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Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

e-CFR data is current as of January 16, 2020

Title 7Subtitle BChapter ISubchapter APart 29Subpart C → Subject Group


Title 7: Agriculture
PART 29—TOBACCO INSPECTION
Subpart C—Standards


Definitions

§29.6001   Definitions.

As used in these standards, the words and phrases hereinafter defined shall have the indicated meanings so assigned.

§29.6002   Air-cured.

Tobacco cured under natural atmospheric conditions. Artificial heat sometimes is used to control excess humidity during the curing period to prevent pole-sweat, pole-burn, and shed-burn in damp weather. Air-cured tobacco should not carry the odor of smoke or fumes resulting from the application of artificial heat.

§29.6003   Body.

The thickness and density of a leaf or the weight per unit of surface. (See chart.)

§29.6004   Burn.

The duration of combustion or length of time that a tobacco leaf will hold fire after ignition. (See Rule 18.)

§29.6005   Case (order).

The state of tobacco with respect to its moisture content.

§29.6006   Class.

A major division of tobacco based on method of cure or principal usage.

§29.6007   Clean.

Tobacco is described as clean when it contains only a normal amount of sand or soil particles. Leaves grown on the lower portion of the stalk normally contain more sand or dirt than those from higher stalk positions. (See Rule 4.)

§29.6008   Condition.

The state of tobacco which results from the method of preparation or from the degree of fermentation. Words used to describe the condition of tobacco are Undried, air-dried, steam-dried, sweating, sweated, and aged.

§29.6009   Crude.

A subdegree of maturity. (See Rule 15.)

§29.6010   Cured.

Tobacco dried of its sap by either natural or artificial processes.

§29.6011   Damage.

The effect of mold, must, rot, black rot or other fungus or bacterial diseases which attack tobacco in its cured state. Tobacco having the odor of mold, must or rot is considered damaged. (See Rule 17.)

§29.6012   Dirty.

The state of tobacco containing an abnormal amount of dirt or sand, or tobacco to which additional quantities of dirt or sand have been added. (See Rule 17.)

§29.6013   Elasticity.

The flexible, springy nature of the tobacco leaf to recover approximately its original size and shape after it has been stretched. (See chart.)

§29.6014   Elements of quality.

Physical characteristics used to determine the quality of tobacco. Words selected to describe degrees within each element are shown in the chart in §29.6081.

§29.6015   Foreign matter.

Any extraneous substance or material such as stalks, suckers, straw, strings, and rubber bands. (See Rule 17.)

§29.6016   Form.

The stage of preparation of tobacco such as stemmed or unstemmed.

§29.6017   General quality.

The quality of tobacco considered in relation to the type as a whole. General quality is distinguished from the restricted use of the term “quality” within a group.

§29.6018   Grade.

A subdivision of a type according to group and quality and to other characteristics when they are of sufficient importance to be treated separately.

§29.6019   Grademark.

In these types a grademark normally consists of a letter to indicate group and a number to indicate quality. For example, B2 means Binder, fair quality.

§29.6020   Group.

A type division consisting of one or more grades based on the general quality of tobacco. Groups in these types are: Binder (B), Stripper (C), Straight Stripped (X), Farm Filler (Y), Nondescript (N), and Scrap (S).

§29.6021   Injury.

Hurt or impairment from any cause except the fungus or bacterial diseases which attack tobacco in its cured state. (See definition of Damage.) Injury to tobacco may be caused by field diseases, insects, or weather conditions; insecticides, fungicides, or cell growth inhibitors; nutritional deficiencies or excesses; or improper fertilization, harvesting, curing, or handling. Injured tobacco includes dead, burnt, hail-cut, torn, broken, frostbitten, frozen (see Rule 16), sunburned, sun-scalded, bulk-burnt, pole-burnt, shed-burnt, pole-sweated, stem-rotted, bleached, bruised, discolored, or deformed leaves; or tobacco affected by wildfire, rust, frogeye, mosaic, root rot, wilt, black shank, or other diseases. (See Rule 13.)

§29.6022   Leaf scrap.

A byproduct of unstemmed tobacco Leaf scrap results from handling unstemmed tobacco and consists of loose and tangled whole or broken leaves.

§29.6023   Leaf structure.

The cell development of a leaf as indicated by its porosity. The degrees range from close (slick and tight) to open (porous). (See chart.)

§29.6024   Length.

The linear measurement of cured tobacco leaves from the butt of the midrib to the extreme tip.

§29.6025   Lot.

A pile, basket, bulk, package, or other definite unit.

§29.6026   Maturity.

The degree of ripeness. (See chart.)

§29.6027   Nested.

