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Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

e-CFR data is current as of December 4, 2019

Title 40Chapter ISubchapter NPart 435Subpart D → §435.43


Title 40: Protection of Environment
PART 435—OIL AND GAS EXTRACTION POINT SOURCE CATEGORY
Subpart D—Coastal Subcategory


§435.43   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30-125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT):

BAT Effluent Limitations

Stream Pollutant parameter BAT effluent limitations
Produced Water:
(A) All coastal areas except Cook InletNo discharge.
(B) Cook InletOil & GreaseThe maximum for any one day shall not exceed 42 mg/l, and the 30-day average shall not exceed 29 mg/l.
Drilling Fluids, Drill Cuttings, and Dewatering Effluent:1
(A) All coastal areas except Cook InletNo discharge.
(B) Cook Inlet:
Water-based drilling fluids, drill cuttings, and dewatering effluentSPP ToxicityMinimum 96-hour LC50. of the SPP Toxicity Test4 shall be 3% by volume.
   Free oilNo discharge.2
   Diesel oilNo discharge.
   Mercury1 mg/kg dry weight maximum in the stock barite.
   Cadmium3 mg/kg dry weight maximum in the stock barite.
Non-aqueous drilling fluids and dewatering effluent   No discharge.
Drill cuttings associated with non-aqueous drilling fluids   No discharge.5
Well Treatment, Workover and Completion Fluids:
(A) All coastal areas except Cook InletNo discharge.
(B) Cook InletOil & GreaseThe maximum for any one day shall not exceed 42 mg/l, and the 30-day average shall not exceed 29 mg/l.
Produced SandNo discharge.
Deck DrainageFree Oil3No discharge.
Domestic WasteFoamNo discharge.

1BAT limitations for dewatering effluent are applicable prospectively, BAT limitations in this rule are not applicable to discharges of dewatering effluent from reserve pits which as of the effective date of this rule no longer receive drilling fluids and drill cuttings. Limitations on such discharges shall be determined by the NPDES permit issuing authority.

2As determined by the static sheen test. See §435.41(ff).

3As determined by the presence of a film or sheen upon or a discoloration of the surface of the receiving water (visual sheen).

4As determined by the suspended particulate phase (SPP) toxicity test. See §435.41(ee).

5When Cook Inlet operators cannot comply with this no discharge requirement due to technical limitations (see appendix 1 of subpart D of this part), Cook Inlet operators shall meet the same stock limitations (C16-C18 internal olefin) and discharge limitations for drill cuttings associated with non-aqueous drilling fluids for operators in Offshore waters (see §435.13) in order to discharge drill cuttings associated with non-aqueous drilling fluids.

[61 FR 66125, Dec. 16, 1996; 62 FR 1681, Jan. 13, 1997, as amended at 66 FR 6917, Jan. 22, 2001; 77 FR 29846, May 18, 2012]

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