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Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

e-CFR data is current as of November 19, 2019

Title 50Chapter IISubchapter CPart 223Subpart A → §223.102


Title 50: Wildlife and Fisheries
PART 223—THREATENED MARINE AND ANADROMOUS SPECIES
Subpart A—General Provisions


§223.102   Enumeration of threatened marine and anadromous species.

(a) The table below identifies the species under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Commerce that have been determined to be threatened pursuant to section 4(a) of the Act, species treated as threatened because they are sufficiently similar in appearance to threatened species, and experimental populations of threatened species.

(b) The columns entitled “Common name,” “Scientific name,” and “Description of listed entity” define the species within the meaning of the Act. In the “Common name” column, experimental populations are identified as “XE” for essential populations or “XN” for nonessential populations. Species listed based on similarity of appearance are identified as “S/A.” Although a column for “Common name” is included, common names cannot be relied upon for identification of any specimen, because they may vary greatly in local usage. The “Scientific name” column provides the most recently accepted scientific name, relying to the extent practicable on the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. In cases in which confusion might arise, a synonym(s) will be provided in parentheses. The “Description of listed entity” column identifies whether the listed entity comprises the entire species, a subspecies, or a distinct population segment (DPS) and provides a description for any DPSs. Unless otherwise indicated in the “Description of listed entity” column, all individual members of the listed entity and their progeny retain their listing status wherever found, including individuals in captivity. Information regarding the general range of the species, subspecies, or DPS may be found in the Federal Register notice(s) cited in the “Citation(s) for listing determination(s)” column.

(c) The “Citation(s) for listing determination(s)” column provides reference to the Federal Register notice(s) determining the species' status under the Act. The abbreviation “(SPR)” (significant portion of its range) after a citation indicates that the species was listed based on its status in a significant portion of its range. If a citation does not include the “(SPR)” notation, it means that the species was listed based on its status throughout its entire range. For “(SPR)” listings, a geographical description of the SPR may be found in the referenced Federal Register notice. The “(SPR)” notation serves an informational purpose only and does not imply any limitation on the application of the prohibitions or restrictions of the Act or implementing rules.

(d) The “Critical habitat” and “ESA rules” columns provide cross-references to other sections in this part and part 226. The term “NA” appearing in the “Critical habitat” column indicates that there are no critical habitat designations for that species; similarly, the term “NA” appearing in the “ESA rules” column indicates that there are no ESA rules for that species. However, all other applicable rules in parts 222 through 226 and part 402 still apply to that species. Also, there may be other rules in this title that relate to such wildlife. The “ESA rules” column is not intended to list all Federal, state, tribal, or local governmental regulations that may apply to the species.

(e) The threatened species under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Commerce are:

Species1Citation(s) for listing
determination(s)
Critical
habitat
ESA rules
Common nameScientific nameDescription of listed entity
Marine Mammals
Dolphin, Hector'sCephalorhynchus hectori hectoriEntire subspecies82 FR 43701, Sept. 19, 2017NANA
Seal, bearded (Beringia DPS)Erignathus barbatus nauticusBearded seals originating from breeding areas in the Arctic Ocean and adjacent seas in the Pacific Ocean between 145° E. Long. (Novosibirskiye) and 130° W. Long., and east of 157° E. Long. or east of the Kamchatka Peninsula77 FR 76740, Dec. 28, 2012NANA.
Seal, bearded (Okhotsk DPS)Erignathus barbatus nauticusBearded seals originating from breeding areas in the Pacific Ocean west of 157° E. Long. or west of the Kamchatka Peninsula77 FR 76740, Dec. 28, 2012NANA.
Seal, Guadalupe furArctocephalus townsendiEntire species50 FR 51252, Dec. 16, 1985NA223.201.
Seal, ringed (Arctic subspecies)Phoca (=Pusa) hispida hispidaEntire subspecies77 FR 76706, Dec. 28, 2012NANA.
Seal, ringed (Baltic subspecies)Phoca (=Pusa) hispida botnicaEntire subspecies77 FR 76706, Dec. 28, 2012NANA.
Seal, ringed (Okhotsk subspecies)Phoca (=Pusa) hispida ochotensisEntire subspecies77 FR 76706, Dec. 28, 2012NANA.
