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e-CFR data is current as of March 3, 2021

Title 42Chapter IVSubchapter DPart 457 → Subpart H


Title 42: Public Health
PART 457—ALLOTMENTS AND GRANTS TO STATES


Subpart H—Substitution of Coverage


Contents
§457.800   Basis, scope, and applicability.
§457.805   State plan requirement: Procedures to address substitution under group health plans.
§457.810   Premium assistance programs: Required protections against substitution.

Source: 66 FR 2684, Jan. 11, 2001, unless otherwise noted.

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§457.800   Basis, scope, and applicability.

(a) Statutory basis. This subpart interprets and implements section 2102(b)(3)(C) of the Act, which provides that the State plan must include a description of procedures the State uses to ensure that health benefits coverage provided under the State plan does not substitute for coverage under group health plans.

(b) Scope. This subpart sets forth State plan requirements relating to substitution of coverage in general and specific requirements relating to substitution of coverage under premium assistance programs.

(c) Applicability. The requirements of this subpart apply to separate child health programs.

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§457.805   State plan requirement: Procedures to address substitution under group health plans.

(a) State plan requirements. The state plan must include a description of reasonable procedures to ensure that health benefits coverage provided under the State plan does not substitute for coverage provided under group health plans as defined at §457.10.

(b) Limitations. (1) A state may not, under this section, impose a period of uninsurance which exceeds 90 days from the date a child otherwise eligible for CHIP is disenrolled from coverage under a group health plan.

(2) A waiting period may not be applied to a child following the loss of eligibility for and enrollment in Medicaid or another insurance affordability program.

(3) If a state elects to impose a period of uninsurance following the loss of coverage under a group health plan under this section, such period may not be imposed in the case of any child if:

(i) The premium paid by the family for coverage of the child under the group health plan exceeded 5 percent of household income;

(ii) The child's parent is determined eligible for advance payment of the premium tax credit for enrollment in a QHP through the Exchange because the ESI in which the family was enrolled is determined unaffordable in accordance with 26 CFR 1.36B-2(c)(3)(v).

(iii) The cost of family coverage that includes the child exceeds 9.5 percent of the household income.

(iv) The employer stopped offering coverage of dependents (or any coverage) under an employer-sponsored health insurance plan;

(v) A change in employment, including involuntary separation, resulted in the child's loss of employer-sponsored insurance (other than through full payment of the premium by the parent under COBRA);

(vi) The child has special health care needs; or

(vii) The child lost coverage due to the death or divorce of a parent.

[78 FR 42313, July 15, 2013, as amended at 81 FR 86466, Nov. 30, 2016]

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§457.810   Premium assistance programs: Required protections against substitution.

A State that operates a premium assistance program, as defined at §457.10, must provide the protections against substitution of CHIP coverage for coverage under group health plans specified in this section. The State must describe these protections in the State plan; and report on results of monitoring of substitution in its annual reports.

(a) Period without coverage under a group health plan. For health benefits coverage provided through premium assistance for group health plans, the following rules apply:

(1) Any waiting period imposed under the state child health plan prior to the provision of child health assistance to a targeted low-income child under the state plan shall apply to the same extent to the provision of a premium assistance subsidy for the child and shall not exceed 90 days.

(2) States must permit the same exemptions to the required waiting period for premium assistance as specified under the state plan at §457.805(a)(2), and §457.805(a)(3) for the provision of child health assistance to a targeted low-income child.

(b) Employer contribution. For health benefits coverage obtained through premium assistance for group health plans, the employee who is eligible for the coverage must apply for the full premium contribution available from the employer.

(c) Cost effectiveness. In establishing cost effectiveness—

(1) The State's cost for coverage for children under premium assistance programs must not be greater than the cost of other CHIP coverage for these children; and

(2) The State may base its demonstration of cost effectiveness on an assessment of the cost of coverage for children under premium assistance programs to the cost of other CHIP coverage for these children, done on a case-by-case basis, or on the cost of premium assisted coverage in the aggregate.

(d) State evaluation. The State must evaluate and report in the annual report (in accordance with §457.750(b)(2)) the amount of substitution that occurs as a result of premium assistance programs and the effect of those programs on access to coverage.

[66 FR 2684, Jan. 11, 2001, as amended at 78 FR 42313, July 15, 2013]

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