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e-CFR data is current as of November 24, 2020

Title 40Chapter ISubchapter NPart 464Subpart B → §464.23


Title 40: Protection of Environment
PART 464—METAL MOLDING AND CASTING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY
Subpart B—Copper Casting Subcategory


§464.23   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable, except that non-continuous dischargers shall not be subject to the maximum day and maximum for monthly average mass (kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of metal poured; kg/62.3 million Sm3 or lb/billion SCF of air scrubbed) effluent limitations for copper, lead, zinc, and total phenols. For non-continuous discharges, annual average mass limitations and maximum day and maximum for monthly average concentration (mg/l) limitations shall apply. Concentration limitations and annual average mass limitations shall only apply to non-continuous dischargers.

(a) Casting Quench Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.0307.0168
Lead (T)0.0211.0104
Zinc (T)0.0303.0116
   Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.0068
Lead (T)0.530.260.006
Zinc (T)0.760.290.0072

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (4.8/x) where x is the actual normalized process waste-water flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(b) Direct Chill Casting Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.9280.506
Lead (T)0.6390.314
Zinc (T)0.9160.35
   Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.205
Lead (T)0.530.260.181
Zinc (T)0.760.290.217

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (145/x) where x is the actual normalized process waste-water flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(c) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)0.5530.301
Lead (T)0.380.187
Zinc (T)0.5450.208
Total phenols0.6170.215
   Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average Annual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.122
Lead (T)0.530.260.108
Zinc (T)0.760.290.129
Total phenols0.860.30.144

1kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.086/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

(d) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to navigable waters.

(e) Investment Casting.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
   kg/1000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)8.484.63
Lead (T)5.842.86
Zinc (T)8.373.19
   Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average Annual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.421.87
Lead (T)0.530.261.65
Zinc (T)0.760.291.98

1kg/1000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1,320/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(f) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed
Copper (T)1.810.988
Lead (T)1.250.612
Zinc (T)1.790.673
Total phenols2.020.706
   Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.4
Lead (T)0.530.260.353
Zinc (T)0.760.290.424
Total phenols0.860.30.471

1kg/62.3 million Sm3 (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.282/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

(g) Mold Cooling Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
   kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured
Copper (T)0.3920.214
Lead (T)0.270.132
Zinc (T)0.3870.148
   Maximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly averageAnnual average1
   (mg/l)2(mg/l)2
Copper (T)0.770.420.0865
Lead (T)0.530.260.0763
Zinc (T)0.760.290.0916

1kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

2These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (61/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21761, June 16, 1986]

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