Seal, spotted (Southern DPS)Phoca larghaSpotted seals originating from breeding areas in the Pacific Ocean south of 43° N. Lat75 FR 65239, Oct. 22, 2010NA223.212.
Whale, humpback (Mexico DPS)Megaptera novaeangliaeHumpback whales that breed or winter in the area of mainland Mexico and the Revillagigedos Islands, transit Baja California, or feed in the North Pacific Ocean, primarily off California-Oregon, northern Washington-southern British Columbia, northern and western Gulf of Alaska and East Bering Sea81 FR 62260, Sept. 8, 2016NA223.213.
Reptiles2
Sea turtle, green (Central North Pacific DPS)Chelonia mydasGreen sea turtles originating from the Central North Pacific Ocean, bounded by the following coordinates: 41° N., 169° E. in the northwest; 41° N., 143° W. in the northeast; 9° N., 125° W. in the southeast; and 9° N., 175° W. in the southwest81 FR 20058, Apr. 6, 2016NA223.205, 223.206, 223.207.
Sea turtle, green (East Indian-West Pacific DPS)Chelonia mydasGreen sea turtles originating from the Eastern Indian and Western Pacific Oceans, bounded by the following lines and coordinates: 41° N. Lat. in the north, 41° N., 146° E. in the northeast; 4.5° N., 129° E. in the southeast; along the southern coast of the island of New Guinea; along the western coast of Australia (west of 142° E. Long.); 40° S. Lat. in the south; and 84° E. Long. in the east81 FR 20058, Apr. 6, 2016NA223.205, 223.206, 223.207.
Sea turtle, green (East Pacific DPS)Chelonia mydasGreen sea turtles originating from the East Pacific Ocean, bounded by the following lines and coordinates: 41° N., 143° W. in the northwest; 41° N. Lat. in the north; along the western coasts of the Americas; 40° S. Lat. in the south; and 40° S., 96° W. in the southwest81 FR 20058, Apr. 6, 2016NA223.205, 223.206, 223.207.
Sea turtle, green (North Atlantic DPS)Chelonia mydasGreen sea turtles originating from the North Atlantic Ocean, bounded by the following lines and coordinates: 48° N. Lat. in the north, along the western coasts of Europe and Africa (west of 5.5° W. Long.); north of 19° N. Lat. in the east; bounded by 19° N., 65.1° W. to 14° N., 65.1° W. then 14° N., 77° W. in the south and west; and along the eastern coasts of the Americas (north of 7.5° N., 77° W.)81 FR 20058, Apr. 6, 2016226.208223.205, 223.206, 223.207.
Sea turtle, green (North Indian DPS)Chelonia mydasGreen sea turtles originating from the North Indian Ocean, bounded by: Africa and Asia in the west and north; 84° E. Long. in the east; and the equator in the south81 FR 20058, Apr. 6, 2016NA223.205, 223.206, 223.207.
Sea turtle, green (South Atlantic DPS)Chelonia mydasGreen sea turtles originating from the South Atlantic Ocean, bounded by the following lines and coordinates: Along the northern and eastern coasts of South America (east of 7.5° N., 77° W.); 14° N., 77° W. to 14° N., 65.1° W. to 19° N., 65.1° W. in the north and west; 19° N. Lat. in the northeast; 40° S., 19° E. in the southeast; and 40° S. Lat. in the south81 FR 20058, Apr. 6, 2016NA223.205, 223.206, 223.207.
Sea turtle, green (Southwest Indian DPS)Chelonia mydasGreen sea turtles originating from the Southwest Indian Ocean, bounded by the following lines: The equator to the north; 84° E. Long. to the east; 40° S. Lat. to the south; and 19° E. Long (and along the eastern coast of Africa) in the west81 FR 20058, Apr. 6, 2016NA223.205, 223.206, 223.207.
Sea turtle, green (Southwest Pacific DPS)Chelonia mydasGreen sea turtles originating from the Southwest Pacific Ocean, bounded by the following lines and coordinates: Along the southern coast of the island of New Guinea and the Torres Strait (east of 142° E Long.); 13° S., 171° E. in the northeast; 40° S., 176° E. in the southeast; and 40° S., 142° E. in the southwest81 FR 20058, Apr. 6, 2016NA223.205, 223.206, 223.207.
