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Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

e-CFR data is current as of January 16, 2020

Title 42Chapter ISubchapter HPart 93Subpart A → §93.103


Title 42: Public Health
PART 93—PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE POLICIES ON RESEARCH MISCONDUCT
Subpart A—General


§93.103   Research misconduct.

Research misconduct means fabrication, falsification, or plagiarism in proposing, performing, or reviewing research, or in reporting research results.

(a) Fabrication is making up data or results and recording or reporting them.

(b) Falsification is manipulating research materials, equipment, or processes, or changing or omitting data or results such that the research is not accurately represented in the research record.

(c) Plagiarism is the appropriation of another person's ideas, processes, results, or words without giving appropriate credit.

(d) Research misconduct does not include honest error or differences of opinion.

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