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e-CFR data is current as of February 25, 2021

Title 7Subtitle BChapter VIIISubchapter APart 868Subpart E → Subject Group


Title 7: Agriculture
PART 868—GENERAL REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS FOR CERTAIN AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES
Subpart E—United States Standards for Milled Rice


Principles Governing Application of Standards

§868.303   Basis of determination.

All determinations shall be on the basis of the original sample. Mechanical sizing of kernels shall be adjusted by handpicking, as prescribed in FGIS instructions, or by any method which gives equivalent results.

[42 FR 40869, Aug. 12, 1977; 42 FR 64356, Dec. 23, 1977, as amended at 47 FR 34516, Aug. 10, 1982; 54 FR 21403, 21406, May 18, 1989. Redesignated at 60 FR 16364, Mar. 30, 1995]

§868.304   Broken kernels determination.

Broken kernels shall be determined by the use of equipment and procedures prescribed in FGIS instructions or by any method which gives equivalent results.

[42 FR 40869, Aug. 12, 1977; 42 FR 64356, Dec. 23, 1977, as amended at 47 FR 34516, Aug. 10, 1982; 54 FR 21403, May 18, 1989. Redesignated at 54 FR 21406, May 18, 1989 and 60 FR 16364, Mar. 30, 1995]

§868.305   Interpretive line samples.

Interpretive line samples showing the official scoring line for factors that are determined by visual observation shall be maintained by the Federal Grain Inspection Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and shall be available for reference in all inspection offices that inspect and grade rice.

[42 FR 40869, Aug. 12, 1977; 42 FR 64356, Dec. 23, 1977, as amended at 47 FR 34516, Aug. 10, 1982. Redesignated at 54 FR 21406, May 18, 1989 and 60 FR 16364, Mar. 30, 1995]

§868.306   Milling requirements.

The degree of milling for milled rice; i.e., “hard milled,” “well-milled,” and “reasonably well-milled,” shall be equal to, or better than, that of the interpretive line samples for such rice.

[67 FR 61250, Sept. 30, 2002]

§868.307   Moisture.

Water content in milled rice as determined by an FGIS approved device in accordance with procedures prescribed in FGIS instructions.

[67 FR 61250, Sept. 30, 2002]

§868.308   Percentages.

(a) Rounding. Percentages are determined on the basis of weight and are rounded as follows:

(1) When the figure to be rounded is followed by a figure greater than or equal to 5, round to the next higher figure; e.g., report 6.36 as 6.4, 0.35 as 0.4, and 2.45 as 2.5.

(2) When the figure to be rounded is followed by a figure less than 5, retain the figure, e.g., report 8.34 as 8.3 and 1.22 and 1.2.

(b) Recording. The percentage of broken kernels removed by a 5 plate in U.S. Nos. 1 and 2 Milled Rice and the percentage of objectionable seeds in U.S. No. 1 Brewers Milled Rice is reported to the nearest hundredth percent. The percentages of all other factors are recorded to the nearest tenth of a percent.

[54 FR 21406, May 18, 1989. Redesignated at 60 FR 16364, Mar. 30, 1995]

§868.309   Information.

Requests for the Rice Inspection Handbook, Equipment Handbook, or for information concerning approved devices and procedures, criteria for approved devices, and requests for approval of devices should be directed to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Federal Grain Inspection Service, P.O. Box 96454, Washington, DC 20090-6454, or any field office or cooperator.

[54 FR 21407, May 18, 1989. Redesignated at 60 FR 16364, Mar. 30, 1995]

§868.310   Grades and grade requirements for the classes Long Grain Milled Rice, Medium Grain Milled Rice, Short Grain Milled Rice, and Mixed Milled Rice. (See also §868.315.)