Sea turtle, loggerhead (Northwest Atlantic Ocean DPS)Caretta carettaLoggerhead sea turtles originating from the Northwest Atlantic Ocean north of the equator, south of 60° N. Lat., and west of 40° W. Long76 FR 58868, Sept. 22, 201117.95(c), 226.223223.205, 223.206, 223.207.
Sea turtle, loggerhead (South Atlantic Ocean DPS)Caretta carettaLoggerhead sea turtles originating from the South Atlantic Ocean south of the equator, north of 60° S. Lat., west of 20° E. Long., and east of 67° W. Long76 FR 58868, Sept. 22, 2011NA223.205, 223.206, 223.207.
Sea turtle, loggerhead (Southeast Indo-Pacific Ocean DPS)Caretta carettaLoggerhead sea turtles originating from the Southeast Indian Ocean south of the equator, north of 60° S. Lat., and east of 80° E. Long.; South Pacific Ocean south of the equator, north of 60° S. Lat., and west of 141° E. Long76 FR 58868, Sept. 22, 2011NA223.205, 223.206, 223.207.
Sea turtle, loggerhead (Southwest Indian Ocean DPS)Caretta carettaLoggerhead sea turtles originating from the Southwest Indian Ocean south of the equator, north of 60° S. Lat., east of 20° E. Long., and west of 80° E. Long76 FR 58868, Sept. 22, 2011NA223.205, 223.206, 223.207.
Sea turtle, olive ridleyLepidochelys olivaceaEntire species, except when listed as endangered under §224.10143 FR 32800, July 28, 1978NA223.205, 223.206, 223.207.
Fishes
Cardinalfish, BanggaiPterapogon kauderniEntire species81 FR 3023, Jan. 20, 2016NANA.
Coelacanth, African (Tanzanian DPS)Latimeria chalumnaeAfrican coelacanth population inhabiting deep waters off the coast of Tanzania81 FR 17398, Mar. 29, 2016NANA.
Eulachon (Southern DPS)Thaleichthys pacificusEulachon originating from the Skeena River in British Columbia south to and including the Mad River in northern California75 FR 13012, Mar. 18, 2010226.222NA.
Grouper, islandMycteroperca fuscaEntire species81 FR 72545, Oct. 20, 2016NANA.
Grouper, NassauEpinephelus striatusEntire species81 FR 42268, June 29, 2016NANA.
Guitarfish, blackchinRhinobatos cemciculusEntire species82 FR 6309, Jan. 19, 2017NANA.
Guitarfish, commonRhinobatos rhinobatosEntire species82 FR 6309, Jan. 19, 2017NANA.
Ray, giant mantaManta birostrisEntire species83 FR 2916, Jan. 22, 2018NANA
Rockfish, yelloweye (Puget Sound/Georgia Basin DPS)Sebastes ruberrimusYelloweye rockfish residing within the Puget Sound/Georgia Basin, inclusive of the Queen Charlotte Channel to Malcom Island, in a straight line between the western shores of Numas and Malcom Islands—N 50 5046, W 127 555 and N 50 3649, W 127 1017 The Western Boundary of the U.S. side in the Strait of Juan de Fuca is N 48 716, W123 1715 in a straight line to the Canadian side at N 48 2440, 123 173875 FR 22276, Apr. 28, 2010226.224NA.
Salmon, Chinook (California Coastal ESU)Oncorhynchus tshawytschaNaturally spawned Chinook salmon originating from rivers and streams south of the Klamath River to and including the Russian River70 FR 37160, June 28, 2005226.211223.203.
Salmon, Chinook (Central Valley spring-run ESU)Oncorhynchus tshawytschaNaturally spawned spring-run Chinook salmon originating from the Sacramento River and its tributaries. Also, spring-run Chinook salmon from the Feather River Hatchery Spring-run Chinook Program. This DPS does not include Chinook salmon that are designated as part of an experimental population70 FR 37160, June 28, 2005226.211223.203.
