e-CFR banner

Home
gpo.gov
govinfo.gov

e-CFR Navigation Aids

Browse

Simple Search

Advanced Search

 — Boolean

 — Proximity

 

Search History

Search Tips

Corrections

Latest Updates

User Info

FAQs

Agency List

Incorporation By Reference

eCFR logo

Related Resources

 

Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

e-CFR data is current as of December 4, 2019

Title 40Chapter ISubchapter CPart 98 → Subpart U


Title 40: Protection of Environment
PART 98—MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING


Subpart U—Miscellaneous Uses of Carbonate


Contents
§98.210   Definition of the source category.
§98.211   Reporting threshold.
§98.212   GHGs to report.
§98.213   Calculating GHG emissions.
§98.214   Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.
§98.215   Procedures for estimating missing data.
§98.216   Data reporting requirements.
§98.217   Records that must be retained.
§98.218   Definitions.
Table U-1 to Subpart U of Part 98—CO2 Emission Factors for Common Carbonates

§98.210   Definition of the source category.

(a) This source category includes any equipment that uses carbonates listed in Table U-1 in manufacturing processes that emit carbon dioxide. Table U-1 includes the following carbonates: limestone, dolomite, ankerite, magnesite, siderite, rhodochrosite, or sodium carbonate. Facilities are considered to emit CO2 if they consume at least 2,000 tons per year of carbonates heated to a temperature sufficient to allow the calcination reaction to occur.

(b) This source category does not include equipment that uses carbonates or carbonate containing minerals that are consumed in the production of cement, glass, ferroalloys, iron and steel, lead, lime, phosphoric acid, pulp and paper, soda ash, sodium bicarbonate, sodium hydroxide, or zinc.

(c) This source category does not include carbonates used in sorbent technology used to control emissions from stationary fuel combustion equipment. Emissions from carbonates used in sorbent technology are reported under 40 CFR 98, subpart C (Stationary Fuel Combustion Sources).

§98.211   Reporting threshold.

You must report GHG emissions from miscellaneous uses of carbonate if your facility uses carbonates as defined in §98.210 of this subpart and the facility meets the requirements of either §98.2(a)(1) or (a)(2).

§98.212   GHGs to report.

You must report CO2 process emissions from all miscellaneous carbonate use at your facility as specified in this subpart.

§98.213   Calculating GHG emissions.

You must determine CO2 process emissions from carbonate use in accordance with the procedures specified in either paragraphs (a) or (b) of this section.

(a) Calculate the process emissions of CO2 using calcination fractions with Equation U-1 of this section.

eCFR graphic er30oc09.077.gif

View or download PDF

Where:

ECO2 = Annual CO2 mass emissions from consumption of carbonates (metric tons).

Mi = Annual mass of carbonate type i consumed (tons).

EFi = Emission factor for the carbonate type i, as specified in Table U-1 to this subpart, metric tons CO2/metric ton carbonate consumed.

Fi = Fraction calcination achieved for each particular carbonate type i (decimal fraction). As an alternative to measuring the calcination fraction, a value of 1.0 can be used.

n = Number of carbonate types.

2000/2205 = Conversion factor to convert tons to metric tons.

(b) Calculate the process emissions of CO2 using actual mass of output carbonates with Equation U-2 of this section.

eCFR graphic er30oc09.078.gif

View or download PDF

Where:

ECO2 = Annual CO2 mass emissions from consumption of carbonates (metric tons).

Mk = Annual mass of input carbonate type k (tons).

EFk = Emission factor for the carbonate type k, as specified in Table U-1 of this subpart (metric tons CO2/metric ton carbonate input).

Mj = Annual mass of output carbonate type j (tons).

EFj = Emission factor for the output carbonate type j, as specified in Table U-1 of this subpart (metric tons CO2/metric ton carbonate input).

m = Number of input carbonate types.

n = Number of output carbonate types.

§98.214   Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

(a) The annual mass of carbonate consumed (for Equation U-1 of this subpart) or carbonate inputs (for Equation U-2 of this subpart) must be determined annually from monthly measurements using the same plant instruments used for accounting purposes including purchase records or direct measurement, such as weigh hoppers or weigh belt feeders.

