e-CFR banner

Home
gpo.gov
govinfo.gov

e-CFR Navigation Aids

Browse

Simple Search

Advanced Search

 — Boolean

 — Proximity

 

Search History

Search Tips

Corrections

Latest Updates

User Info

FAQs

Agency List

Incorporation By Reference

eCFR logo

Related Resources

 

Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

e-CFR data is current as of November 18, 2019

Title 40Chapter ISubchapter CPart 98 → Subpart BB


Title 40: Protection of Environment
PART 98—MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING


Subpart BB—Silicon Carbide Production


Contents
§98.280   Definition of the source category.
§98.281   Reporting threshold.
§98.282   GHGs to report.
§98.283   Calculating GHG emissions.
§98.284   Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.
§98.285   Procedures for estimating missing data.
§98.286   Data reporting requirements.
§98.287   Records that must be retained.
§98.288   Definitions.

§98.280   Definition of the source category.

Silicon carbide production includes any process that produces silicon carbide for abrasive purposes.

§98.281   Reporting threshold.

You must report GHG emissions under this subpart if your facility contains a silicon carbide production process and the facility meets the requirements of either §98.2(a)(1) or (a)(2).

§98.282   GHGs to report.

You must report:

(a) CO2 process emissions from all silicon carbide process units or furnaces combined.

(b) CO2, CH4, and N2O emissions from each stationary combustion unit. You must report these emissions under subpart C of this part (General Stationary Fuel Combustion Sources) by following the requirements of subpart C.

[74 FR 56374, Oct. 30, 2009, as amended at 78 FR 71966, Nov. 29, 2013]

§98.283   Calculating GHG emissions.

You must calculate and report the combined annual process CO2 emissions from all silicon carbide process units and production furnaces using the procedures in either paragraph (a) or (b) of this section.

(a) Calculate and report under this subpart the combined annual process CO2 emissions by operating and maintaining CEMS according to the Tier 4 Calculation Methodology specified in §98.33(a)(4) and all associated requirements for Tier 4 in subpart C of this part (General Stationary Fuel Combustion Sources).

(b) Calculate and report under this subpart the combined annual process CO2 emissions using the procedures in paragraphs (b)(1) and (b)(2) of this section.

(1) Use Equation BB-1 of this section to calculate the facility-specific emissions factor for determining CO2 emissions. The carbon content must be measured monthly and used to calculate a monthly CO2 emissions factor:

eCFR graphic er30oc09.115.gif

View or download PDF

Where:

EFCO2,n = CO2 emissions factor in month n (metric tons CO2/metric ton of petroleum coke consumed).

0.65 = Adjustment factor for the amount of carbon in silicon carbide product (assuming 35 percent of carbon input is in the carbide product).

CCFn = Carbon content factor for petroleum coke consumed in month n from the supplier or as measured by the applicable method incorporated by reference in §98.7 according to §98.284(c) (percent by weight expressed as a decimal fraction).

44/12 = Ratio of molecular weights, CO2 to carbon.

(2) Calculate annual CO2 process emissions from the silicon carbide production facility according to Equation BB-2 of this section:

eCFR graphic er30oc09.116.gif

View or download PDF

Where:

CO2 = Annual CO2 emissions from silicon carbide production facility (metric tons CO2).

Tn = Petroleum coke consumption in calendar month n (tons).

EFCO2,n = CO2 emissions factor from month n (calculated in Equation BB-1 of this section).

2000/2205 = Conversion factor to convert tons to metric tons.

n = Number of month.

(c) If GHG emissions from a silicon carbide production furnace or process unit are vented through the same stack as any combustion unit or process equipment that reports CO2 emissions using a CEMS that complies with the Tier 4 Calculation Methodology in subpart C of this part (General Stationary Fuel Combustion Sources), then the calculation methodology in paragraph (b) of this section shall not be used to calculate process emissions. The owner or operator shall report under this subpart the combined stack emissions according to the Tier 4 Calculation Methodology in §98.33(a)(4) and all associated requirements for Tier 4 in subpart C of this part.

[74 FR 56374, Oct. 30, 2009, as amended at 78 FR 71966, Nov. 29, 2013]

§98.284   Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

(a) You must measure your consumption of petroleum coke using plant instruments used for accounting purposes including direct measurement weighing the petroleum coke fed into your process (by belt scales or a similar device) or through the use of purchase records.

(b) You must document the procedures used to ensure the accuracy of monthly petroleum coke consumption measurements.