Salmon, Chinook (Central Valley spring-run ESU-XN)Oncorhynchus tshawytschaCentral Valley spring-run Chinook salmon only when, and at such times as, they are found in the San Joaquin River from Friant Dam downstream to its confluence with the Merced River, delineated by a line between decimal latitude and longitude coordinates: 37.348930° N., 120.975174° W. and 37.349099° N., 120.974749° W., as well as all sloughs, channels, floodways, and waterways connected with the San Joaquin River that allow for Central Valley spring-run Chinook salmon access, but excluding the Merced River. Also, Central Valley spring-run Chinook salmon when found in portions of the Kings River that connect with the San Joaquin River during high water years78 FR 79622, Dec. 31, 2013NA223.301.
Salmon, Chinook (Lower Columbia River ESU)Oncorhynchus tshawytschaNaturally spawned Chinook salmon originating from the Columbia River and its tributaries downstream of a transitional point east of the Hood and White Salmon Rivers, and any such fish originating from the Willamette River and its tributaries below Willamette Falls. Not included in this DPS are: (1) spring-run Chinook salmon originating from the Clackamas River; (2) fall-run Chinook salmon originating from Upper Columbia River bright hatchery stocks, that spawn in the mainstem Columbia River below Bonneville Dam, and in other tributaries upstream from the Sandy River to the Hood and White Salmon Rivers; (3) spring-run Chinook salmon originating from the Round Butte Hatchery (Deschutes River, Oregon) and spawning in the Hood River; (4) spring-run Chinook salmon originating from the Carson National Fish Hatchery and spawning in the Wind River; and (5) naturally spawning Chinook salmon originating from the Rogue River Fall Chinook Program. This DPS does include Chinook salmon from 15 artificial propagation programs: the Big Creek Tule Chinook Program; Astoria High School Salmon-Trout Enhancement Program (STEP) Tule Chinook Program; Warrenton High School STEP Tule Chinook Program; Cowlitz Tule Chinook Program; North Fork Toutle Tule Chinook Program; Kalama Tule Chinook Program; Washougal River Tule Chinook Program; Spring Creek National Fish Hatchery (NFH) Tule Chinook Program; Cowlitz Spring Chinook Program in the Upper Cowlitz River and the Cispus River; Friends of the Cowlitz Spring Chinook Program; Kalama River Spring Chinook Program; Lewis River Spring Chinook Program; Fish First Spring Chinook Program; and the Sandy River Hatchery (Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife Stock #11)70 FR 37160, June 28, 2005226.212223.203.
Salmon, Chinook (Puget Sound ESU)Oncorhynchus tshawytschaNaturally spawned Chinook salmon originating from rivers flowing into Puget Sound from the Elwha River (inclusive) eastward, including rivers in Hood Canal, South Sound, North Sound and the Strait of Georgia. Also, Chinook salmon from 26 artificial propagation programs: the Kendall Creek Hatchery Program; Marblemount Hatchery Program (spring subyearlings and summer-run); Harvey Creek Hatchery Program (summer-run and fall-run); Whitehorse Springs Pond Program; Wallace River Hatchery Program (yearlings and subyearlings); Tulalip Bay Program; Issaquah Hatchery Program; Soos Creek Hatchery Program; Icy Creek Hatchery Program; Keta Creek Hatchery Program; White River Hatchery Program; White Acclimation Pond Program; Hupp Springs Hatchery Program; Voights Creek Hatchery Program; Diru Creek Program; Clear Creek Program; Kalama Creek Program; George Adams Hatchery Program; Rick's Pond Hatchery Program; Hamma Hamma Hatchery Program; Dungeness/Hurd Creek Hatchery Program; Elwha Channel Hatchery Program; and the Skookum Creek Hatchery Spring-run Program70 FR 37160, June 28, 2005226.212223.203.
Salmon, Chinook (Snake River fall-run ESU)Oncorhynchus tshawytschaNaturally spawned fall-run Chinook salmon originating from the mainstem Snake River below Hells Canyon Dam and from the Tucannon River, Grande Ronde River, Imnaha River, Salmon River, and Clearwater River subbasins. Also, fall-run Chinook salmon from four artificial propagation programs: the Lyons Ferry Hatchery Program; Fall Chinook Acclimation Ponds Program; Nez Perce Tribal Hatchery Program; and the Oxbow Hatchery Program70 FR 37160, June 28, 2005226.205223.203.
