e-CFR banner

Home
gpo.gov
govinfo.gov

e-CFR Navigation Aids

Browse

Simple Search

Advanced Search

 — Boolean

 — Proximity

 

Search History

Search Tips

Corrections

Latest Updates

User Info

FAQs

Agency List

Incorporation By Reference

eCFR logo

Related Resources

 

Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

e-CFR data is current as of December 5, 2019

Title 40Chapter ISubchapter NPart 461Subpart A → §461.12


Title 40: Protection of Environment
PART 461—BATTERY MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY
Subpart A—Cadmium Subcategory


§461.12   Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).

(a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable:

(1) Subpart A—Electrodeposited Anodes.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cadmium
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cadmium
Cadmium11.955.27
Nickel67.4944.64
Zinc51.3221.44
Cobalt7.383.16

(2) Subpart A—Impregnated Anodes.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cadmium
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cadmium
Cadmium68.030.0
Nickel384.0254.0
Zinc292.0122.0
Cobalt42.018.0

(3) Subpart A—Nickel Electrodeposited Cathodes.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of nickel applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of nickel applied
Cadmium11.224.95
Nickel63.3641.91
Zinc48.1820.13
Cobalt6.932.97

(4) Subpart A—Nickel Impregnated Cathodes.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of nickel applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of nickel applied
Cadmium68.030.0
Nickel384.0254.0
Zinc292.0122.0
Cobalt42.018.0

(5) Subpart A—Miscellaneous Wastewater Streams.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cells produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cells produced
Cadmium0.790.35
Nickel4.472.96
Zinc3.401.42
Cobalt0.490.21

(6) Subpart A—Cadmium Powder Production.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cadmium powder produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cadmium powder produced
Cadmium2.230.99
Nickel12.618.34
Zinc9.594.01
Cobalt1.380.59

(7) Subpart A—Silver Powder Production.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver powder produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver powder produced
Cadmium1.090.48
Nickel6.164.08
Silver1.320.55
Zinc4.691.96
Cobalt0.670.29

(8) Subpart A—Cadmium Hydroxide Production.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cadmium used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cadmium used
Cadmium0.050.02
Nickel0.270.18
Zinc0.200.09
Cobalt0.030.01

(9) Subpart A—Nickel Hydroxide Production.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of nickel used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of nickel used
Cadmium5.612.48
Nickel31.6820.96
Zinc24.0910.07
Cobalt3.471.49

(b) There shall be no discharge allowance for process wastewater pollutants from any battery manufacturing operation other than those battery manufacturing operations listed above.

Need assistance?