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Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

e-CFR data is current as of January 16, 2020

Title 7Subtitle BChapter ISubchapter APart 29Subpart C → Subject Group


Title 7: Agriculture
PART 29—TOBACCO INSPECTION
Subpart C—Standards


grades

§29.3151   Flyings (X Group).

This group consists of leaves normally grown at the bottom of the stalk. These leaves are flat and open-faced and have a blunt or oblate tip. Compared with other groups on the stalk, Flyings consist of relatively thin to tissuey leaves which show the highest degree of maturity and the most open leaf structure. Flyings show a material amount of injury characteristic of leaves grown near the ground. (See Rule 14.)

GradesGrade names and specifications
X1LChoice Buff Flyings.
         Tissuey, mellow, open to porous, even, clear finish, strong color intensity, 95 percent uniform, and 5 percent injury tolerance.
X2LFine Buff Flyings.
         Tissuey, mellow, open to porous, even, moderate finish and color intensity, 90 percent uniform, and 10 percent injury tolerance.
X3LGood Buff Flyings.
         Tissuey, ripe to mellow, open to porous, wavy, dull finish, weak color intensity, 80 percent uniform, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
X4LFair Buff Flyings.
         Tissuey, mature to ripe, open to porous, wrinkly to wavy, dingy finish, pale color intensity, 70 percent uniform, and 30 percent injury tolerance.
X5LLow Buff Flyings.
         Tissuey, mature to ripe, open to porous, wrinkly, dingy finish, pale color intensity, 60 percent uniform, and 40 percent injury tolerance.
X1FChoice Tan Flyings.
         Thin, mellow, open to porous, even, clear finish, strong color intensity, 95 percent uniform, and 5 percent injury tolerance.
X2FFine Tan Flyings.
         Thin, mellow, open to porous, even, moderate finish and color intensity, 90 percent uniform, and 10 percent injury tolerance.
X3FGood Tan Flyings.
         Thin, ripe to mellow, open to porous, wavy, dull finish, weak color intensity, 80 percent uniform, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
X4FFair Tan Flyings.
         Thin, mature to ripe, open to porous, wrinkly to wavy, dingy finish, pale color intensity, 70 percent uniform, and 30 percent injury tolerance.
X5FLow Tan Flyings.
         Thin, mature to ripe, open to porous, wrinkly, dingy finish, pale color intensity, 60 percent uniform, and 40 percent injury tolerance.
X4MFair Mixed Color Flyings.
         Medium to tissuey body, mature to ripe, firm to porous, wrinkly to wavy, dingy finish, pale color intensity, 70 percent uniform, and 30 percent injury tolerance.
X5MLow Mixed Color Flyings.
         Medium to tissuey body, mature to ripe, firm to porous, wrinkly, dingy finish, pale color intensity, 60 percent uniform, and 40 percent injury tolerance.
X4GFair Green Flyings.
         Medium to tissuey body, immature, firm, wrinkly to wavy, dingy finish, 70 percent uniform, and 30 percent injury tolerance.
X5GLow Green Flyings.
         Medium to tissuey body, immature, firm, wrinkly, dingy finish, 60 percent uniform, and 40 percent injury tolerance.

[24 FR 8771, Oct. 29, 1959, as amended at 35 FR 10490, June 27, 1970; 49 FR 16758, Apr. 20, 1984]

§29.3152   Lugs or Cutters (C Group).

This group consists of leaves normally grown at the midportion of the stalk. Cured leaves from this stalk position have a tendency to roll, concealing the stem or midrib. Lugs or Cutters have an oblate to rounded tip and are usually thin to medium in body. The leaves are spready in relation to their length and show little or no ground injury.