Salmon, Chinook (Snake River spring/summer-run ESU)Oncorhynchus tshawytschaNaturally spawned spring/summer-run Chinook salmon originating from the mainstem Snake River and the Tucannon River, Grande Ronde River, Imnaha River, and Salmon River subbasins. Also, spring/summer-run Chinook salmon from 11 artificial propagation programs: the Tucannon River Program; Lostine River Program; Catherine Creek Program; Lookingglass Hatchery Program; Upper Grande Ronde Program; Imnaha River Program; Big Sheep Creek Program; McCall Hatchery Program; Johnson Creek Artificial Propagation Enhancement Program; Pahsimeroi Hatchery Program; and the Sawtooth Hatchery Program70 FR 37160, June 28, 2005226.205223.203.
Salmon, Chinook (Upper Willamette River ESU)Oncorhynchus tshawytschaNaturally spawned spring-run Chinook salmon originating from the Clackamas River and from the Willamette River and its tributaries above Willamette Falls. Also, spring-run Chinook salmon from six artificial propagation programs: the McKenzie River Hatchery Program (Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW) Stock #23); Marion Forks Hatchery/North Fork Santiam River Program (ODFW Stock #21); South Santiam Hatchery Program (ODFW Stock #24) in the South Fork Santiam River and Mollala River; Willamette Hatchery Program (ODFW Stock #22); and the Clackamas Hatchery Program (ODFW Stock #19)70 FR 37160, June 28, 2005226.212223.203.
Salmon, Chinook (Upper Columbia River spring-run ESU-XN)Oncorhynchus tshawytschaUpper Columbia River spring-run Chinook salmon only when, and at such times, as they are found in the mainstem or tributaries of the Okanogan River from the Canada-United States border to the confluence of the Okanogan River with the Columbia River, Washington79 FR 40004, July 11, 2014NA223.301.
Salmon, chum (Columbia River ESU)Oncorhynchus ketaNaturally spawned chum salmon originating from the Columbia River and its tributaries in Washington and Oregon. Also, chum salmon from two artificial propagation programs: the Grays River Program and the Washougal River Hatchery/Duncan Creek Program70 FR 37160, June 28, 2005226.212223.203.
Salmon, chum (Hood Canal summer-run ESU)Oncorhynchus ketaNaturally spawned summer-run chum salmon originating from Hood Canal and its tributaries as well as from Olympic Peninsula rivers between Hood Canal and Dungeness Bay (inclusive). Also, summer-run chum salmon from four artificial propagation programs: the Hamma Hamma Fish Hatchery Program; Lilliwaup Creek Fish Hatchery Program; Tahuya River Program; and the Jimmycomelately Creek Fish Hatchery Program70 FR 37160, June 28, 2005226.212223.203.
Salmon, coho (Lower Columbia River ESU)Oncorhynchus kisutchNaturally spawned coho salmon originating from the Columbia River and its tributaries downstream from the Big White Salmon and Hood Rivers (inclusive) and any such fish originating from the Willamette River and its tributaries below Willamette Falls. Also, coho salmon from 21 artificial propagation programs: the Grays River Program; Peterson Coho Project; Big Creek Hatchery Program (Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW) Stock #13); Astoria High School Salmon-Trout Enhancement Program (STEP) Coho Program; Warrenton High School STEP Coho Program; Cowlitz Type-N Coho Program in the Upper and Lower Cowlitz Rivers; Cowlitz Game and Anglers Coho Program; Friends of the Cowlitz Coho Program; North Fork Toutle River Hatchery Program; Kalama River Type-N Coho Program; Kalama River Type-S Coho Program; Lewis River Type-N Coho Program; Lewis River Type-S Coho Program; Fish First Wild Coho Program; Fish First Type-N Coho Program; Syverson Project Type-N Coho Program; Washougal River Type-N Coho Program; Eagle Creek National Fish Hatchery Program; Sandy Hatchery Program (ODFW Stock #11); and the Bonneville/Cascade/Oxbow Complex (ODFW Stock #14) Hatchery Program70 FR 37160, June 28, 2005226.212223.203.
Salmon, coho (Oregon Coast ESU)Oncorhynchus kisutchNaturally spawned coho salmon originating from coastal rivers south of the Columbia River and north of Cape Blanco. Also, coho salmon from one artificial propagation program: the Cow Creek Hatchery Program (Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife Stock #18)76 FR 35755, June 20, 2011226.212223.203.
