing vessels; or

(2) Mate of inspected self-propelled vessels greater than 200 GRT within any other restrictions on the officer's license or MMC, holding either—

(i) A completed TOAR bearing the signature from a Designated Examiner and stating that the Examiner found the candidate proficient; or

(ii) A license or MMC with officer endorsement for towing vessels.

(e) The OCMI may increase the minimum number of mates indicated in paragraph (b) of this section where he or she determines that the vessel's characteristics, route, or other operating conditions create special circumstances warranting an increase.

(f) The Commandant will consider reductions to the number of mates required by this section when special circumstances allowing a vessel to be safely operated can be demonstrated.

(g) On vessels subject to STCW, the individual meeting the requirement of this section must also hold an STCW endorsement as officer in charge of a navigational watch with the appropriate tonnage for the vessel which he or she is operating, except as noted in §15.105 (g) of this part for vessels on domestic near-coastal voyages.

[CGD 81-059, 52 FR 38652, Oct. 16, 1987, as amended by CGD 81-059, 54 FR 149, Jan. 4, 1989; CGD 81-059a, 55 FR 14805, Apr. 18, 1990; USCG-1999-6224, 64 FR 63235, Nov. 19, 1999; 66 FR 20944, Apr. 26, 2001; USCG-2006-24371, 74 FR 11262, Mar. 16, 2009; USCG-2004-17914, 78 FR 78005, Dec. 24, 2013; USCG-2012-0208, 79 FR 48924, Aug. 18, 2014]

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§15.812   Pilots.

(a) Except as specified in paragraph (f) of this section, the following vessels, not sailing on register, when underway on the navigable waters of the United States, must be under the direction and control of an individual qualified to serve as pilot under paragraph (b) or (c) of this section, as appropriate:

(1) Coastwise seagoing vessels propelled by machinery and subject to inspection under 46 U.S.C. Chapter 33, and coastwise seagoing tank barges subject to inspection under 46 U.S.C. Chapter 37.

(2) Vessels that are not authorized by their COI to proceed beyond the Boundary Line established in part 7 of this chapter, are in excess of 1,600 GRT propelled by machinery, and are subject to inspection under 46 U.S.C. Chapter 33.

(3) Vessels operating on the Great Lakes, that are propelled by machinery and subject to inspection under 46 U.S.C. Chapter 33, or are tank barges subject to inspection under 46 U.S.C. Chapter 37.

(b) The following individuals may serve as a pilot on a vessel subject to paragraph (a) of this section, when underway on the navigable waters of the United States that are designated areas:

(1) An individual holding a valid first-class pilot's license or MMC officer endorsement as first-class pilot, operating within the restrictions of his or her credential, may serve as pilot on any vessel to which this section applies.

(2) An individual holding a valid license or MMC officer endorsement as master or mate, employed aboard a vessel within the restrictions of his or her credential, may serve as pilot on a vessel of not more than 1,600 GRT propelled by machinery, described in paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(3) of this section, provided he or she—

(i) Is at least 21 years old;

(ii) Is able to show current knowledge of the waters to be navigated, as required in §11.713 of this subchapter; and

(iii) Provides evidence of completing a minimum of four roundtrips over the route to be traversed while in the wheelhouse as watchstander or observer. At least one of the roundtrips must be made during the hours of darkness if the route is to be traversed during darkness.

(3) An individual holding a valid license or MMC officer endorsement as master, mate, or operator employed aboard a vessel within the restrictions of his or her credential, may serve as pilot on a tank barge or tank barges totaling not more than 10,000 GRT/GT, described in paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(3) of this section, provided he or she—

(i) Is at least 21 years old

(ii) Is able to show current knowledge of the waters to be navigated, as required in §11.713 of this subchapter

(iii) Has a current physical examination in accordance with the provisions of §11.709 of this subchapter

(iv) Has at least 6 months of service in the deck department on towing vessels engaged in towing operations; an

(v) Provides evidence of completing a minimum of 12 roundtrips over the route to be traversed, as an observer or under instruction in the wheelhouse. At least three of the roundtrips must be made during the hours of darkness if the route is to be traversed during darkness

(c) An individual holding a valid license or MMC officer endorsement as master, mate, or operator, employed aboard a vessel within the restrictions of his or her credential, may serve as a pilot for a vessel subject to paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) of this section, when underway on the navigable waters of the United States that are not designated areas of pilotage waters, provided he or she—

