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e-CFR data is current as of October 27, 2020

Title 40Chapter ISubchapter A → Part 19


Title 40: Protection of Environment


PART 19—ADJUSTMENT OF CIVIL MONETARY PENALTIES FOR INFLATION


Contents
§19.1   Applicability.
§19.2   Effective date.
§19.3   [Reserved]
§19.4   Statutory civil penalties, as adjusted for inflation, and tables.

Authority: Pub. L. 101-410, Oct. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 890, as amended by Pub. L. 104-134, title III, sec. 31001(s)(1), Apr. 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 1321-373; Pub. L. 105-362, title XIII, sec. 1301(a), Nov. 10, 1998, 112 Stat. 3293; Pub. L. 114-74, title VII, sec. 701(b), Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 599.

Source: 73 FR 75345, Dec. 11, 2008, unless otherwise noted.

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§19.1   Applicability.

This part applies to each statutory provision under the laws administered by the Environmental Protection Agency concerning the civil monetary penalties which may be assessed in either civil judicial or administrative proceedings.

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§19.2   Effective date.

(a) The statutory civil penalty levels set forth in the third column of Table 1 of §19.4 apply to all violations which occur or occurred after November 2, 2015, where the penalties are assessed on or after January 13, 2020. The statutory civil penalty levels set forth in the fourth column of Table 1 of §19.4 apply to all violations which occurred after November 2, 2015, where the penalties were assessed on or after February 6, 2019 but before January 13, 2020.

(b) The statutory penalty levels in the third column of Table 2 to §19.4 apply to all violations which occurred after December 6, 2013 through November 2, 2015, and to violations occurring after November 2, 2015, where penalties were assessed before August 1, 2016. The statutory civil penalty levels set forth in the fourth column of Table 2 of §19.4 apply to all violations which occurred after January 12, 2009 through December 6, 2013. The statutory civil penalty levels set forth in the fifth column of Table 2 of §19.4 apply to all violations which occurred after March 15, 2004 through January 12, 2009. The statutory civil penalty levels set forth in the sixth column of Table 2 of §19.4 apply to all violations which occurred after January 30, 1997 through March 15, 2004.

[85 FR 1753, Jan. 13, 2020]

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§19.3   [Reserved]

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§19.4   Statutory civil penalties, as adjusted for inflation, and tables.

Table 1 of this section sets out the statutory civil penalty provisions of statutes administered by the EPA, with the third column setting out the latest operative statutory civil penalty levels for violations that occur or occurred after November 2, 2015, where penalties are assessed on or after January 13, 2020. The fourth column displays the operative statutory civil penalty levels where penalties were assessed on or after February 6, 2019, but before January 13, 2020. Table 2 of this section sets out the statutory civil penalty provision of statutes administered by the EPA, with the operative statutory civil penalty levels, as adjusted for inflation, for violations that occurred on or before November 2, 2015, and for violations that occurred after November 2, 2015, where penalties were assessed before August 1, 2016.