Salmon, coho (Southern Oregon/Northern California Coast ESU)Oncorhynchus kisutchNaturally spawned coho salmon originating from coastal streams and rivers between Cape Blanco, Oregon, and Punta Gorda, California. Also, coho salmon from three artificial propagation programs: the Cole Rivers Hatchery Program (ODFW Stock #52); Trinity River Hatchery Program; and the Iron Gate Hatchery Program70 FR 37160, June 28, 2005226.210223.203.
Salmon, sockeye (Ozette Lake ESU)Oncorhynchus nerkaNaturally spawned sockeye salmon originating from the Ozette River and Ozette Lake and its tributaries. Also, sockeye salmon from two artificial propagation programs: the Umbrella Creek Hatchery Program; and the Big River Hatchery Program70 FR 37160, June 28, 2005226.212223.203.
Shark, narrownose smoothhoundMustelus schmittiEntire species82 FR 21722, May 10, 2017NANA
Shark, oceanic whitetipCarcharhinuss longimanusEntire species83 FR 4153, Jan. 30, 2018.NANA
Shark, scalloped hammerhead (Central & Southwest Atlantic DPS)Sphyrna lewiniScalloped hammerhead sharks originating from the Central & Southwest Atlantic Ocean, including all waters of the Caribbean Sea, the Bahamas' EEZ off the coast of Florida, the U.S. EEZ off Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Cuba's EEZ, and further delineated by the following boundary lines: bounded to the north by 28° N. lat., to the east by 30° W. long., and to the south by 36° S. lat79 FR 38214, July 3, 2014NANA.
Shark, scalloped hammerhead (Indo-West Pacific DPS)Sphyrna lewiniScalloped hammerhead sharks originating from the Indo-West Pacific Ocean, delineated by the following boundary lines: bounded to the south by 36° S. lat., to the west by 20° E. long., and to the north by 40° N. lat. In the east, the boundary line extends from 175° E. long. due south to 10° N. lat., then due east along 10° N. lat. to 150° W. long., then due south to 4° S. lat., then due east along 4° S. lat. to 130° W. long, and then extends due south along 130° W. long79 FR 38214, July 3, 2014NANA.
Steelhead (California Central Valley DPS)Oncorhynchus mykissNaturally spawned anadromous O. mykiss (steelhead) originating below natural and manmade impassable barriers from the Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers and their tributaries; excludes such fish originating from San Francisco and San Pablo Bays and their tributaries. This DPS does include steelhead from two artificial propagation programs: the Coleman National Fish Hatchery Program, and the Feather River Fish Hatchery Program71 FR 834, Jan. 5, 2006.226.211223.203.
Steelhead (Central California Coast DPS)Oncorhynchus mykissNaturally spawned anadromous O. mykiss (steelhead) originating below natural and manmade impassable barriers from the Russian River to and including Aptos Creek, and all drainages of San Francisco and San Pablo Bays eastward to Chipps Island at the confluence of the Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers. Also, steelhead from two artificial propagation programs: the Don Clausen Fish Hatchery Program, and the Kingfisher Flat Hatchery Program (Monterey Bay Salmon and Trout Project)71 FR 834, Jan. 5, 2006.226.211223.203.
Steelhead (Lower Columbia River DPS)Oncorhynchus mykissNaturally spawned anadromous O. mykiss (steelhead) originating below natural and manmade impassable barriers from rivers between the Cowlitz and Wind Rivers (inclusive) and the Willamette and Hood Rivers (inclusive); excludes such fish originating from the upper Willamette River basin above Willamette Falls. This DPS does include steelhead from seven artificial propagation programs: the Cowlitz Trout Hatchery Late Winter-run Program (Lower Cowlitz); Kalama River Wild Winter-run and Summer-run Programs; Clackamas Hatchery Late Winter-run Program (Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW) Stock #122); Sandy Hatchery Late Winter-run Program (ODFW Stock #11); Hood River Winter-run Program (ODFW Stock #50); and the Lewis River Wild Late-run Winter Steelhead Program71 FR 834, Jan. 5, 2006.226.212223.203.
