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Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

e-CFR data is current as of December 5, 2019

Title 40Chapter ISubchapter CPart 97 → Subpart F


Title 40: Protection of Environment
PART 97—FEDERAL NOX BUDGET TRADING PROGRAM, CAIR NOX AND SO2 TRADING PROGRAMS, CSAPR NOX AND SO2 TRADING PROGRAMS, AND TEXAS SO2 TRADING PROGRAM


Subpart F—NOX Allowance Tracking System


Contents
§97.50   NOX Allowance Tracking System accounts.
§97.51   Establishment of accounts.
§97.52   NOX Allowance Tracking System responsibilities of NOX authorized account representative.
§97.53   Recordation of NOX allowance allocations.
§97.54   Compliance.
§97.55   Banking.
§97.56   Account error.
§97.57   Closing of general accounts.

§97.50   NOX Allowance Tracking System accounts.

(a) Nature and function of compliance accounts and overdraft accounts. Consistent with §97.51(a), the Administrator will establish one compliance account for each NOX Budget unit and one overdraft account for each source with two or more NOX Budget units. Allocations of NOX allowances pursuant to subpart E of this part or §97.88, and deductions or transfers of NOX allowances pursuant to §97.31, §96.54, §96.56, subpart G of this part, or subpart I of this part will be recorded in compliance accounts or overdraft accounts in accordance with this subpart.

(b) Nature and function of general accounts. Consistent with §97.51(b), the Administrator will establish, upon request, a general account for any person. Allocations of NOX allowances pursuant to §97.4(b)(4)(ii) or §97.5(c)(2) and transfers of allowances pursuant to subpart G of this part will be recorded in general accounts in accordance with this subpart.

§97.51   Establishment of accounts.

(a) Compliance accounts and overdraft accounts. Upon receipt of a complete account certificate of representation under §97.13, the Administrator will establish:

(1) A compliance account for each NOX Budget unit for which the account certificate of representation was submitted; and

(2) An overdraft account for each source for which the account certificate of representation was submitted and that has two or more NOX Budget units.

(b) General accounts—(1) Application for general account. (i) Any person may apply to open a general account for the purpose of holding and transferring allowances. An application for a general account may designate one and only one NOX authorized account representative and one and only one alternate NOX authorized account representative who may act on behalf of the NOX authorized account representative. The agreement by which the alternate NOX authorized account representative is selected shall include a procedure for authorizing the alternate NOX authorized account representative to act in lieu of the NOX authorized account representative. A complete application for a general account shall be submitted to the Administrator and shall include the following elements in a format prescribed by the Administrator:

(A) Name, mailing address, e-mail address (if any), telephone number, and facsimile transmission number (if any) of the NOX authorized account representative and any alternate NOX authorized account representative;

(B) At the option of the NOX authorized account representative, organization name and type of organization;

(C) A list of all persons subject to a binding agreement for the NOX authorized account representative and any alternate NOX authorized account representative to represent their ownership interest with respect to the allowances held in the general account;

(D) The following certification statement by the NOX authorized account representative and any alternate NOX authorized account representative: “I certify that I was selected as the NOX authorized account representative or the NOX alternate authorized account representative, as applicable, by an agreement that is binding on all persons who have an ownership interest with respect to NOX allowances held in the general account. I certify that I have all the necessary authority to carry out my duties and responsibilities under the NOX Budget Trading Program on behalf of such persons and that each such person shall be fully bound by my representations, actions, inactions, or submissions and by any order or decision issued to me by the Administrator or a court regarding the general account.;”

(E) The signature of the NOX authorized account representative and any alternate NOX authorized account representative and the dates signed.

(ii) Unless otherwise required by the permitting authority or the Administrator, documents of agreement referred to in the application for a general account shall not be submitted to the permitting authority or the Administrator. Neither the permitting authority nor the Administrator shall be under any obligation to review or evaluate the sufficiency of such documents, if submitted.

(2) Authorization of NOX authorized account representative. Upon receipt by the Administrator of a complete application for a general account under paragraph (b)(1) of this section:

(i) The Administrator will establish a general account for the person or persons for whom the application is submitted.