Table 1 of §19.4—Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustments

U.S. Code citationEnvironmental
statute
Statutory civil penalties for violations that
occurred after November 2, 2015, where penalties are assessed on or after
January 13, 2020
Statutory civil penalties for violations that
occurred after November 2, 2015, where penalties were assessed on or after
February 6, 2019 but before
January 13, 2020
Statutory civil penalties, as enacted
7 U.S.C. 136l(a)(1)FEDERAL INSECTICIDE, FUNGICIDE, AND RODENTICIDE ACT (FIFRA)$20,288$19,936$5,000
7 U.S.C. 136l(a)(2)1FIFRA2,976/1,917/2,9762,924/1,884/2,9241,000/500/1,000
15 U.S.C. 2615(a)(1)TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT (TSCA)40,57639,87325,000
15 U.S.C. 2647(a)TSCA11,66511,4635,000
15 U.S.C. 2647(g)TSCA9,6399,4725,000
31 U.S.C. 3802(a)(1)PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT (PFCRA)11,66511,4635,000
31 U.S.C. 3802(a)(2)PFCRA11,66511,4635,000
33 U.S.C. 1319(d)CLEAN WATER ACT (CWA)55,80054,83325,000
33 U.S.C. 1319(g)(2)(A)CWA22,320/55,80021,933/54,83310,000/25,000
33 U.S.C. 1319(g)(2)(B)CWA22,320/278,99521,933/274,15910,000/125,000
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(i)CWA19,277/48,19218,943/47,35710,000/25,000
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(ii)CWA19,277/240,96018,943/236,78310,000/125,000
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(A)CWA48,192/1,92847,357/1,89525,000/1,000
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(B)CWA48,19247,35725,000
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(C)CWA48,19247,35725,000
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(D)CWA192,768/5,783189,427/5,683100,000/3,000
33 U.S.C. 1414b(d)(1)MARINE PROTECTION, RESEARCH, AND SANCTUARIES ACT (MPRSA)1,2841,262600
33 U.S.C. 1415(a)MPRSA202,878/267,621199,361/262,98250,000/125,000
33 U.S.C. 1901 note (see 1409(a)(2)(A))CERTAIN ALASKAN CRUISE SHIP OPERATIONS (CACSO)14,791/36,97514,535/36,33410,000/25,000
33 U.S.C. 1901 note (see 1409(a)(2)(B))CACSO14,791/184,87414,535/181,66910,000/125,000
33 U.S.C. 1901 note (see 1409(b)(1))CACSO36,97536,33425,000
33 U.S.C. 1908(b)(1)ACT TO PREVENT POLLUTION FROM SHIPS (APPS)75,86774,55225,000
33 U.S.C. 1908(b)(2)APPS15,17314,9105,000
42 U.S.C. 300g-3(b)SAFE DRINKING WATER ACT (SDWA)58,32857,31725,000
42 U.S.C. 300g-3(g)(3)(A)SDWA58,32857,31725,000
42 U.S.C. 300g-3(g)(3)(B)SDWA11,665/40,64011,463/39,9365,000/25,000
42 U.S.C. 300g-3(g)(3)(C)SDWA40,64039,93625,000
42 U.S.C. 300h-2(b)(1)SDWA58,32857,31725,000
42 U.S.C. 300h-2(c)(1)SDWA23,331/291,64122,927/286,58610,000/125,000
42 U.S.C. 300h-2(c)(2)SDWA11,665/291,64111,463/286,5865,000/125,000
42 U.S.C. 300h-3(c)SDWA20,288/43,28019,936/42,5305,000/10,000
42 U.S.C. 300i(b)SDWA24,38623,96315,000
42 U.S.C. 300i-1(c)SDWA141,943/1,419,442139,483/1,394,837100,000/1,000,000
42 U.S.C. 300j(e)(2)SDWA10,1439,9672,500
42 U.S.C. 300j-4(c)SDWA58,32857,31725,000
42 U.S.C. 300j-6(b)(2)SDWA40,64039,93625,000
42 U.S.C. 300j-23(d)SDWA10,705/107,05010,519/105,1945,000/50,000
42 U.S.C. 4852d(b)(5)RESIDENTIAL LEAD-BASED PAINT HAZARD REDUCTION ACT OF 199218,14917,83410,000
42 U.S.C. 4910(a)(2)NOISE CONTROL ACT OF 197238,35237,68710,000
42 U.S.C. 6928(a)(3)RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND RECOVERY ACT (RCRA)101,43999,68125,000
42 U.S.C. 6928(c)RCRA61,09860,03925,000
42 U.S.C. 6928(g)RCRA75,86774,55225,000
42 U.S.C. 6928(h)(2)RCRA61,09860,03925,000
42 U.S.C. 6934(e)RCRA15,17314,9105,000
42 U.S.C. 6973(b)RCRA15,17314,9105,000
42 U.S.C. 6991e(a)(3)RCRA61,09860,03925,000
42 U.S.C. 6991e(d)(1)RCRA24,44124,01710,000
42 U.S.C. 6991e(d)(2)RCRA24,44124,01710,000
42 U.S.C. 7413(b)CLEAN AIR ACT (CAA)101,43999,68125,000
42 U.S.C. 7413(d)(1)CAA48,192/385,53547,357/378,85225,000/200,000
42 U.S.C. 7413(d)(3)CAA9,6399,4725,000
42 U.S.C. 7524(a)CAA48,192/4,81947,357/4,73525,000/2,500
42 U.S.C. 7524(c)(1)CAA385,535378,852200,000
42 U.S.C. 7545(d)(1)CAA48,19247,35725,000
42 U.S.C. 9604(e)(5)(B)COMPREHENSIVE ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSE, COMPENSATION, AND LIABILITY ACT (CERCLA)58,32857,31725,000
42 U.S.C. 9606(b)(1)CERCLA58,32857,31725,000
42 U.S.C. 9609(a)(1)CERCLA58,32857,31725,000
42 U.S.C. 9609(b)CERCLA58,328/174,98557,317/171,95225,000/75,000
42 U.S.C. 9609(c)CERCLA58,328/174,98557,317/171,95225,000/75,000
42 U.S.C. 11045(a)EMERGENCY PLANNING AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW ACT (EPCRA)58,32857,31725,000
42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(1)(A)EPCRA58,32857,31725,000
42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(2)EPCRA58,328/174,98557,317/171,95225,000/75,000
42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(3)EPCRA58,328/174,98557,317/171,95225,000/75,000
42 U.S.C. 11045(c)(1)EPCRA58,32857,31725,000
42 U.S.C. 11045(c)(2)EPCRA23,33122,92710,000
42 U.S.C. 11045(d)(1)EPCRA58,32857,31725,000
42 U.S.C. 14304(a)(1)MERCURY-CONTAINING AND RECHARGEABLE BATTERY MANAGEMENT ACT (BATTERY ACT)16,25815,97610,000
42 U.S.C. 14304(g)BATTERY ACT16,25815,97610,000

