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Title 21Chapter ISubchapter HPart 884 → Subpart G


Title 21: Food and Drugs
PART 884—OBSTETRICAL AND GYNECOLOGICAL DEVICES


Subpart G—Assisted Reproduction Devices


Contents
§884.6100   Assisted reproduction needles.
§884.6110   Assisted reproduction catheters.
§884.6120   Assisted reproduction accessories.
§884.6130   Assisted reproduction microtools.
§884.6140   Assisted reproduction micropipette fabrication instruments.
§884.6150   Assisted reproduction micromanipulators and microinjectors.
§884.6160   Assisted reproduction labware.
§884.6165   Intravaginal culture system.
§884.6170   Assisted reproduction water and water purification systems.
§884.6180   Reproductive media and supplements.
§884.6190   Assisted reproductive microscopes and microscope accessories.
§884.6195   Assisted Reproduction Embryo Image Assessment System.
§884.6200   Assisted reproduction laser system.

Source: 63 FR 48436, Sept. 10, 1998, unless otherwise noted.

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§884.6100   Assisted reproduction needles.

(a) Identification. Assisted reproduction needles are devices used in in vitro fertilization (IVF), gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT), or other assisted reproduction procedures to obtain gametes from the body or introduce gametes, zygote(s), preembryo(s) and/or embryo(s) into the body. This generic type of device may include a single or double lumen needle and component parts, including needle guides, such as those used with ultrasound.

(b) Classification. Class II (special controls) (mouse embryo assay information, endotoxin testing, sterilization validation, design specifications, labeling requirements, biocompatibility testing, and clinical testing).

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§884.6110   Assisted reproduction catheters.

(a) Identification. Assisted reproduction catheters are devices used in in vitro fertilization (IVF), gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT), or other assisted reproduction procedures to introduce or remove gametes, zygote(s), preembryo(s), and/or embryo(s) into or from the body. This generic type of device may include catheters, cannulae, introducers, dilators, sheaths, stylets, and component parts.

(b) Classification. Class II (special controls) (mouse embryo assay information, endotoxin testing, sterilization validation, design specifications, labeling requirements, biocompatibility testing, and clinical testing).

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§884.6120   Assisted reproduction accessories.

(a) Identification. Assisted reproduction accessories are a group of devices used during assisted reproduction procedures, in conjunction with assisted reproduction needles and/or assisted reproduction catheters, to aspirate, incubate, infuse, and/or maintain temperature. This generic type of device may include:

(1) Powered aspiration pumps used to provide low flow, intermittent vacuum for the aspiration of eggs (ova).

(2) Syringe pumps (powered or manual) used to activate a syringe to infuse or aspirate small volumes of fluid during assisted reproduction procedures.

(3) Collection tube warmers, used to maintain the temperature of egg (oocyte) collection tubes at or near body temperature. A dish/plate/microscope stage warmer is a device used to maintain the temperature of the egg (oocyte) during manipulation.

(4) Embryo incubators, used to store and preserve gametes and/or embryos at or near body temperature.

(5) Cryopreservation instrumentation and devices, used to contain, freeze, and maintain gametes and/or embryos at an appropriate freezing temperature.

(b) Classification. Class II (special controls) (design specifications, labeling requirements, and clinical testing). The device, when it is a simple embryo incubator with only temperature, gas, and humidity control; a syringe pump; a collection tube warmer; a dish/plate/microscope stage warmer; a controlled-rate cryopreservation freezer; or an assisted reproduction laminar flow workstation is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in §884.9.

[45 FR 12684, Feb. 26, 1980, as amended at 84 FR 71816, Dec. 30, 2019; 85 FR 44188, July 22, 2020]

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§884.6130   Assisted reproduction microtools.

(a) Identification. Assisted reproduction microtools are pipettes or other devices used in the laboratory to denude, micromanipulate, hold, or transfer human gametes or embryos for assisted hatching, intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), or other assisted reproduction methods.

(b) Classification. Class II (special controls) (mouse embryo assay information, endotoxin testing, sterilization validation, design specifications, labeling requirements, and clinical testing). The device, when the assisted reproduction microtools (pipettes) are manufactured from glass, is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in §884.9.

[45 FR 12684, Feb. 26, 1980, as amended at 84 FR 71816, Dec. 30, 2019]

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§884.6140   Assisted reproduction micropipette fabrication instruments.

(a) Identification. Assisted reproduction micropipette fabrication devices are instruments intended to pull, bevel, or forge a micropipette or needle for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), in vitro fertilization (IVF) or other similar assisted reproduction procedures.