(ii) The NOX authorized account representative and any alternate NOX authorized account representative for the general account shall represent and, by his or her representations, actions, inactions, or submissions, legally bind each person who has an ownership interest with respect to NOX allowances held in the general account in all matters pertaining to the NOX Budget Trading Program, not withstanding any agreement between the NOX authorized account representative or any alternate NOX authorized account representative and such person. Any such person shall be bound by any order or decision issued to the NOX authorized account representative or any alternate NOX authorized account representative by the Administrator or a court regarding the general account.

(iii) Any representation, action, inaction, or submission by any alternate NOX authorized account representative shall be deemed to be a representation, action, inaction, or submission by the NOX authorized account representative.

(iv) Each submission concerning the general account shall be submitted, signed, and certified by the NOX authorized account representative or any alternate NOX authorized account representative for the persons having an ownership interest with respect to NOX allowances held in the general account. Each such submission shall include the following certification statement by the NOX authorized account representative or any alternate NOX authorizing account representative: “I am authorized to make this submission on behalf of the persons having an ownership interest with respect to the NOX allowances held in the general account. I certify under penalty of law that I have personally examined, and am familiar with, the statements and information submitted in this document and all its attachments. Based on my inquiry of those individuals with primary responsibility for obtaining the information, I certify that the statements and information are to the best of my knowledge and belief true, accurate, and complete. I am aware that there are significant penalties for submitting false statements and information or omitting required statements and information, including the possibility of fine or imprisonment.”

(v) The Administrator will accept or act on a submission concerning the general account only if the submission has been made, signed, and certified in accordance with paragraph (b)(2)(iv) of this section.

(3) Changing NOX authorized account representative and alternate NOX authorized account representative; changes in persons with ownership interest. (i) The NOX authorized account representative for a general account may be changed at any time upon receipt by the Administrator of a superseding complete application for a general account under paragraph (b)(1) of this section. Notwithstanding any such change, all representations, actions, inactions, and submissions by the previous NOX authorized account representative prior to the time and date when the Administrator receives the superseding application for a general account shall be binding on the new NOX authorized account representative and the persons with an ownership interest with respect to the NOX allowances in the general account.

(ii) The alternate NOX authorized account representative for a general account may be changed at any time upon receipt by the Administrator of a superseding complete application for a general account under paragraph (b)(1) of this section. Notwithstanding any such change, all representations, actions, inactions, and submissions by the previous alternate NOX authorized account representative prior to the time and date when the Administrator receives the superseding application for a general account shall be binding on the new alternate NOX authorized account representative and the persons with an ownership interest with respect to the NOX allowances in the general account.

(iii)(A) In the event a new person having an ownership interest with respect to NOX allowances in the general account is not included in the list of such persons in the account certificate of representation, such new person shall be deemed to be subject to and bound by the account certificate of representation, the representation, actions, inactions, and submissions of the NOX authorized account representative and any alternate NOX authorized account representative of the source or unit, and the decisions, orders, actions, and inactions of the Administrator, as if the new person were included in such list.

(B) Within 30 days following any change in the persons having an ownership interest with respect to NOX allowances in the general account, including the addition of persons, the NOX authorized account representative or any alternate NOX authorized account representative shall submit a revision to the application for a general account amending the list of persons having an ownership interest with respect to the NOX allowances in the general account to include the change.

(4) Objections concerning NOX authorized account representative. (i) Once a complete application for a general account under paragraph (b)(1) of this section has been submitted and received, the Administrator will rely on the application unless and until a superseding complete application for a general account under paragraph (b)(1) of this section is received by the Administrator.

(ii) Except as provided in paragraph (b)(3)(i) or (ii) of this section, no objection or other communication submitted to the Administrator concerning the authorization, or any representation, action, inaction, or submission of the NOX authorized account representative or any alternative NOX authorized account representative for a general account shall affect any representation, action, inaction, or submission of the NOX authorized account representative or any alternative NOX authorized account representative or the finality of any decision or order by the Administrator under the NOX Budget Trading Program.

(iii) The Administrator will not adjudicate any private legal dispute concerning the authorization or any representation, action, inaction, or submission of the NOX authorized account representative or any alternative NOX authorized account representative for a general account, including private legal disputes concerning the proceeds of NOX allowance transfers.

(c) Account identification. The Administrator will assign a unique identifying number to each account established under paragraph (a) or (b) of this section.

[65 FR 2727, Jan. 18, 2000, as amended at 69 FR 21646, Apr. 21, 2004]

§97.52   NOX Allowance Tracking System responsibilities of NOX authorized account representative.

