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Title 27Chapter ISubchapter APart 20Subpart F → Subject Group


Title 27: Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms
PART 20—DISTRIBUTION AND USE OF DENATURED ALCOHOL AND RUM
Subpart F—Formulas and Statements of Process


General-Use Formulas

§20.111   General.

(a) Formula approval obtained on TTB Form 5150.19 is not required for an article made in accordance with any approved general-use formula that is specified in §§20.112 through 20.124, that is approved by the appropriate TTB officer as an alternate method, or that is published as a TTB Ruling on the TTB Web site at https://www.ttb.gov. However, a statement of process on TTB Form 5150.19 is still required in any of the circumstances described in §20.94.

(b) Any interested party may petition TTB for approval of a new general-use formula by submitting a letter describing the proposed general-use formula to the appropriate TTB officer.

(c) The manufacturer shall ensure that each finished article made pursuant to a general-use formula is unfit for beverage use and is incapable of being reclaimed or diverted to beverage use or internal human use.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1513-0061)

[T.D. ATF-199, 50 FR 9162, Mar. 6, 1985, as amended by T.D. TTB-140, 81 FR 59457, Aug. 30, 2016]

§20.112   Special industrial solvents general-use formula.

(a) A special industrial solvent is any article made with any other ingredients combined with the ingredients in the minimum ratios prescribed in this section. A special industrial solvent shall be made with S.D.A. Formula No. 1, 3A, or 3C containing, for every 100 parts (by volume) of S.D.A.:

(1) No less than 1 part (by volume) of one or any combination of the following: methyl isobutyl ketone, methyl n-butyl ketone, nitropropane (mixed isomers), propylene glycol monomethyl ether, or ethylene glycol monoethyl ether, and

(2) No less than 5 parts (by volume) of one or any combination of the following: ethyl acetate (equivalent to 85% ester content, as defined in §21.107 of this chapter), isopropyl alcohol, or methyl alcohol.

(b) Special industrial solvents are intended for use as ingredients or solvents in manufacturing processes and shall not be distributed through retail channels for sale as consumer commodities for personal or household use. When a special industrial solvent is used in the manufacture of an article for sale, sufficient ingredients shall be added to definitely change the composition and character of the special industrial solvent. A special industrial solvent shall not be reprocessed into another solvent intended for sale if the other solvent would contain more than 50% alcohol by volume.

[T.D. ATF-199, 50 FR 9162, Mar. 6, 1985, as amended by T.D. TTB-140, 81 FR 59457, Aug. 30, 2016]

§20.113   Proprietary solvents general-use formula.

A proprietary solvent made pursuant to this formula shall be made with alcohol denatured in accordance with S.D.A. Formula No. 1, 3-A, or 3-C and shall contain, for every 100 parts (by volume) of S.D.A.:

(a) No less than 1 part (by volume) of one or any combination of the following: Gasoline, unleaded gasoline, heptane, or rubber hydrocarbon solvent, and

(b) No less than 3 parts (by volume) of one or any combination of the following: Ethyl acetate (equivalent to 85 percent ester content, as defined in §21.107 of this chapter), methyl isobutyl ketone, methyl n-butyl ketone, tert-butyl alcohol, sec-butyl alcohol, nitropropane (mixed isomers), ethylene glycol monoethyl ether, or toluene.

[TD TTB-140, 81 FR 59457, Aug. 30, 2016]

§20.114   Tobacco flavor general-use formula.

This tobacco flavor general-use formula authorizes the production of any finished article made with alcohol denatured in accordance with S.D.A. Formula No. 4 or S.D.R. Formula No. 4 which—

(a) Contains flavors sufficient to ensure that the article is unfit for beverage or internal human use,

(b) May contain other ingredients, and

(c) Is packaged, labeled, and sold or used as a tobacco flavor only.

[T.D. ATF-199, 50 FR 9162, Mar. 6, 1985, as amended by T.D. TTB-140, 81 FR 59457, Aug. 30, 2016]

§20.115   Ink general-use formula.

