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e-CFR data is current as of November 24, 2020

Title 40Chapter ISubchapter NPart 464Subpart C → §464.31


Title 40: Protection of Environment
PART 464—METAL MOLDING AND CASTING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY
Subpart C—Ferrous Casting Subcategory


§464.31   Specialized definitions.

For the purpose of this subpart:

(a) Total Toxic Organics (TTO). TTO is a regulated parameter under PSES (§464.35) and PSNS (§464.36) for the ferrous subcategory and is comprised of a discrete list of toxic organic pollutants for each process segment where it is regulated, as follows:

(1) Casting Quench (§464.35(b) and §464.36(b)):

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

(2) Dust Collection Scrubber (§464.35(c) and §464.36(b)):

1. acenaphthene

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

31. 2,4-dichlorophenol

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

39. fluoranthene

44. methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

55. naphthalene

64. pentachlorophenol

65. phenol

66. bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate

67. butyl benzyl phthalate

68. di-n-butyl phthalate

70. diethyl phthalate

71. dimethyl phthalate

72. benzo (a)anthracene (1,2-benzanthracene)

76. chrysene

77. acenaphthylene

78. anthracene

80. fluorene

81. phenanthrene

84. pyrene

(3) Investment Casting (§464.35(e) and §464.36(e)):

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

44. methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

66. bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

77. acenaphthylene

84. pyrene

(4) Melting Furnace Scrubber (§464.35(f) and §464.36(f)):

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

31. 2,4-dichlorophenol

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

39. fluoranthene

44. methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

55. naphthalene

65. phenol

66. bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

67. butyl benzyl phthalate

68. di-n-butyl phthalate

72. benzo (a)anthracene (1,2-benzanthracene)

76. chrysene

77. acenaphthylene

78. anthracene

80. fluorene

81. phenanthrene

84. pyrene

(5) Mold Cooling (§464.35(g) and §464.36(g)):

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

(6) Slag Quench (§464.35(h) and §464.36(h)):

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

71. dimethyl phthalate

(7) Wet Sand Reclamation (§464.35(i) and §464.36(i)):

1. acenaphthene

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

39. fluoranthene

44. methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

55. naphthalene

65. phenol

66. bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

68. di-n-butyl phthalate

70. diethyl phthalate

71. dimethyl phthalate

72. benzo(a)anthracene (1,2-benzanthracene)

77. acenaphthylene

84. pyrene

(b) Cast Iron. An iron containing carbon in excess of the solubility in the austentite that exists in the alloy at the eutectic temperature. Cast iron also is defined here to include any iron-carbon alloys containing 1.2 percent or more carbon by weight.

(c) Ductile Iron. A cast iron that has been treated while molten with a master alloy containing an element such as magnesium or cerium to induce the formation of free graphite as nodules or spherules, which imparts a measurable degree of ductility to the cast metal.

(d) Gray Iron. A cast iron that gives a gray fracture due to the presence of flake graphite.

(e) Malleable Iron. A cast iron made by a prolonged anneal of white cast iron in which decarburization or graphitization, or both, take place to eliminate some or all of the cementite. Graphite is present in the form of temper carbon.

(f) Steel. An iron-base alloy containing carbon, manganese, and often other alloying elements. Steel is defined here to include only those iron-carbon alloys containing less than 1.2 percent carbon by weight.

(g) The “primary metal cast” shall mean the metal that is poured in the greatest quantity at an individual plant.

(h) Multiple Ferrous Melting Furnace Scrubber Configuration. A multiple ferrous melting furnace scrubber configuration is a configuration where two or more discrete wet scrubbing devices are employed in series in a single melting furnace exhaust gas stream. The ferrous melting furnace scrubber mass allowance shall be given to each discrete wet scrubbing device that has an associated wastewater discharge in a multiple ferrous melting furnace scrubber configuration. The mass allowance for each discrete wet scrubber shall be identical and based on the air flow of the exhaust gas stream that passes through the multiple scrubber configuration.

(i) Discrete Wet Scrubbing Device. A discrete wet scrubbing device is a distinct, stand-alone device that removes particulates and fumes from a contaminated gas stream by bringing the gas stream into contact with a scrubber liquor, usually water, and from which there is a wastewater discharge. Examples of discrete wet scrubbing devices are: Spray towers and chambers, venturi scrubbers (fixed and variable), wet caps, packed bed scrubbers, quenchers, and orifice scrubbers. Semi-wet scrubbing devices where water is added and totally evaporates prior to dry air pollution control are not considered to be discrete wet scrubbing devices. Ancillary scrubber operations such as fan washes and backwashes are not considered to be discrete wet scrubber devices. These ancillary operations are covered by the mass limitations of the associated scrubber. Aftercoolers are not considered to be discrete wet scrubbing devices, and water discharges from aftercooling are not regulated as a process wastewater in this category.

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