(1) Is at least 21 years old

(2) Is able to show current knowledge of the waters to be navigated, as required in §11.713 of this subchapter; an

(3) Has a current physical examination in accordance with the provisions of §11.709 of this subchapter

(d) In any instance in which the qualifications of a person satisfying the requirements for pilotage through the provisions of this subpart are questioned by the Coast Guard, the individual must, within a reasonable time, provide the Coast Guard with documentation proving compliance with the applicable portions of paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section

(e) Federal pilotage requirements contained in paragraphs (a) through (d) of this section are summarized in the following two quick reference tables

(1) Table 1 to §15.812(e)(1) provides a guide to the pilotage requirements for inspected, self-propelled vessels.

Table 1 to §15.812(e)(1)—Quick Reference Table for Federal Pilotage Requirements for U.S.-Inspected, Self-Propelled Vessels, Not Sailing on Register

   Designated areas of pilotage waters (routes for which First-Class Pilot's licenses or MMC officer endorsements are issued)Non-designated areas of pilotage waters (between the 3-mile line and the start of traditional pilotage routes)
Inspected self-propelled vessels greater than 1,600 GRT, authorized by their COI to proceed beyond the Boundary Line, or operating on the Great LakesFirst-Class PilotMaster or Mate may serve as pilot if he or she—
1. Is at least 21 years old;
2. Has an annual physical exam; and
3. Maintains current knowledge of the waters to be navigated.1
Inspected self-propelled vessels not more than 1,600 GRT, authorized by their COI to proceed beyond the Boundary Line, or operating on the Great LakesFirst-Class Pilot, or Master or Mate may serve as pilot if he or she—
1. Is at least 21 years old;
2. Maintains current knowledge of the waters to be navigated; and1
3. Has four roundtrips over the route.2
Master or Mate may serve as pilot if he or she—
1. Is at least 21 years old;
2. Has an annual physical exam; and
3. Maintains current knowledge of the waters to be navigated.1
Inspected self-propelled vessels greater than 1,600 GRT, not authorized by their COI to proceed beyond the Boundary Line (inland route vessels); other than vessels operating on the Great LakesFirst-Class PilotMaster or Mate may serve as pilot if he or she—
1. Is at least 21 years old;
2. Has an annual physical exam; and
3. Maintains current knowledge of the waters to be navigated.1
Inspected self-propelled vessels not more than 1,600 GRT, not authorized by their COI to proceed beyond the Boundary Line (inland route vessels); other than vessels operating on the Great LakesNo pilotage requirementNo pilotage requirement.

1One roundtrip within the past 60 months.

2If the route is to be traversed during darkness, one of the four roundtrips must be made during darkness.

(2) Table 1 to §15.812(e)(2) provides a guide to the pilotage requirements for tank barges.

Table 1 to §15.812(e)(2)—Quick Reference Table for Federal Pilotage Requirements for U.S.-Inspected Tank Barges, Not Sailing on Register

   Designated areas of pilotage waters (routes for which First-Class Pilot's licenses or MMC officer endorsements are issued)Non-designated areas of pilotage waters (between the 3-mile line and the start of traditional pilotage routes)
Tank Barges greater than 10,000 GRT/GT, authorized by their COI to proceed beyond the Boundary Line, or operating on the Great LakesFirst-Class Pilot
Master, Mate, or Master, Mate (Pilot) of towing vessels may serve as pilot if he or she:
1. Is at least 21 years old;
2. Has an annual physical exam;
3. Maintains current knowledge of the waters to be navigated;1 and
4. Has at least 6 months' service in the deck department on towing vessels engaged in towing
Master, Mate, or Master, Mate (Pilot) of towing vessels may serve as pilot if he or she:
1. Is at least 21 years old;
2. Has an annual physical exam;2
3. Maintains current knowledge of the waters to be navigated;1 and
4. Has at least 6 months' service in the deck department on towing vessels engaged in towing operations
Tank Barges 10,000 GRT/GT or less, authorized by their COI to proceed beyond the Boundary Line, or operating on the Great LakesFirst-Class Pilot, or Master, Mate, or Master, Mate (Pilot) of towing vessels may serve as pilot if he or she:
1. Is at least 21 years old;
2. Has an annual physical exam;2
3. Maintains current knowledge of the waters to be navigated;1
4. Has at least 6 months' service in the deck department on towing vessels engaged in towing operations; and
5. Has 12 roundtrips over the route.3
Tank Barges authorized by their COI for inland routes only (lakes, bays, and sounds/rivers); other than vessels operating on the Great LakesNo pilotage requirementNo pilotage requirement.

