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e-CFR data is current as of October 19, 2020

Title 46Chapter ISubchapter BPart 13Subpart A → §13.121


Title 46: Shipping
PART 13—CERTIFICATION OF TANKERMEN
Subpart A—General


§13.121   Courses for tankerman endorsements.

(a) This section prescribes the requirements, beyond those in §§10.302 and 10.304 of this subchapter, applicable to schools offering courses required for a tankerman endorsement and courses that are a substitute for experience with transfers of liquid cargo in bulk required for the endorsement.

(b) A course that uses simulated transfers to train students in loading and discharging tank vessels may replace up to two loadings and two discharges, one commencement and one completion of loading, and one commencement and one completion of discharge required for a tankerman-PIC or tankerman-PIC (barge) endorsement. The request for approval of the course must specify those segments of a transfer that the course will simulate. The letter from the Coast Guard approving the course will state the number and kind of segments that the course will replace.

(c) The liquid cargo course required for an endorsement as—

(1) Tankerman-PIC DL is Tankship: Dangerous Liquids;

(2) Tankerman-PIC (barge) DL is Tank Barge: Dangerous Liquids;

(3) Tankerman-PIC LG is Tankship: Liquefied Gases;

(4) Tankerman-PIC (barge) LG is Tank Barge: Liquefied Gases;

(5) Tankerman assistant DL is Tankship: Familiarization (Dangerous Liquids);

(6) Tankerman assistant LG is Tankship: Familiarization (Liquefied Gases);

(7) Tankerman-engineer DL is Tankship: Dangerous Liquids; and

(8) Tankerman-engineer LG is Tankship: Liquefied Gases.

(d) The firefighting course required for an endorsement as—

(1) Tankerman-PIC (barge) is Tank Barge: Firefighting or basic firefighting; and

(2) Tankerman-PIC, tankerman-assistant, and tankerman-engineer is basic firefighting.

(e) The Coast Guard will evaluate and approve the curricula of courses to ensure adequate coverage of the required subjects. Training may employ classroom instruction, demonstrations, or simulated or actual operations.

(1) The course curricula for Tankship Familiarization must consist of the topics identified in Table 1 to §13.121(e) of this subpart.

(2) The course curricula for tankerman-PIC, tankerman-PIC (barge), and tankerman-engineer endorsements must consist of the topics identified in Table 2 to §13.121(e) of this subpart.

(3) The course curricula for firefighting courses must consist of the topics identified in Table 3 to §13.121(e) of this subpart.

Table 1 to §13.121(e)

Tankship familiarization topics12
Basic knowledge of tankers:      
types of oil and chemical vessels or liquefied gas tanker vesselsXX
general arrangement and constructionXX
Basic knowledge of cargo operations:      
piping systems and valvesXX
cargo pumps and cargo handling equipmentXX
loading and unloading and care in transitXX
tank cleaning, purging, gas-freeing and inertingXX
Basic knowledge of the physical properties of oil and chemicals:      
pressure and temperature, including vapor pressure/temperature relationshipX
types of electrostatic charge generationX
chemical symbolsX
Basic knowledge of the physical properties of liquefied gases, including:      
properties and characteristicsX
pressure and temperature, including vapor pressure/temperature relationshipX
types of electrostatic charge generationX
chemical symbolsX
Knowledge and understanding of tanker safety culture and safety managementXX
Basic knowledge of the hazards associated with tanker operations, including:      
health hazardsXX
environmental hazardsXX
reactivity hazardsXX
corrosion hazardsXX
explosion and flammability hazardsXX
sources of ignitionXX
electrostatic hazardsXX
toxicity hazardsXX
vapor leaks and cloudsXX
extremely low temperaturesX
pressure hazardsX
Basic knowledge of hazard controls:      
inerting, water padding, drying agents and monitoring techniquesXX
anti-static measuresXX
ventilationXX
segregationXX
cargo inhibitionXX
importance of cargo compatibilityXX
atmospheric controlXX
gas testingXX
Understanding of information on a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)XX
Function and proper use of gas-measuring instruments and similar equipmentXX
Proper use of safety equipment and protective devices, including:      
breathing apparatus and tank-evacuating equipmentXX
protective clothing and equipmentXX
resuscitatorsXX
rescue and escape equipmentXX
Basic knowledge of safe working practices and procedures in accordance with legislation and industry guidelines and personal shipboard safety relevant to oil and chemical tankers, including:      
precautions to be taken when entering enclosed spacesXX
precautions to be taken before and during repair and maintenance workXX
safety measures for hot and cold workXX
electrical safetyXX
ship/shore safety checklistXX
Basic knowledge of first aid with reference to a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)XX
Basic knowledge of emergency procedures, including emergency shutdownXX
Basic knowledge of the effects of oil and chemical pollution on human and marine lifeXX
Basic knowledge of shipboard procedures to prevent pollutionXX
Basic knowledge of measures to be taken in the event of spillage, including the need to:      
report relevant information to the responsible personsXX
assist in implementing shipboard spill-containment proceduresXX
prevent brittle fractureX

Column 1—Tankship familiarization (dangerous liquids).