(b) The annual mass of carbonate outputs (for Equation U-2 of this subpart) must be determined annually from monthly measurements using the same plant instruments used for accounting purposes including purchase records or direct measurement, such as weigh hoppers or belt weigh feeders.

(c) If you follow the procedures of §98.213(a), as an alternative to assuming a calcination fraction of 1.0, you can determine on an annual basis the calcination fraction for each carbonate consumed based on sampling and chemical analysis using a suitable method such as using an x-ray fluorescence standard method or other enhanced industry consensus standard method published by an industry consensus standard organization (e.g., ASTM, ASME, etc.).

§98.215   Procedures for estimating missing data.

(a) A complete record of all measured parameters used in the GHG emissions calculations is required. Therefore, whenever a quality-assured value of a required parameter is unavailable, a substitute data value for the missing parameter shall be used in the calculations as specified in paragraph (b) of this section. You must document and keep records of the procedures used for all such estimates.

(b) For each missing value of monthly carbonate consumed, monthly carbonate output, or monthly carbonate input, the substitute data value must be the best available estimate based on the all available process data or data used for accounting purposes.

§98.216   Data reporting requirements.

In addition to the information required by §98.3(c), each annual report must contain the information specified in paragraphs (a) through (g) of this section at the facility level, as applicable.

(a) Annual CO2 emissions from miscellaneous carbonate use (metric tons).

(b) [Reserved]

(c) Measurement method used to determine the mass of carbonate.

(d) Method used to calculate emissions.

(e) If you followed the calculation method of §98.213(a), you must report the information in paragraphs (e)(1) through (3) of this section.

(1)-(2) [Reserved]

(3) If you determined the calcination fraction, indicate which standard method was used.

(f) [Reserved]

(g) Number of times in the reporting year that missing data procedures were followed to measure carbonate consumption, carbonate input or carbonate output (months).

[74 FR 56374, Oct. 30, 2009, as amended at 79 FR 63792, Oct. 24, 2014; 81 FR 89259, Dec. 9, 2016]

§98.217   Records that must be retained.

In addition to the records required by §98.3(g), you must retain the records specified in paragraphs (a) through (e) of this section:

(a) Monthly carbonate consumption (by carbonate type in tons).

(b) You must document the procedures used to ensure the accuracy of the monthly measurements of carbonate consumption, carbonate input or carbonate output including, but not limited to, calibration of weighing equipment and other measurement devices.

(c) Records of all analyses conducted to meet the requirements of this rule.

(d) Records of all calculations conducted.

(e) Verification software records. You must keep a record of the file generated by the verification software specified in §98.5(b) for the applicable data specified in paragraphs (e)(1) through (4) of this section. Retention of this file satisfies the recordkeeping requirement for the data in paragraphs (e)(1) through (4) of this section.

(1) Fraction calcination achieved for each particular carbonate type. As an alternative to measuring the calcination fraction, a value of 1.0 can be used (decimal fraction) (Equation U-1 of §98.213).

(2) Annual mass of each carbonate type consumed (tons) (Equation U-1).

(3) Annual mass of each input carbonate type (tons) (Equation U-2 of §98.213).

(4) Annual mass of each output carbonate type (tons) (Equation U-2).

[74 FR 56374, Oct. 30, 2009, as amended at 79 FR 63793, Oct. 24, 2014]

§98.218   Definitions.

All terms used in this subpart have the same meaning given in the Clean Air Act and subpart A of this part.

Table U-1 to Subpart U of Part 98—CO2 Emission Factors for Common Carbonates

Mineral name—carbonateCO2 emission factor
(tons CO2/ton carbonate)
Limestone—CaCO30.43971
Magnesite—MgCO30.52197
Dolomite—CaMg(CO3)20.47732
Siderite—FeCO30.37987
Ankerite—Ca(Fe, Mg, Mn)(CO3)20.47572
Rhodochrosite—MnCO30.38286
Sodium Carbonate/Soda Ash—Na2CO30.41492

Need assistance?