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e-CFR data is current as of January 14, 2021

Title 40Chapter ISubchapter DPart 141Subpart W → §141.711


Title 40: Protection of Environment
PART 141—NATIONAL PRIMARY DRINKING WATER REGULATIONS
Subpart W—Enhanced Treatment for Cryptosporidium


§141.711   Filtered system additional Cryptosporidium treatment requirements.

(a) Filtered systems must provide the level of additional treatment for Cryptosporidium specified in this paragraph based on their bin classification as determined under §141.710 and according to the schedule in §141.713.

If the system bin classification is .  .  .And the system uses the following filtration treatment in full compliance with subparts H, P, and T of this part (as applicable), then the additional Cryptosporidium treatment requirements are .  .  .
Conventional filtration treatment
(including softening)
Direct filtration Slow sand or diatomaceous earth filtration Alternative filtration technologies
Bin 1No additional treatmentNo additional treatmentNo additional treatmentNo additional treatment.
Bin 21-log treatment1.5-log treatment1-log treatment(1)
Bin 32-log treatment2.5-log treatment2-log treatment(2)
Bin 42.5-log treatment3-log treatment2.5-log treatment(3)

1As determined by the State such that the total Cryptosporidium removal and inactivation is at least 4.0-log.

2As determined by the State such that the total Cryptosporidium removal and inactivation is at least 5.0-log.

3As determined by the State such that the total Cryptosporidium removal and inactivation is at least 5.5-log.

(b)(1) Filtered systems must use one or more of the treatment and management options listed in §141.715, termed the microbial toolbox, to comply with the additional Cryptosporidium treatment required in paragraph (a) of this section.

(2) Systems classified in Bin 3 and Bin 4 must achieve at least 1-log of the additional Cryptosporidium treatment required under paragraph (a) of this section using either one or a combination of the following: bag filters, bank filtration, cartridge filters, chlorine dioxide, membranes, ozone, or UV, as described in §§141.716 through 141.720.

(c) Failure by a system in any month to achieve treatment credit by meeting criteria in §§141.716 through 141.720 for microbial toolbox options that is at least equal to the level of treatment required in paragraph (a) of this section is a violation of the treatment technique requirement.

(d) If the State determines during a sanitary survey or an equivalent source water assessment that after a system completed the monitoring conducted under §141.701(a) or §141.701(b), significant changes occurred in the system's watershed that could lead to increased contamination of the source water by Cryptosporidium, the system must take actions specified by the State to address the contamination. These actions may include additional source water monitoring and/or implementing microbial toolbox options listed in §141.715.

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