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e-CFR data is current as of October 16, 2020

Title 24Subtitle BChapter IX → Part 943


Title 24: Housing and Urban Development


PART 943—PUBLIC HOUSING AGENCY CONSORTIA AND JOINT VENTURES


Contents

Subpart A—General

§943.100   What is the purpose of this part?

Subpart B—Consortia

§943.115   What programs are covered under this subpart?
§943.118   What is a consortium?
§943.120   What programs of a PHA are included in a consortium's functions?
§943.122   How is a consortium organized?
§943.124   What elements must a consortium agreement contain?
§943.126   What is the relationship between HUD and a consortium?
§943.128   How does a consortium carry out planning and reporting functions?
§943.130   What are the responsibilities of participating PHAs?

Subpart C—Subsidiaries, Affiliates, Joint Ventures in Public Housing

§943.140   What programs and activities are covered by this subpart?
§943.142   In what types of operating organizations may a PHA participate?
§943.144   What financial impact do operations of a subsidiary, affiliate, or joint venture have on a PHA?
§943.146   What impact does the use of a subsidiary, affiliate, or joint venture have on financial accountability to HUD and the Federal government?
§943.148   What procurement standards apply to PHAs selecting partners for a joint venture?
§943.150   What procurement standards apply to a PHA's joint venture partner?
§943.151   What procurement standards apply to a joint venture itself?

Authority: 42 U.S.C. 1437k and 3535(d).

Source: 65 FR 71207, Nov. 29, 2000, unless otherwise noted.

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Subpart A—General

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§943.100   What is the purpose of this part?

This part authorizes public housing agencies (PHAs) to form consortia, joint ventures, affiliates, subsidiaries, partnerships, and other business arrangements under section 13 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437k). Under this authority, PHAs participating in a consortium enter into a consortium agreement, submit joint PHA Plans to HUD, and may combine all or part of their funding and program administration. This part does not preclude a PHA from entering cooperative arrangements to operate its programs under other authority, as long as they are consistent with other program regulations and requirements.

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Subpart B—Consortia

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§943.115   What programs are covered under this subpart?

(a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, this subpart applies to the following:

(1) PHA administration of public housing or Section 8 programs under an Annual Contributions Contract (ACC) with HUD; and

(2) PHA administration of grants to the PHA in connection with its public housing or Section 8 programs.

(b) This subpart does not apply to the following:

(1) PHA administration of Section 8 projects assigned to a PHA for contract administration pursuant to an ACC entered under the Request for Proposals (RFP) published May 19, 1999 (64 FR 27358);

(2) Section 8 contract administration of a restructured subsidized multifamily project by a Participating Administrative Entity in accordance with part 401 of this title; or

(3) A PHA in its capacity as owner of a Section 8 project.

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§943.118   What is a consortium?

A consortium consists of two or more PHAs that join together to perform planning, reporting, and other administrative or management functions for participating PHAs, as specified in a consortium agreement. A consortium also submits a joint PHA Plan. The lead agency collects the assistance funds from HUD that would be paid to the participating PHAs for the elements of their operations that are administered by the consortium and allocates them according to the consortium agreement. The participating PHAs must adopt the same fiscal year so that the applicable periods for submission and review of the joint PHA Plan are the same. Notwithstanding any other regulation, PHAs proposing to form consortia may request and HUD may approve changes in PHA fiscal years to make this possible.

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§943.120   What programs of a PHA are included in a consortium's functions?

(a) A PHA may enter a consortium under this subpart for administration of any of the following program categories:

(1) The PHA's public housing program (which may include either the operating fund or the capital fund, or both);

(2) The PHA's Section 8 voucher and certificate program (including the project-based certificate and voucher programs and special housing types);

(3) The PHA's Section 8 Moderate Rehabilitation program, including Single Room Occupancy program;

(4) All other project-based Section 8 programs administered by the PHA under an ACC with HUD; and

(5) Any grant programs of the PHA in connection with its Section 8 or public housing programs, such as the Drug Elimination program or the Resident Opportunities and Self-Sufficiency program, to the extent not inconsistent with the terms of the governing documents for the grant program's funding source.

(b) If a PHA elects to enter a consortium with respect to a category specified in paragraph (a) of this section, the consortium must cover the PHA's whole program under the ACC with HUD for that category, including all dwelling units and all funding for that program under the ACC with HUD.

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§943.122   How is a consortium organized?

(a) PHAs that elect to form a consortium enter into a consortium agreement among the participating PHAs, specifying a lead agency (see §943.124), and submit a joint PHA Plan (§943.118). HUD enters into any necessary payment agreements with the lead agency and the other participating PHAs (see §943.126) to provide that HUD funding to the participating PHAs for program categories covered by the consortium will be paid to the lead agency.