1One roundtrip within the past 60 months.

2Annual physical exam does not apply to an individual who will serve as a pilot of a tank barge of less than 1,600 GRT.

3If the route is to be traversed during darkness, three of the 12 roundtrips must be made during darkness.

(f) In Prince William Sound, Alaska, coastwise seagoing vessels over 1,600 GRT and propelled by machinery and subject to inspection under 46 U.S.C. Chapter 37 must—

(1) When operating from 60°49 north latitude to the Port of Valdez, be under the direction and control of an individual holding a valid license or MMC endorsed as pilot who—

(i) Is operating under the authority of a license or MMC

(ii) Holds a license issued by the State of Alaska; an

(iii) Is not a crewmember of the vessel; an

(2) Navigate with either two credentialed deck officers on the bridge or an individual holding a valid license or MMC endorsed as pilot, when operating south of 60°49 north latitude and in the approaches through Hinchinbrook Entrance and in the area bounded—

(i) On the West by a line 1 mile west of the western boundary of the Traffic Separation Scheme

(ii) On the East by 146°00 West longitude;

(iii) On the North by 60°49 North latitude; and

(iv) On the South by that area of Hinchinbrook Entrance within the territorial sea bounded by 60°07 North latitude and 146°31.5 West longitude

[USCG-2004-17914, 78 FR 78005, Dec. 24, 2013]

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§15.815   Radar observers.

(a) Each person in the required complement of deck officers, including the master, on inspected vessels of 300 GRT or over which are radar equipped, must hold an endorsement as radar observer.

(b) Each person who is employed or serves as pilot in accordance with Federal law onboard radar-equipped vessels of 300 GRT or over must hold an endorsement as radar observer.

(c) Each person having to hold a license or MMC officer endorsement under 46 U.S.C. 8904(a) for employment or service as master or mate onboard a towing vessel of 8 meters (26 feet) or more in length must, if the vessel is equipped with radar, hold an endorsement as radar observer.

(d) Until July 22, 2024, a person may satisfy the requirements in paragraph (a), (b), or (c) by having immediately available a valid course completion certificate from an appropriate Coast Guard-approved or accepted radar course that was issued within the previous 5 years.

[CGD 81-059, 52 FR 38652, Oct. 16, 1987, as amended by CGD 94-041, 60 FR 8309, Feb. 14, 1995; CGD 95-028, 62 FR 51196, Sept. 30, 1997; USCG-2004-18884, 69 FR 58343, Sept. 30, 2004; USCG-2006-26202, 73 FR 52795, Sept. 11, 2008; USCG-2006-24371, 74 FR 11262, Mar. 16, 2009; USCG-2004-17914, 78 FR 78007, Dec. 24, 2013; USCG-2014-0688, 79 FR 58279, Sept. 29, 2014; USCG-2006-24412, 81 FR 40101, June 20, 2016; USCG-2018-0100, 84 FR 26592, June 7, 2019]

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§15.816   Automatic radar plotting aids (ARPAs).

Every person in the required complement of deck officers, including the master, on seagoing vessels equipped with automatic radar plotting aids (ARPAs), except those vessels listed in §15.105(f) and (g) of this part, must hold an appropriate STCW endorsement valid for vessels equipped with ARPA.

[USCG-2004-17914, 78 FR 78007, Dec. 24, 2013]

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§15.817   Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) radio operator.

Every person in the required complement of deck officers, including the master, on seagoing vessels equipped with a GMDSS, except those vessels listed in §15.105(f) and (g) of this part, must provide evidence of a valid STCW endorsement as GMDSS radio operator.

[USCG-2004-17914, 78 FR 78007, Dec. 24, 2013]

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§15.818   Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) at-sea maintainer.

Every person employed or engaged to maintain GMDSS equipment at sea, when the service of a person so designated is used to meet the maintenance requirements of SOLAS Regulation IV/15 (incorporated by reference, see §15.103 of this part), must provide documentary evidence that he or she is competent to maintain GMDSS equipment at sea.

[USCG-2004-17914, 78 FR 78008, Dec. 24, 2013]

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§15.820   Chief engineer.

