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Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

e-CFR data is current as of November 14, 2019

Title 40Chapter ISubchapter CPart 98Subpart S → §98.193


Title 40: Protection of Environment
PART 98—MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING
Subpart S—Lime Manufacturing


§98.193   Calculating GHG emissions.

You must calculate and report the annual process CO2 emissions from all lime kilns combined using the procedure in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section.

(a) If all lime kilns meet the conditions specified in §98.33(b)(4)(ii) or (iii), you must calculate and report under this subpart the combined process and combustion CO2 emissions from all lime kilns by operating and maintaining a CEMS to measure CO2 emissions according to the Tier 4 Calculation Methodology specified in §98.33(a)(4) and all associated requirements for Tier 4 in subpart C of this part (General Stationary Fuel Combustion Sources).

(b) If CEMS are not required to be used to determine CO2 emissions from all lime kilns under paragraph (a) of this section, then you must calculate and report the process and combustion CO2 emissions from the lime kilns by using the procedures in either paragraph (b)(1) or (b)(2) of this section.

(1) Calculate and report under this subpart the combined process and combustion CO2 emissions from all lime kilns by operating and maintaining a CEMS to measure CO2 emissions from all lime kilns according to the Tier 4 Calculation Methodology specified in §98.33(a)(4) and all associated requirements for Tier 4 in subpart C of this part (General Stationary Fuel Combustion Sources).

(2) Calculate and report process and combustion CO2 emissions from all lime kilns separately using the procedures specified in paragraphs (b)(2)(i) through (viii) of this section.

(i) You must calculate a monthly emission factor for each type of lime produced using Equation S-1 of this section. Calcium oxide and magnesium oxide content must be analyzed monthly for each lime product type that is produced:

eCFR graphic er30oc09.073.gif

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Where:

EFLIME,i,n = Emission factor for lime type i, for month n (metric tons CO2/ton lime).

SRCaO = Stoichiometric ratio of CO2 and CaO for calcium carbonate [see Table S-1 of this subpart] (metric tons CO2/metric tons CaO).

SRMgO = Stoichiometric ratio of CO2 and MgO for magnesium carbonate (See Table S-1 of this subpart) (metric tons CO2/metric tons MgO).

CaOi,n = Calcium oxide content for lime type i, for month n, determined according to §98.194(c) (metric tons CaO/metric ton lime).

MgOi,n = Magnesium oxide content for lime type i, for month n, determined according to §98.194(c) (metric tons MgO/metric ton lime).

2000/2205 = Conversion factor for tons to metric tons.

(ii) You must calculate a monthly emission factor for each type of calcined byproduct or waste sold (including lime kiln dust) using Equation S-2 of this section:

eCFR graphic er30oc09.074.gif

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Where:

EFLKD,i,n = Emission factor for calcined lime byproduct/waste type i sold, for month n (metric tons CO2/ton lime byproduct).

SRCaO = Stoichiometric ratio of CO2 and CaO for calcium carbonate (see Table S-1 of this subpart((metric tons CO2/metric tons CaO).

SRMgO = Stoichiometric ratio of CO2 and MgO for magnesium carbonate (See Table S-1 of this subpart) (metric tons CO2/metric tons MgO).

CaOLKD,i,n = Calcium oxide content for calcined lime byproduct/waste type i sold, for month n (metric tons CaO/metric ton lime).

MgOLKD,i,n = Magnesium oxide content for calcined lime byproduct/waste type i sold, for month n (metric tons MgO/metric ton lime).

2000/2205 = Conversion factor for tons to metric tons.

(iii) You must calculate the annual CO2 emissions from each type of calcined byproduct or waste that is not sold (including lime kiln dust and scrubber sludge) using Equation S-3 of this section:

eCFR graphic er30oc09.075.gif

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Where:

Ewaste,i = Annual CO2 emissions for calcined lime byproduct or waste type i that is not sold (metric tons CO2).

SRCaO = Stoichiometric ratio of CO2 and CaO for calcium carbonate (see Table S-1 of this subpart) (metric tons CO2/metric tons CaO).

SRMgO = Stoichiometric ratio of CO2 and MgO for magnesium carbonate (See Table S-1 of this subpart) (metric tons CO2/metric tons MgO).

CaOwaste,i = Calcium oxide content for calcined lime byproduct or waste type i that is not sold (metric tons CaO/metric ton lime).

MgOwaste,i = Magnesium oxide content for calcined lime byproduct or waste type i that is not sold (metric tons MgO/metric ton lime).

Mwaste,i = Annual weight or mass of calcined byproducts or wastes for lime type i that is not sold (tons).

2000/2205 = Conversion factor for tons to metric tons.

