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Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

e-CFR data is current as of March 26, 2020

Title 27Chapter ISubchapter APart 21Subpart E → §21.123


Title 27: Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms
PART 21—FORMULAS FOR DENATURED ALCOHOL AND RUM
Subpart E—Specifications for Denaturants


§21.123   Pyronate.

Pyronate is a product of the destructive distillation of hardwood meeting the following requirements:

(a) Acidity (as acetic acid). Not more than 0.1 percent by weight, determined as follows:

Add 5.0 mL sample to 100 mL distilled water in an Erlenmeyer flask and titrate with 0.1 N NaOH to a bromthymol blue endpoint.

(b) Color. The color shall be no darker than the color produced by 2.0 grams of potassium dichromate in 1 liter of water. The comparision shall be made in 4-ounce oil sample bottles viewed crosswise.

(c) Distillation range. When 100 mL are distilled not more than 5 mL shall distill below 70 °C., not less than 50 mL below 160 °C., and not less than 90 mL below 205 °C.

Note. Any material submitted as pyronate must agree in color, odor, taste and denaturing value with a standard sample furnished by the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau to chemists authorized to examine samples of denaturants.

[T.D. ATF-133, 48 FR 24673, June 2, 1983. Redesignated by T.D. ATF-442, 66 FR 12854, Mar. 1, 2001]

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