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e-CFR data is current as of November 24, 2020

Title 46Chapter ISubchapter I-APart 108Subpart D → Subject Group


Title 46: Shipping
PART 108—DESIGN AND EQUIPMENT
Subpart D—Fire Extinguishing Systems


Hand Portable and Semiportable Fire Extinguishing Systems

§108.491   General.

(a) Each portable and semi-portable fire extinguisher on a unit must be approved under subpart 162.028 or 162.039 of this chapter.

(b) Vessels contracted for prior to August 22, 2016 must meet the following requirements:

(1) Previously installed extinguishers with extinguishing capacities smaller than what is required in Table 108.495 of this subpart need not be replaced and may be continued in service so long as they are maintained in good condition to the satisfaction of the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection.

(2) All new equipment and installations must meet the applicable requirements in this subpart for new vessels.

[USCG-2012-0196, 81 FR 48266, July 22, 2016]

§108.493   Location.

(a) Each unit must have the hand portable and semiportable fire extinguishers prescribed in Table 108.495(a) of this subpart and installed in the locations prescribed in the table.

(b) Each portable and semi-portable fire extinguisher must be visible and readily accessible.

(c) The location, size, and number of each portable and semiportable fire extinguisher on a unit must be acceptable to the appropriate OCMI. The OCMI may require extinguishers in addition to those prescribed in Table 108.495(a) if he considers them necessary for fire protection on the unit.

(d) Each hand portable and semiportable fire extinguisher that has a nameplate which states that it is to be protected from freezing, must be located where freezing temperatures do not occur.

§108.495   Locations and number of fire extinguishers required.

Table 108.495 of this section indicates the minimum required number and type of fire extinguishers for each space listed. Extinguishers with larger numerical ratings or multiple letter designations may be used if the extinguishers meet the requirements of the table.

Table 108.495—Carriage of Portable Fire Extinguishers

SpaceMinimum required ratingQuantity and location
Safety Areas
Wheelhouse and control room20-B:C2 in the vicinity of the exit.
Stairway and elevator enclosureNone required.
Corridors2-A1 in each corridor not more than 150 ft (45 m) apart. (May be located in stairways.)
Lifeboat embarkation and lowering stationsNone required.
Radio room10-B:C2 in the vicinity of the exit.
Accommodations
Staterooms, toilet spaces, public spaces, offices, lockers, small storerooms, pantries, open decks, and similar spacesNone required.
Service Spaces
Galleys40-B:C1 for each 2,500 sq ft (232.2 sq m) or fraction thereof suitable for the hazards involved.
Paint and lamp rooms40:B1 outside each room in the vicinity of the exit.
Storerooms2-A1 for each 2,500 sq ft (232.2 sq m) or fraction thereof located in the vicinity of the exits, either inside or outside the spaces.
Workshop and similar spaces20B:C1 outside each space in the vicinity of the exit.
Machinery Spaces
Oil-fired boilers: Spaces containing oil-fired boilers, either main or auxiliary, or their fuel oil units40-B2 required in each space.
   160-B1 required in each space. See note 1.
Internal combustion or gas turbine propelling machinery spaces40-B1 for each 1,000 brake horsepower but not less than 2 and not more than 6 in each space.
   120-B1 required in each space. See note 1.
Motors or generators of electric propelling machinery that do not have an enclosed ventilating system40-B:C1 for each motor or generator.
Motors and generators of electric propelling machinery that have enclosed ventilating systemsNone required.
Auxiliary Spaces
Internal combustion engines or gas turbine40-BOutside the space containing engines or turbines in the vicinity of the exit.
Electric emergency motors or generators40-B:C1 outside the space containing motors or generators in the vicinity of the exit.
Steam driven auxiliary machineryNone required.
Trunks to machinery spacesNone required.
Fuel tanksNone required.
Miscellaneous Areas
Helicopter landing decks160-B1 at each access route.
Helicopter fueling facilities160-B1 at each fuel transfer facility. See note 2.
Drill floor40-B:C2 required.
Cranes with internal combustion engines40-B:C1 required.
Spare Units
   2-A10 percent of the total required rounded up.
   40-B:C10 percent of the total required rounded up.

1Not required where a fixed gas extinguishing system is installed.

2Not required where a fixed foam system is installed in accordance with §108.489 of this subpart.

[USCG-2012-0196, 81 FR 48266, July 22, 2016]

§108.496   Semi-portable fire extinguishers.

(a) The frame or support of each semi-portable fire extinguisher required by Table 108.495(a), except a wheeled semi-portable extinguisher provided for a helicopter landing deck, must be welded or otherwise permanently attached to a bulkhead or deck.

(b) If the following semi-portable fire extinguishers have wheels, they must be securely stowed when not in use to prevent them from rolling out of control under heavy sea conditions:

(1) Each extinguisher required for a helicopter landing deck.

(2) Each extinguisher that is not required by Table 108.495(a).

(c) Semi-portable extinguishers must be fitted with suitable hoses and nozzles, or other practicable means, so that all areas of the space can be protected.

[CGD 77-039, 44 FR 34133, June 14, 1979, as amended by USCG-2012-0196, 81 FR 48267, July 22, 2016]

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