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Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

e-CFR data is current as of November 14, 2019

Title 50Chapter ISubchapter BPart 14Subpart I → §14.91


Title 50: Wildlife and Fisheries
PART 14—IMPORTATION, EXPORTATION, AND TRANSPORTATION OF WILDLIFE
Subpart I—Import/Export Licenses and Inspection Fees


§14.91   When do I need an import/export license?

(a) The Endangered Species Act (16 U.S.C. 1538(d)(1)) makes it unlawful for any person to engage in business as an importer or exporter of certain fish or wildlife without first having obtained permission from the Secretary. For the purposes of this subchapter, engage in business means to import or export wildlife for commercial purposes.

(b) Except as provided in §14.92, if you engage in the business of importing or exporting wildlife for commercial purposes (see §14.4), you must obtain an import/export license prior to importing or exporting your wildlife shipment.

(c) The following table includes some examples of when an import/export license is required:

If I import into the United States or export from the United States.  .  . do I need an import/export
license?
(1) Wildlife in the form of products such as garments, bags, shoes, boots, jewelry, rugs, trophies, or curios for commercial purposesYes.
(2) Wildlife in the form of hides, furs, or skins for commercial purposesYes.
(3) Wildlife in the form of food for commercial purposesYes.
(4) As an animal dealer, animal broker, pet dealer, or pet or laboratory supplierYes.
(5) As an individual owner of a personally owned live wildlife pet for personal useNo.
(6) As a collector or hobbyist for personal useNo.
(7) As a collector or hobbyist for commercial purposes, including sale, trade or barterYes.
(8) As a laboratory researcher or biomedical supplier for commercial purposesYes.
(9) As a customs broker or freight forwarder engaged in business as a dispatcher, handler, consolidator, or transporter of wildlife or if I file documents with the Service on behalf of othersNo.
(10) As a common carrier engaged in business as a transporter of wildlifeNo.
(11) As a taxidermist, outfitter, or guide importing or exporting my own hunting trophies for commercial purposesYes.
(12) As a taxidermist, outfitter, or guide transporting or shipping hunting trophies for clients or customersNo.
(13) As a U.S. taxidermist receiving a U.S. client's personal hunting trophies after import clearance for processingNo.
(14) As a U.S. taxidermist importing wildlife from or exporting wildlife to foreign owners who are requesting my servicesYes.
(15) As a foreign owner of wildlife exporting my personal hunting trophies from the United States to my homeNo.
(16) As a circus for exhibition or resale purposesYes.
(17) As a Federal, State, municipal, or tribal agencyNo.
(18) As a public museum, or public scientific or educational institution for noncommercial research or educational purposesNo.

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