(a) Following the establishment of a NOX Allowance Tracking System account, all submissions to the Administrator pertaining to the account, including, but not limited to, submissions concerning the deduction or transfer of NOX allowances in the account, shall be made only by the NOX authorized account representative for the account.

(b) Authorized account representative identification. The Administrator will assign a unique identifying number to each NOX authorized account representative.

§97.53   Recordation of NOX allowance allocations.

(a) The Administrator will record the NOX allowances for 2004 for a NOX Budget unit allocated under subpart E of this part in the unit's compliance account, except for NOX allowances under §97.4(b)(4)(ii) or §97.5(c)(2), which will be recorded in the general account specified by the owners and operators of the unit. The Administrator will record NOX allowances for 2004 for a NOX Budget opt-in unit in the unit's compliance account as allocated under §97.88(a).

(b) By May 1, 2003, the Administrator will record the NOX allowances for 2005 for a NOX Budget unit allocated under subpart E of this part in the unit's compliance account, except for NOX allowances under §97.4(b)(4)(ii) or §97.5(c)(2), which will be recorded in the general account specified by the owners and operators of the unit. The Administrator will record NOX allowances for 2005 for a NOX Budget opt-in unit in the unit's compliance account as allocated under §97.88(a).

(c) By May 1, 2003, the Administrator will record the NOX allowances for 2006 for a NOX Budget unit allocated under subpart E of this part in the unit's compliance account, except for NOX allowances under §97.4(b)(4)(ii) or §97.5(c)(2), which will be recorded in the general account specified by the owners and operators of the unit. The Administrator will record NOX allowances for 2006 for a NOX Budget opt-in unit in the unit's compliance account as allocated under §97.88(a).

(d) By May 1, 2004, the Administrator will record the NOX allowances for 2007 for a NOX Budget unit allocated under subpart E of this part in the unit's compliance account, except for NOX allowances under §97.4(b)(4)(ii) or §97.5(c)(2), which will be recorded in the general account specified by the owners and operators of the unit. The Administrator will record NOX allowances for 2007 for a NOX Budget opt-in unit in the unit's compliance account as allocated under §97.88(a).

(e) Each year starting with 2005, after the Administrator has made all deductions from a NOX Budget unit's compliance account and the overdraft account pursuant to §97.54 (except deductions pursuant to §97.54(d)(2)), the Administrator will record:

(1) NOX allowances, in the compliance account, as allocated to the unit under subpart E of this part for the third year after the year of the control period for which such deductions were or could have been made;

(2) NOX allowances, in the general account specified by the owners and operators of the unit, as allocated under §97.4(b)(4)(ii) or §97.5(c)(2) for the third year after the year of the control period for which such deductions are or could have been made; and

(3) NOX allowances, in the compliance account, as allocated to the unit under §97.88(a).

(f) Serial numbers for allocated NOX allowances. When allocating NOX allowances to a NOX Budget unit and recording them in an account, the Administrator will assign each NOX allowance a unique identification number that will include digits identifying the year for which the NOX allowance is allocated.

[65 FR 2727, Jan. 18, 2000, as amended at 67 FR 21530, Apr. 30, 2002]

§97.54   Compliance.

(a) NOX allowance transfer deadline. The NOX allowances are available to be deducted for compliance with a unit's NOX Budget emissions limitation for a control period in a given year only if the NOX allowances:

(1) Were allocated for a control period in a prior year or the same year; and

(2) Are held in the unit's compliance account, or the overdraft account of the source where the unit is located, as of the NOX allowance transfer deadline for that control period or are transferred into the compliance account or overdraft account by a NOX allowance transfer correctly submitted for recordation under §97.60 by the NOX allowance transfer deadline for that control period.

(b) Deductions for compliance. (1) Following the recordation, in accordance with §97.61, of NOX allowance transfers submitted for recordation in the unit's compliance account or the overdraft account of the source where the unit is located by the NOX allowance transfer deadline for a control period, the Administrator will deduct NOX allowances available under paragraph (a) of this section to cover the unit's NOX emissions (as determined in accordance with subpart H of this part), or to account for actual heat input under §97.42(e), for the control period:

(i) From the compliance account; and

(ii) Only if no more NOX allowances available under paragraph (a) of this section remain in the compliance account, from the overdraft account. In deducting allowances for units at the source from the overdraft account, the Administrator will begin with the unit having the compliance account with the lowest account number and end with the unit having the compliance account with the highest account number (with account numbers sorted beginning with the left-most character and ending with the right-most character and the letter characters assigned values in alphabetical order and less than all numeric characters).

