e-CFR banner

Home
gpo.gov
govinfo.gov

e-CFR Navigation Aids

Browse

Simple Search

Advanced Search

 — Boolean

 — Proximity

 

Search History

Search Tips

Corrections

Latest Updates

User Info

FAQs

Agency List

Incorporation By Reference

eCFR logo

Related Resources

 

Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

e-CFR data is current as of November 18, 2019

Title 40Chapter ISubchapter CPart 98 → Subpart GG


Title 40: Protection of Environment
PART 98—MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING


Subpart GG—Zinc Production


Contents
§98.330   Definition of the source category.
§98.331   Reporting threshold.
§98.332   GHGs to report.
§98.333   Calculating GHG emissions.
§98.334   Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.
§98.335   Procedures for estimating missing data.
§98.336   Data reporting requirements.
§98.337   Records that must be retained.
§98.338   Definitions.

§98.330   Definition of the source category.

The zinc production source category consists of zinc smelters and secondary zinc recycling facilities.

§98.331   Reporting threshold.

You must report GHG emissions under this subpart if your facility contains a zinc production process and the facility meets the requirements of either §98.2(a)(1) or (2).

§98.332   GHGs to report.

You must report:

(a) CO2 process emissions from each Waelz kiln and electrothermic furnace used for zinc production.

(b) CO2, CH4, and N2O combustion emissions from each Waelz kiln. You must calculate and report these emissions under subpart C of this part (General Stationary Fuel Combustion Sources) by following the requirements of subpart C.

(c) CO2, CH4, and N2O emissions from each stationary combustion unit other than Waelz kilns. You must report these emissions under subpart C of this part (General Stationary Fuel Combustion Sources) by following the requirements of subpart C.

§98.333   Calculating GHG emissions.

You must calculate and report the annual process CO2 emissions using the procedures specified in either paragraph (a) or (b) of this section.

(a) Calculate and report under this subpart the process or combined process and combustion CO2 emissions by operating and maintaining a CEMS according to the Tier 4 Calculation Methodology in §98.33(a)(4) and all associated requirements for Tier 4 in subpart C of this part (General Stationary Fuel Combustion Sources).

(b) Calculate and report under this subpart the process CO2 emissions by following paragraphs (b)(1) and (b)(2) of this section.

(1) For each Waelz kiln or electrothermic furnace at your facility used for zinc production, you must determine the mass of carbon in each carbon-containing material, other than fuel, that is fed, charged, or otherwise introduced into each Waelz kiln and electrothermic furnace at your facility for each year and calculate annual CO2 process emissions from each affected unit at your facility using Equation GG-1 of this section. For electrothermic furnaces, carbon containing input materials include carbon eletrodes and carbonaceous reducing agents. For Waelz kilns, carbon containing input materials include carbonaceous reducing agents. If you document that a specific material contributes less than 1 percent of the total carbon into the process, you do not have to include the material in your calculation using Equation R-1 of §98.183.

eCFR graphic er30oc09.126.gif

View or download PDF

Where:

ECO2k = Annual CO2 process emissions from individual Waelz kiln or electrothermic furnace “k” (metric tons).

44/12 = Ratio of molecular weights, CO2 to carbon.

2000/2205 = Conversion factor to convert tons to metric tons.

(Zinc)k = Annual mass of zinc bearing material charged to kiln or furnace ”k” (tons).

(CZinc)k = Carbon content of the zinc bearing material, from the annual carbon analysis for kiln or furnace “k” (percent by weight, expressed as a decimal fraction).

(Flux)k = Annual mass of flux materials (e.g., limestone, dolomite) charged to kiln or furnace “k” (tons).

(CFlux)k = Carbon content of the flux materials charged to kiln or furnace “k”, from the annual carbon analysis (percent by weight, expressed as a decimal fraction).

(Electrode)k = Annual mass of carbon electrode consumed in furnace “k” (tons).

(CElectrode)k = Carbon content of the carbon electrode consumed in furnace “k”, from the annual carbon analysis (percent by weight, expressed as a decimal fraction).

(Carbon)k = Annual mass of carbonaceous materials (e.g., coal, coke) charged to the kiln or furnace “k”(tons).

(CCarbon)k Carbon content of the carbonaceous materials charged to kiln or furnace, “k”, from the annual carbon analysis (percent by weight, expressed as a decimal fraction).

(2) You must determine the CO2 emissions from all of the Waelz kilns or electrothermic furnaces at your facility using Equation GG-2 of this section.

eCFR graphic er30oc09.127.gif

View or download PDF

Where:

CO2 = Annual combined CO2 emissions from all Waelz kilns or electrothermic furnaces (tons).

