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Title 40 → Chapter I → Subchapter N → Part 464 → Subpart B |

Title 40: Protection of Environment

PART 464—METAL MOLDING AND CASTING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

Contents

§464.20 Applicability; description of the copper casting subcategory.

§464.21 Specialized definitions.

§464.22 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available.

§464.23 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable.

§464.24 New source performance standards.

§464.25 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

§464.26 Pretreatment standards for new sources.

§464.27 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology. [Reserved]

The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges to waters of the United States and to the introduction of pollutants into publicly owned treatment works resulting from copper casting operations as defined in §464.02(b).

For the purpose of this subpart:

(a) Total Toxic Organics (TTO). TTO is a regulated parameter under PSES (§464.25) and PSNS (§464.26) for the copper subcategory and is comprised of a discrete list of toxic organic pollutants for each process segment where it is regulated, as follows:

(1) Casting Quench (§464.25(a) and §464.26(a)):

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

64. pentachlorophenol

66. bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate

71. dimethyl phthalate

(2) Dust Collection Scrubbers (§464.25(c) and 464.26(c)):

1. acenaphthene

22. para-chloro meta-cresol

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

55. naphthalene

58. 4-nitrophenol

64. pentachlorophenol

65. phenol

66. bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate

67. butyl benzyl phthalate

68. di-n-butyl phthalate

70. diethyl phthalate

71. dimethyl phthalate

72. benzo(a)anthracene (1,2-benzanthracene)

74. 3,4-benzofluoranthene

75. benzo(k) fluoranthene

76. chrysene

77. acenaphthylene

78. anthracene

81. phenanthrene

84. pyrene

(3) Investment Casting (§464.25(e) and §464.26(e)):

1. acenaphthene

22. para-chloro meta-cresol

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

55. naphthalene

58. 4-nitrophenol

64. pentachlorophenol

65. phenol

66. bis (2-ethylhexyl)phthalate

67. butyl benzyl phthalate

68. di-n-butyl phthalate

70. diethyl phthalate

71. dimethyl phthalate

72. benzo(a)anthracene (1,2-benzanthracene)

74. 3,4-benzofluoranthene

75. benzo(k) fluoranthene

76. chrysene

77. acenaphthylene

78. anthracene

81. Phenanthrene

84. pyrene

(4) Melting Furnace Scrubber (§464.25(f) and §464.26(f)):

1. acenaphthene

22. para-chloro meta-cresol

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

55. naphthalene

58. 4-nitrophenol

64. pentachlorophenol

65. phenol

66. bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

67. butyl benzyl phthalate

68. di-n-butyl phthalate

70. diethyl phthalate

71. dimethyl phthalate

72. benzo(a)anthracene (1,2-benzanthracene)

74. 3,4-benzoflouranthene

75. benzo(k) flouranthene

76. chrysene

77. acenaphthylene

78. anthracene

81. phenanthrene

84. pyrene

(5) Mold Cooling (§464.25(g) and §464.26(g)):

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

64. pentachlorophenol

66. bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate

71. dimethyl phthalate

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available, except that non-continuous dischargers shall not be subject to the maximum day and maximum for monthly average mass (kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of metal poured; kg/62.3 million Sm3 or lb/billion SCF of air scrubbed) effluent limitations for copper, lead, zinc, total phenols, oil and grease, and TSS. For non-continuous dischargers, annual average mass limitations and maximum day and maximum for monthly average concentration (mg/l) limitations shall apply. Concentration limitations and annual average mass limitations shall only apply to non-continuous dischargers.

(a) Casting Quench Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0307 | 0.0168 |

Lead (T) | 0.0315 | 0.0156 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0455 | 0.0171 |

Oil and grease | 1.2 | 0.399 |

TSS | 1.52 | 0.598 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0068 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.0088 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 0.0108 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 0.199 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 0.399 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (4.8/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(b) Direct Chill Casting Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.928 | 0.506 |

Lead (T) | 0.952 | 0.47 |

Zinc (T) | 1.37 | 0.518 |

Oil and grease | 36.2 | 12.1 |

TSS | 45.8 | 18.1 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.205 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.265 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 0.326 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 6.03 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 12.1 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (145/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(c) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.553 | 0.301 |

Lead (T) | 0.567 | 0.28 |

Zinc (T) | 0.818 | 0.309 |

Total phenols | 0.617 | 0.215 |

Oil and grease | 21.5 | 7.18 |

TSS | 27.3 | 10.8 |

ph | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.122 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.158 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 0.194 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.144 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 3.59 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 7.18 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.086/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(d) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to navigable waters.