(b) Classification. Class II (special controls) (design specifications, labeling requirements, and clinical testing).

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§884.6150   Assisted reproduction micromanipulators and microinjectors.

(a) Identification. Assisted reproduction micromanipulators are devices intended to control the position of an assisted reproduction microtool. Assisted reproduction microinjectors are any device intended to control aspiration or expulsion of the contents of an assisted reproduction microtool.

(b) Classification. Class II (special controls) (design specifications, labeling requirements, and clinical testing). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in §884.9.

[45 FR 12684, Feb. 26, 1980, as amended at 84 FR 71816, Dec. 30, 2019]

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§884.6160   Assisted reproduction labware.

(a) Identification. Assisted reproduction labware consists of laboratory equipment or supplies intended to prepare, store, manipulate, or transfer human gametes or embryos for in vitro fertilization (IVF), gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT), or other assisted reproduction procedures. These include syringes, IVF tissue culture dishes, IVF tissue culture plates, pipette tips, dishes, plates, and other vessels that come into physical contact with gametes, embryos or tissue culture media.

(b) Classification. Class II (special controls) (mouse embryo assay information, endotoxin testing, sterilization validation, design specifications, labeling requirements, and clinical testing). The device, when it is a dish or plate intended for general assisted reproduction technology procedures, is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in §884.9.

[45 FR 12684, Feb. 26, 1980, as amended at 84 FR 71816, Dec. 30, 2019]

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§884.6165   Intravaginal culture system.

(a) Identification. An intravaginal culture system is a prescription device intended for preparing, holding, and transferring human gametes or embryos during intravaginal in vitro fertilization or intravaginal culture procedures.

(b) Classification. Class II (special controls). The special controls for this device are:

(1) Clinical performance testing must demonstrate the following:

(i) Comfort and retention of the intravaginal culture device;

(ii) Adverse vaginal tissue reactions associated with intravaginal culture;

(iii) Maximum number of gametes and/or embryos that can be placed in a device; and

(iv) Rates of embryo development to the designated stage, implantation rates, clinical pregnancy rates, live birth rates, and any adverse events or outcomes.

(2) Nonclinical performance testing must demonstrate that the device performs as intended under anticipated conditions of use. The following performance characteristics must be demonstrated:

(i) Mouse embryo assay testing to assess embryotoxicity by evaluating the gamete and embryo-contacting device components effect on the growth and development of mouse embryos to the blastocyst stage;

(ii) Endotoxin testing on gamete and embryo-contacting components of the device;

(iii) Cleaning and disinfection validation of reusable device components;

(iv) Sterility maintenance of the culture media within the device throughout the vaginal incubation period and subsequent embryo extraction; and

(v) Ability of the device to permit oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange between the media contained within the device and the external environment throughout the vaginal incubation period.

(3) The patient-contacting components of the device must be demonstrated to be biocompatible.

(4) Performance data must demonstrate the sterility of the device components intended to be provided sterile.

(5) Shelf life testing must demonstrate that the device maintains its performance characteristics and the packaging of device components labeled as sterile maintain integrity and sterility for the duration of the shelf life.

(6) Labeling for the device must include:

(i) A detailed summary of the clinical testing, including device effectiveness, device-related complications, and adverse events;

(ii) Validated methods and instructions for reprocessing of reusable components;

(iii) The maximum number of gametes or embryos that can be loaded into the device;

(iv) A warning that informs users that the embryo development is first evaluated following intravaginal culture; and

(v) A statement that instructs the user to use legally marketed assisted reproductive technology media that contain elements to mitigate the contamination risk (e.g., antibiotics) and to support continued embryonic development over the intravaginal culture period.

(7) Patient labeling must be provided and must include:

(i) Relevant warnings, precautions, and adverse effects and complications;

(ii) Information on how to use the device;

(iii) The risks and benefits associated with the use of the device; and

(iv) A summary of the principal clinical device effectiveness results.

[81 FR 379, Jan. 6, 2016]

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§884.6170   Assisted reproduction water and water purification systems.

(a) Identification. Assisted reproduction water purification systems are devices specifically intended to generate high quality, sterile, pyrogen-free water for reconstitution of media used for aspiration, incubation, transfer or storage of gametes or embryos for in vitro fertilization (IVF) or other assisted reproduction procedures. These devices may also be intended as the final rinse for labware or other assisted reproduction devices that will contact the gametes or embryos. These devices also include bottled water ready for reconstitution available from a vendor that is specifically intended for reconstitution of media used for aspiration, incubation, transfer, or storage of gametes or embryos for IVF or other assisted reproduction procedures.

