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Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

e-CFR data is current as of December 3, 2019

Title 40Chapter ISubchapter NPart 417 → Subpart O


Title 40: Protection of Environment
PART 417—SOAP AND DETERGENT MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY


Subpart O—Manufacture of Spray Dried Detergents Subcategory


Contents
§417.150   Applicability; description of the manufacture of spray dried detergents subcategory.
§417.151   Specialized definitions.
§417.152   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available.
§417.153   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable.
§417.154   [Reserved]
§417.155   Standards of performance for new sources.
§417.156   Pretreatment standards for new sources.

§417.150   Applicability; description of the manufacture of spray dried detergents subcategory.

The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges resulting from all operations associated with the manufacture of spray dried detergents, including but not limited to assembly and storage of raw materials, crutching, spray drying, blending (including tumble spraying of additives) and packaging.

§417.151   Specialized definitions.

For the purpose of this subpart:

(a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this subpart.

(b) The term anhydrous product shall mean the theoretical product that would result if all water were removed from the actual product.

(c) The term surfactant shall mean those methylene blue active substances amenable to measurement by the method described in “Methods for Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastes,” 1971, Environmental Protection Agency, Analytical Quality Control Laboratory, page 131.

(d) The term normal operation of a spray tower shall mean operation utilizing formulations that present limitted air quality problems from stack gases and associated need for extensive wet scrubbing, and without more than 6 turnarounds in a 30 consecutive day period, thus permitting essentially complete recycle of waste water.

(e) The term air quality restricted operation of a spray tower shall mean an operation utilizing formulations (e.g., those with high non-ionic content) which require a very high rate of wet scrubbing to maintain desirable quality of stack gases, and thus generate much greater quantities of waste water than can be recycled to process.

(f) The term fast turnaround operation of a spray drying tower shall mean operation involving more than 6 changes of formulation in a 30 consecutive day period that are of such degree and type (e.g., high phosphate to no phosphate) as to require cleaning of the tower to maintain minimal product quality.

(g) The term BOD7 shall mean the biochemical oxygen demand as determined by incubation at 20 degrees C for a period of 7 days using an acclimated seed. Agitation employing a magnetic stirrer set at 200 to 500 rpm may be used.

[39 FR 13372, Apr. 12, 1974, as amended at 40 FR 27454, June 30, 1975]

§417.152   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available.

Except as provided in §§125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT):

(a) For normal operation of spray drying towers as defined above, the following values pertain:

Effluent characteristicEffluent limitations
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed—
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 kg of anhydrous product)
BOD50.030.01
COD0.15.05
TSS0.03.01
Surfactants0.06.02
Oil and grease0.015.005
pH(1)(1)
English units (pounds per 1,000 lb of anhydrous product)
BOD50.030.01
COD0.15.05
TSS0.03.01
Surfactants0.06.02
Oil and grease0.015.005
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

(b) For air quality restricted operation of a spray drying tower, but only when a high rate of wet scrubbing is in operation which produces more waste water than can be recycled to process, the following values pertain:

Effluent characteristicEffluent limitations
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed—
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 kg of anhydrous product)
BOD50.240.03
COD1.05.35
TSS0.30.10
Surfactants0.45.15
Oil and grease0.09.03
pH(1)(1)
English units (pounds per 1,000 lb of anhydrous product)
BOD50.240.08
COD1.05.35
TSS0.30.10
Surfactants0.45.15
Oil and grease0.09.03
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

(c) For fast turnaround operation of a spray tower, the following values pertain: The maximum for any one day when the number of turnarounds exceeds six in any particular thirty consecutive day period shall be the sum of the appropriate value below and that from paragraph (a) or (b) of this section; and the average of daily values for thirty consecutive days shall be the value shown below multiplied by the number of turnarounds in excess of six and prorated to thirty days plus the appropriate value from paragraph (a) or (b) of this section.

Effluent characteristicEffluent limitations
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 kg of anhydrous product)
BOD50.02.
COD0.09.
TSS0.02.
Surfactants0.03.
Oil and grease0.005.
pH(1)
English units (pounds per 1,000 lb of anhydrous product)
BOD50.02.
COD0.09.
TSS0.02.
Surfactants0.03.
Oil and grease0.005.
pH(1)

1Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

[39 FR 13372, Apr. 12, 1974, as amended at 60 FR 33955, June 29, 1995]

§417.153   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable.

The following limitations establish the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this section, which may be discharged by a point source subject to the provisions of this subpart after application of the best available technology economically achievable:

(a) For normal operation of spray drying towers as defined above, the following values pertain:

Effluent characteristicEffluent limitations
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed—
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 kg of anhydrous product)
BOD50.020.01
COD0.08.04
TSS0.04.02
Surfactants0.04.02
Oil and grease0.01.005
pH(1)(1)
English units (pounds per 1,000 lb of anhydrous product)
BOD50.020.01
COD0.08.04
TSS0.04.02
Surfactants0.04.02
Oil and grease0.01.005
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

(b) For air quality restricted operation of a spray drying tower, but only when a high rate of wet scrubbing is in operation which produces more waste water than can be recycled to process, the following values pertain:

Effluent characteristicEffluent limitations
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed—
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 kg of anhydrous product)
BOD50.120.06
COD0.50.25
TSS0.14.07
Surfactants0.20.10
Oil and grease0.04.02
pH(1)(1)
English units (pounds per 1,000 lb of anhydrous product)
BOD50.120.06
COD0.50.25
TSS0.14.07
Surfactants0.20.10
Oil and grease0.04.02
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

(c) For fast turnaround operation of a spray tower, the following values pertain: The maximum for any one day when the number of turnarounds exceeds six in any particular thirty consecutive day period shall be the sum of the appropriate value below and that from paragraph (a) or (b) of this section; and the average of daily values for thirty consecutive days shall be the values shown below multiplied by the number of turnarounds in excess of six and prorated to thirty days plus the appropriate value from paragraph (a) or (b) of this section.

Effluent characteristicEffluent limitations (maximum for any 1 day)
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 kg of anhydrous product)
BOD50.02
COD0.07
TSS0.02
Surfactants0.02
Oil and grease0.005
pH(1)
English units (pounds per 1,000 lb of anhydrous product)
BOD50.02
COD0.07
TSS0.02
Surfactants0.02
Oil and grease0.005
pH(1)

1Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

§417.154   [Reserved]

§417.155   Standards of performance for new sources.

The following standards of performance establish the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this section, which may be discharged by a new source subject to the provisions of this subpart:

(a) For normal operation of spray drying towers as defined above, the following values pertain:

Effluent characteristicEffluent limitations
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed—
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 kg of anhydrous product)
BOD50.020.01
COD0.08.04
TSS0.04.02
Surfactants0.04.02
Oil and grease0.01.005
pH(1)(1)
English units (pounds per 1,000 lb of anhydrous product)
BOD50.020.01
COD0.08.04
TSS0.04.02
Surfactants0.04.02
Oil and grease0.01.005
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

(b) For air quality restricted operation of a spray drying tower, but only when a high rate of wet scrubbing is in operation which produces more waste water than can be recycled to process, the following values pertain:

Effluent characteristicEffluent limitations
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed—
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 kg of anhydrous product)
BOD50.120.06
COD0.50.25
TSS0.14.07
Surfactants0.20.10
Oil and grease0.04.02
pH(1)(1)
English units (pounds per 1,000 lb of anhydrous product)
BOD50.120.06
COD0.50.25
TSS0.14.07
Surfactants0.20.10
Oil and grease0.04.02
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

(c) For fast turnaround operation of a spray tower, the following values pertain: The maximum for any one day when the number of turnarounds exceeds six in any particular thirty consecutive day period shall be the sum of the appropriate value below and that from paragraph (a) or (b) of this section; and the average of daily values for thirty consecutive days shall be the value shown below multiplied by the number of turnarounds in excess of six and prorated to thirty days plus the appropriate value from paragraph (a) or (b) of this section.

Effluent characteristicEffluent limitations (maximum for any 1 day)
Metric units (kilograms per 1,000 kg of anhydrous product)
BOD50.02
COD0.07
TSS0.02
Surfactants0.02
Oil and grease0.005
pH(1)
English units (pounds per 1,000 lb of anhydrous product)
BOD50.02
COD0.07
TSS0.02
Surfactants0.02
Oil and grease0.005
pH(1)

1Within the range 6.0 to 9.0.

§417.156   Pretreatment standards for new sources.

Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standards establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant properties, controlled by this section, which may be discharged to a publicly owned treatment works by a new source subject to the provisions of this subpart.

(a) There shall be no discharge of waste water streams in which both the COD/BOD7 ratio exceeds 10.0 and the COD exceeds 2.4 kg/kkg of anhydrous product.

(b) For waste streams having either a ratio of COD to BOD7 of 10.0 or less or having a COD content of 2.40 kg/kkg of anhydrous product or less the pretreatment standard shall be:

(1) For normal operation of spray drying towers above, the following values pertain:

Pollutant or pollutant propertyPretreatment standard
BOD5No limitations.
COD      Do.
TSS      Do.
Surfactants      Do.
Oil and grease      Do.
pH      Do.

(2) For air quality restricted operation of a spray drying tower, but only when a high rate of wet scrubbing is in operation which produces more waste water than can be recycled to process, the following values pertain:

Pollutant or pollutant propertyPretreatment standard
BOD5No limitations.
COD      Do.
TSS      Do.
Surfactants      Do.
Oil and grease      Do.
pH      Do.

(3) For fast turnaround operation of a spray tower, the following values pertain: The maximum for any one day when the number of turnarounds exceeds six in any particular thirty consecutive day period shall be the sum of the appropriate value below and that from paragraph (b) (1) or (2) of this section; and the average of daily values for thirty consecutive days shall be the value shown below multiplied by the number of turnarounds in excess of six and prorated to thirty days plus the appropriate value form paragraph (b) (1) or (2) of this section.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyPretreatment standard
BOD5No limitations.
COD      Do.
TSS      Do.
Surfactants      Do.
Oil and grease      Do.
pH      Do.

[40 FR 27454, June 30, 1975, as amended at 60 FR 33955, June 29, 1995]

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