ECO2k = Annual CO2 emissions from each Waelz kiln or electrothermic furnace k calculated using Equation GG-1 of this section (tons).

n = Total number of Waelz kilns or electrothermic furnaces at facility used for the zinc production.

(c) If GHG emissions from a Waelz kiln or electrothermic furnace are vented through the same stack as any combustion unit or process equipment that reports CO2 emissions using a CEMS that complies with the Tier 4 Calculation Methodology in subpart C of this part (General Stationary Fuel Combustion Sources), then the calculation methodology in paragraph (b) of this section shall not be used to calculate process emissions. The owner or operator shall report under this subpart the combined stack emissions according to the Tier 4 Calculation Methodology in §98.33(a)(4) and all associated requirements for Tier 4 in subpart C of this part.

[74 FR 56374, Oct. 30, 2009, as amended at 75 FR 66470, Oct. 28, 2010]

§98.334   Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

If you determine CO2 emissions using the carbon input procedure in §98.333(b)(1) and (b)(2), you must meet the requirements specified in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section.

(a) Determine the mass of each solid carbon-containing input material consumed using facility instruments, procedures, or records used for accounting purposes including direct measurement weighing or through the use of purchase records same plant instruments or procedures that are used for accounting purposes (such as weigh hoppers, belt weigh feeders, weighed purchased quantities in shipments or containers, combination of bulk density and volume measurements, etc.). Record the total mass for the materials consumed each calendar month and sum the monthly mass to determine the annual mass for each input material.

(b) For each input material identified in paragraph (a) of this section, you must determine the average carbon content of the material consumed or used in the calendar year using the methods specified in either paragraph (b)(1) or (b)(2) of this section.

(1) Information provided by your material supplier.

(2) Collecting and analyzing at least three representative samples of the material using the appropriate testing method. For each carbon-containing input material identified for which the carbon content is not provided by your material supplier, the carbon content of the material must be analyzed at least annually using the appropriate standard methods (and their QA/QC procedures), which are identified in paragraphs (b)(2)(i) through (b)(2)(iii) of this section, as applicable. If you document that a specific process input or output contributes less than one percent of the total mass of carbon into or out of the process, you do not have to determine the monthly mass or annual carbon content of that input or output.

(i) Using ASTM E1941-04 Standard Test Method for Determination of Carbon in Refractory and Reactive Metals and Their Alloys (incorporated by reference, see §98.7), analyze zinc bearing materials.

(ii) Using ASTM D5373-08 Standard Test Methods for Instrumental Determination of Carbon, Hydrogen, and Nitrogen in Laboratory Samples of Coal (incorporated by reference, see §98.7), analyze carbonaceous reducing agents and carbon electrodes.

(iii) Using ASTM C25-06 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Limestone, Quicklime, and Hydrated Lime (incorporated by reference, see §98.7), analyze flux materials such as limestone or dolomite.

§98.335   Procedures for estimating missing data.

For the carbon input procedure in §98.333(b), a complete record of all measured parameters used in the GHG emissions calculations is required (e.g., raw materials carbon content values, etc.). Therefore, whenever a quality-assured value of a required parameter is unavailable, a substitute data value for the missing parameter shall be used in the calculations as specified in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section. You must document and keep records of the procedures used for all such estimates.

(a) For missing records of the carbon content of inputs for facilities that estimate emissions using the carbon input procedure in §98.333(b); 100 percent data availability is required. You must repeat the test for average carbon contents of inputs according to the procedures in §98.335(b) if data are missing.

(b) For missing records of the annual mass of carbon-containing inputs using the carbon input procedure in §98.333(b), the substitute data value must be based on the best available estimate of the mass of the input material from all available process data or information used for accounting purposes, such as purchase records.

§98.336   Data reporting requirements.

In addition to the information required by §98.3(c), each annual report must contain the information specified in paragraphs (a) or (b) of this section, as applicable, for each Waelz kiln or electrothermic furnace.

(a) If a CEMS is used to measure CO2 emissions, then you must report under this subpart the relevant information required for the Tier 4 Calculation Methodology in §98.36 and the information listed in this paragraph (a):

(1) Annual zinc product production capacity (tons).

(2) Annual production quantity for each zinc product (tons).

(3) Annual facility production quantity for each zinc product (tons).

(4) Number of Waelz kilns at each facility used for zinc production.

(5) Number of electrothermic furnaces at each facility used for zinc production.

(b) If a CEMS is not used to measure CO2 emissions, then you must report the information listed in this paragraph (b):

(1) Identification number and annual process CO2 emissions from each individual Waelz kiln or electrothermic furnace (metric tons).

(2) Annual zinc product production capacity (tons).

(3) Annual production quantity for each zinc product (tons).

(4) Number of Waelz kilns at each facility used for zinc production.