(b) The lead agency must not be a PHA that is designated as a “troubled PHA” by HUD, that has been determined by HUD to fail the civil rights compliance threshold for new funding, or that has had a PHAS designation withheld for civil rights or other reasons. The lead agency is designated to receive HUD program payments on behalf of participating PHAs, to administer HUD requirements for administration of the funds, and to apply the funds in accordance with the consortium agreement and HUD regulations and requirements.

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§943.124   What elements must a consortium agreement contain?

(a) The consortium agreement among the participating PHAs governs the formation and operation of the consortium. The consortium agreement must be consistent with any payment agreements between the participating PHAs and HUD and must specify the following:

(1) The names of the participating PHAs and the program categories each PHA is including under the consortium agreement;

(2) The name of the lead agency;

(3) The functions to be performed by the lead agency and the other participating PHAs during the term of the consortium;

(4) The allocation of funds among participating PHAs and responsibility for administration of funds paid to the consortium; and

(5) The period of existence of the consortium and the terms under which a PHA may join or withdraw from the consortium before the end of that period. To provide for orderly transition, addition or withdrawal of a PHA and termination of the consortium must take effect on the anniversary of the consortium's fiscal year.

(b) The agreement must acknowledge that the participating PHAs are subject to the joint PHA Plan submitted by the lead agency.

(c) The agreement must be signed by an authorized representative of each participating PHA.

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§943.126   What is the relationship between HUD and a consortium?

HUD has a direct relationship with the consortium through the PHA Plan process and through one or more payment agreements, executed in a form prescribed by HUD, under which HUD and the participating PHAs agree that program funds will be paid to the lead agency on behalf of the participating PHAs. Such funds must be used in accordance with the consortium agreement, the joint PHA Plan and HUD regulations and requirements.

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§943.128   How does a consortium carry out planning and reporting functions?

(a) During the term of the consortium agreement, the consortium must submit joint five-year Plans and joint Annual Plans for all participating PHAs, in accordance with part 903 of this chapter. HUD may prescribe methods of submission for consortia generally and where the consortium does not cover all program categories.

(b) The consortium must maintain records and submit reports to HUD, in accordance with HUD regulations and requirements, for all of the participating PHAs. All PHAs will be bound by Plans and reports submitted to HUD by the consortium for programs covered by the consortium.

(c) Each PHA must keep a copy of the consortium agreement on file for inspection. The consortium agreement must also be a supporting document to the joint PHA Plan.

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§943.130   What are the responsibilities of participating PHAs?

(a) Responsibilities, generally. Despite participation in a consortium, each participating PHA remains responsible for its own obligations under its ACC with HUD. This means that the PHA has an obligation to assure that all program funds, including funds paid to the lead agency for administration by the consortium, are used in accordance with HUD regulations and requirements, and that the PHA program is administered in accordance with HUD regulations and requirements. Any breach of program requirements with respect to a program covered by the consortium agreement is a breach of the ACC with each of the participating PHAs, so each PHA is responsible for the performance of the consortium.

(b) Applicability of independent audit and performance assessment system requirements to consortia. Where the lead agency will manage substantially all program and activities of the consortium, HUD interprets financial accountability to rest with the consortium and thus HUD will apply independent audit and performance assessment requirements on a consortium-wide basis. Where the lead agency will not manage substantially all programs and activities of a consortium, the consortium shall indicate in its PHA Plan submission which PHAs have financial accountability for the programs. The determination of financial accountability shall be made in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, as determined in consultation with an independent public accountant. In such situations, HUD will apply independent audit and performance assessment requirements consistent with that determination. With respect to any consortium, however, HUD may determine (based on a request from the consortium or other circumstances) to apply independent audit and performance requirements on a different basis where this would promote sound management.

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Subpart C—Subsidiaries, Affiliates, Joint Ventures in Public Housing

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§943.140   What programs and activities are covered by this subpart?

(a) This subpart applies to the provision of a PHA's public housing administrative and management functions, and to the provision (or arranging for the provision) of supportive and social services in connection with public housing. This subpart does not apply to activities of a PHA that are subject to the requirements of part 941, subpart F, of this title.

(b) For purposes of this subpart, the term “joint venture partner” means a participant (other than a PHA) in a joint venture, partnership, or other business arrangement or contract for services with a PHA.

(c) This part does not affect a PHA's authority to use joint ventures, as may be permitted under State law, when using non-1937 Act funds.

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§943.142   In what types of operating organizations may a PHA participate?