(a) There must be an individual holding an MMC or license endorsed as chief engineer or other credential authorizing service as chief engineer employed onboard the following mechanically propelled inspected vessels:

(1) Seagoing or Great Lakes vessels of 200 GRT and over;

(2) Offshore supply vessels of more than 200 GRT;

(3) Inland (other than Great Lakes) vessels of 300 GRT or more, if the OCMI determines that an individual with a license or the appropriate MMC officer endorsement responsible for the vessel's mechanical propulsion is necessary.

(b) On vessels subject to STCW, the individual meeting the requirement of this section must also hold an STCW endorsement as chief engineer with the appropriate propulsion power for the vessel upon which he or she is operating, except as noted in §15.105(g) of this part for vessels on domestic near-coastal voyages.

(c) An individual engaged or employed to perform the duties of chief engineer on a mechanically propelled, uninspected, seagoing, documented vessel of 200 GRT or more must hold an appropriately endorsed license or MMC authorizing service as a chief engineer.

[CGD 81-059, 52 FR 38652, Oct. 16, 1987, as amended by USCG-2006-24371, 74 FR 11262, Mar. 16, 2009; USCG-2004-17914, 78 FR 78007, Dec. 24, 2013]

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§15.825   Engineers.

(a) An individual in charge of an engineering watch on a mechanically propelled, seagoing, documented vessel of 200 GRT or more, other than an individual described in §15.820 of this subpart, must hold an appropriately endorsed license or MMC authorizing service as an assistant engineer.

(b) On vessels subject to STCW, the individual meeting the requirement of this section must also hold an STCW endorsement as officer in charge of an engineering watch with the appropriate propulsion power for the vessel upon which he or she is operating, except as noted in §15.105(g) of this part for vessels on domestic near-coastal voyages.

(c) An offshore supply vessel of at least 6,000 GT ITC (500 GRT if GT ITC is not assigned) as defined in §125.160 of this chapter, for which the Coast Guard has accepted the use of automated systems to replace specific personnel pursuant to subpart 62.50 of this chapter, must carry at least one credentialed assistant engineer, in addition to the individual described in §15.820 of this subpart.

(d) The OCMI determines the minimum number of credentialed engineers required for the safe operation of inspected vessels.

[USCG-2004-17914, 78 FR 78008, Dec. 24, 2013, as amended by USCG-2012-0208, 79 FR 48924, Aug. 18, 2014]

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§15.830   Radio officers.

Radio officers are required on certain merchant vessels of the United States. The determination of when a radio officer is required is based on the Federal Communications Commission requirements as found in 47 CFR part 13 and 47 CFR part 80.

[CGD 81-059, 52 FR 38652, Oct. 16, 1987. Redesignated and amended by USCG-2004-17914, 78 FR 78001, 78008, Dec. 24, 2013]

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§15.835   Staff officers.

Staff officers, when carried, must be registered as specified in part 11 of this chapter.

[CGD 81-059, 52 FR 38652, Oct. 16, 1987, as amended by USCG-2006-24371, 74 FR 11263, Mar. 16, 2009]

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§15.840   Able seamen.

(a) With certain exceptions, 46 U.S.C. 8702 applies to all vessels of at least 100 GRT. At least 65 percent of the deck crew of these vessels, excluding individuals serving as officers, must be able seamen. For vessels permitted to maintain a two-watch system, the percentage of able seamen may be reduced to 50 percent.

(b) Able seamen are rated as: unlimited, limited, special, offshore supply vessel (OSV), sail, and fishing industry, under the provisions of part 12 of this subchapter. 46 U.S.C. 7312 specifies the categories of able seamen (i.e., unlimited, limited, etc.) necessary to meet the requirements of 46 U.S.C. 8702.

(c) On vessels subject to STCW, the individual meeting the requirement of this section must also hold an STCW endorsement as ratings forming part of a navigational watch or able seafarer-deck (according to §15.404(a) and (b) of this part), except as noted in §15.105 (g) of this part for vessels on domestic near-coastal voyages.

(d) It is the responsibility of the master or person in charge (PIC) to ensure that the able seamen in the service of the vessel meet the requirements of 46 U.S.C. 7312 and 8702.

[CGD 81-059, 52 FR 38652, Oct. 16, 1987, as amended by USCG-2006-24371, 74 FR 11263, Mar. 16, 2009; USCG-2004-17914, 78 FR 78008, Dec. 24, 2013]

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§15.845   Lifeboatmen.

