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e-CFR data is current as of June 30, 2020

Title 30Chapter ISubchapter HPart 47Subpart B → §47.11

Title 30: Mineral Resources
Subpart B—Definitions

§47.11   Definitions of terms used in this part.

The definitions in Table 47.11 apply in this part as follows:

Table 47.11—Definitions

Term Definition for purposes of HazCom
AccessThe right to examine and copy records.
ArticleA manufactured item, other than a fluid or particle, that—
   (1) Is formed to a specific shape or design during manufacture, and
   (2) Has end-use functions dependent on its shape or design.
ChemicalAny element, chemical compound, or mixture of these.
Chemical name(1) The scientific designation of a chemical in accordance with the nomenclature system of either the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) or the Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS), or
   (2) A name that will clearly identify the chemical for the purpose of conducting a hazard evaluation.
Common nameAny designation or identification (such as a code name, code number, trade name, brand name, or generic name) used to identify a chemical other than by its chemical name.
Consumer productA product or component of a product that is packaged, labeled, and distributed in the same form and concentration as it is sold for use by the general public.
Container(1) Any bag, barrel, bottle, box, can, cylinder, drum, reaction vessel, storage tank, or the like.
   (2) The following are not considered to be containers for the purpose of compliance with this part:
   (i) Pipes or piping systems;
   (ii) Conveyors; and
   (iii) Engines, fuel tanks, or other operating systems or parts in a vehicle.
Cosmetics and drugs(1) Cosmetics are any article applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering appearance.
   (2) Drugs are any article used to affect the structure or any function of the body of humans or other animals.
CPSCThe U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission.
Designated representative(1) Any individual or organization to whom a miner gives written authorization to exercise the miner's rights under this part, or
   (2) A representative of miners under part 40 of this chapter.
EPAThe U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
ExposedSubjected, or potentially subjected, to a physical or health hazard in the course of employment. “Subjected,” in terms of health hazards, includes any route of entry, such as through the lungs (inhalation), the stomach (ingestion), or the skin (skin absorption).
Foreseeable emergencyAny potential occurrence that could result in an uncontrolled release of a hazardous chemical into the mine.
Hazard warningAny words, pictures, or symbols, appearing on a label or other form of warning, that convey the specific physical and health hazards of the chemical. (See the definitions for physical hazard and health hazard for examples of the hazards that the warning must convey.)
Hazardous chemicalAny chemical that can present a physical or health hazard.
Hazardous substanceRegulated by CPSC under the Federal Hazardous Substances Act or EPA under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act.
Hazardous wasteChemicals regulated by EPA under the Solid Waste Disposal Act as amended by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act.
Health hazardA chemical for which there is statistically significant evidence that it can cause acute or chronic health effects in exposed persons. Health hazard includes chemicals which—
   (1) Cause cancer;
   (2) Damage the reproductive system or cause birth defects;
   (3) Are irritants, corrosives, or sensitizers;
   (4) Damage the liver;
   (5) Damage the kidneys;
   (6) Damage the nervous system;
   (7) Damage the blood or lymphatic systems;
   (8) Damage the stomach or intestines;
   (9) Damage the lungs, skin, eyes, or mucous membranes; or
   (10) Are toxic or highly toxic agents.
Health professionalA physician, physician's assistant, nurse, emergency medical technician, or other person qualified to provide medical or occupational health services.
IdentityA chemical's common name or chemical name.
LabelAny written, printed, or graphic material displayed on or affixed to a container to identify its contents and convey other relevant information.
Material safety data sheet (MSDS)Written or printed material concerning a hazardous chemical which—
   (1) An operator prepares in accordance with Table 47.52—Contents of MSDS; or
   (2) An employer prepares in accordance with 29 CFR 1910.1200, 1915.1200, 1917.28, 1918.90, 1926.59, or 1928.21 (OSHA Hazard Communication regulations); or
   (3) An independent source prepares which contains equivalent information, such as International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC) and Workplace Hazardous Material Information Sheets (WHMIS).
MixtureAny combination of two or more chemicals which is not the result of a chemical reaction.
Ordinary consumer useHousehold, family, school, recreation, or other personal use or enjoyment, as opposed to business use.
OSHAThe Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor.
Physical hazardA chemical for which there is scientifically valid evidence that it is—
   (1) Combustible liquid:
   (i) A liquid having a flash point at or above 100 °F (37.8 °C) and below 200 °F (93.3 °C); or
   (ii) A liquid mixture having components with flashpoints of 200 °F (93.3 °C) or higher, the total volume of which make up 99% or more of the mixture.
   (2) Compressed gas:
   (i) A contained gas or mixture of gases with an absolute pressure exceeding:
   (A) 40 psi (276 kPa) at 70 °F (21.1 °C); or
   (B) 104 psi (717 kPa) at 130 °F (54.4 °C) regardless of pressure at 70 °F.
   (ii) A liquid having a vapor pressure exceeding 40 psi (276 kPa) at 100 °F (37.8 °C) as determined by ASTM D-323-82.
   (3) Explosive: A chemical that undergoes a rapid chemical change causing a sudden, almost instantaneous release of pressure, gas, and heat when subjected to sudden shock, pressure, or high temperature.
   (4) Flammable: A chemical that will readily ignite and, when ignited, will burn persistently at ambient temperature and pressure in the normal concentration of oxygen in the air.
   (5) Organic peroxide: An explosive, shock sensitive, organic compound or an oxide that contains a high proportion of oxygen-superoxide.
   (6) Oxidizer: A chemical, other than an explosive, that initiates or promotes combustion in other materials, thereby causing fire either of itself or through the release of oxygen or other gases.
   (7) Pyrophoric: Capable of igniting spontaneously in air at a temperature of 130 °F (54.4 °C) or below.
   (8) Unstable (reactive): A chemical which in the pure state, or as produced or transported, will vigorously polymerize, decompose, condense, or become self-reactive under conditions of shock, pressure, or temperature.
   (9) Water-reactive: A chemical that reacts with water to release a gas that is either flammable or a health hazard.
ProduceTo manufacture, process, formulate, generate, or repackage.
Raw materialOre, valuable minerals, worthless material or gangue, overburden, or a combination of these, that is removed from natural deposits by mining or is upgraded through milling.
Trade secretAny confidential formula, pattern, process, device, information, or compilation of information that is used by the operator and that gives the operator an opportunity to obtain an advantage over competitors who do not know about it or use it.
UseTo package, handle, react, or transfer.
Work areaAny place in or about a mine where a miner works.

[67 FR 42383, June 21, 2002; 67 FR 57635, Sept. 11, 2002]

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