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e-CFR data is current as of December 2, 2020

Title 40Chapter ISubchapter CPart 90Subpart B → §90.107


Title 40: Protection of Environment
PART 90—CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NONROAD SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES AT OR BELOW 19 KILOWATTS
Subpart B—Emission Standards and Certification Provisions


§90.107   Application for certification.

(a) For each engine family, the engine manufacturer must submit to the Administrator a completed application for a certificate of conformity.

(b) The application must be approved and signed by the authorized representative of the manufacturer.

(c) The application must be updated and corrected by amendment as provided in §90.122 to accurately reflect the manufacturer's production.

(d) Required content. Each application must include the following information:

(1) A description of the basic engine design including, but not limited to, the engine family specifications;

(2) An explanation of how the emission control system operates, including a detailed description of all emission control system components (Detailed component calibrations are not required to be included; they must be provided if requested, however.), each auxiliary emission control device (AECD), and all fuel system components to be installed on any production or test engine(s);

(3) Proposed test engine(s) selection and the rationale for the test engine(s) selection;

(4) Special or alternate test procedures, if applicable;

(5) The service accumulation period necessary to break in the test engine(s) and stabilize emission levels;

(6) A description of all adjustable operating parameters including the following:

(i) The nominal or recommended setting and the associated production tolerances;

(ii) The intended physically adjustable range;

(iii) The limits or stops used to establish adjustable ranges;

(iv) Production tolerances of the limits or stops used to establish each physically adjustable range;

(v) Information relating to why the physical limits or stops used to establish the physically adjustable range of each parameter, or any other means used to inhibit adjustment, are effective in preventing adjustment of parameters to settings outside the manufacturer's intended physically adjustable ranges on in-use engines; and

(vi) Information relating to altitude kits to be certified, including: a description of the altitude kit; appropriate part numbers; the altitude ranges at which the kits must be installed on or removed from the engine for proper emissions and engine performance; statements to be included in the owner's manual for the engine/equipment combination (and other maintenance related literature) that: declare the altitude ranges at which the kit must be installed or removed; and state that the operation of the engine/equipment at an altitude that differs from that at which it was certified, for extended periods of time, may increase emissions; and a statement that an engine with the altitude kit installed will meet each emission standard throughout its useful life (the rationale for this assessment must be documented and retained by the manufacturer, and provided to the Administrator upon request);

(7) The proposed engine information label;

(8) All test data obtained by the manufacturer on each test engine, including CO2 as specified in §90.409(c)(1);

(9) A statement that the test engine(s), as described in the manufacturer's application for certification, has been tested in accordance with the applicable test procedures, utilizing the fuels and equipment required under subparts D and E of this part, and that on the basis of such tests the engine(s) conforms to the requirements of this part;

(10) An unconditional statement certifying that all engines in the engine family comply with all requirements of this part and the Clean Air Act;

(11) This paragraph (d)(11) is applicable only to Phase 2 engines.

(i) Engine manufacturers participating in the averaging, banking and trading program as described in subpart C of this part shall declare the applicable Family Emission Limit (FEL) for HC + NOX (NMHC + NOX).

(ii) Provide the applicable useful life as determined under §90.105;

(12) A statement indicating whether you expect the engine family to contain only nonroad engines, only stationary engines, or both;

(13) Identification of an agent for service located in the United States. Service on this agent constitutes service on you or any of your officers or employees for any action by EPA or otherwise by the United States related to the requirements of this part; and

(14) For imported engines, identification of the following starting with the 2010 model year:

(i) The port(s) at which the manufacturer has imported engines over the previous 12 months.

(ii) The names and addresses of the agents authorized to import the engines.

(iii) The location of test facilities in the United States where the manufacturer can test engines if EPA selects them for testing under a selective enforcement audit, as specified in subpart F of this part.

(e)(1) In addition to the information specified in paragraph (d) of this section, manufacturers of two-stroke lawnmower engines must submit with their application for a certificate of conformity:

(i) For model year 1997, information establishing the highest number of two-stroke lawnmower engines produced in a single annual production period from 1992 through 1994. This number will be known as the production baseline.

(ii) For model years 1998 through 2002, information documenting the previous year's production and projected production for the current year.

(2) In model year 1997, two-stroke lawnmower engine manufacturers may produce up to 100 percent of their production baseline established under paragraph (e)(1)(i) of this section.

(3) In model year 1998, two-stroke lawnmower engine manufacturers may produce up to 75 percent of their production baseline.

(4) From model years 1999 through 2002, two-stroke lawnmower engine manufacturers may produce up to 50 percent of their production baseline.

(5) In model year 2003, two-stroke lawnmower engine manufacturers must meet class I or II standards specified in §90.103(a). If in model year 2003 those standards have been superseded by Phase 2 standards, two-stroke lawnmower engine manufacturers must meet the Phase 2 standards that are equivalent to the class I or II standards.

(f) At the Administrator's request, the manufacturer must supply such additional information as may be required to evaluate the application including, but not limited to, projected nonroad engine production.

(g)(1) The Administrator may modify the information submission requirements of paragraph (d) of this section, provided that all of the information specified therein is maintained by the engine manufacturer as required by §90.121, and amended, updated, or corrected as necessary.

(2) For the purposes of this paragraph, §90.121(a)(1) includes all information specified in paragraph (d) of this section whether or not such information is actually submitted to the Administrator for any particular model year.

(3) The Administrator may review an engine manufacturer's records at any time. At the Administrator's discretion, this review may take place either at the manufacturer's facility or at another facility designated by the Administrator.

(h)(1) The Administrator may, upon receipt of a written request from an equipment manufacturer, accompanied by sufficient documentation, permit two stroke engines produced for nonhandheld equipment other than lawnmowers to meet the standards specified in §90.103(a)(3) under the schedule outlined in paragraph (e) of this section. The equipment manufacturer must demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Administrator that:

(i) Four stroke engines for such equipment are not available with suitable physical or performance characteristics; and

(ii) The equipment can not be converted to use four stroke engines without substantial redesign for which additional lead time is necessary to avoid economic hardship.

(2) The Administrator may waive the phase-in percentages of paragraphs (e)(3) and (e)(4) of this section for engines used in low volume nonhandheld equipment other than lawnmowers where the equipment manufacturer demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Administrator that compliance with the production cap is not economically feasible.

[60 FR 34598, July 3, 1995, as amended at 61 FR 20742, May 8, 1996; 62 FR 42643, Aug. 7, 1997; 64 FR 15238, Mar. 30, 1999; 65 FR 24307, Apr. 25, 2000; 73 FR 3612, Jan. 18, 2008; 73 FR 59180, Oct. 8, 2008; 74 FR 56374, Oct. 30, 2009]

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