(2) The Administrator will deduct NOX allowances first under paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section and then under paragraph (b)(1)(ii) of this section:

(i) Until the number of NOX allowances deducted for the control period equals the number of tons of NOX emissions, determined in accordance with subpart H of this part, from the unit for the control period for which compliance is being determined, plus the number of NOX allowances required for deduction to account for actual heat input under §97.42(e) for the control period; or

(ii) Until no more NOX allowances available under paragraph (a) of this section remain in the respective account.

(c)(1) Identification of NOX allowances by serial number. The NOX authorized account representative for each compliance account may identify by serial number the NOX allowances to be deducted from the unit's compliance account under paragraph (b), (d), (e), or (f) of this section. Such identification shall be made in the compliance certification report submitted in accordance with §97.30.

(2) First-in, first-out. The Administrator will deduct NOX allowances for a control period from the compliance account, in the absence of an identification or in the case of a partial identification of NOX allowances by serial number under paragraph (c)(1) of this section, or the overdraft account on a first-in, first-out (FIFO) accounting basis in the following order:

(i) Those NOX allowances that were allocated for the control period to the unit under subpart E or I of this part;

(ii) Those NOX allowances that were allocated for the control period to any unit and transferred and recorded in the account pursuant to subpart G of this part, in order of their date of recordation;

(iii) Those NOX allowances that were allocated for a prior control period to the unit under subpart E or I of this part; and

(iv) Those NOX allowances that were allocated for a prior control period to any unit and transferred and recorded in the account pursuant to subpart G of this part, in order of their date of recordation.

(d) Deductions for excess emissions. (1) After making the deductions for compliance under paragraph (b) of this section, the Administrator will deduct from the unit's compliance account or the overdraft account of the source where the unit is located a number of NOX allowances, allocated for a control period after the control period in which the unit has excess emissions, equal to three times the number of the unit's excess emissions.

(2) If the compliance account or overdraft account does not contain sufficient NOX allowances, the Administrator will deduct the required number of NOX allowances, regardless of the control period for which they were allocated, whenever NOX allowances are recorded in either account.

(3) Any allowance deduction required under paragraph (d) of this section shall not affect the liability of the owners and operators of the NOX Budget unit for any fine, penalty, or assessment, or their obligation to comply with any other remedy, for the same violation, as ordered under the Clean Air Act or applicable State law. The following guidelines will be followed in assessing fines, penalties or other obligations:

(i) For purposes of determining the number of days of violation, if a NOX Budget unit has excess emissions for a control period, each day in the control period (153 days) constitutes a day in violation unless the owners and operators of the unit demonstrate that a lesser number of days should be considered.

(ii) Each ton of excess emissions is a separate violation.

(e) Deductions for units sharing a common stack. In the case of units sharing a common stack and having emissions that are not separately monitored or apportioned in accordance with subpart H of this part:

(1) The NOX authorized account representative of the units may identify the percentage of NOX allowances to be deducted from each such unit's compliance account to cover the unit's share of NOX emissions from the common stack for a control period. Such identification shall be made in the compliance certification report submitted in accordance with §97.30.

(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (b)(2)(i) of this section, the Administrator will deduct NOX allowances for each such unit until the number of NOX allowances deducted equals the unit's identified percentage under paragraph (e)(1) of this section or, if no percentage is identified, an equal percentage for each unit multiplied by the number of tons of NOX emissions, as determined in accordance with subpart H of this part, from the common stack for the control period for which compliance is being determined. In addition to the deductions under the first sentence of this paragraph (e)(1), the Administrator will deduct NOX allowances for each such unit until the number of NOX allowances deducted equals the number of NOX allowances required to account for actual heat input under §97.42(e) for the unit for the control period.