GradesGrade names and specifications
C1LChoice Buff Lugs.
         Thin, ripe, open, smooth, bright finish, deep color intensity, broad, 20 or over in length, 95 percent uniform and 5 percent injury tolerance.
C2LFine Buff Lugs.
         Thin, ripe, open, smooth, bright finish, strong color intensity, spready, 20 or over in length, 90 percent uniform, and 10 percent injury tolerance.
C3LGood Buff Lugs.
         Thin, ripe, open, even, clear finish, moderate color intensity, normal width, 18 or over in length, 85 percent uniform, and 15 percent injury tolerance.
C4LFair Buff Lugs.
         Thin, mature to ripe, firm to open, wavy to even, moderate finish, weak color intensity, narrow to normal width, 80 percent uniform, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
C5LLow Buff Lugs.
         Thin, mature, firm to open, wavy dull finish, pale color intensity, narrow, 70 percent uniform, and 30 percent injury tolerance.
C1FChoice Tan Lugs.
         Medium to thin body, ripe, open, smooth, bright finish, deep color intensity, broad, 20 or over in length, 95 percent uniform, and 5 percent injury tolerance.
C2FFine Tan Lugs.
         Medium to thin body, ripe, open, smooth, bright finish, strong color intensity, spready, 20 or over in length, 90 percent uniform, and 10 percent injury tolerance.
C3FGood Tan Lugs.
         Medium to thin body, ripe, open, even, clear finish, moderate color intensity, normal width, 18 or over in length, 85 percent uniform, and 15 percent injury tolerance.
C4FFair Tan Lugs.
         Medium to thin body, mature to ripe, firm to open, wavy to even, moderate finish, weak color intensity, narrow to normal width, 80 percent uniform, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
C5FLow Tan Lugs.
         Medium to thin body, mature, firm to open, wavy, dull finish, pale color intensity, narrow, 70 percent uniform and 30 percent injury tolerance.
C3KGood Variegated Lugs.
         Medium body, ripe, open, even, normal width, 18 or over in length, 85 percent uniform, and 15 percent injury tolerance.
C4KFair Variegated Lugs.
         Medium body, mature to ripe, firm to open, wavy to even, narrow to normal width, 80 percent uniform, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
C5KLow Variegated Lugs.
         Medium body, mature, close to firm, wavy, narrow, 70 percent uniform, and 30 percent injury tolerance.
C3MGood Mixed Color Lugs.
         Medium to tissuey body, mature to ripe, firm to open, even, moderate finish and color intensity, normal width, 18 or over in length, 85 percent uniform, and 15 percent injury tolerance.
C4MFair Mixed Color Lugs.
         Medium to tissuey body, mature to ripe, firm to open, wavy to even, dull finish, weak color intensity, narrow to normal width, 80 percent uniform, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
C5MLow Mixed Color Lugs.
         Medium to tissuey body, mature to ripe, firm to open, wavy, dingy finish pale color intensity, narrow, 70 percent uniform, and 30 percent injury tolerance.
C3VGood Greenish Lugs.
         Medium to thin body, underripe open, even, clear finish, normal width 18 or over in length, 85 percent uniform, and 15 percent injury tolerance.
C4VFair Greenish Lugs.
         Medium to thin body, underripe, firm to open, wavy to even, moderate finish, narrow to normal width, 80 percent uniform, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
C5VLow Greenish Lugs.
         Medium to thin body, underripe firm to open, wavy, dull finish, narrow, 70 percent uniform, and 30 percent injury tolerance.
C4GFair Green Lugs.
         Medium body, immature, close to firm, wavy to even, moderate finish, narrow to normal width, 80 percent uniform, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
C5GLow Green Lugs.
         Medium body, immature, close to firm, wavy, dull finish, narrow, 70 percent uniform, and 30 percent injury tolerance.

[24 FR 8771, Oct. 29, 1959, as amended at 35 FR 10490, June 27, 1970; 49 FR 16758, Apr. 20, 1984]

§29.3153   Leaf (B Group).

This group consists of leaves normally grown above the midpoint of the stalk. Cured leaves from the upper stalk position have a tendency to fold, concealing the face of the leaf and exposing the stem or midrib. These leaves have a pointed tip and generally are medium to heavy in body. They are narrower in relation to their length than corresponding qualities of the C Group.