(a) A PHA may create and operate a wholly owned or controlled subsidiary or other affiliate; may enter into joint ventures, partnerships, or other business arrangements with individuals, organizations, entities, or governmental units. A subsidiary or affiliate may be a nonprofit corporation. A subsidiary or affiliate may be an organization controlled by the same persons who serve on the governing board of the PHA or who are employees of the PHA.

(b) The purpose of any of these operating organizations would be to administer programs of the PHA.

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§943.144   What financial impact do operations of a subsidiary, affiliate, or joint venture have on a PHA?

Income generated by subsidiaries, affiliates, or joint ventures formed under the authority of this subpart is to be used for low-income housing or to benefit the residents assisted by the PHA. This income will not cause a decrease in funding provided under the public housing program, except as otherwise provided under the Operating Fund and Capital Fund formulas.

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§943.146   What impact does the use of a subsidiary, affiliate, or joint venture have on financial accountability to HUD and the Federal government?

None; the subsidiary, affiliate, or joint venture is subject to the same authority of HUD, HUD's Inspector General, and the Comptroller General to audit its conduct.

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§943.148   What procurement standards apply to PHAs selecting partners for a joint venture?

(a) The requirements of part 85 of this title are applicable to this part, subject to paragraph (b) of this section, in connection with the PHA's public housing program.

(b) A PHA may use competitive proposal procedures for qualifications-based procurement (request for qualifications or “RFQ”), or may solicit a proposal from only one source (“sole source”) to select a joint venture partner to perform an administrative or management function of its public housing program or to provide or arrange to provide supportive or social services covered under this part, under the following circumstances:

(1) The proposed joint venture partner has under its control and will make available to the partnership substantial, unique and tangible resources or other benefits that would not otherwise be available to the PHA on the open market (e.g., planning expertise, program experience, or financial or other resources). In this case, the PHA must maintain documentation to substantiate both the cost reasonableness of its selection of the proposed partner and the unique qualifications of the partner: or

(2) A resident group or a PHA subsidiary is willing and able to act as the PHA's partner in performing administrative and management functions or to provide supportive or social services. This entity must comply with the requirements of 2 CFR part 200 (if the entity is a nonprofit or a State or local government) with respect to its selection of the members of the team and the members must be paid on a cost-reimbursement basis only. The PHA must maintain documentation that indicates both the cost reasonableness of its selection of a resident group or PHA subsidiary and the ability of that group or subsidiary to act as the PHA's partner under this provision.

[65 FR 71207, Nov. 29, 2000, as amended at 80 FR 75942, Dec. 7, 2015]

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§943.150   What procurement standards apply to a PHA's joint venture partner?

(a) General. A joint venture partner is not a grantee or subgrantee and, accordingly, is not required to comply with 2 CFR part 200 in its procurement of goods and services under this part. The partner must comply with all applicable State and local procurement and conflict of interest requirements with respect to its selection of entities to assist in PHA program administration.

(b) Exception. If the joint venture partner is a subsidiary, affiliate, or identity of interest party of the PHA, it is subject to the requirements of 2 CFR part 200 of this title. HUD may, on a case-by-case basis, exempt such a joint venture partner from the need to comply with requirements under 2 CFR part 200 of this title if HUD determines that the joint venture has developed an acceptable alternative procurement plan.

(c) Contracting with identity-of-interest parties. A joint venture partner may contract with an identity-of-interest party for goods or services, or a party specified in the selected bidder's response to a RFP or RFQ (as applicable), without the need for further procurement if:

(1) The PHA can demonstrate that its original competitive selection of the partner clearly anticipated the later provision of such goods or services;

(2) Compensation of all identity-of-interest parties is structured to ensure there is no duplication of profit or expenses; and

(3) The PHA can demonstrate that its selection is reasonable based upon prevailing market costs and standards, and that the quality and timeliness of the goods or services is comparable to that available in the open market. For purposes of this paragraph (c), an “identity-of-interest party” means a party that is wholly owned or controlled by, or that is otherwise affiliated with, the partner or the PHA. The PHA may use an independent organization experienced in cost valuation to determine the cost reasonableness of the proposed contracts.

[65 FR 71207, Nov. 29, 2000, as amended at 80 FR 75942, Dec. 7, 2015]

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§943.151   What procurement standards apply to a joint venture itself?

(a) When the joint venture as a whole is controlled by the PHA or an identity of interest party of the PHA, the joint venture is subject to the requirements of 2 CFR part 200 of this title.

(b) If a joint venture is not controlled by the PHA or an identity of interest party of the PHA, then the rules that apply to the other partners apply. See §943.150.

[65 FR 71207, Nov. 29, 2000, as amended at 80 FR 75942, Dec. 7, 2015]

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