(b) Classification. Class II (special controls) (mouse embryo assay information, endotoxin testing, sterilization validation, water quality testing, design specifications, labeling requirements, biocompatibility testing, and clinical testing).

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§884.6180   Reproductive media and supplements.

(a) Identification. Reproductive media and supplement are products that are used for assisted reproduction procedures. Media include liquid and powder versions of various substances that come in direct physical contact with human gametes or embryos (including water, acid solutions used to treat gametes or embryos, rinsing solutions, sperm separation media, supplements, or oil used to cover the media) for the purposes of preparation, maintenance, transfer or storage. Supplements are specific reagents added to media to enhance specific properties of the media (e.g., proteins, sera, antibiotics, etc.).

(b) Classification. Class II (special controls) (mouse embryo assay information, endotoxin testing, sterilization validation, design specifications, labeling requirements, biocompatibility testing, and clinical testing). The device, when it is phosphate-buffered saline used for washing, and short-term handling and manipulation of gametes and embryos; culture oil used as an overlay for culture media containing gametes and embryos; and water for assisted reproduction applications, is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in §884.9.

[63 FR 48436, Sept. 10, 1998, as amended at 85 FR 44188, July 22, 2020]

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§884.6190   Assisted reproductive microscopes and microscope accessories.

(a) Identification. Assisted reproduction microscopes and microscope accessories (excluding microscope stage warmers, which are classified under assisted reproduction accessories) are optical instruments used to enlarge images of gametes or embryos. Variations of microscopes and accessories used for these purposes would include phase contrast microscopes, dissecting microscopes and inverted stage microscopes.

(b) Classification. Class I. The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter, subject to the limitations in §884.9.

[63 FR 48436, Sept. 10, 1998, as amended at 64 FR 62977, Nov. 18, 1999; 66 FR 38809, July 25, 2001]

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§884.6195   Assisted Reproduction Embryo Image Assessment System.

(a) Identification. An Assisted Reproduction Embryo Image Assessment System is a prescription device that is designed to obtain and analyze light microscopy images of developing embryos. This device provides information to aid in the selection of embryo(s) for transfer when there are multiple embryos deemed suitable for transfer or freezing.

(b) Classification. Class II (special controls). The special control(s) for this device are:

(1) Clinical performance testing must demonstrate a reasonable assurance of safety and effectiveness of the device to predict embryo development. Classification performance (sensitivity and specificity) and predictive accuracy (Positive Predictive Value and Negative Predictive Value) must be assessed at the subject and embryo levels.

(2) Software validation, verification, and hazard analysis must be provided.

(3) Non-clinical performance testing data must demonstrate the performance characteristics of the device. Testing must include the following:

(i) Total light exposure and output testing;

(ii) A safety analysis must be performed based on maximum (worst-case) light exposure to embryos, which also includes the safety of the light wavelength(s) emitted by the device;

(iii) Simulated-use testing;

(iv) Mouse Embryo Assay testing to assess whether device operation impacts growth and development of mouse embryos to the blastocyst stage;

(v) Cleaning and disinfection validation of reusable components;

(vi) Package integrity and transit testing;

(vii) Hardware fail-safe validation;

(viii) Electrical equipment safety and electromagnetic compatibility testing; and

(ix) Prediction algorithm reproducibility.

(4) Labeling must include the following:

(i) A detailed summary of clinical performance testing, including any adverse events;

(ii) Specific instructions, warnings, precautions, and training needed for safe use of the device

(iii) Appropriate electromagnetic compatibility information;

(iv) Validated methods and instructions for cleaning and disinfection of reusable components; and

(v) Information identifying compatible cultureware and explain how they are used with the device.

[80 FR 10332, Feb. 26, 2015]

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§884.6200   Assisted reproduction laser system.

(a) Identification. The assisted reproduction laser system is a device that images, targets, and controls the power and pulse duration of a laser beam used to ablate a small tangential hole in, or to thin, the zona pellucida of an embryo for assisted hatching or other assisted reproduction procedures.

(b) Classification. Class II (special controls). The special control is FDA's guidance document entitled “Class II Special Controls Guidance Document: Assisted Reproduction Laser Systems.” See §884.1(e) for the availability of this guidance document.

[69 FR 77624, Dec. 28, 2004]

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