(e) Investment Casting.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 8.48 | 4.63 |

Lead (T) | 8.7 | 4.3 |

Zinc (T) | 12.6 | 4.74 |

Oil and grease | 330 | 110 |

TSS | 419 | 165 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 1.87 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 2.42 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 2.97 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 55.1 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 110 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1,320/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(f) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 1.81 | 0.988 |

Lead (T) | 1.86 | 0.918 |

Zinc (T) | 2.68 | 1.01 |

Total phenols | 2.02 | 0.706 |

Oil and grease | 70.6 | 23.5 |

TSS | 89.4 | 35.3 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.4 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.518 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 0.635 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.467 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 11.8 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 23.5 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pound per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.282/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(g) Mold Cooling Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.392 | 0.214 |

Lead (T) | 0.402 | 0.199 |

Zinc (T) | 0.58 | 0.219 |

Oil and grease | 15.3 | 5.09 |

TSS | 19.3 | 7.63 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0865 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.112 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 0.137 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 2.54 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 5.09 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (61/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21760, June 16, 1986]

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable, except that non-continuous dischargers shall not be subject to the maximum day and maximum for monthly average mass (kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of metal poured; kg/62.3 million Sm3 or lb/billion SCF of air scrubbed) effluent limitations for copper, lead, zinc, and total phenols. For non-continuous discharges, annual average mass limitations and maximum day and maximum for monthly average concentration (mg/l) limitations shall apply. Concentration limitations and annual average mass limitations shall only apply to non-continuous dischargers.

(a) Casting Quench Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0307 | .0168 |

Lead (T) | 0.0211 | .0104 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0303 | .0116 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0068 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.006 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 0.0072 |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (4.8/x) where x is the actual normalized process waste-water flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(b) Direct Chill Casting Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.928 | 0.506 |

Lead (T) | 0.639 | 0.314 |

Zinc (T) | 0.916 | 0.35 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.205 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.181 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 0.217 |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (145/x) where x is the actual normalized process waste-water flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(c) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.553 | 0.301 |

Lead (T) | 0.38 | 0.187 |

Zinc (T) | 0.545 | 0.208 |

Total phenols | 0.617 | 0.215 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.122 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.108 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 0.129 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.144 |

^{1}kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.086/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

(d) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to navigable waters.

(e) Investment Casting.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 8.48 | 4.63 |

Lead (T) | 5.84 | 2.86 |

Zinc (T) | 8.37 | 3.19 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 1.87 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 1.65 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 1.98 |

^{1}kg/1000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1,320/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(f) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 1.81 | 0.988 |

Lead (T) | 1.25 | 0.612 |

Zinc (T) | 1.79 | 0.673 |

Total phenols | 2.02 | 0.706 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.4 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.353 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 0.424 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.471 |

^{1}kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.282/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

(g) Mold Cooling Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.392 | 0.214 |

Lead (T) | 0.27 | 0.132 |

Zinc (T) | 0.387 | 0.148 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0865 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.0763 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 0.0916 |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (61/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21761, June 16, 1986]

Any new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following new source performance standards (NSPS), except that non-continuous dischargers shall not be subject to the maximum day and maximum for monthly average mass (kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of metal poured; kg/62.3 million Sm3 or lb/billion SCF of air scrubbed) effluent standards for copper, lead, zinc, total phenols, oil and grease, and TSS. For non-continuous dischargers, annual average mass standards and maximum day and maximum for monthly average concentration (mg/l) standards shall apply. Concentration standards and annual average mass standards shall only apply to non-continuous dischargers.

(a) Casting Quench Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0307 | 0.0168 |

Lead (T) | 0.0211 | 0.0104 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0303 | 0.0116 |

Oil and grease | 1.2 | 0.399 |

TSS | 0.598 | 0.479 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0068 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.006 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 0.0072 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 0.199 |

TSS | 15 | 12 | 0.104 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (4.8/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(b) Direct Chill Casting Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.928 | 0.506 |

Lead (T) | 0.639 | 0.314 |

Zinc (T) | 0.916 | 0.35 |

Oil and grease | 36.2 | 12.1 |

TSS | 18.1 | 14.5 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.205 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.181 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 0.217 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 6.03 |

TSS | 15 | 12 | 3.13 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (145/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(c) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.553 | 0.301 |

Lead (T) | 0.38 | 0.187 |

Zinc (T) | 0.545 | 0.208 |

Total phenols | 0.617 | 0.215 |

Oil and grease | 21.5 | 7.18 |

TSS | 10.8 | 8.61 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.122 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.108 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 0.129 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.144 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 3.59 |

TSS | 15 | 12 | 1.87 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.086/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(d) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to navigable waters.

