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e-CFR data is current as of January 19, 2021

Title 45Subtitle BChapter VIPart 670 → Subpart D

Title 45: Public Welfare

Subpart D—Native Mammals, Birds, Plants, and Invertebrates

§670.17   Specific issuance criteria.
§670.18   Content of permit applications.
§670.19   Designation of native mammals.
§670.20   Designation of native birds.
§670.21   Designation of native plants.
§670.22   [Reserved]

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§670.17   Specific issuance criteria.

With the exception of specially protected species of mammals, birds, and plants designated in subpart E of this part, permits to engage in a taking or harmful interference:

(a) May be issued only for the purpose of providing—

(1) Specimens for scientific study or scientific information; or

(2) Specimens for museums, zoological gardens, or other educational or cultural institutions or uses; or

(3) For unavoidable consequences of scientific activities or the construction and operation of scientific support facilities; and

(b) Shall ensure, as far as possible, that—

(1) No more native mammals, birds, or plants are taken than are necessary to meet the purposes set forth in paragraph (a) of this section;

(2) No more native mammals or native birds are taken in any year than can normally be replaced by net natural reproduction in the following breeding season;

(3) The variety of species and the balance of the natural ecological systems within Antarctica are maintained; and

(4) The authorized taking, transporting, carrying, or shipping of any native mammal or bird is carried out in a humane manner.

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§670.18   Content of permit applications.

In addition to the information required in subpart C of this part, an applicant seeking a permit to take a native mammal or native bird shall include a complete description of the project including the purpose of the proposed taking, the use to be made of the native mammals or native birds, and the ultimate disposition of the native mammals and birds. An applicant seeking a permit to engage in a harmful interference shall include a complete description of the project including the purpose of the activity which will result in the harmful interference. Sufficient information must be provided to establish that the taking, harmful interference, transporting, carrying, or shipping of a native mammal or bird shall be humane.

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§670.19   Designation of native mammals.

The following are designated native mammals:


Crabeater seal—Lobodon carcinophagus.

Leopard seal—Hydrurga leptonyx.

Ross seal—Ommatophoca rossi.1

1These species of mammals have been designated as specially protected species and are subject to subpart E of this part.

Southern elephant seal—Mirounga leonina.

Southern fur seals—Arctocephalus spp.1

Weddell seal—Leptonychotes weddelli.

Large Cetaceans (Whales):

Blue whale—Balaenoptera musculus.

Fin whale—Balaenoptera physalus.

Humpback whale—Megaptera novaeangliae.

Minke whale—Balaenoptera acutrostrata.

Pygmy blue whale—Balaenoptera musculus brevicauda

Sei whale—Balaenoptera borealis

Southern right whale—Balaena glacialis australis

Sperm whale—Physeter macrocephalus

Small Cetaceans (Dolphins and porpoises):

Arnoux's beaked whale—Berardius arnuxii.

Commerson's dolphin—Cephalorhynchus commersonii

Dusky dolphin—Lagenorhynchus obscurus

Hourglass dolphin—Lagenorhynchus cruciger

Killer whale—Orcinus orca

Long-finned pilot whale—Globicephala melaena

Southern bottlenose whale—Hyperoodon planifrons.

Southern right whale dolphin—Lissodelphis peronii

Spectacled porpoise—Phocoena dioptrica

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§670.20   Designation of native birds.

The following are designated native birds:


Black-browed—Diomedea melanophris.

Gray-headed—Diomedea chrysostoma.

Light-mantled sooty—Phoebetria palpebrata.

Wandering—Diomedea exulans.


Northern Giant—Macronectes halli.

Southern—Fulmarus glacialoides.

Southern Giant—Macronectes giganteus.


Southern Black-backed—Larus dominicanus.


Parasitic—Stercorarius parasiticus.

Pomarine—Stercorarius pomarinsus


Adelie—Pygoscelis adeliae.

Chinstrap—Pygoscelis antarctica.

Emperor—Aptenodytes forsteri.

Gentoo—Pygoscelis papua.

King—Aptenodytes patagonicus.

Macaroni—Eudyptes chrysolophus.

Rockhopper—Eudyptes crestatus.


Antarctic—Thalassoica antarctica.

Black-bellied Storm—Fregetta tropica.

Blue—Halobaena caerulea.

Gray—Procellaria cinerea.

Great-winged—Pterodroma macroptera.

Kerguelen—Pterodroma brevirostris.

Mottled—Pterodroma inexpectata.

Snow—Pagodroma nivea.

Soft-plumaged—Pterodroma mollis.

South-Georgia Diving—Pelecanoides georgicus.

White-bellied Storm—Fregetta grallaria.

White-chinned—Procellaria aequinoctialis.

White-headed—Pterodroma lessoni.

Wilson's Storm—Oceanites oceanicus.


Cape—Daption capense.


South American Yellow-billed—Anas georgica spinicauda.


Antarctic—Pachyptila desolata.

Narrow-billed—Pachyptila belcheri.


Blue-eyed—Phalacrocorax atriceps.


Sooty—Puffinus griseus.


Brown—Catharacta lonnbergi

South Polar—Catharacta maccormicki.


Barn—Hirundo rustica.


American—Chionis alba.


Antarctic—Sterna vittata.

Arctic—Sterna paradisaea.

[66 FR 46739, Sept. 7, 2001]

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§670.21   Designation of native plants.

All plants whose normal range is limited to, or includes Antarctica are designated native plants, including:


Freshwater algae



Marine algae

Vascular Plants

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§670.22   [Reserved]

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