(a) The number of lifeboatmen required for a vessel is specified in part 199 of this chapter; however, on vessels not equipped with lifeboats, a lifeboatman may be replaced by a lifeboatman-limited.

(b) On vessels subject to STCW, the individual meeting the requirement of this section must also hold an STCW endorsement for proficiency in survival craft, except as noted in §15.105 (g) of this part for vessels on domestic near-coastal voyages.

[USCG-2004-17914, 78 FR 78008, Dec. 24, 2013]

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§15.850   Lookouts.

(a) The requirements for the maintenance of a proper lookout are specified in Rule 5 of the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1972 (33 U.S.C. 1602(c)), and Rule 5 of the Inland Navigational Rules Act of 1980 (33 CFR part 83). Lookout is a function to be performed by a member of a navigational watch.

(b) On vessels subject to STCW, the individual meeting the requirement of this section must also hold at least an STCW deck endorsement as rating forming part of a navigational watch, except as noted in §15.105(g) of this part for vessels on domestic near-coastal voyages.

[USCG-2004-17914, 78 FR 78008, Dec. 24, 2013]

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§15.855   Cabin watchmen and fire patrolmen.

(a) On vessels carrying passengers at night, the master or person in charge must ensure that a suitable number of watchmen are in the vicinity of the cabins or staterooms and on each deck, to guard against and give alarm in case of fire or other danger.

(b) On a fish processing vessel of more than 100 GRT, there must be a suitable number of watchmen trained in firefighting onboard when hot work is being done, to guard against and give alarm in case of a fire.

(c) For the watchmen described in paragraph (a) of this section, the owner or operator of an uninspected passenger vessel not more than 300 GRT may substitute the use of fire detectors, heat detectors, smoke detectors, and high-water alarms with audible- and visual-warning indicators, in addition to other required safety alarms, only when each of the following conditions are met:

(1) Fire detectors are located in each space containing machinery or fuel tanks per §181.400(c) of this chapter.

(2) All grills, broilers, and deep-fat fryers are fitted with a grease extraction hood per §181.425 of this chapter.

(3) Heat and/or smoke detectors are located in each galley, public accommodation space, enclosed passageway, berthing space, and all crew spaces.

(4) High-water alarms are located in each space with a through hull fitting below the deepest load waterline, a machinery space bilge, bilge well, shaft alley bilge, or other space subject to flooding from sea water piping within the space, and a space below the waterline with non-watertight closure such as a space with a non-watertight hatch on the main deck.

(5) Each alarm has an audible- and visual-alarm indicator located at the normal operating station and, if the normal operating position is not continually manned and not navigating underway, in an alternate location that must provide the crew, and may at all times provide the passengers, immediate warning of a hazardous condition.

(6) The vessel is underway for no more than 12 hours in any 24-hour period, and the master of the vessel has chosen to operate with less than a three-watch system in accordance with §15.705 of this part.

[CGD 81-059, 52 FR 38652, Oct. 16, 1987, as amended by USCG-1999-5040, 67 FR 34767, May 15, 2002; USCG-2004-17914, 78 FR 78008, Dec. 24, 2013]

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§15.860   Tankerman.

(a) The OCMI enters on the COI issued to each manned tank vessel subject to the regulations in this chapter the number of crewmembers required to hold valid MMDs or MMCs with the proper tankerman endorsement. Table 1 to §15.860(a) of this section provides the minimum requirements for tankermen aboard manned tank vessels; Table 2 to §15.860(a) of this section provides the tankerman endorsements required for personnel aboard tankships.

Table 1 to §15.860(a)—Minimum Requirements for Tankermen Aboard Manned Tank Vessels

Tank vesselsTankerman-PICTankerman assistantTankerman engineerTankerman-PIC or tankerman-PIC (barge)
Tankship Certified for Voyages Beyond Boundary Line:
Over 5,000 GRT232
5,000 GRT or less212
Tankship Not Certified for Voyages Beyond Boundary Line22
Tank Barge32

1If only one engineer is required, then only one tankerman-engineer is required.

2If the total crew complement is one or two persons, then only one tankerman-PIC is required.

3If the total crew complement is one or two persons, then only one tankerman-PIC or tankerman-PIC (barge) is required.