GradesGrade names and specifications
B1FChoice Tan Leaf.
         Medium body, ripe, open, smooth, clear finish, deep color intensity, spready, 20 or over in length, 95 percent uniform, and 5 percent injury tolerance.
B2FFine Tan Leaf.
         Medium body ripe, open, even, clear finish, deep color intensity, spready, 20 or over in length, 90 percent uniform, and 10 percent injury tolerance.
B3FGood Tan Leaf.
         Medium body, mature to ripe, firm to open, wavy to even, moderate finish and color intensity, narrow to normal width, 18 or over in length, 85 percent uniform, and 15 percent injury tolerance.
B4FFair Tan Leaf.
         Medium body, mature, firm, wavy, dull finish, weak color intensity, narrow, 16 or over in length, 80 percent uniform, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
B5FLow Tan Leaf.
         Medium body, mature, firm, wrinkly, dingy finish, pale color intensity, stringy, 16 or over in length, 70 percent uniform, and 30 percent injury tolerance.
B2FLFine Tannish-buff Leaf.
         Medium body, ripe, open, even, clear finish, strong color intensity, spready, 20” or over in length, 90 percent uniform, and 10 percent injury tolerance.
B3FLGood Tannish-buff Leaf
         Medium body, mature to ripe, firm to open, wavy to even, moderate finish and color intensity, narrow to normal width, 18” or over in length, 85 percent uniform, and 15 percent injury tolerance.
B4FLFair Tannish-buff Leaf.
         Medium body, mature, firm, wavy, dull finish, weak color intensity, narrow, 16” or over in length, 80 percent uniform, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
B1FRChoice Tannish-red Leaf.
         Fleshy to medium body, ripe, open, smooth, clear finish, deep color intensity, spready, 20 or over in length, 95 percent uniform, and 5 percent injury tolerance.
B2FRFine Tannish-red Leaf.
         Fleshy to medium body, ripe, open, even, clear finish, strong color intensity, spready, 20 or over in length, 90 percent uniform, and 10 percent injury tolerance.
B3FRGood Tannish-red Leaf.
         Fleshy to medium body, mature to ripe, firm to open, wavy to even, moderate finish and color intensity, narrow to normal width, 18 or over in length, 85 percent uniform, and 15 percent injury tolerance.
B4FRFair Tannish-red Leaf.
         Fleshy to medium body, mature firm, wavy, dull finish, weak color intensity, narrow, 16 or over in length 80 percent uniform, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
B5FRLow Tannish-red Leaf.
         Fleshy to medium body, mature, firm, wrinkly, dingy finish, pale color intensity, stringy, 16 or over in length, 70 percent uniform, and 30 percent injury tolerance.
B1RChoice Red Leaf.
         Heavy to fleshy, ripe, firm to open, even, clear finish, deep color intensity, spready, 20 or over in length 95 percent uniform, and 5 percent injury tolerance.
B2RFine Red Leaf.
         Heavy to fleshy, ripe, firm to open wavy, clear finish, strong color intensity, spready, 20 or over in length 90 percent uniform, and 10 percent injury tolerance.
B3RGood Red Leaf.
         Heavy to fleshy, mature to ripe, firm, wrinkly to wavy, moderate finish and color intensity, narrow to normal width, 18 or over in length, 85 percent uniform, and 15 percent injury tolerance.
B4RFair Red Leaf.
         Heavy to fleshy, mature, close to firm, wrinkly, dull finish, weak color intensity, narrow, 16 or over in length, 80 percent uniform, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
B5RLow red Leaf.
         Heavy to fleshy, mature, close, rough, dingy finish, pale color intensity, stringy, 16 or over in length, 70 percent uniform, and 30 percent injury tolerance.
B4DFair Dark-red Leaf.
         Heavy to fleshy, mature, close, wrinkly, dull finish, weak color intensity, narrow, 16 or over in length, 80 percent uniform, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
B5DLow Dark-red Leaf.