This ink general-use formula authorizes the production of any finished article made with alcohol denatured in accordance with S.D.A. Formula No. 1, 3-A, 3-C, 13-A, 23-A, 30, 32, 35-A, or 40-B, which—

(a) Contains pigments, dyes, or dyestuffs, which, alone or in combination with solvents or other ingredients, are sufficient to ensure that the article is unfit for beverage use,

(b) May contain other ingredients, and

(c) Is packaged, labeled and sold or used as an ink.

[T.D. ATF-199, 50 FR 9162, Mar. 6, 1985, as amended by T.D. TTB-140, 81 FR 59457, Aug. 30, 2016]

§20.116   Low alcohol general-use formula.

This low alcohol general-use formula authorizes the production of any finished article containing not more than 5 percent alcohol by weight or volume. Articles containing no alcohol, or whose manufacture involves the recovery of S.D.S., shall be covered by a statement of process on TTB Form 5150.19 submitted under §20.94.

[T.D. TTB-140, 81 FR 59457, Aug. 30, 2016]

§20.117   Reagent alcohol general-use formula.

(a) General. Reagent alcohol must be made in accordance with paragraph (b) of this section and labeled in accordance with paragraph (c) of this section. Reagent alcohol is—

(1) Treated as an article if distributed and used in accordance with paragraph (d) of this section; or

(2) Treated as S.D.A. if distributed and used in accordance with paragraph (e) of this section.

(b) Formula. Reagent alcohol shall be made with 95 parts (by volume) of S.D.A. 3-A, and 5 parts (by volume) of isopropyl alcohol. Water may be added at the time of manufacture. Reagent alcohol shall not contain any ingredient other than those specified in this paragraph.

(c) Labeling. Each container of reagent alcohol, regardless of size, shall have affixed to it a label containing the following words that are as conspicuous as any other words on the container labels: “Reagent Alcohol: Specially Denatured Alcohol Formula 3-A, 95 parts by vol.; and Isopropyl Alcohol, 5 parts by vol.” If water is added at the time of manufacture, the label shall specify the composition of the product as diluted.

(d) Distribution and use of reagent alcohol as an article. Reagent alcohol is treated as an article if distributed exclusively for the purpose of scientific use. Only the following distributions of reagent alcohol are permitted under this paragraph:

(1) For scientific use. (i) In smaller containers. The manufacturer or repackager of the reagent alcohol, or an S.D.S. dealer, may distribute reagent alcohol in containers not exceeding four liters to laboratories or other persons who require reagent alcohol for scientific use.

(ii) In bulk containers. The manufacturer of the reagent alcohol, or an S.D.S. dealer, may distribute reagent alcohol in containers larger than four liters to a laboratory or other person requiring reagent alcohol for scientific use if that laboratory or person is qualified to receive bulk shipments of reagent alcohol on October 31, 2016 or has received, from the appropriate TTB officer, approval of a letterhead application containing the following information:

(A) The applicant's name, address, and permit number, if any;

(B) An explanation of the applicant's need for bulk quantities of reagent alcohol;

(C) A description of the security measures that will be taken to segregate reagent alcohol from denatured spirits or other alcohol that may be on the same premises; and

(D) A statement that the applicant will allow any appropriate TTB officer to inspect the applicant's premises.

(2) For repackaging. The manufacturer of the reagent alcohol, or an S.D.S. dealer, may distribute reagent alcohol in containers larger than 4 liters to the persons specified in this paragraph. Those persons must repackage the reagent alcohol in containers not exceeding 4 liters, label the smaller packages in accordance with paragraph (c) of this section, and redistribute them in accordance with paragraph (d)(1)(i) of this section. The persons to whom reagent alcohol may be distributed in bulk for repackaging under this paragraph are:

(i) A proprietor of a bona fide laboratory supply house; and

(ii) Any other person who was qualified to receive bulk shipments of reagent alcohol on October 31, 2016, or who has received, from the appropriate TTB officer, approval of a letterhead application containing all of the information required by paragraph (d)(1)(ii)(A) through (D), in addition to the following:

(A) A statement that the applicant will comply with the labeling, packaging, and distribution requirements of paragraphs (c) and (d)(1) of this section; and

(B) A statement that the applicant will comply with the requirements of §20.133.

