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e-CFR data is current as of September 22, 2020

Title 46Chapter ISubchapter HPart 76Subpart 76.27 → §76.27-80


Title 46: Shipping
PART 76—FIRE PROTECTION EQUIPMENT
Subpart 76.27—Fire Detection and Alarm System, Details


§76.27-80   Installations contracted for on or after November 19, 1952 and prior to July 22, 2021.

Installations contracted for on or after November 19, 1952 and prior to July 22, 2021, must meet the following requirements:

(a) Location and spacing of detectors. (1) The detectors must be located close to the overhead in the space protected. Where prone to physical damage, the detector(s) must be suitably protected.

(2) Unless specifically approved otherwise, every point on the overhead of a protected space must be within 10 feet (3.05 meters) of a detector. Where beams or girders extend below the ceiling, or where the ceiling is installed at more than one level, the detectors must be so located as to be most effective.

(b) Operation and installation. (1) The system must be so arranged and installed that the presence of a fire in any of the protected spaces will be automatically registered visibly and audibly in the pilothouse or fire control station. The visible notice must indicate the zone in which the alarm originated. On vessels of more than 150 feet (45.72 meters) in length, there must also be an audible alarm in the engine room.

(2) The detectors, the fire detection cabinet, and alarms must be of an approved type.

(3) In general, the detectors must be rated not lower than 135 °F and not higher than 165 °F. However, in spaces where a high ambient temperature may be expected, detectors must be rated not lower than 175 °F and not higher than 225 °F.

(4) The fire detection system must be used for no other purpose, except that it may be integrated with the manual alarm system.

(5) All wiring and electrical circuits and equipment must meet the applicable requirements of 46 CFR chapter I, subchapter J (Electrical Engineering) of this chapter.

(6) A framed chart or diagram must be installed in the wheelhouse or control station adjacent to the detecting cabinet indicating the location of the various detecting zones and giving instructions for the operation, maintenance, and testing of the system. This chart, or a separate card or booklet to be kept near the chart, must have tabulated spaces for the date and signature of the licensed officer of the vessel who must witness or conduct the periodic tests.

(7) The audible alarms must be identified as required by §78.47-13 of this subchapter.

(c) Zoning. (1) The fire detection system must be divided into separate zones to restrict the area covered by any particular alarm signal.

(2) All spaces in a fire detection zone must be accessible from one to another without leaving the deck involved. All doors in watertight subdivision bulkheads and main vertical zone bulkheads must be assumed closed for the purpose of this requirement.

(3) The fire detection zone must not include spaces on more than one deck, except:

(i) Adjacent and communicating spaces on different decks at the ends of the vessel having a combined ceiling area of not more than 3,000 sq ft;

(ii) Isolated rooms or lockers in such spaces as mast houses, wheelhouse top, etc., which are easily communicable with the area of the fire detection circuit to which they are connected; and

(iii) Systems with indicators for individual spaces.

(4) The fire detection zone must not contain more than 50 protected rooms or spaces.

(d) Repair of existing systems. (1) If the status of the approval for the system is other than “Former—Do not use”, the system may be repaired by the following means:

(i) Repair in kind using the same components as installed and listed on the approved drawings;

(ii) Repair using equivalent components from the authorized component list for the type approval for that system;

(iii) Repair using equivalent components from the authorized component list for the type approval for another fire detection system, provided that the replacement devices are compatible with the installed system; and

(iv) Repair using devices that are currently type approved, provided that the replacement devices are compatible with the installed system.

(2) Any changes to the system that will result in the fire detection system not complying with the approved drawings require the drawings to be revised and submitted to the Marine Safety Center for review.

Table 76.27-80—Installations

SpaceDetecting systems
Safety Areas
Wheelhouse or fire-control roomNone required.1
Stairway and elevator enclosuresNone required.1
Communication corridorsNone required.1
Lifeboat embarkation and lowering stationsNone required.
Radio roomNone required.1
Accommodations
Staterooms, toilet spaces, isolated pantries, etcNone required.1
Offices, lockers, and isolated storeroomsElectric, pneumatic, or automatic sprinkling.1
Public spacesNone required with 20-minute patrol. Electric, pneumatic, or automatic sprinkling with 1 hour patrol.1
Open decks or enclosed promenadesNone required.
Service Spaces
GalleysNone required.1
Main pantriesNone required.1
Motion picture booths and film lockersElectric, pneumatic, or automatic sprinkling.12
Paint and lamp roomsSmoke detecting.3
Inaccessible baggage, mail, and specie rooms and storeroomsSmoke detecting.3
Accessible baggage, mail, and specie rooms and storeroomsElectric, pneumatic, or automatic sprinkling.
Refrigerated storeroomsNone required.
Carpenter, valet, photographic, and printing shops, sales rooms, etcElectric, pneumatic, or automatic sprinkling.
Machinery Spaces
Coal fired boilers: Bunker and boiler spaceNone required.
Oil fired boilers: Spaces containing oil fired boilers either main or auxiliary, their fuel oil service pumps, and/or such other fuel oil units as the heaters, strainers, valves, manifolds, etc., that are subject to the discharge pressure of the fuel oil service pumps, together with adjacent spaces to which oil can drainNone required.
Internal combustion or gas turbine propelling machinery spacesNone required.
Electric propulsive motors or generators of open typeNone required.
Enclosed ventilating systems for motors and generators of electric propelling machineryNone required.
Auxiliary spaces, internal combustion or gas turbineNone required.
Auxiliary spaces, electric motors or generatorsNone required.
Auxiliary spaces, steamNone required.
Trunks to machinery spacesNone required.
Fuel tanksNone required.
Cargo Spaces
Inaccessible during voyage (combustible cargo), including trunks (excluding tanks)Smoke detecting.
Accessible during voyage (combustible cargo)Smoke detecting, electric, pneumatic or automatic sprinkling.
Vehicular deck (except where no overhead deck is 30 feet (9.14 meters) in length or less)None required.
Cargo oil tanksNone required.
Specially suitable for vehiclesSmoke detecting, electric, pneumatic or automatic sprinkling.

1Vessels of 100 GT or more contracted for on or before May 27, 1936, and having combustible joiner work must be fitted with an automatic sprinkler system, except in relatively incombustible spaces.

2Sprinkler heads may be attached to a sanitary system provided electrical or pneumatic detecting is installed.

3On vessels contracted for prior to January 1, 1962, a steam smothering system may be accepted. However, although existing steam smothering systems may be repaired, replaced, or extended, no new system contracted for on or after January 1, 1962, will be permitted.

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