         Heavy to fleshy, underripe to mature, solid, rough, dingy finish, pale color intensity, stringy, 16 or over in length, 70 percent uniform, and 30 percent injury tolerance.
B3KGood Variegated Leaf.
         Fleshy to medium body, mature to ripe, firm to open, wrinkly to wavy, narrow to normal width, 18 or over in length, 85 percent uniform, and 15 percent injury tolerance.
B4KFair Variegated Leaf.
         Fleshy, mature, close to firm, wrinkly, narrow, 16 or over in length, 80 percent uniform, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
B5KLow Variegated Leaf.
         Heavy to fleshy, underripe to mature, solid to close, rough, stringy, 16 or over in length, 70 percent uniform, and 30 percent injury tolerance.
B2MFine Mixed Color Leaf.
         Fleshy to medium body, ripe, open, even, clear finish, strong color intensity, 20” or over in length, 90 percent uniform, and 10 percent injury tolerance.
B3MGood Mixed Color Leaf.
         Fleshy to medium body, mature to ripe, firm to open, wavy to even, moderate finish and color intensity, narrow to normal width, 18 or over in length, 85 percent uniform, and 15 percent injury tolerance.
B4MFair Mixed Color Leaf.
         Fleshy to medium body, mature to ripe, firm to open, wavy, dull finish, weak color intensity, narrow, 16 or over in length, 80 percent uniform and 20 percent injury tolerance.
B5MLow Mixed Color Leaf.
         Fleshy to medium body, underripe to mature, firm to open, wrinkly, dingy finish, pale color intensity stringy, 16 or over in length, 70 percent uniform, and 30 percent injury tolerance.
B3VFGood Greenish-tan Leaf.
         Medium body, underripe, firm to open, wavy to even, moderate finish, narrow to normal width, 18 or over in length, 85 percent uniform, and 15 percent injury tolerance.
B4VFFair Greenish-tan Leaf.
         Medium body, underripe, close to firm, wavy, dull finish, narrow, 16 or over in length, 80 percent uniform, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
B5VFLow Greenish-tan Leaf.
         Medium body, underripe, close, wrinkly, dingy finish, stringy, 16 or over in length, 70 percent uniform, and 30 percent injury tolerance.
B3VRGood Greenish-red Leaf.
         Heavy to fleshy, underripe, firm, wrinkly to wavy, moderate finish, narrow to normal width, 18 or over in length, 85 percent uniform, and 15 percent injury tolerance.
B4VRFair Greenish-red Leaf.
         Heavy to fleshy, underripe, close to firm, wrinkly, dull finish, narrow, 16 or over in length, 80 percent uniform, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
B5VRLow Greenish-red Leaf.
         Heavy to fleshy, underripe, close, rough, dingy finish, stringy, 16 or over in length, 70 percent uniform, and 30 percent injury tolerance.
B3GFGood Green-tan Leaf.
         Fleshy to medium body, immature, firm to open, wrinkly to wavy, moderate finish, narrow to normal width, 18 or over in length, 85 percent uniform, and 15 percent injury tolerance.
B4GFFair Green-tan Leaf.
         Fleshy to medium body, immature, close to firm, wrinkly, dull finish, narrow, 16 or over in length, 80 percent uniform, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
B5GFLow Green-tan Leaf.
         Fleshy to medium body, immature, close, rough, dingy finish, stringy, 16 or over in length, 70 percent uniform, and 30 percent injury tolerance.
B3GRGood Green-red Leaf.
         Heavy to fleshy, immature, close to firm, wrinkly to wavy, moderate finish, narrow to formal width, 18 or over in length, 85 percent uniform and 15 percent injury tolerance.
B4GRFair Green-red Leaf.
         Heavy to fleshy, immature, solid to close, wrinkly, dull finish, narrow width, 16 or over in length, 80 percent uniform, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
B5GRLow Green-red Leaf.
         Heavy to fleshy, immature, solid, rough, dingy finish, stringy, 16 or over in length, 70 percent uniform and 30 percent injury tolerance.