(e) Investment Casting.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per millions pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 8.48 | 4.63 |

Lead (T) | 5.84 | 2.86 |

Zinc (T) | 8.37 | 3.19 |

Oil and grease | 330 | 110 |

TSS | 165 | 132 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 1.87 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 1.65 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 1.98 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 55.1 |

TSS | 15 | 12 | 28.6 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1,320/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(f) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 1.81 | 0.988 |

Lead (T) | 1.25 | 0.612 |

Zinc (T) | 1.79 | 0.673 |

Total phenols | 2.02 | 0.706 |

Oil and grease | 70.6 | 23.5 |

TSS | 35.3 | 28.2 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.4 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.353 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 0.424 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.471 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 11.8 |

TSS | 15 | 12 | 6.12 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/62.3 Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.282/x) where x is the actual normalized process waste-water flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(g) Mold Cooling Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.392 | 0.214 |

Lead (T) | 0.27 | 0.132 |

Zinc (T) | 0.387 | 0.148 |

Oil and grease | 15.3 | 5.09 |

TSS | 7.63 | 6.11 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/1)^{2} | (mg/1)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0865 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.0763 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 0.0916 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 2.54 |

TSS | 15 | 12 | 1.32 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pound) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (61/x) where x is the actual normalized process waste-water flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21761, June 16, 1986]

Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7 and 403.13, any existing source subject to this subpart which introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for existing sources.

(a) Casting Quench Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0307 | 0.0168 |

Lead (T) | 0.0211 | 0.0104 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0303 | 0.0116 |

TTO | 0.0335 | 0.0109 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 1.2 | 0.399 |

(b) Direct Chill Casting Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.928 | 0.506 |

Lead (T) | 0.639 | 0.314 |

Zinc (T) | 0.916 | 0.35 |

(c) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.552 | 0.301 |

Lead (T) | 0.38 | 0.187 |

Zinc (T) | 0.545 | 0.208 |

Total phenols | 0.617 | 0.215 |

TTO | 1.65 | 0.54 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 21.5 | 7.18 |

(d) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to a POTW.

(e) Investment Casting.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 8.48 | 4.63 |

Lead (T) | 5.84 | 2.86 |

Zinc (T) | 8.37 | 3.19 |

TTO | 25.4 | 8.29 |

Oil and grease for alternate monitoring) | 330 | 110 |

(f) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 1.81 | 0.988 |

Lead (T) | 1.25 | 0.612 |

Zinc (T) | 1.79 | 0.673 |

Total phenols | 2.02 | 0.706 |

TTO | 5.41 | 1.77 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 70.6 | 23.5 |

(g) Mold Cooling Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.392 | 0.214 |

Lead (T) | 0.27 | 0.132 |

Zinc (T) | 0.387 | 0.148 |

TTO | 0.428 | 0.14 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 15.3 | 5.09 |

Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7, any new source subject to this subpart which introduces pollutants into publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for new sources.

(a) Casting Quench Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0307 | 0.0168 |

Lead (T) | 0.0211 | 0.0104 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0303 | 0.0116 |

TTO | 0.0335 | 0.0109 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 1.2 | 0.399 |

(b) Direct Chill Casting Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.928 | 0.506 |

Lead (T) | 0.639 | 0.314 |

Zinc (T) | 0.916 | 0.35 |

(c) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 Million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.552 | 0.301 |

Lead (T) | 0.38 | 0.187 |

Zinc (T) | 0.545 | 0.208 |

Total Phenols | 0.617 | 0.215 |

TTO | 1.65 | 0.54 |

Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring | 21.5 | 7.18 |

(d) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to a POTW.

(e) Investment Casting.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 8.48 | 4.63 |

Lead (T) | 5.84 | 2.86 |

Zinc (T) | 8.37 | 3.19 |

TTO | 25.4 | 8.29 |

Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring | 330 | 110 |

(f) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 1.81 | 0.988 |

Lead (T) | 1.25 | 0.612 |

Zinc (T) | 1.79 | 0.673 |

Total Phenols | 2.02 | 0.706 |

TTO | 5.41 | 1.77 |

Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring | 70.6 | 23.5 |

(g) Mold Cooling Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.392 | 0.214 |

Lead (T) | 0.27 | 0.132 |

Zinc (T) | 0.387 | 0.148 |

TTO | 0.428 | 0.14 |

Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring | 15.3 | 5.09 |