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Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

e-CFR data is current as of November 7, 2019

Title 10Chapter IISubchapter DPart 431Subpart C → §431.66


Title 10: Energy
PART 431—ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT
Subpart C—Commercial Refrigerators, Freezers and Refrigerator-Freezers


§431.66   Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.

(a) In this section—

(1) The term “AV” means the adjusted volume (ft3) (defined as 1.63 × frozen temperature compartment volume (ft3) + chilled temperature compartment volume (ft3)) with compartment volumes measured in accordance with the Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers Standard HRF1-1979.

(2) The term “V” means the chilled or frozen compartment volume (ft3) (as defined in the Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers Standard HRF1-1979).

(3) For the purpose of paragraph (d) of this section, the term “TDA” means the total display area (ft2) of the case, as defined in ARI Standard 1200-2006, appendix D (incorporated by reference, see §431.63). For the purpose of paragraph (e) of this section, the term “TDA” means the total display area (ft2) of the case, as defined in AHRI Standard 1200 (I-P)-2010, appendix D (incorporated by reference, see §431.63).

(b)(1) Each commercial refrigerator, freezer, and refrigerator-freezer with a self-contained condensing unit designed for holding temperature applications manufactured on or after January 1, 2010 and before March 27, 2017 shall have a daily energy consumption (in kilowatt-hours per day) that does not exceed the following:

Category Maximum daily energy consumption
(kilowatt hours per day)
Refrigerators with solid doors0.10V + 2.04.
Refrigerators with transparent doors0.12V + 3.34.
Freezers with solid doors0.40V + 1.38.
Freezers with transparent doors0.75V + 4.10.
Refrigerator/freezers with solid doorsthe greater of 0.27AV-0.71 or 0.70.

(2) Each service over the counter, self-contained, medium temperature commercial refrigerator (SOC-SC-M) manufactured on or after January 1, 2012, shall have a total daily energy consumption (in kilowatt hours per day) of not more than 0.6 × TDA + 1.0. As used in the preceding sentence, “TDA” means the total display area (ft2) of the case, as defined in the AHRI Standard 1200 (I-P)-2010, appendix D (incorporated by reference, see §431.63).

(c) Each commercial refrigerator with a self-contained condensing unit designed for pull-down temperature applications and transparent doors manufactured on or after January 1, 2010 and before March 27, 2017 shall have a daily energy consumption (in kilowatt-hours per day) of not more than 0.126V + 3.51.

(d) Each commercial refrigerator, freezer, and refrigerator-freezer with a self-contained condensing unit and without doors; commercial refrigerator, freezer, and refrigerator-freezer with a remote condensing unit; and commercial ice-cream freezer manufactured on or after January 1, 2012 and before March 27, 2017 shall have a daily energy consumption (in kilowatt-hours per day) that does not exceed the levels specified:

(1) For equipment other than hybrid equipment, refrigerator-freezers or wedge cases:

Equipment categoryCondensing unit
configuration
Equipment
family
Rating
temp.
(°F)
Operating
temp.
(°F)
Equipment class
designation*
Maximum daily energy consumption
(kWh/day)
Remote Condensing Commercial Refrigerators and Commercial FreezersRemote (RC)Vertical Open (VOP)38 (M)
0 (L)
≥32±2
<32±2
VOP.RC.M
VOP.RC.L
0.82 × TDA + 4.07
2.27 × TDA + 6.85
   Semivertical Open (SVO)38 (M)
0 (L)
≥32±2
<32±2
SVO.RC.M
SVO.RC.L
0.83 × TDA + 3.18
2.27 × TDA + 6.85
   Horizontal Open (HZO)38 (M)
0 (L)
≥32±2
<32±2
HZO.RC.M
HZO.RC.L
0.35 × TDA + 2.88
0.57 × TDA + 6.88
   Vertical Closed Transparent (VCT)38 (M)
0 (L)
≥32±2
<32±2
VCT.RC.M
VCT.RC.L
0.22 × TDA + 1.95
0.56 × TDA + 2.61
   Horizontal Closed Transparent (HCT)38 (M)
0 (L)
≥32±2
<32±2
HCT.RC.M
HCT.RC.L
0.16 × TDA + 0.13
0.34 × TDA + 0.26
   Vertical Closed Solid (VCS)38 (M)
0 (L)
≥32±2
<32±2
VCS.RC.M
VCS.RC.L
0.11 × V + 0.26
0.23 × V + 0.54
   Horizontal Closed Solid (HCS)38 (M)
0 (L)
≥32±2
<32±2
HCS.RC.M
HCS.RC.L
0.11 × V + 0.26
0.23 × V + 0.54
   Service Over Counter (SOC)38 (M)
0 (L)
≥32±2
<32±2
SOC.RC.M
SOC.RC.L
0.51 × TDA + 0.11
1.08 × TDA + 0.22
Self-Contained Commercial Refrigerators and Commercial Freezers without DoorsSelf-Contained (SC)Vertical Open (VOP)38 (M)
0 (L)
≥32±2
<32±2
VOP.SC.M
VOP.SC.L
1.74 × TDA + 4.71
4.37 × TDA + 11.82
   Semivertical Open (SVO)38 (M)
0 (L)
≥32±2
<32±2
SVO.SC.M
SVO.SC.L
1.73 × TDA + 4.59
4.34 × TDA + 11.51
   Horizontal Open38 (M)
0 (L)
≥32±2
<32±2
HZO.SC.M
HZO.SC.L
0.77 × TDA + 5.55
1.92 × TDA + 7.08
Commercial Ice-Cream FreezersRemote (RC)Vertical Open (VOP)−15 (I)≤−5±2****VOP.RC.I2.89 × TDA + 8.7
   Semivertical Open (SVO)      SVO.RC.I2.89 × TDA + 8.7
   Horizontal Open (HZO)      HZO.RC.I0.72 × TDA + 8.74
   Vertical Closed Transparent (VCT)      VCT.RC.I0.66 × TDA + 3.05
   Horizontal Closed Transparent (HCT)      HCT.RC.I0.4 × TDA + 0.31
   Vertical Closed Solid (VCS)      VCS.RC.I0.27 × V + 0.63
   Horizontal Closed Solid (HCS)      HCS.RC.I0.27 × V + 0.63
   Service Over Counter (SVO)      SOC.RC.I1.26 × TDA + 0.26
   Self-Contained (SC)Vertical Open (VOP)      VOP.SC.I5.55 × TDA + 15.02
   Semivertical Open (SVO)      SVO.SC.I5.52 × TDA + 14.63
   Horizontal Open (HZO)      HZO.SC.I2.44 × TDA + 9
   Vertical Closed Transparent (VCT)      VCT.SC.I0.67 × TDA + 3.29
   Horizontal Closed Transparent (HCT)      HCT.SC.I0.56 × TDA + 0.43
   Vertical Closed Solid (VCS)      VCS.SC.I0.38 × V + 0.88
   Horizontal Closed Solid (HCS)      HCS.SC.I0.38 × V + 0.88
   Service Over Counter (SVO)      SOC.SC.I1.76 × TDA + 0.36

*The meaning of the letters in this column is indicated in the three columns to the left.

**Ice-cream freezer is defined in 10 CFR 431.62 as a commercial freezer that is designed to operate at or below −5 °F (−21 °C) and that the manufacturer designs, markets, or intends for the storing, displaying, or dispensing of ice cream.

(2) For commercial refrigeration equipment with two or more compartments (i.e., hybrid refrigerators, hybrid freezers, hybrid refrigerator-freezers, and non-hybrid refrigerator-freezers), the maximum daily energy consumption (MDEC) for each model shall be the sum of the MDEC values for all of its compartments. For each compartment, measure the TDA or volume of that compartment, and determine the appropriate equipment class based on that compartment's equipment family, condensing unit configuration, and designed operating temperature. The MDEC limit for each compartment shall be the calculated value obtained by entering that compartment's TDA or volume into the standard equation in paragraph (d)(1) of this section for that compartment's equipment class. Measure the calculated daily energy consumption (CDEC) or total daily energy consumption (TDEC) for the entire case:

(i) For remote condensing commercial hybrid refrigerators, hybrid freezers, hybrid refrigerator-freezers, and non-hybrid refrigerator-freezers, where two or more independent condensing units each separately cool only one compartment, measure the total refrigeration load of each compartment separately according to the ARI Standard 1200-2006 test procedure (incorporated by reference, see §431.63). Calculate compressor energy consumption (CEC) for each compartment using Table 1 in ARI Standard 1200-2006 using the saturated evaporator temperature for that compartment. The CDEC for the entire case shall be the sum of the CEC for each compartment, fan energy consumption (FEC), lighting energy consumption (LEC), anti-condensate energy consumption (AEC), defrost energy consumption (DEC), and condensate evaporator pan energy consumption (PEC) (as measured in ARI Standard 1200-2006).

(ii) For remote condensing commercial hybrid refrigerators, hybrid freezers, hybrid refrigerator-freezers, and non-hybrid refrigerator-freezers, where two or more compartments are cooled collectively by one condensing unit, measure the total refrigeration load of the entire case according to the ARI Standard 1200-2006 test procedure (incorporated by reference, see §431.63). Calculate a weighted saturated evaporator temperature for the entire case by:

(A) Multiplying the saturated evaporator temperature of each compartment by the volume of that compartment (as measured in ARI Standard 1200-2006),

(B) Summing the resulting values for all compartments, and

(C) Dividing the resulting total by the total volume of all compartments.