Steelhead (Middle Columbia River DPS)Oncorhynchus mykissNaturally spawned anadromous O. mykiss (steelhead) originating below natural and manmade impassable barriers from the Columbia River and its tributaries upstream of the Wind and Hood Rivers (exclusive) to and including the Yakima River; excludes such fish originating from the Snake River basin. This DPS does include steelhead from seven artificial propagation programs: the Touchet River Endemic Program; Yakima River Kelt Reconditioning Program (in Satus Creek, Toppenish Creek, Naches River, and Upper Yakima River); Umatilla River Program (Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW) Stock #91); and the Deschutes River Program (ODFW Stock #66). This DPS does not include steelhead that are designated as part of an experimental population71 FR 834, Jan. 5, 2006.226.212223.203.
Steelhead (Middle Columbia River DPS-XN)Oncorhynchus mykissMiddle Columbia River steelhead only when, and at such times as, they are found above Round Butte Dam78 FR 2893, Jan. 15, 2013NA223.301.
Steelhead (Northern California DPS)Oncorhynchus mykissNaturally spawned anadromous O. mykiss (steelhead) originating below natural and manmade impassable barriers in California coastal river basins from Redwood Creek to and including the Gualala River71 FR 834, Jan. 5, 2006.226.211223.203.
Steelhead (Puget Sound DPS)Oncorhynchus mykissNaturally spawned anadromous O. mykiss (steelhead) originating below natural and manmade impassable barriers from rivers flowing into Puget Sound from the Elwha River (inclusive) eastward, including rivers in Hood Canal, South Sound, North Sound and the Strait of Georgia. Also, steelhead from six artificial propagation programs: the Green River Natural Program; White River Winter Steelhead Supplementation Program; Hood Canal Steelhead Supplementation Off-station Projects in the Dewatto, Skokomish, and Duckabush Rivers; and the Lower Elwha Fish Hatchery Wild Steelhead Recovery Program72 FR 26722, May 11, 2007226.212223.203.
Steelhead (Snake River Basin DPS)Oncorhynchus mykissNaturally spawned anadromous O. mykiss (steelhead) originating below natural and manmade impassable barriers from the Snake River basin. Also, steelhead from six artificial propagation programs: the Tucannon River Program; Dworshak National Fish Hatchery Program; Lolo Creek Program; North Fork Clearwater Program; East Fork Salmon River Program; and the Little Sheep Creek/Imnaha River Hatchery Program (Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife Stock #29)71 FR 834, Jan. 5, 2006.226.212223.203.
Steelhead (South-Central California Coast DPS)Oncorhynchus mykissNaturally spawned anadromous O. mykiss (steelhead) originating below natural and manmade impassable barriers from the Pajaro River to (but not including) the Santa Maria River71 FR 834, Jan. 5, 2006.226.211223.203.
Steelhead (Upper Columbia River DPS)Oncorhynchus mykissNaturally spawned anadromous O. mykiss (steelhead) originating below natural and manmade impassable barriers from the Columbia River and its tributaries upstream of the Yakima River to the U.S.-Canada border. Also, steelhead from six artificial propagation programs: the Wenatchee River Program; Wells Hatchery Program (in the Methow and Okanogan Rivers); Winthrop National Fish Hatchery Program; Omak Creek Program; and the Ringold Hatchery Program71 FR 834, Jan. 5, 2006.226.212223.203.
Steelhead (Upper Willamette River DPS)Oncorhynchus mykissNaturally spawned anadromous winter-run O. mykiss (steelhead) originating below natural and manmade impassable barriers from the Willamette River and its tributaries upstream of Willamette Falls to and including the Calapooia River71 FR 834, Jan. 5, 2006.226.212223.203.
Sturgeon, Atlantic (Atlantic subspecies; Gulf of Maine DPS)Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchusAnadromous Atlantic sturgeon originating from watersheds from the Maine/Canadian border and extending southward to include all associated watersheds draining into the Gulf of Maine as far south as Chatham, Massachusetts77 FR 5880, Feb. 6, 2012NA223.211.
Sturgeon, Atlantic (Gulf subspecies)Acipenser oxyrinchus desotoiEntire subspecies56 FR 49653, Sept. 30, 1991226.21417.44(v).