1Note that 7 U.S.C. 136l(a)(2) contains three separate statutory maximum civil penalty provisions. The first mention of $1,000 and the $500 statutory maximum civil penalty amount were originally enacted in 1978 (Pub. L. 95-396), and the second mention of $1,000 was enacted in 1972 (Pub. L. 92-516).

Table 2 of §19.4—Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustments

U.S. Code citationEnvironmental statuteStatutory civil penalties for violations after December 6, 2013 through November 2, 2015, or assessed before August 1, 2016Statutory civil penalties for violations after January 12, 2009 through December 6, 2013Statutory civil penalties for violations after March 15, 2004 through January 12, 2009Statutory civil penalties for violations after January 30, 1997 through March 15, 2004Statutory civil penalties, as enacted
7 U.S.C. 136l(a)(1)FEDERAL INSECTICIDE, FUNGICIDE, AND RODENTICIDE ACT (FIFRA)$7,500$7,500$6,500$5,500$5,000
7 U.S.C. 136l(a)(2)FIFRA750/1,100750/1,100650/1,100550/1,000500/1,000
15 U.S.C. 2615(a)(1)TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT (TSCA)37,50037,50032,50027,50025,000
15 U.S.C. 2647(a)TSCA7,5007,5006,5005,5005,000
15 U.S.C. 2647(g)TSCA7,5007,5005,5005,0005,000
31 U.S.C. 3802(a)(1)PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT (PFCRA)7,5007,5006,5005,5005,000
31 U.S.C. 3802(a)(2)PFCRA7,5007,5006,5005,5005,000
33 U.S.C. 1319(d)CLEAN WATER ACT (CWA)37,50037,50032,50027,50025,000
33 U.S.C. 1319(g)(2)(A)CWA16,000/37,50016,000/37,50011,000/32,50011,000/27,50010,000/25,000
33 U.S.C. 1319(g)(2)(B)CWA16,000/187,50016,000/177,50011,000/157,50011,000/137,50010,000/125,000
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(i)CWA16,000/37,50016,000/37,50011,000/32,50011,000/27,50010,000/25,000
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(ii)CWA16,000/187,50016,000/177,50011,000/157,50011,000/137,50010,000/125,000
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(A)CWA37,500/2,10037,500/1,10032,500/1,10027,500/1,10025,000/1,000
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(B)CWA37,50037,50032,50027,50025,000
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(C)CWA37,50037,50032,50027,50025,000
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(D)CWA150,000/5,300140,000/4,300130,000/4,300110,000/3,300100,000/3,000
33 U.S.C. 1414b(d)(1)1MARINE PROTECTION, RESEARCH, AND SANCTUARIES ACT (MPRSA)860860760660600
33 U.S.C. 1415(a)MPRSA75,000/187,50070,000/177,50065,000/157,50055,000/137,50050,000/125,000
33 U.S.C. 1901 note (see 1409(a)(2)(A))CERTAIN ALASKAN CRUISE SHIP OPERATIONS (CACSO)11,000/27,50011,000/27,50010,000/25,00010,000/225,00010,000/25,000
33 U.S.C. 1901 note (see 1409(a)(2)(B))CACSO11,000/147,50011,000/137,50010,000/125,00010,000/125,00010,000/125,000
33 U.S.C. 1901 note (see 1409(b)(1))CACSO27,50027,50025,00025,00025,000
42 U.S.C. 300g-3(b)SAFE DRINKING WATER ACT (SDWA)37,50037,50032,50027,50025,000
42 U.S.C. 300g-3(g)(3)(A)SDWA37,50037,50032,50027,50025,000
42 U.S.C. 300g-3(g)(3)(B)SDWA7,000/32,5007,000/32,5006,000/27,5005,000/25,0005,000/25,000
42 U.S.C. 300g-3(g)(3)(C)SDWA32,50032,50027,50025,00025,000