(3) For redistribution. The manufacturer of the reagent alcohol, or an S.D.S. dealer, may distribute reagent alcohol in containers of any size to an S.D.S. dealer for redistribution in accordance with this section. An S.D.S. dealer distributing or redistributing reagent alcohol may repackage it in containers of any size permitted under this section that is necessary for the conduct of business.

(e) Distribution and use of reagent alcohol in manufacturing. Reagent alcohol is treated as S.D.A. if distributed for the purpose of manufacturing. The following requirements apply to reagent alcohol treated as S.D.A.:

(1) The manufacturer of the reagent alcohol, or an S.D.S. dealer, may distribute reagent alcohol in containers of any size to the persons specified in this paragraph for use in manufacturing.

(2) A person may receive reagent alcohol for use in manufacturing if the person:

(i) Holds a permit as an S.D.A. user;

(ii) Has received formula approval on TTB Form 5150.19 to use reagent alcohol in manufacturing; and

(iii) Treats the reagent alcohol as S.D.A., not an article.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1513-0061)

[T.D. TTB-140, 81 FR 59457, Aug. 30, 2016]

§20.118   Rubbing alcohol general-use formula.

(a) Rubbing alcohol is an article made with S.D.A. Formula No. 23-H (1) containing 70% ethyl alcohol by volume (2) made in accordance with one of the two formulas prescribed in paragraph (b) of this section, and (3) labeled in accordance with §20.134(e) of this part.

(b) Either of the following two formulas is approved for manufacturing rubbing alcohol:

Formula A
S.D.A. formula no. 23-H103.3 fl. oz.
Sucrose octa-acetate0.5 av.oz.
Waterq.s. 1 gallon.
(If desired, odorous, medicinal and/or colorative ingredients may be added.)
Formula B
S.D.A. formula no. 23-H103.3 fl. oz.
Benzyldiethyl (2: 6-xylylcarbamoyl methyl) ammonium benzoate (denatonium benzoate) 0.88 grains.
Waterq.s. 1 gallon.
(If desired, odorous, medicinal and/or colorative ingredients may be added.)

[T.D. ATF-199, 50 FR 9162, Mar. 6, 1985, as amended by T.D. TTB-140, 81 FR 59458, Aug. 30, 2016]

§20.119   Toilet preparations containing not less than 10% essential oils general-use formula.

This general-use formula describes an article containing not less than 10% essential oils by volume made with a formulation of S.D.A. authorized for that article on the following list:

ArticleProduct code No.Formula authorized
Bath preparations1421, 3-A, 3-B, 3-C, 23-A, 30, 36, 38-B, 39-B, 39-C, 40, 40-A, 40-B, 40-C.
Colognes12238-B, 39, 39-A, 39-B, 39-C, 40, 40-A, 40-B, 40-C.
Deodorants (body)11423-A, 38-B, 39-B, 39-C, 40, 40-A, 40-B, 40-C.
Hair and scalp preparations1113-B, 23-A, 23-F, 23-H, 37, 38-B, 39, 39-A, 39-B, 39-C, 39-D, 40, 40-A, 40-B, 40-C.
Lotions and creams (body, face, and hand)11323-A, 23-H, 31-A, 37, 38-B, 39, 39-B, 39-C, 40, 40-A, 40-B, 40-C.
Perfume materials (processing)12138-B, 39, 39-B, 39-C, 40, 40-A, 40-B, 40-C.
Perfumes and perfume tinctures12138-B, 39, 39-B, 39-C, 40, 40-A, 40-B, 40-C.
Shampoos1411, 3-A, 3-B, 3-C, 23-A, 27-B, 31-A, 36, 38-B, 39-A, 39-B, 40, 40-A, 40-B, 40-C.
Soaps, toilet1421, 3-A, 3-C, 23-A, 30, 36, 38-B, 39-B, 39-C, 40, 40-A, 40-B, 40-C.
Toilet waters12238-B, 39, 39-A, 39-B, 39-C, 40, 40-A, 40-B, 40-C.

