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Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

e-CFR data is current as of December 10, 2019

Title 40Chapter ISubchapter NPart 461Subpart C → §461.34


Title 40: Protection of Environment
PART 461—BATTERY MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY
Subpart C—Lead Subcategory


§461.34   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).

(a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7 and 403.13, any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the pretreatment standards for existing sources listed below:

(1) Subpart C—Open Formation—Dehydrated—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper3.191.68
Lead0.710.34

(2) Subpart C—Open Formation—Wet—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.1000.053
Lead0.0220.010

(3) Subpart C—Plate Soak—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.0390.021
Lead0.0080.004

(4) Subpart C—Battery Wash—(Detergent)—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant PropertyMaximum for any 1 Day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper1.710.90
Lead0.380.18

(5) Subpart C—Direct Chill Lead Casting—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.00040.0002
Lead0.000080.00004

(6) Subpart C—Mold Release Formulation—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.0110.006
Lead0.0020.001

(7) Subpart C—Truck Wash—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead in trucked batteries
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead in trucked batteries
Copper0.0260.014
Lead0.0050.002

(8) Subpart C—Laundry—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.210.11
Lead0.050.02

(9) Subpart C—Miscellaneous Wastewater Streams—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.580.31
Lead0.130.06

(b) There shall be no discharge allowance for process wastewater pollutants from any battery manufacturing operation other than those battery manufacturing operations listed above.

(c)(1) In cases where battery employee shower wastewater containing concentrations of lead exceeding 0.20 mg/l is combined with process wastewaters prior to treatment, the Control Authority may, for purposes of applying the Combined Wastestream Formula under §403.6(e) of this chapter, notwithstanding the provisions of §403.6(e), exercise its discretion and classify battery employee shower wastewater as an unregulated rather than a dilute (FD) wastestream.

(2) Before the Control Authority may exercise its discretion to classify such a stream as an unregulated stream, the battery manufacturer must provide engineering, production, and sampling and analysis information sufficient to allow a determination by the Control Authority on how the stream should be classified.

[49 FR 9134, Mar. 9, 1984, as amended at 51 FR 30816, Aug. 28, 1986]

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