42 U.S.C. 300h-2(b)(1)SDWA37,50037,50032,50027,50025,000
42 U.S.C. 300h-2(c)(1)SDWA16,000/187,50016,000/177,50011,000/157,50011,000/137,50010,000/125,000
42 U.S.C. 300h-2(c)(2)SDWA7,500/187,5007,500/177,5006,500/157,5005,500/137,5005,000/125,000
42 U.S.C. 300h-3(c)SDWA7,500/16,0007,500/16,0006,500/11,0005,500/11,0005,000/10,000
42 U.S.C. 300i(b)SDWA21,50016,50016,50015,00015,000
42 U.S.C. 300i-1(c)SDWA120,000/1,150,000110,000/1,100,000100,000/1,000,00022,000/355,00020,000/50,000
42 U.S.C. 300j(e)(2)SDWA3,7503,7502,7502,7502,500
42 U.S.C. 300j-4(c)SDWA37,50037,50032,50027,50025,000
42 U.S.C. 300j-6(b)(2)SDWA32,50032,50027,50025,00025,000
42 U.S.C. 300j-23(d)SDWA7,500/75,0007,500/70,0006,500/65,0005,500/55,0005,000/50,000
42 U.S.C. 4852d(b)(5)RESIDENTIAL LEAD-BASED PAINT HAZARD REDUCTION ACT OF 199216,00016,00011,00011,00010,000
42 U.S.C. 4910(a)(2)NOISE CONTROL ACT OF 197216,00016,00011,00011,00010,000
42 U.S.C. 6928(a)(3)RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND RECOVERY ACT (RCRA)37,50037,50032,50027,50025,000
42 U.S.C. 6928(c)RCRA37,50037,50032,50027,50025,000
42 U.S.C. 6928(g)RCRA37,50037,50032,50027,50025,000
42 U.S.C. 6928(h)(2)RCRA37,50037,50032,50027,50025,000
42 U.S.C. 6934(e)RCRA7,5007,5006,5005,5005,000
42 U.S.C. 6973(b)RCRA7,5007,5006,5005,5005,000
42 U.S.C. 6991e(a)(3)RCRA37,50037,50032,50027,50025,000
42 U.S.C. 6991e(d)(1)RCRA16,00016,00011,00011,00010,000
42 U.S.C. 6991e(d)(2)RCRA16,00016,00011,00011,00010,000
42 U.S.C. 7413(b)CLEAN AIR ACT (CAA)37,50037,50032,50027,50025,000
42 U.S.C. 7413(d)(1)CAA37,500/320,00037,500/295,00032,500/270,00027,500/220,00025,000/200,000
42 U.S.C. 7413(d)(3)CAA7,5007,5006,5005,5005,000
42 U.S.C. 7524(a)CAA3,750/37,5003,750/37,5002,750/32,5002,750/27,5002,500/25,000
42 U.S.C. 7524(c)(1)CAA320,000295,000270,000220,000200,000
42 U.S.C. 7545(d)(1)CAA37,50037,50032,50027,50025,000
42 U.S.C. 9604(e)(5)(B)COMPREHENSIVE ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSE, COMPENSATION, AND LIABILITY ACT (CERCLA)37,50037,50032,50027,50025,000
42 U.S.C. 9606(b)(1)CERCLA37,50037,50032,50027,50025,000
42 U.S.C. 9609(a)(1)CERCLA37,50037,50032,50027,50025,000
42 U.S.C. 9609(b)CERCLA37,500/117,50037,500/107,50032,500/97,50027,500/82,50025,000/75,000
42 U.S.C. 9609(c)CERCLA37,500/117,50037,500/107,50032,500/97,50027,500/82,50025,000/75,000
42 U.S.C. 11045(a)EMERGENCY PLANNING AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW ACT (EPCRA)37,50037,50032,50027,50025,000
42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(1)(A)4EPCRA37,50037,50032,50027,50025,000
42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(2)EPCRA37,500/117,50037,500/107,50032,500/97,50027,500/82,50025,000/75,000
42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(3)EPCRA37,500/117,50037,500/107,50032,500/97,50027,500/82,50025,000/75,000
42 U.S.C. 11045(c)(1)EPCRA37,50037,50032,50027,50025,000
42 U.S.C. 11045(c)(2)EPCRA16,00016,00011,00011,00010,000
42 U.S.C. 11045(d)(1)EPCRA37,50037,50032,50027,50025,000
42 U.S.C. 14304(a)(1)MERCURY-CONTAINING AND RECHARGEABLE BATTERY MANAGEMENT ACT (BATTERY ACT)16,00016,00011,00010,00010,000
42 U.S.C. 14304(g)BATTERY ACT16,00016,00011,00010,00010,000