(f) Deduction of banked allowances. Each year starting in 2006, after the Administrator has completed the designation of banked NOX allowances under §97.55(b) and before May 1 of the year, the Administrator will determine the extent to which banked NOX allowances otherwise available under paragraph (a) of this section are available for compliance in the control period for the current year, as follows. For each State NOX Budget Trading Program that is established, and approved and administered by the Administrator pursuant to §51.121 of this chapter, the terms “compliance account” or “compliance accounts”, “overdraft account” or “overdraft accounts”, “general account” or “general accounts”, “States”, and “trading program budgets under §97.40” in paragraphs (f)(1) through (f)(3) of this section shall be read to include respectively: A compliance account or compliance accounts established under such State NOX Budget Trading Program; an overdraft account or overdraft accounts established under such State NOX Budget Trading Program; a general account or general accounts established under such State NOX Budget Trading Program; the State or portion of a State covered by such State NOX Budget Trading Program; and the trading program budget of the State or portion of a State covered by such State NOX Budget Trading Program.

(1) The Administrator will determine the total number of banked NOX allowances held in compliance accounts, overdraft accounts, or general accounts.

(2) If the total number of banked NOX allowances determined, under paragraph (f)(1) of this section, to be held in compliance accounts, overdraft accounts, or general accounts is less than or equal to 10 percent of the sum of the trading program budgets under §97.40 for all States for the control period, any banked NOX allowance may be deducted for compliance in accordance with paragraphs (a) through (e) of this section.

(3) If the total number of banked NOX allowances determined, under paragraph (f)(1) of this section, to be held in compliance accounts, overdraft accounts, or general accounts exceeds 10 percent of the sum of the trading program budgets under §97.40 for all States for the control period, any banked allowance may be deducted for compliance in accordance with paragraphs (a) through (e) of this section, except as follows:

(i) The Administrator will determine the following ratio: 0.10 multiplied by the sum of the trading program budgets under §97.40 for all States for the control period and divided by the total number of banked NOX allowances determined, under paragraph (f)(1) of this section, to be held in compliance accounts, overdraft accounts, or general accounts.

(ii) The Administrator will multiply the number of banked NOX allowances in each compliance account or overdraft account by the ratio determined under paragraph (f)(3)(i) of this section. The resulting product is the number of banked NOX allowances in the account that may be deducted for compliance in accordance with paragraphs (a) through (e) of this section. Any banked NOX allowances in excess of the resulting product may be deducted for compliance in accordance with paragraphs (a) through (e) of this section, except that, if such NOX allowances are used to make a deduction under paragraph (b) or (e) of this section, two (rather than one) such NOX allowances shall authorize up to one ton of NOX emissions during the control period and must be deducted for each deduction of one NOX allowance required under paragraph (b) or (e) of this section.

(g) Recordation of deductions. The Administrator will record in the appropriate compliance account or overdraft account all deductions from such an account pursuant to paragraph (b), (d), (e), or (f) of this section.

[65 FR 2727, Jan. 18, 2000, as amended at 67 FR 21530, Apr. 30, 2002; 69 FR 21646, Apr. 21, 2004]

§97.55   Banking.

NOX allowances may be banked for future use or transfer in a compliance account, an overdraft account, or a general account, as follows:

(a) Any NOX allowance that is held in a compliance account, an overdraft account, or a general account will remain in such account unless and until the NOX allowance is deducted or transferred under §97.31, §97.54, §97.56, or subpart G or I of this part.

(b) The Administrator will designate, as a “banked” NOX allowance, any NOX allowance that remains in a compliance account, an overdraft account, or a general account after the Administrator has made all deductions for a given control period from the compliance account or overdraft account pursuant to §97.54 (except deductions pursuant to §97.54(d)(2)) and that was allocated for that control period or a control period in a prior year.

§97.56   Account error.

The Administrator may, at his or her sole discretion and on his or her own motion, correct any error in any NOX Allowance Tracking System account. Within 10 business days of making such correction, the Administrator will notify the NOX authorized account representative for the account.

§97.57   Closing of general accounts.

(a) The NOX authorized account representative of a general account may instruct the Administrator to close the account by submitting a statement requesting deletion of the account from the NOX Allowance Tracking System and by correctly submitting for recordation under §97.60 an allowance transfer of all NOX allowances in the account to one or more other NOX Allowance Tracking System accounts.

(b) If a general account shows no activity for a period of a year or more and does not contain any NOX allowances, the Administrator may notify the NOX authorized account representative for the account that the account will be closed and deleted from the NOX Allowance Tracking System following 20 business days after the notice is sent. The account will be closed after the 20-day period unless before the end of the 20-day period the Administrator receives a correctly submitted transfer of NOX allowances into the account under §97.60 or a statement submitted by the NOX authorized account representative demonstrating to the satisfaction of the Administrator good cause as to why the account should not be closed.

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