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e-CFR data is current as of December 2, 2020

Title 40Chapter ISubchapter CPart 90Subpart D → §90.320


Title 40: Protection of Environment
PART 90—CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NONROAD SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES AT OR BELOW 19 KILOWATTS
Subpart D—Emission Test Equipment Provisions


§90.320   Carbon dioxide analyzer calibration.

(a) Prior to its initial use and monthly thereafter, or within one month prior to the certification test, calibrate the NDIR carbon dioxide analyzer as follows:

(1) Follow good engineering practices for instrument start-up and operation. Adjust the analyzer to optimize performance.

(2) Zero the carbon dioxide analyzer with either purified synthetic air or zero-grade nitrogen.

(3) Calibrate on each normally used operating range with carbon dioxide-in-N2 calibration or span gases having nominal concentrations between 10 and 90 percent of that range. A minimum of six evenly spaced points covering at least 80 percent of the 10 to 90 range (64 percent) is required (see following table).

Example calibration points (%)Acceptable for Calibration?
20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70No, range covered is 50 percent, not 64.
20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90Yes.
10, 25, 40, 55, 70, 85Yes.
10, 30, 50, 70, 90No, though equally spaced and entire range covered, a minimum of six points are needed.

Additional calibration points may be generated. For each range calibrated, if the deviation from a least-squares best-fit straight line is two percent or less of the value at each data point, calculate concentration values by use of a single calibration factor for that range. If the deviation exceeds two percent at any point, use the best-fit non-linear equation which represents the data to within two percent of each test point to determine concentration.

(b) The initial and periodic interference, system check, and calibration test procedures specified in 40 CFR part 1065, subparts C and D, may be used in lieu of the procedures in this section.

[60 FR 34598, July 3, 1995, as amended at 70 FR 40449, July 13, 2005]

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