1Note that 33 U.S.C. 1414b (d)(1)(B) contains additional penalty escalation provisions that must be applied to the penalty amounts set forth in this Table 2. The amounts set forth in this Table 2 reflect an inflation adjustment to the calendar year 1992 penalty amount expressed in section 104B(d)(1)(A), which is used to calculate the applicable penalty amount under MPRSA section 104B(d)(1)(B) for violations that occur in any subsequent calendar year.

2CACSO was passed on December 21, 2000 as part of Title XIV of the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2001, Public Law 106-554, 33 U.S.C. 1901 note.

3The original statutory penalty amounts of $20,000 and $50,000 under section 1432(c) of the SDWA, 42 U.S.C. 300i-1(c), were subsequently increased by Congress pursuant to section 403 of the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002, Public Law 107-188 (June 12, 2002), to $100,000 and $1,000,000, respectively. The EPA did not adjust these new penalty amounts in its 2004 Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustment Rule (“2004 Rule”), published on February 13, 2004, because they had gone into effect less than two years prior to the 2004 Rule.

4Consistent with how the EPA's other penalty authorities are displayed under this section, this Table 2 now delineates, on a subpart-by-subpart basis, the penalty authorities enumerated under section 325(b) of EPCRA, 42 U.S.C. 11045(b) (i.e., 42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(1)(A), (b)(2), and (b)(3)).

[85 FR 1753, Jan. 13, 2020]

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