Grades, Grade Requirements, and Grade Designations

Grade Maximum limits of— Color
requirements1
Minimum
milling
requirements5
Seeds, heat
damaged, and paddy kernels
(singly or combined)
Red rice and
damaged
kernels (singly
or
combined) (percent)
Chalky kernels1 2 Broken kernels Other types4
Total (number in 500 grams) Heat
damaged
kernels and objectionable seeds (number
in 500 grams)
In long grain
rice (percent)
In
medium or short grain rice (percent)
Total (percent) Removed by a 5 plate3 (percent) Removed by a 6 plate3 (percent) Through a 6 sieve3 (percent) Whole kernels (percent) Whole and
broken
kernels (percent)
U.S. No. 1210.51.02.04.00.040.10.11.0White or creamyWell Milled.
U.S. No. 2421.52.04.07.00.060.20.22.0Slightly grayWell Milled.
U.S. No. 3752.54.06.015.00.10.80.53.0Light grayReasonably well milled.
U.S. No. 420154.06.08.025.00.41.00.75.0Gray or slightly rosyReasonably well milled.
U.S. No. 5302556.010.010.035.00.73.01.010.0Dark gray or rosyReasonably well milled.
U.S. No. 67575615.015.015.050.01.04.02.010.0Dark gray or rosyReasonably well milled.
U.S. Sample grade:
U.S. Sample grade shall be milled rice of any of these classes which: (a) Does not meet the requirements for any of the grades from U.S. No. 1 to U.S. No. 6, inclusive; (b) contains more than 15.0 percent of moisture; (c) is musty or sour, or heating; (d) has any commercially objectionable foreign odor; (e) contains more than 0.1 percent of foreign material; (f) Contains two or more live or dead weevils or other insects, insect webbing, or insect refuse; (g) is otherwise of distinctly low quality.

1For the special grade Parboiled milled rice, see §868.315(c).

2For the special grade Glutinous milled rice, see §868.315(e).

3Plates should be used for southern production rice; and sieves should be used for western production rice, but any device or method which gives equivalent results may be used.

4These limits do not apply to the class Mixed Milled Rice.

5For the special grade Undermilled milled rice, see §868.315(d).

6Grade U.S. No. 6 shall contain not more than 6.0 percent of damaged kernels.

[67 FR 61250, Sept. 30, 2002, as amended at 70 FR 37255, June 29, 2005]

§868.311   Grades and grade requirements for the class Second Head Milled Rice. (See also §868.315.)

Grades, Grade Requirements, and Grade Designations

GradeMaximum limits of—
Seeds, heat-damaged, and paddy kernels
(singly or combined)
Red rice and
damaged
kernels
(singly or combined) (percent)
Chalky kernels1 3 (percent)Color requirements1Minimum
milling
requirements2
Total (number
in 500 grams)
Heat-damaged kernels and objectionable seeds (number in 500 grams)
U.S. No. 11551.04.0White or CreamyWell milled.
U.S. No. 220102.06.0Slightly grayWell milled.
U.S. No. 335153.010.0Light grayReasonably well milled.
U.S. No. 450255.015.0Gray or slightly grayReasonably well milled.
U.S. No. 5754010.020.0Dark gray or rosyReasonably well milled.
U.S. Sample grade:
U.S. Sample grade shall be milled rice of this class which: (a) Does not meet the requirements for any of the grades from U.S. No. 1 to U.S. No. 5, inclusive; (b) contains more than 15.0 percent of moisture; (c) is musty or sour, or heating; (d) has any commercially objectionable foreign odor; (e) contains more than 0.1 percent of foreign material; (f) contains two or more live or dead weevils or other insects, insect webbing, or insect refuse; or (g) is otherwise of distinctly low quality.

1For the special grade Parboiled milled rice, see §868.315(c).

2For the special grade Undermilled milled rice, see §868.315(d).

3For the special grade Glutinous milled rice, see §868.315(e).

[67 FR 61251, Sept. 30, 2002]

§868.312   Grade and grade requirements for the class Screenings Milled Rice. (See also §868.315.)