Any tobacco which has been loaded, packed, or arranged to conceal foreign matter or tobacco of inferior grade, quality, or condition. Nested includes any lot of tobacco which contains foreign matter or damaged, injured, tangled, or other inferior tobacco, any of which cannot be readily detected upon inspection because of the way the lot is packed or arranged. (See Rule 17.)

§29.6028   No Grade.

A designation applied to a lot of tobacco classified as damaged, dirty, nested, offtype, semicured, or wet; tobacco that is improperly packed, contains foreign matter, or has an odor foreign to the type. (See Rules 5 and 17.)

§29.6029   Offtype.

Tobacco of distinctly different characteristics which cannot be classified as Type 53, 54, or 55. (See Rule 17.)

§29.6030   Package.

A hogshead, tierce, case, bale, or other securely enclosed parcel or bundle.

§29.6031   Packing.

A lot of tobacco consisting of a number of packages submitted as one definite unit for sampling or inspection. It is represented to contain the same kind of tobacco and has a common identification number or mark on each package.

§29.6032   Quality.

A division of a group or the second factor of a grade based on the relative degree of one or more elements of quality.

§29.6033   Raw.

Tobacco as it appears between the time of harvesting and the beginning of the curing process.

§29.6034   Semicured.

Tobacco in the process of being cured or which is partially but not thoroughly cured. Semicured includes tobacco which contains fat stems, wet butts, swelled stems, and tobacco having frozen stems or stems that have not been thoroughly dried in the curing process. (See definition of No Grade and Rule 17.)

§29.6035   Side.

A certain phase of quality as contrasted with some other phase of quality or any peculiar characteristic of tobacco.

§29.6036   Sound.

Free of damage. (See Rule 4.)

§29.6037   Stem.

The midrib or large central vein of a tobacco leaf.

§29.6038   Stemmed.

A form of tobacco, including strips and strip scrap, from which the stems or midribs have been removed.

§29.6039   Stem rot.

The deterioration of an uncured or frozen stem resulting from bacterial action. Although stem rot results from bacterial action, it is inactive in cured tobacco and is treated as a kind of injury in these types. (See Rule 14.)

§29.6040   Strength (tensile).

The stress a tobacco leaf can bear without tearing. (See chart.)

§29.6041   Strips.

The sides of a tobacco leaf from which the stem has been removed or a lot of tobacco composed of strips.

§29.6042   Sweated.

The condition of tobacco which has passed through one or more fermentations natural to tobacco packed with a normal percentage of moisture. This condition sometimes is described as aged.

§29.6043   Tobacco.

Tobacco in its unmanufactured forms as it appears between the time it is cured and stripped from the stalk, or primed and cured, and the time it enters a manufacturing process. Conditioning, sweating, and stemming are not regarded as manufacturing processes.

§29.6044   Tobacco products.

Manufactured tobacco, including cigarettes, cigars, smoking tobacco, chewing tobacco, and snuff, which is subject to Internal Revenue tax.

§29.6045   Type.

A division of a class of tobacco having certain common characteristics and closely related grades. Tobacco which has the same characteristics and corresponding qualities, colors, and lengths is classified as one type, regardless of any factors of historical or geographical nature which cannot be determined by an examination of the tobacco.

§29.6046   Type 53.

That type of cigar-leaf tobacco commonly known as York State or Havana Seed of New York and Pennsylvania, produced principally in the Big Flats and Onondaga sections of New York and extending into Pennsylvania.

§29.6047   Type 54.

That type of cigar-leaf tobacco commonly known as Southern Wisconsin Cigar-leaf or Southern Wisconsin Binder-type, produced principally south and east of the Wisconsin River.

§29.6048   Type 55.

That type of cigar-leaf tobacco commonly known as Northern Wisconsin Cigar-leaf or Northern Wisconsin Binder-type, produced principally north and west of the Wisconsin River and extending into Minnesota.

§29.6049   Undried.

The condition of unfermented tobacco which has not been air-dried or steam-dried.

§29.6050   Uniformity.

A grade requirement designating the percentage of a lot which must meet the specified degree of each element of quality. (See Rule 12.)

§29.6051   Unstemmed.

A form of tobacco, including whole leaf and leaf scrap, from which the stems or midribs have not been removed.

§29.6052   Unsweated.

The condition of cured tobacco which has not been sweated.

§29.6053   Wet (high-case).

Any sound tobacco containing excessive moisture to the extent that it is in unsafe or doubtful-keeping order. Wet applies to any tobacco which is not damaged but which is likely to damage if treated in the customary manner. (See Rule 17.)

§29.6054   Width.

The relative breadth of a tobacco leaf expressed in relation to its length. (See chart.)

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