(5) Number of electrothermic furnaces at each facility used for zinc production.

(6) [Reserved]

(7) [Reserved]

(8) Whether carbon content of each carbon-containing input material charged to each kiln or furnace is based on reports from the supplier or through self measurement using applicable ASTM standard method.

(9) If carbon content of each carbon-containing input material charged to each kiln or furnace is based on self measurement, the ASTM Standard Test Method used.

(10) [Reserved]

(11) Whether carbon content of the carbon electrode used in each furnace is based on reports from the supplier or through self measurement using applicable ASTM standard method.

(12) If carbon content of carbon electrode used in each furnace is based on self measurement, the ASTM standard method used.

(13) If you use the missing data procedures in §98.335(b), you must report how the monthly mass of carbon-containing materials with missing data was determined and the number of months the missing data procedures were used.

[74 FR 56374, Oct. 30, 2009, as amended at 75 FR 66470, Oct. 28, 2010; 79 FR 63799, Oct. 24, 2014]

§98.337   Records that must be retained.

In addition to the records required by §98.3(g), you must retain the records specified in paragraphs (a) through (c) of this section for each zinc production facility.

(a) If a CEMS is used to measure emissions, then you must retain under this subpart the records required for the Tier 4 Calculation Methodology in §98.37 and the information listed in this paragraph (a):

(1) Monthly facility production quantity for each zinc product (tons).

(2) Annual operating hours for all Waelz kilns and electrothermic furnaces used in zinc production.

(b) If a CEMS is not used to measure emissions, you must also retain the records specified in paragraphs (b)(1) through (b)(7) of this section.

(1) Records of all analyses and calculations conducted for data reported as listed in §98.336(b).

(2) Annual operating hours for Waelz kilns and electrothermic furnaces used in zinc production.

(3) Monthly production quantity for each zinc product (tons).

(4) Monthly mass of zinc bearing materials, flux materials (e.g., limestone, dolomite), and carbonaceous materials (e.g., coal, coke) charged to the kiln or furnace (tons).

(5) Sampling and analysis records for carbon content of zinc bearing materials, flux materials (e.g., limestone, dolomite), carbonaceous materials (e.g., coal, coke), charged to the kiln or furnace (percent by weight, expressed as a decimal fraction).

(6) Monthly mass of carbon electrode consumed in for each electrothermic furnace (tons).

(7) Sampling and analysis records for carbon content of electrode materials.

(8) You must keep records that include a detailed explanation of how company records of measurements are used to estimate the carbon input to each Waelz kiln or electrothermic furnace, as applicable to your facility, including documentation of any materials excluded from Equation GG-1 of this subpart that contribute less than 1 percent of the total carbon inputs to the process. You also must document the procedures used to ensure the accuracy of the measurements of materials fed, charged, or placed in an affected unit including, but not limited to, calibration of weighing equipment and other measurement devices. The estimated accuracy of measurements made with these devices must also be recorded, and the technical basis for these estimates must be provided.

(c) Verification software records. You must keep a record of the file generated by the verification software specified in §98.5(b) for the applicable data specified in paragraphs (c)(1) through (9) of this section. Retention of this file satisfies the recordkeeping requirement for the data in paragraphs (c)(1) through (9) of this section.

(1) Annual mass of zinc bearing material charged to kiln or furnace (tons) (Equation GG-1 of §98.333).

(2) Carbon content of the zinc bearing material, from the annual carbon analysis for kiln or furnace (percent by weight, expressed as a decimal fraction) (Equation GG-1).

(3) Annual mass of flux materials (e.g., limestone, dolomite) charged to each kiln or furnace (tons) (Equation GG-1).

(4) Carbon content of the flux materials charged to each kiln or furnace, from the annual carbon analysis (percent by weight, expressed as a decimal fraction) (Equation GG-1).

(5) Annual mass of carbon electrode consumed in each furnace (tons) (Equation GG-1).

(6) Carbon content of the carbon electrode consumed in each furnace, from the annual carbon analysis (percent by weight, expressed as a decimal fraction) (Equation GG-1).

(7) Annual mass of carbonaceous materials (e.g., coal, coke) charged to each kiln or furnace (tons) (Equation GG-1).

(8) Carbon content of the carbonaceous materials charged to each kiln or furnace, from the annual carbon analysis (percent by weight, expressed as a decimal fraction) (Equation GG-1).

(9) Identify whether each unit is a Waelz kiln or an electrothermic furnace.

[74 FR 56374, Oct. 30, 2009, as amended at 79 FR 63799, Oct. 24, 2014]

§98.338   Definitions.

All terms used in this subpart have the same meaning given in the Clean Air Act and subpart A of this part.

Need assistance?