Grades, Grade Requirements, and Grade Designations

GradeMaximum limits of—
Paddy kernels and seedsChalky kernels1 3 (percent)Color requirements1Minimum milling
requirements2
Total
(number in 500 grams)
Objectionable seeds (number in 500 grams)
U.S. No. 14 530205.0White or CreamyWell milled.
U.S. No. 24 575508.0Slightly grayWell milled.
U.S. No. 34 51259012.0Light gray or slightly rosyReasonably well milled.
U.S. No. 44 517514020.0Gray or rosyReasonably well milled.
U.S. No. 525020030.0Dark gray or very rosyReasonably well milled.
U.S. Sample grade:
U.S. Sample grade shall be milled rice of this class which: (a) Does not meet the requirements for any of the grades from U.S. No. 1 to U.S. No. 5, inclusive; (b) contains more than 15.0 percent of moisture; (c) is musty or sour, or heating; (d) has any commercially objectionable foreign odor; (e) has a badly damaged or extremely red appearance (f) contains more than 0.1 percent of foreign material; (g) contains two or more live or dead weevils or other insects, insect webbing, or insect refuse; or (h) is otherwise of distinctly low quality.

1For the special grade Parboiled milled rice, see §868.315(c).

2For the special grade Undermilled milled rice, see §868.315(d).

3For the special grade Glutinous milled rice, see §868.315(e).

4Grades U.S. No. 1 to U.S. No. 4, inclusive, shall contain not more than 3.0 percent of heat-damaged kernels, kernels damaged by heat and/or parboiled kernels in nonparboiled rice.

5Grades U.S. No. 1 to U.S. No. 4, inclusive, shall contain not more than 1.0 percent of material passing through a 30 sieve.

[67 FR 61251, Sept. 30, 2002]

§868.313   Grades and grade requirements for the class Brewers Milled Rice. (See also §868.315.)

Grades, Grade Requirements, and Grade Designations

GradeMaximum limits of—
paddy kernels and seeds
Color requirements1Minimum milling
requirements2
Total (singly or combined)
(percent)
Objectionable seeds (percent)
U.S. No. 13 40.50.05White or CreamyWell milled.
U.S. No. 23 41.00.1Slightly grayWell milled.
U.S. No. 33 41.50.2Light gray or slightly rosyReasonably well milled.
U.S. No. 43 43.00.4Gray or rosyReasonably well milled.
U.S. No. 55.01.5Dark gray or very rosyReasonably well milled.
U.S. Sample grade:
U.S. Sample grade shall be milled rice of this class which: (a) Does not meet the requirements for any of the grades from U.S. No. 1 to U.S. No. 5, inclusive; (b) contains more than 15.0 percent of moisture; (c) is musty or sour, or heating; (d) has any commercially objectionable foreign odor; (e) has a badly damaged or extremely red appearance; (f) contains more than 0.1 percent of foreign material; (g) contains more than 15.0 percent of broken kernels that will pass through a 212 sieve; (h) contains two or more live or dead weevils or other insects, insect webbing, or insect refuse; or (h) is otherwise of distinctly low quality.

1For the special grade Parboiled milled rice, see §868.315(c).

2For the special grade Undermilled milled rice, see §868.315(d).

3Grades U.S. No. 1 to U.S. No. 4, inclusive, shall contain not more than 3.0 percent of heat-damaged kernels, kernels damaged by heat and/or parboiled kernels in nonparboiled rice.

4Grades U.S. No. 1 to U.S. No. 4, inclusive, shall contain not more than 1.0 percent of material passing through a 30 sieve. This limit does not apply to the special grade Granulated brewers milled rice.

[67 FR 61252, Sept. 30, 2002]

§868.314   Grade designation and other certificate information.

(a) Milled rice. The grade designation for all classes of Milled rice shall be included on the certificate grade-line in the following order:

(1) The letters “U.S.;”

(2) The number of the grade or the words “Sample grade,” as warranted;

(3) The words “or better,” when applicable and requested by the applicant prior to inspection;

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 0580-0013)

(4) The class; and

(5) Each applicable special grade (see §868.316).

(b) Mixed Milled rice information. For the class Mixed Milled rice, the following information shall be included in the Results section of the certificate in the following order:

(1) The percentage of whole kernels of each type in the order of predominance;

(2) The percentage of broken kernels of each type in the order of predominance, when applicable; and

(3) The percentage of seeds and foreign material.

(c) Broken kernels. Broken kernels, other than long grain in Mixed Milled rice shall be certified as “medium or short grain.”

[74 FR 55442, Oct. 28, 2009]

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