(c) For CO2 process emissions, you must determine the monthly carbon content of the petroleum coke using reports from the supplier. Alternatively, facilities can measure monthly carbon contents of the petroleum coke using ASTM D3176-89 (Reapproved 2002) Standard Practice for Ultimate Analysis of Coal and Coke (incorporated by reference, see §98.7) and ASTM D5373-08 Standard Test Methods for Instrumental Determination of Carbon, Hydrogen, and Nitrogen in Laboratory Samples of Coal (incorporated by reference, see §98.7).

(d) For quality assurance and quality control of the supplier data, you must conduct an annual measurement of the carbon content of the petroleum coke using ASTM D3176-89 and ASTM D5373-08 Standard Test Methods for Instrumental Determination of Carbon, Hydrogen, and Nitrogen in Laboratory Samples of Coal (incorporated by reference, see §98.7).

§98.285   Procedures for estimating missing data.

For the petroleum coke input procedure in §98.283(b), a complete record of all measured parameters used in the GHG emissions calculations is required (e.g., carbon content values, etc.). Therefore, whenever a quality-assured value of a required parameter is unavailable, a substitute data value for the missing parameter shall be used in the calculations as specified in the paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section. You must document and keep records of the procedures used for all such estimates.

(a) For each missing value of the monthly carbon content of petroleum coke, the substitute data value shall be the arithmetic average of the quality-assured values of carbon contents immediately preceding and immediately following the missing data incident. If no quality-assured data on carbon contents are available prior to the missing data incident, the substitute data value shall be the first quality-assured value for carbon contents obtained after the missing data period.

(b) For each missing value of the monthly petroleum coke consumption, the substitute data value shall be the best available estimate of the petroleum coke consumption based on all available process data or information used for accounting purposes (such as purchase records).

§98.286   Data reporting requirements.

In addition to the information required by §98.3(c), each annual report must contain the information specified in paragraphs (a) or (b) of this section, as applicable for each silicon carbide production facility.

(a) If a CEMS is used to measure process CO2 emissions, you must report under this subpart the relevant information required for the Tier 4 Calculation Methodology in §98.36 and the information listed in this paragraph (a):

(1) Annual consumption of petroleum coke (tons).

(2) Annual production of silicon carbide (tons).

(3) Annual production capacity of silicon carbide (tons).

(b) If a CEMS is not used to measure process CO2 emissions, you must report the information in paragraph (b)(1) through (8) of this section for all silicon carbide process units or production furnaces combined:

(1) [Reserved]

(2) Annual production of silicon carbide (tons).

(3) Annual production capacity of silicon carbide (tons).

(4) [Reserved]

(5) Whether carbon content of the petroleum coke is based on reports from the supplier or through self measurement using applicable ASTM standard method.

(6) [Reserved]

(7) Sampling analysis results for carbon content of consumed petroleum coke as determined for QA/QC of supplier data under §98.284(d) (percent by weight expressed as a decimal fraction).

(8) Number of times in the reporting year that missing data procedures were followed to measure the carbon contents of petroleum coke (number of months) and petroleum coke consumption (number of months).

[74 FR 56374, Oct. 30, 2009, as amended at 78 FR 71966, Nov. 29, 2013; 79 FR 63798, Oct. 24, 2014]

§98.287   Records that must be retained.

In addition to the records required by §98.3(g), you must retain the records specified in paragraphs (a) through (c) of this section for each silicon carbide production facility.

(a) If a CEMS is used to measure CO2 emissions, you must retain under this subpart the records required for the Tier 4 Calculation Methodology in §98.37 and the information listed in this paragraph (a):

(1) Records of all petroleum coke purchases.

(2) Annual operating hours.

(b) If a CEMS is not used to measure emissions, you must retain records for the information listed in this paragraph (b):

(1) Records of all analyses and calculations conducted for reported data listed in §98.286(b).

(2) Records of all petroleum coke purchases.

(3) Annual operating hours.

(c) Verification software records. You must keep a record of the file generated by the verification software specified in §98.5(b) for the applicable data specified in paragraphs (c)(1) and (2) of this section. Retention of this file satisfies the recordkeeping requirement for the data in paragraphs (c)(1) and (2) of this section.

(1) Carbon content factor for petroleum coke consumed in month from the supplier or as measured by the applicable method (percent by weight expressed as a decimal fraction) (Equation BB-1 of §98.283).

(2) Petroleum coke consumption in month (tons) (Equation BB-2 of §98.283).

[74 FR 56374, Oct. 30, 2009, as amended at 79 FR 63798, Oct. 24, 2014]

§98.288   Definitions.

All terms used in this subpart have the same meaning given in the Clean Air Act and subpart A of this part.

Need assistance?