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e-CFR data is current as of July 9, 2020

Title 27Chapter ISubchapter APart 20 → Subpart G


Title 27: Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms
PART 20—DISTRIBUTION AND USE OF DENATURED ALCOHOL AND RUM


Subpart G—Requirements Relating to Articles


Contents
§20.131   Scope of subpart.
§20.132   General requirements.
§20.133   Registration of persons trafficking in articles.
§20.134   Labeling.
§20.135   State code numbers.
§20.136   Labeling regulations of other agencies.
§20.137   Penalties.

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§20.131   Scope of subpart.

This subpart prescribes requirements relating to articles which may affect persons who are not required to obtain a permit under this part. These requirements, described in general terms in §20.132, are imposed by law. Criminal penalties imposed for violating these requirements are described in §20.137. In this subpart, the term “article” means any substance or preparation in the manufacture of which denatured spirits are used, including the product obtained by further manufacture or by combination with other materials, if the article subjected to further manufacture or combination contained denatured spirits.

[T.D. ATF-199, 50 FR 9162, Mar. 6, 1985, as amended by T.D. TTB-140, 81 FR 59458, Aug. 30, 2016]

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§20.132   General requirements.

(a) Internal medicinal preparations and flavoring extracts—(1) Manufacture. No person shall use denatured spirits in the manufacture of medicinal preparations or flavoring extracts for internal human use where any of the spirits remain in the finished product.

(2) Sale. No person shall sell or offer for sale for internal human use any medicinal preparations or flavoring extracts manufactured from denatured distilled spirits where any of the spirits remain in the finished product.

(3) Labeling and advertising. Labeling and advertising of articles shall not imply that the article is intended for or suitable for internal human use.

(b) Beverage use. No person shall sell or offer for sale any article containing denatured spirits for beverage purposes. Labeling and advertising of articles shall not imply that the article is intended for or suitable for use as a beverage.

(c) Trafficking in articles. The appropriate TTB officer may impose the requirements of §20.133 on any person who reprocesses, rebottles, or repackages articles, deals in articles, or receives articles in containers exceeding one gallon.

(d) Analytical tolerance. In the case of an article manufactured in accordance with a formula that specifies exact amounts of ingredients, including denatured spirits, TTB will apply an analytical tolerance of ±5% and use standard rounding rules in determining whether the article complies with the formula.

[T.D. ATF-199, 50 FR 9162, Mar. 6, 1985, as amended by T.D. TTB-140, 81 FR 59458, Aug. 30, 2016]

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§20.133   Registration of persons trafficking in articles.

(a) Upon written notice from the appropriate TTB officer, any person who reprocesses, rebottles, or repackages articles, deals in articles, or receives articles in containers exceeding one gallon may be required to submit any of the following:

(1) Nature of activities to be conducted;

(2) Name and address of supplier;

(3) Size and type of containers in which articles will be received and, if applicable, rebottled or repackaged;

(4) Maximum quantity of each article to be obtained during any calendar month;

(5) Description of the reprocessing operation;

(6) Samples of the reprocessed article;

(7) Labels and advertising materials; and,

(8) Names and addresses of recipients of articles and quantities received;

(b) A person who reprocesses articles shall ensure that each article containing 0.5 percent or more alcohol by weight or volume is unfit for beverage or internal human use and is incapable of being reclaimed or diverted to beverage use or internal human use.

(c) The appropriate TTB officer will prohibit any of the activities described in paragraph (a) of this section if the activity jeopardizes the revenue or increases the burden of administering this part.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1513-0061)

[T.D. ATF-199, 50 FR 9162, Mar. 6, 1985, as amended by T.D. TTB-140, 81 FR 59459, Aug. 30, 2016]

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§20.134   Labeling.

(a) General. Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (b) or (c) of this section, the immediate container of each article shall, before removal from the manufacturer's premises, bear the following information either directly on the container or on a label securely attached to it:

(1) The name, trade name or brand name of the article; and

(2) The name and address (city and State) of the manufacturer or distributor of the article.

(b) Articles for external human use. Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, an article intended for external human use shall, before removal from the manufacturer's premises, have a label affixed to its immediate container identifying the name, trade name or brand name of the article. If the volume of the article in the container exceeds 8-fluid ounces, the label shall also show the information required by paragraph (b) (1) or (2) of this section.

(1) If the article was packaged or bottled by the person who manufactured it, the label shall identify—

(i) The manufacturer's name and the address (city and State) of the actual place or places where article was manufactured, or

(ii) The name and principal office address (city and State) of the manufacturer, and the permit number or numbers of the place or places of manufacture. However, in lieu of such permit number or numbers, the place or places where the manufacturing operation occurred may be indicated by a coding system. Prior to using a coding system, the manufacturer shall send a notice explaining the coding system to the appropriate TTB officer, or

(iii) The manufacturer's permit number and the name and address (city and State), of the person for whom the article was packaged and bottled.