Calculate the CEC for the entire case using Table 1 in ARI Standard 1200-2006 (incorporated by reference, see §431.63), using the total refrigeration load and the weighted average saturated evaporator temperature. The CDEC for the entire case shall be the sum of the CEC, FEC, LEC, AEC, DEC, and PEC.

(iii) For self-contained commercial hybrid refrigerators, hybrid freezers, hybrid refrigerator-freezers, and non-hybrid refrigerator-freezers, measure the TDEC for the entire case according to the ARI Standard 1200-2006 test procedure (incorporated by reference, see §431.63).

(3) For remote-condensing and self-contained wedge cases, measure the CDEC or TDEC according to the ARI Standard 1200-2006 test procedure (incorporated by reference, see §431.63). The MDEC for each model shall be the amount derived by incorporating into the standards equation in paragraph (d)(1) of this section for the appropriate equipment class a value for the TDA that is the product of:

(i) The vertical height of the air-curtain (or glass in a transparent door) and (ii) The largest overall width of the case, when viewed from the front.

(e) Each commercial refrigerator, freezer, and refrigerator-freezer with a self-contained condensing unit designed for holding temperature applications and with solid or transparent doors; commercial refrigerator with a self-contained condensing unit designed for pull-down temperature applications and with transparent doors; commercial refrigerator, freezer, and refrigerator-freezer with a self-contained condensing unit and without doors; commercial refrigerator, freezer, and refrigerator-freezer with a remote condensing unit; and commercial ice-cream freezer manufactured on or after March 27, 2017, shall have a daily energy consumption (in kilowatt-hours per day) that does not exceed the levels specified:

(1) For equipment other than hybrid equipment, refrigerator/freezers, or wedge cases:

Equipment categoryCondensing
unit
configuration
Equipment
family
Rating
temp.
°F
Operating
temp.
°F
Equipment
class
designation*
Maximum
daily energy
consumption
kWh/day
Remote Condensing Commercial Refrigerators and Commercial FreezersRemote (RC)Vertical Open (VOP)38 (M)≥32VOP.RC.M0.64 × TDA + 4.07.
         0 (L)<32VOP.RC.L2.2 × TDA + 6.85.
   Semivertical Open (SVO)38 (M)≥32SVO.RC.M0.66 × TDA + 3.18.
         0 (L)<32SVO.RC.L2.2 × TDA + 6.85.
      Horizontal Open (HZO)38 (M)≥32HZO.RC.M0.35 × TDA + 2.88.
         0 (L)<32HZO.RC.L0.55 × TDA + 6.88.
      Vertical Closed Transparent (VCT)38 (M)≥32VCT.RC.M0.15 × TDA + 1.95.
         0 (L)<32VCT.RC.L0.49 × TDA + 2.61.
      Horizontal Closed Transparent (HCT)38 (M)≥32HCT.RC.M0.16 × TDA + 0.13.
         0 (L)<32HCT.RC.L0.34 × TDA + 0.26.
      Vertical Closed Solid (VCS)38 (M)≥32VCS.RC.M0.1 × V + 0.26.
         0 (L)<32VCS.RC.L0.21 × V + 0.54.
      Horizontal Closed Solid (HCS)38 (M)≥32HCS.RC.M0.1 × V + 0.26.
         0 (L)<32HCS.RC.L0.21 × V + 0.54.
      Service Over Counter (SOC)38 (M)≥32SOC.RC.M0.44 × TDA + 0.11.
         0 (L)<32SOC.RC.L0.93 × TDA + 0.22.
Self-Contained Commercial Refrigerators and Commercial Freezers Without DoorsSelf-Contained (SC)Vertical Open (VOP)38 (M)≥32VOP.SC.M1.69 × TDA + 4.71.
         0 (L)<32VOP.SC.L4.25 × TDA + 11.82.
      Semivertical Open (SVO)38 (M)≥32SVO.SC.M1.7 × TDA + 4.59.
         0 (L)<32SVO.SC.L4.26 × TDA + 11.51.
      Horizontal Open (HZO)38 (M)≥32HZO.SC.M0.72 × TDA + 5.55.
         0 (L)<32HZO.SC.L1.9 × TDA + 7.08.
Self-Contained Commercial Refrigerators and Commercial Freezers With DoorsSelf-Contained (SC)Vertical Closed Transparent (VCT)38 (M)≥32VCT.SC.M0.1 × V + 0.86.
         0 (L)<32VCT.SC.L0.29 × V + 2.95.
      Vertical Closed Solid (VCS)38 (M)≥32VCS.SC.M0.05 × V + 1.36.
            <32VCS.SC.L0.22 × V + 1.38.
      Horizontal Closed Transparent (HCT)38 (M)≥32HCT.SC.M0.06 × V + 0.37.
         0 (L)<32HCT.SC.L0.08 × V + 1.23.
      Horizontal Closed Solid (HCS)   ≥32HCS.SC.M0.05 × V + 0.91.
         0 (L)<32HCS.SC.L0.06 × V + 1.12.
      Service Over Counter (SOC)   ≥32SOC.SC.M0.52 × TDA + 1.
         0 (L)<32SOC.SC.L1.1 × TDA + 2.1.
Self-Contained Commercial Refrigerators with Transparent Doors for Pull-Down Temperature ApplicationsSelf-Contained (SC)Pull-Down (PD)38 (M)≥32PD.SC.M0.11 × V + 0.81.
Commercial Ice-Cream FreezersRemote (RC)Vertical Open (VOP)−15 (I)≤−5**VOP.RC.I2.79 × TDA + 8.7.
      Semivertical Open (SVO)      SVO.RC.I2.79 × TDA + 8.7.
      Horizontal Open (HZO)      HZO.RC.I0.7 × TDA + 8.74.
      Vertical Closed Transparent (VCT)      VCT.RC.I0.58 × TDA + 3.05.
      Horizontal Closed Transparent (HCT)      HCT.RC.I0.4 × TDA + 0.31.
      Vertical Closed Solid (VCS)      VCS.RC.I0.25 × V + 0.63.
      Horizontal Closed Solid (HCS)      HCS.RC.I0.25 × V + 0.63.
      Service Over Counter (SOC)      SOC.RC.I1.09 × TDA + 0.26.
   Self-Contained (SC)Vertical Open (VOP)      VOP.SC.I5.4 × TDA + 15.02.
      Semivertical Open (SVO)      SVO.SC.I5.41 × TDA + 14.63.
      Horizontal Open (HZO)      HZO.SC.I2.42 × TDA + 9.
      Vertical Closed Transparent (VCT)      VCT.SC.I0.62 × TDA + 3.29.
      Horizontal Closed Transparent (HCT)      HCT.SC.I0.56 × TDA + 0.43.
      Vertical Closed Solid (VCS)      VCS.SC.I0.34 × V + 0.88.
      Horizontal Closed Solid (HCS)      HCS.SC.I0.34 × V + 0.88.
      Service Over Counter (SOC)      SOC.SC.I1.53 × TDA + 0.36.