(iv) You must calculate annual CO2 process emissions for all lime kilns using Equation S-4 of this section:

eCFR graphic er30oc09.076.gif

View or download PDF

Where:

ECO2 = Annual CO2 process emissions from lime production from all lime kilns (metric tons/year).

EFLIME,i,n = Emission factor for lime type i produced, in calendar month n (metric tons CO2/ton lime) from Equation S-1 of this section.

MLIME,i,n = Weight or mass of lime type i produced in calendar month n (tons).

EFLKD,i,n = Emission factor of calcined byproducts or wastes sold for lime type i in calendar month n, (metric tons CO2/ton byproduct or waste) from Equation S-2 of this section.

MLKD,i,n = Monthly weight or mass of calcined byproducts or waste sold (such as lime kiln dust, LKD) for lime type i in calendar month n (tons).

Ewaste,i = Annual CO2 emissions for calcined lime byproduct or waste type i that is not sold (metric tons CO2) from Equation S-3 of this section.

t = Number of lime types produced

b = Number of calcined byproducts or wastes that are sold.

z = Number of calcined byproducts or wastes that are not sold.

(v) Calculate and report under subpart C of this part (General Stationary Fuel Combustion Sources) the combustion CO2 emissions from each lime kiln according to the applicable requirements in subpart C.

(vi) You must calculate an annual average emission factor for each type of lime product produced using Equation S-5 of this section.

eCFR graphic er09de16.008.gif

View or download PDF

Where:

EFLIME,i,avg = Annual average emission factor for lime type i, (metric tons CO2/ton lime)

EFLIME,i,n = Emission factor for lime type i, for calendar month n (metric tons CO2/ton lime) from Equation S-1 of this section.

n = Number of calendar months with calculated EFLIME,i,n value used to calculate annual emission factor.

(vii) You must calculate an annual average emission factor for each type of calcined byproduct/waste by lime type that is sold using Equation S-6 of this section.

eCFR graphic er09de16.009.gif

View or download PDF

Where:

EFLKD,i,avg = Annual average emission factor for calcined lime byproduct/waste type i sold (metric tons CO2/ton lime byproduct).

EFLKD,i,n = Emission factor for calcined lime byproduct/waste type i sold, for calendar month n (metric tons CO2/ton lime byproduct) from Equation S-2 of this section.

n = Number of calendar months with calculated EFLKD,i,n value used to calculate annual emission factor.

(viii) You must calculate an annual average result of chemical composition analysis of each type of lime product produced and calcined byproduct/waste sold using Equations S-7 through S-10 of this section.

eCFR graphic er09de16.010.gif

View or download PDF

Where

CaOi,avg = Annual average calcium oxide content for lime type i (metric tons CaO/metric ton lime).

CaOi,n = Calcium oxide content for lime type i, for calendar month n, determined according to §98.194(c) for Equation S-1 of this section (metric tons CaO/metric ton lime).

n = Number of calendar months with calculated CaO,i,n value used to calculate annual average calcium oxide content.

eCFR graphic er09de16.011.gif

View or download PDF

Where:

MgOi,avg = Annual average magnesium oxide content for lime type i (metric tons MgO/metric ton lime).

MgOi,n = Magnesium oxide content for lime type i, for calendar month n, determined according to §98.194(c) for Equation S-1 of this section (metric tons MgO/metric ton lime).

n = Number of calendar months with calculated MgO,i,n value used to calculate annual average magnesium oxide content.

eCFR graphic er09de16.012.gif

View or download PDF

Where:

CaOLKD,i,avg = Annual average calcium oxide content for calcined lime byproduct/waste type i sold (metric tons CaO/metric ton lime).

CaOLKD,i,n = Calcium oxide content for calcined lime byproduct/waste type i sold, for calendar month n, determined according to §98.194(c) for Equation S-2 of this section (metric tons CaO/metric ton lime).

n = Number of calendar months with calculated CaOLKD,i,n value used to calculate annual average calcium oxide content.

eCFR graphic er09de16.013.gif

View or download PDF

Where:

MgOLKD,i,avg = Annual average magnesium oxide content for calcined lime byproduct/waste type i sold (metric tons MgO/metric ton lime).

MgOLKD,i,n = Magnesium oxide content for calcined lime byproduct/waste type i sold, for calendar month n, determined according to §98.194(c) for Equation S-2 of this section (metric tons MgO/metric ton lime).

n = Number of calendar months with calculated MgOLKD,i,n value used to calculate annual average magnesium oxide content.

[74 FR 56374, Oct. 30, 2009, as amended at 75 FR 66464, Oct. 28, 2010; 78 FR 71958, Nov. 29, 2013; 81 FR 89258, Dec. 9, 2016]

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