[24 FR 8771, Oct. 29, 1959, as amended at 49 FR 16758, Apr. 20, 1984; 51 FR 40407, Nov. 7, 1986]

§29.3154   Tips (T Group).

This group consists of leaves usually grown at the top of the stalk. These relatively narrow and sharp-pointed leaves have the general characteristics of B-Group tobacco. Tips have a slightly lower degree of maturity and leaf structure than other leaves on the stalk. (See Rule 12.)

GradesGrade names and specifications
T3FGood Tan Tips.
         Medium body, mature to ripe, firm to open, wavy to even, moderate finish and color intensity, narrow to normal width, under 16 in length, 85 percent uniform, and 15 percent injury tolerance.
T4FFair Tan Tips.
         Medium body, mature, firm, wavy dull finish, weak color intensity, narrow, under 16 in length, 80 percent uniform, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
T5FLow Tan Tips.
         Medium body, mature, firm, wrinkly, dingy finish, pale color intensity, stringy, under 16 in length, 70 percent uniform, and 30 percent injury tolerance.
T3FRGood Tannish-red Tips.
         Fleshy to medium body, mature to ripe, firm to open, wavy to even, moderate finish and color intensity, narrow to normal width, under 16 in length, 85 percent uniform, and 15 percent injury tolerance.
T4FRFair Tannish-red Tips.
         Fleshy to medium body, mature, firm, wavy, dull finish, weak color intensity, narrow, under 16 in length, 80 percent uniform, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
T5FRLow Tannish-red Tips.
         Fleshy to medium body, mature, firm, wrinkly, dingy finish, pale color intensity, stringy, under 16 in length, 70 percent uniform, and 30 percent injury tolerance.
T3RGood Red Tips.
         Heavy to fleshy, mature to ripe, firm, wrinkly to wavy, moderate finish and color intensity, narrow to normal width, under 16 in length, 85 percent uniform, and 15 percent injury tolerance.
T4RFair Red Tips.
         Heavy to fleshy, mature, close to firm, wrinkly, dull finish, weak color intensity, narrow, under 16 in length, 80 percent uniform, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
T5RLow Red Tips.
         Heavy to fleshy, mature, close, rough, dingy finish, pale color intensity, stringy, under 16 in length, 70 percent uniform, and 30 percent injury tolerance.
T4DFair Dark-red Tips.
         Heavy to fleshy, mature, close, wrinkly, dull finish, weak color intensity, narrow, under 16 in length, 80 percent uniform, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
T5DLow Dark-red Tips.
         Heavy to fleshy, underripe to mature, solid, rough, dingy finish, pale color intensity, stringy, under 16 in length, 70 percent uniform, and 30 percent injury tolerance.
T4KFair Variegated Tips.
         Fleshy, mature, close to firm, wrinkly, narrow, under 16 in length, 80 percent uniform, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
T5KLow Variegated Tips.
         Heavy to fleshy, underripe to mature, solid to close, rough, stringy, under 16 in length, 70 percent uniform, and 30 percent injury tolerance.
T4VFFair Greenish-tan Tips.
         Medium body, underripe, close to firm, wavy, dull finish, narrow, under 16 in length, 80 percent uniform and 20 percent injury tolerance.
T5VFLow Greenish-tan Tips.
         Medium body, underripe, close, wrinkly, dingy finish, stringy, under 16 in length, 70 percent uniform, and 30 percent injury tolerance.
T4VRFair Greenish-red Tips.
         Heavy to fleshy, underripe, close to firm, wrinkly, dull finish, narrow, under 16 in length, 80 percent uniform, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
T5VRLow Greenish-red Tips.
         Heavy to fleshy, underripe, close, rough, dingy finish, stringy, under 16 in length, 70 percent uniform, and 30 percent injury tolerance.
T4GFFair Green-tan Tips.
         Fleshy to medium body, immature, close to firm, wrinkly, dull finish, narrow, under 16 in length, 80 percent uniform, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
T5GFLow Green-tan Tips.
         Fleshy to medium body, immature, close, rough, dingy finish, stringy, under 16 in length, 70 percent uniform, and 30 percent injury tolerance.
T4GRFair Green-red Tips.
         Heavy to fleshy, immature, solid to close, wrinkly, dull finish, narrow, under 16 in length, 80 percent uniform, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
T5GRLow Green-red Tips.
         Heavy to fleshy, immature, solid, rough, dingy finish, stringy, under 16 in length, 70 percent uniform, and 30 percent injury tolerance.