Table 2 to 15.860(a)—Tankermen Endorsements Required for Personnel Aboard Tankships

[Endorsement for the classification of the bulk liquid cargo or residues carried]

Tankship certified for voyages beyond boundary lineTankerman-PIC   Tankerman engineerTankerman assistant
MasterX
Chief MateX
Chief EngineerXorX
First Assistant EngineerXorX
Cargo EngineerXorX
Credentialed Officer Acting as PIC of Transfer of Liquid Cargo in BulkX
Credentialed Officer or Crewmember Not Directly Supervised by PICX

(b) For each tankship of more than 5,000 GRT certified for voyages beyond the boundary line as described in part 7 of this chapter—

(1) At least two tankerman-PICs or restricted tankerman-PICs must be carried;

(2) At least three tankerman-assistants must be carried; and

(3) At least two tankerman-engineers must be carried.

(c) For each tankship of 5,000 GRT or less certified for voyages beyond the boundary line, as described in part 7 of this chapter—

(1) At least two tankerman-PICs or restricted tankerman-PICs must be carried; and

(2) At least two tankerman-engineers must be carried, unless only one engineer is required, in which case at least one tankerman-engineer must be carried.

(d) For each tankship not certified for voyages beyond the boundary line, as described in part 7 of this chapter, if the total crew complement is—

(1) One or two, at least one tankerman-PIC or restricted tankerman-PIC must be carried; or

(2) More than two, at least two tankerman-PICs or restricted tankerman-PICs must be carried.

(e) For each tank barge manned under §31.15-5 of this chapter, if the total crew complement is—

(1) One or two, at least one tankerman-PIC, restricted tankerman-PIC, tankerman-PIC (barge), or restricted tankerman-PIC (barge) must be carried; or

(2) More than two, at least two tankerman-PICs, restricted tankerman-PICs, tankerman-PICs (barge), or restricted tankerman-PICs (barge) must be carried.

(f) The following personnel aboard each tankship certified for voyages beyond the boundary line, as described in part 7 of this chapter, must hold valid MMDs or MMCs, endorsed as follows:

(1) The master and chief mate must each hold a tankerman-PIC or restricted tankerman-PIC endorsement.

(2) The chief, first assistant, and cargo engineers must each hold a tankerman-engineer or tankerman-PIC endorsement.

(3) Each credentialed officer acting as the PIC of a transfer of liquid cargo in bulk must hold a tankerman-PIC or restricted tankerman-PIC endorsement.

(4) Each officer or crewmember who is assigned by the PIC duties and responsibilities related to the cargo or cargo-handling equipment during a transfer of liquid cargo in bulk, but is not directly supervised by the PIC, must hold a tankerman-assistant endorsement.

(g) The endorsements required by this section must be for the classification of the liquid cargo in bulk or of the cargo residue being carried.

(h) All individuals serving on tankships certified for voyages beyond the boundary line, as described in part 7 of this chapter, must hold an appropriate STCW endorsement, as follows:

(1) For tankerman-PIC, an STCW endorsement as Advanced Oil Tanker Cargo Operations, Advanced Chemical Tanker Cargo Operations, or Advanced Liquefied Gas Tanker Cargo Operations, as appropriate.

(2) For tankerman-Assistant, an STCW endorsement as Basic Oil and Chemical Tanker Cargo Operations, or Basic Liquefied Gas Tanker Cargo Operations, as appropriate.

(3) For a tankerman-PIC (barge), an STCW endorsement as Advanced Oil Tanker Cargo Operations, Advanced Chemical Tanker Cargo Operations, or Advanced Liquefied Gas Tanker Cargo Operations, as appropriate, including endorsements with a limitation for non-self-propelled vessels.

(4) For a tankerman-engineer, an STCW endorsement as Advanced Oil Tanker Cargo Operations, or Advanced Chemical Tanker Cargo Operations, as appropriate, including endorsements with a limitation to maintenance and repair of cargo equipment.

[USCG-2004-17914, 78 FR 78008, Dec. 24, 2013, as amended by USCG-2018-0874, 84 FR 30882, June 28, 2019]

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§15.865   Qualified member of the engine department (QMED).

(a) Every person serving under the authority of a rating endorsement as QMED on any United States vessel requiring QMED must hold an endorsement as QMED.

(b) On vessels subject to STCW, certain seafarers meeting the requirement of this section must also hold either an STCW endorsement as able seafarer-engine or rating forming part of an engineering watch or designated to perform duties in a periodically unmanned engineroom (according to §15.404(c) and (d) of this part), except as noted in §15.105(g) of this part for vessels on domestic near-coastal voyages.

[USCG-2004-17914, 78 FR 78009, Dec. 24, 2013]

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