Sturgeon, green (Southern DPS)Acipenser medirostrisGreen sturgeon originating from the Sacramento River basin and from coastal rivers south of the Eel River (exclusive)71 FR 17757, Apr. 7, 2006; 71 FR 19241, Apr. 13, 2006226.219223.210.
Molluscs
Nautilus, chamberedNautilus pompiliusEntire species83 FR 48976, Sept. 28, 2018NANA
Corals
Coral, [no common name]Acropora globicepsEntire species79 FR 53852, Sept. 10, 2014.NANA.
Coral, [no common name]Acropora jacquelineaeEntire species79 FR 53852, Sept. 10, 2014NANA.
Coral, [no common name]Acropora lokaniEntire species79 FR 53852, Sept. 10, 2014NANA.
Coral, [no common name]Acropora pharaonisEntire species79 FR 53852, Sept. 10, 2014NANA.
Coral, [no common name]Acropora retusaEntire species79 FR 53852, Sept. 10, 2014NANA.
Coral, [no common name]Acropora rudisEntire species79 FR 53852, Sept. 10, 2014NANA.
Coral, [no common name]Acropora speciosaEntire species.79 FR 53852, Sept. 10, 2014NANA.
Coral, [no common name]Acropora tenellaEntire species.79 FR 53852, Sept. 10, 2014NANA.
Coral, [no common name]Anacropora spinosaEntire species79 FR 53852, Sept. 10, 2014NANA.
Coral, [no common name]Euphyllia paradivisaEntire species79 FR 53852, Sept. 10, 2014NANA.
Coral, [no common name]Isopora crateriformisEntire species.79 FR 53852, Sept. 10, 2014NANA.
Coral, [no common name]Montipora australiensisEntire species.79 FR 53852, Sept. 10, 2014NANA.
Coral, [no common name]Pavona diffluensEntire species79 FR 53852, Sept. 10, 2014NANA.
Coral, [no common name]Porites napoporaEntire species79 FR 53852, Sept. 10, 2014NANA.
Coral, [no common name]Seriatopora aculeataEntire species79 FR 53852, Sept. 10, 2014NANA.
Coral, boulder starOrbicella franksiEntire species79 FR 53852, Sept. 10, 2014NANA
Coral, elkhornAcropora palmataEntire species79 FR 53852, Sept. 10, 2014226.216223.208.
Coral, lobed starOrbicella annularisEntire species79 FR 53852, Sept. 10, 2014NANA.
Coral, mountainous starOrbicella faveolataEntire species79 FR 53852, Sept. 10, 2014NANA
Coral, pillarDendrogyra cylindrusEntire species79 FR 53852, Sept. 10, 2014NANA.
Coral, rough cactusMycetophyllia feroxEntire species79 FR 53852, Sept. 10, 2014NANA.
Coral, staghornAcropora cervicornisEntire species79 FR 53852, Sept. 10, 2014226.216223.208.
Marine Plants
Seagrass, Johnson'sHalophila johnsoniiEntire species63 FR 49035, Sept. 14, 1998226.213NA.

1Species includes taxonomic species, subspecies, distinct population segments (DPSs) (for a policy statement, see 61 FR 4722, February 7, 1996), and evolutionarily significant units (ESUs) (for a policy statement, see 56 FR 58612, November 20, 1991).

2Jurisdiction for sea turtles by the Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service, is limited to turtles while in the water.

[79 FR 20806, Apr. 14, 2014, as amended at 79 FR 38240, July 3, 2014; 79 FR 40015, July 11, 2014; 79 FR 54122, Sept. 10, 2014; 80 FR 7978, Feb. 13, 2015; 80 FR 60564, Oct. 7, 2015; 81 FR 3030, Jan. 20, 2016; 81 FR 9276, Feb. 24, 2016; 81 FR 17403, Mar. 29, 2016; 81 FR 20089, Apr. 6, 2016; 81 FR 42284, June 29, 2016; 81 FR 62319, Sept. 8, 2016; 81 FR 72549, Oct. 20, 2016; 82 FR 6316, Jan. 19, 2017; 82 FR 7719, Jan. 23, 2017; 82 FR 21740, May 10, 2017; 82 FR 43710, Sept. 19, 2017; 83 FR 2931, Jan. 22, 2018; 83 FR 4164, Jan. 30, 2018; 83 FR 48984, Sept. 28, 2018]

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