[24 FR 8771, Oct. 29, 1959, as amended at 49 FR 16758, Apr. 20, 1984]

§29.3155   Mixed (M Group).

This group consists of tobacco of distinctly different groups which are mixed together in various combinations.

GradesGrade names and specifications
M3FGood Light Mixed.
         General quality of X3, C3, B3, T3, medium to tissuey body, light general color, under 20 percent greenish, and 15 percent injury tolerance.
M4FFair Light Mixed.
         General quality of X4, C4, B4, T4, medium to tissuey body, light general color under 20 percent greenish, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
M5FLow Light Mixed.
         General quality of X5, C5, B5, T5, medium to tissuey body, light general color, under 20 percent greenish, and 30 percent injury tolerance.
M3FRGood Dark Mixed.
         General quality of X3, C3, B3, T3, heavy to medium body, dark general color, under 20 percent greenish, and 15 percent injury tolerance.
M4FRFair Dark Mixed.
         General quality of X4, C4, B4, T4, heavy to medium body, dark general color, under 20 percent greenish, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
M5FRLow Dark Mixed.
         General quality of X5, C5, B5, T5, heavy to medium body, dark general color, under 20 percent greenish, and 30 percent injury tolerance.
M4KFair Variegated Mixed.
         General quality of X4, C4, B4, T4, fleshy to thin body, under 20 percent greenish, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
M5KLow Variegated Mixed.
         General quality of X5, C5, B5, T5, fleshy to thin body, under 20 percent greenish, and 30 percent injury tolerance.
M4GFair Green Mixed.
General quality of X4, C4, B4, and T4, heavy to tissuey body, immature, and 20 percent injury tolerance.
M5GLow Green Mixed.
General quality of X5, C5, B5, and T5, heavy to tissuey body, immature, and 30 percent injury tolerance.

[35 FR 10490, June 27, 1970, as amended at 49 FR 16758, Apr. 20, 1984; 51 FR 40407, Nov. 7, 1986; 55 FR 40645, Oct. 4, 1990]

§29.3156   Nondescript (N Group).

Extremely common tobacco which does not meet the minimum specifications or which exceeds the tolerance of the lowest grade of any other group.

GradesGrade names and specifications
N1LFirst Quality Light Colored Nondescript
         Thin to tissuey body and 60 percent injury tolerance.
N1FFirst Quality Medium Colored Nondescript
         Fleshy to medium body and 60 percent injury tolerance.
N1RFirst Quality Dark Colored Nondescript
         Heavy to fleshy body and 60 percent injury tolerance.
N1GFirst Quality Crude Green Nondescript
         60 percent crude leaves or injury tolerance.
N2LSecond Quality Light to Medium Colored Nondescript
         Medium to tissuey body and over 60 percent injury tolerance.
N2RSecond Quality Medium to Dark Colored Nondescript
         Heavy to medium body and over 60 percent injury tolerance.
N2GSecond Quality Crude Green Nondescript
         Over 60 percent crude leaves or injury tolerance.

[24 FR 8771, Oct. 29, 1959, as amended at 49 FR 16758, Apr. 20, 1984]

§29.3157   Scrap (S Group).

A by-product of unstemmed and stemmed tobacco. Scrap accumulates from handling tobacco in farm buildings, warehouses, packing and conditioning plants, and stemmeries.

GradesGrade names and specifications
SScrap.
         Loose, tangled, whole, or broken unstemmed leaves, or web portions of tobacco leaves reduced to scrap by any process.

[24 FR 8771, Oct. 29, 1959, as amended at 49 FR 16758, Apr. 20, 1984]

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