(2) If the article was packaged or bottled by a person other than the manufacturer of the article, the label shall identify—

(i) The name and address (city and State) of the person by whom or for whom the article was packaged or bottled, and

(ii) The permit number of the manufacturer or distributor.

(3) If a permit number is required to be shown on the label, it may be shown utilizing a State code number, in accordance with §20.135.

(c) Shipment of unlabeled articles. A manufacturer may, subject to the approval of the appropriate TTB officer and compliance with §20.133, remove an unlabeled article from the manufacturer's premises, if the outer containers of the article are labeled with the name, trade name or brand name of the article and the names and addresses (city and State) of the manufacturer and the consignee.

(d) Use of the words “denatured alcohol.” If the words “denatured alcohol” appear on the label of an article, the label shall also have a name, trade name or brand name which appears as conspicuously as the words “denatured alcohol.”

(e) Use of the words “rubbing alcohol.” If the words “rubbing alcohol” appear on the label of an article, (1) the article shall be made in accordance with §20.118 of this part, and (2) the label (i) shall have the words “rubbing alcohol” in letters of the same color and size, (ii) shall identify the name and address (city and State) of the manufacturer or bottler, (iii) shall state the alcohol content as 70% by volume with no reference to the proof strength, and (iv) shall have the warning “For external use only. If taken internally, will cause serious gastric disturbances.” An alcohol rub made from any other material, such as isopropyl alcohol, shall not be labeled “Rubbing Alcohol” unless the label informs the consumer that the preparation was not made with specially denatured alcohol.

(f) Distributor labeling. Distributors of an article may place minimal identifying information (name, address and a phrase such as “distributed by”) on the label of that article (or on an additional label) without qualifying in any manner under this part; provided:

(1) The article is produced, packaged and labeled as provided in this part; and

(2) The distributor does not produce, repackage or reprocess the article.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1513-0061)

[T..D ATF-199, 50 FR 9162, Mar. 6, 1985, as amended by ATF-332, 57 FR 40849, Sept. 8, 1992; T.D. TTB-140, 81 FR 59459, Aug. 30, 2016]

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§20.135   State code numbers.

In showing the permit number on labels as provided in §20.134(b)(2)(ii), the permittee who distributes the article may substitute the appropriate number shown below for the State abbreviation. For example, permit number SDA-CONN-1234 may be shown on the labels as SDA-07-1234. The code numbers for the respective State are as follows:

01—Alabama   27—Montana
02—Alaska   28—Nebraska
03—Arizona   29—Nevada
04—Arkansas   30—New Hampshire
05—California   31—New Jersey
06—Colorado   32—New Mexico
07—Connecticut   33—New York
08—Delaware   34—North Carolina
09—DC   35—North Dakota
10—Florida   36—Ohio
11—Georgia   37—Oklahoma
12—Hawaii   38—Oregon
13—Idaho   39—Pennsylvania
14—Illinois   40—Rhode Island
15—Indiana   41—South Carolina
16—Iowa   42—South Dakota
17—Kansas   43—Tennessee
18—Kentucky   44—Texas
19—Louisiana   45—Utah
20—Maine   46—Vermont
21—Maryland   47—Virginia
22—Massachusetts   48—Washington
23—Michigan   49—West Virginia
24—Minnesota   50—Wisconsin
25—Mississippi   51—Wyoming
26—Missouri 

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§20.136   Labeling regulations of other agencies.

Other Federal agencies have promulgated regulations that may affect the labeling of denatured spirits or articles. Manufacturers are responsible for properly labeling denatured spirits and articles in compliance with all applicable regulations of those other Federal agencies, which may include:

(a) The Consumer Product Safety Commission, which has promulgated regulations to administer the Federal Hazardous Substances Act, which include regulations in 16 CFR chapter II that require warning labels for products containing certain specified substances like methyl alcohol, which is a denaturant in formulations of S.D.A. Formula Nos. 3-A and 30, and is a hazardous substance at levels of 4 percent or more by weight;

(b) The Federal Trade Commission, which has promulgated regulations in 16 CFR chapter I to administer the Fair Packaging and Labeling Act, which affect the packaging and labeling of “consumer commodities” (which generally means products intended for retail sale to an individual for personal or household use);

(c) The Food and Drug Administration, which has promulgated regulations in 21 CFR chapter I to administer the Fair Packaging and Labeling Act (as it applies to drugs, medical devices, or cosmetics) and the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act; and

(d) The Occupational Safety and Health Administration, which administers the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 and has promulgated regulations in 29 CFR chapter XVII concerning the communication of hazards.

[TD TTB-140, 81 FR 59459, Aug. 30, 2016]

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§20.137   Penalties.

Violation of the requirements prescribed in §20.132 is punishable by a fine of not more than $10,000 and/or imprisonment for not more than 5 years for each offense. In addition, persons who manufacture (including reprocess), sell, or transport articles in violation of this part are liable for payment of a tax on the articles at the rate imposed by law on distilled spirits.

(Sec. 201, Pub. L. 85-859, 72 Stat. 1314, as amended, 1402 (26 U.S.C. 5001, 5607))

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