[T.D. ATF-199, 50 FR 9162, Mar. 6, 1985; 50 FR 20099, May 14, 1985; T.D. TTB-140, 81 FR 59458, Aug. 30, 2016]

§20.120   Multi-purpose general-use formula.

TTB authorizes this general-use formula for the manufacture of any article that:

(a) Is made with alcohol denatured in accordance with S.D.A. Formula No. 1, 3-A, 13-A, 19, 23-A, 23-H, 30, 32, 35-A, 36, 37, 38-D, 40, 40-A, and/or 40-B, but no other specially denatured spirits formula;

(b) Conforms to one of the Use Codes specified in part 21 of this chapter authorized for the S.D.A. formulation(s) being used to make the article, other than Use Code 900, as described in part 21 of this chapter; and

(c) Contains sufficient additional ingredients, other than the denaturants prescribed for the applicable S.D.A. formula(s) —

(1) To definitely change the composition and character of the S.D.A. used to make the article, and

(2) To ensure that the finished article is unfit for beverage or other internal human use, and, unless approved under §20.193(b), is incapable of being reclaimed or diverted to beverage use or internal human use; and

(d) Does not conform to any other general-use formula provided in subpart F of this part.

[TD TTB-140, 81 FR 59458, Aug. 30, 2016]

§20.121   Vinegar general-use formula.

The vinegar general-use formula is a formula for making vinegar with alcohol denatured in accordance with S.D.A. Formula No. 18 in a process whereby all of the ethyl alcohol, except residual alcohol within the limit specified in §20.104, loses its identity by being converted to vinegar.

[TD TTB-140, 81 FR 59458, Aug. 30, 2016]

§20.122   S.D.A. 39-C general-use formula.

S.D.A. 39-C general-use formula is a formula for articles made with alcohol denatured in accordance with S.D.A. Formula No. 39-C. Articles made pursuant to this general-use formula shall contain, in each gallon of finished product, not less than 2 fl. oz. of perfume material (essential oils as defined in §21.11, isolates, aromatic chemicals, etc.). Unless approved with the endorsement “for export only,” all articles made with alcohol denatured in accordance with S.D.A. Formula No. 39-C must be made in accordance with this formula.

[TD TTB-140, 81 FR 59458, Aug. 30, 2016]

§20.123   Pressurized container general-use formula.

This general-use formula describes an article, made with alcohol denatured in accordance with S.D.A. Formula No. 40-C, that will be packaged in pressurized containers in which the liquid contents are in intimate contact with the propellant and from which the contents are not easily removable in liquid form.

[TD TTB-140, 81 FR 59458, Aug. 30, 2016]

§20.124   Duplicating fluid and ink solvent general-use formula.

(a) Duplicating fluids and ink solvents under this general-use formula shall be made with alcohol denatured in accordance with S.D.A. Formula No. 1, 3-A, 3-C, 13-A, 23-A, 30, 32, 35-A, or 40-B, and

(1) Shall contain, for every 100 parts (by volume) of denatured alcohol:

(i) No less than 1 part (by volume) of n-propyl acetate, and no less than 10 parts (by volume) of one or any combination of isopropyl alcohol or methyl alcohol; or

(ii) No less than 5 parts (by volume) of n-propyl acetate; and

(2) May contain additional ingredients.

(b) Duplicating fluids and ink solvents are intended for use in the printing industry, shall not be sold for general solvent use, and shall not be distributed through retail channels for sale as consumer commodities for personal or household use.

[TD TTB-140, 81 FR 59458, Aug. 30, 2016]

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