*The meaning of the letters in this column is indicated in the columns to the left.

**Ice-cream freezer is defined in 10 CFR 431.62 as a commercial freezer that is designed to operate at or below −5 °F *(−21 °C) and that the manufacturer designs, markets, or intends for the storing, displaying, or dispensing of ice cream.

(2) For commercial refrigeration equipment with two or more compartments (i.e., hybrid refrigerators, hybrid freezers, hybrid refrigerator-freezers, and non-hybrid refrigerator-freezers), the maximum daily energy consumption for each model shall be the sum of the MDEC values for all of its compartments. For each compartment, measure the TDA or volume of that compartment, and determine the appropriate equipment class based on that compartment's equipment family, condensing unit configuration, and designed operating temperature. The MDEC limit for each compartment shall be the calculated value obtained by entering that compartment's TDA or volume into the standard equation in paragraph (e)(1) of this section for that compartment's equipment class. Measure the CDEC or TDEC for the entire case as described in §431.66(d)(2)(i) through (iii), except that where measurements and calculations reference ARI Standard 1200-2006 (incorporated by reference, see §431.63), AHRI Standard 1200 (I-P)-2010 (incorporated by reference, see §431.63) shall be used.

(3) For remote condensing and self-contained wedge cases, measure the CDEC or TDEC according to the AHRI Standard 1200 (I-P)-2010 test procedure (incorporated by reference, see §431.63). For wedge cases in equipment classes for which a volume metric is used, the MDEC shall be the amount derived from the appropriate standards equation in paragraph (e)(1) of this section. For wedge cases of equipment classes for which a TDA metric is used, the MDEC for each model shall be the amount derived by incorporating into the standards equation in paragraph (e)(1) of this section for the equipment class a value for the TDA that is the product of:

(i) The vertical height of the air curtain (or glass in a transparent door) and

(ii) The largest overall width of the case, when viewed from the front.

(f) Exclusions. The energy conservation standards in paragraphs (b) through (e) of this section do not apply to salad bars, buffet tables, and chef bases or griddle stands.

[70 FR 60414, Oct. 18, 2005, as amended at 74 FR 1140, Jan. 9, 2009; 78 FR 62993, Oct. 23, 2013; 79 FR 22308, Apr. 21, 2014; 79 FR 17816, Mar. 28, 2014]

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