Column 2—Tankship familiarization (liquefied gases).

Table 2 to §13.121(e)

Tankship and tank barge course topics1234
General characteristics, compatibility, reaction, firefighting procedures, and safety precautions for the cargoes of:
Bulk liquids defined as Dangerous Liquids in 46 CFR Part 13XX
Bulk liquefied gases & their vapors defined as Liquefied Gases in 46 CFR Part 13XX
Knowledge and understanding of the physical and chemical properties of oil and chemical cargoesX
Physical phenomena of liquefied gas, including:
Basic conceptXX
Compression and expansionXX
Mechanism of heat transferXX
Potential hazards of liquefied gas, including:
Chemical and physical propertiesXX
Combustion characteristicsXX
Results of gas release to the atmosphereXX
Health hazards (skin contact, inhalation, and ingestion)XX
Control of flammability range with inert gasXX
Thermal stress in structure and piping of vesselXX
Cargo systems, including:
Principles of containment systemsXXXX
Construction, materials, coating, & insulation of cargo tanksXX
General arrangement of cargo tanksXXXX
Venting and vapor-control systemsXXXX
Cargo-handling systems, including:
Piping systems, valves, pumps, and expansion systemsXXXX
Operating characteristicsXXXX
Instrumentation systems, including:
Cargo-level indicatorsXXXX
Gas-detecting systemsXXX
Temperature-monitoring systems, cargoXXX
Temperature-monitoring systems, hullXX
Automatic-shutdown systemsXXX
Auxiliary systems, including:
Ventilation, inertingXXXX
Valves, including:
Quick-closingXXXX
Remote-controlXXXX
PneumaticXXXX
Excess-flowXXXX
Safety-reliefXXXX
Pressure-vacuumXXXX
Heating-systems: cofferdams & ballast tanksXX
Operations connected with the loading and discharging of cargo, including:
Lining up the cargo and vapor-control systemsXXXX
Pre-transfer inspections and completion of the Declaration of InspectionXXXX
Hooking up of cargo hose, loading arms, and grounding-strapXXXX
Starting of liquid flowXXXX
Calculation of loading ratesXX
Discussion of loadingXXXX
Ballasting and deballastingXXXX
Topping off of the cargo tanksXXXX
Discussion of dischargingXXXX
Stripping of the cargo tanksXX
Monitoring of transfersXXXX
Gauging of cargo tanksXXXX
Disconnecting of cargo hoses or loading armsXXXX
Cargo-tank-cleaning procedures and precautionsXX
Slop arrangementsX
Ship-to-ship transfersX
Operating procedures and sequence for:
Inerting of cargo tanks and void spacesXXXX
Cooldown and warmup of cargo tanksXX
Gas-freeingXXXX
Loaded or ballasted voyagesXX
Testing of cargo-tank atmospheres for oxygen & cargo vaporXXXX
Stability and stress considerations connected with loading and discharging of cargoXXXX
Loadline, draft, and trimXXXX
Disposal of boil-off, including:
System designXX
Safety featuresXX
Stability-letter requirementsXX
Emergency procedures, including notice to appropriate authorities, for:
FireXXXX
CollisionXXXX
GroundingXXXX
Equipment failureXXXX
Leaks and spillsXXX
Structural failureXXXX
Emergency discharge of cargoXXXX
Entering cargo tanksXXXX
Emergency shutdown of cargo-handlingXXXX
Emergency systems for closing cargo tanksXX
Rules & regulations (international and Federal, for all tank vessels) on conducting operations and preventing pollutionXXXX
Pollution prevention, including:
Procedures to prevent air and water pollutionXXXX
Measures to take in event of spillageXXXX
Danger from drift of vapor cloudXXXX
Environmental protection equipment, including oil discharge monitoring equipmentX
Terminology for tankships carrying oil and chemicalsX
Terminology for tank barges carrying oil and chemicalsX
Terminology for tankships carrying liquefied gasesX
Terminology for tank barges carrying liquefied gasesX
Principles & procedures of crude-oil-washing (COW) systems, including:
PurposeX
Equipment and designX
OperationsX
Safety precautionsX
Maintenance of plant and equipmentX
Principles & procedures of the inert-gas systems (IGSs), including:
PurposeXX
Equipment and designXX
OperationsXX
Safety precautionsXX
Maintenance of plant and equipmentXX
Principles & procedures of vapor-control systems, including:
PurposeXXXX
PrinciplesXXXX
Coast Guard regulationsXXXX
HazardsXXXX
Active system componentsXXXX
Passive system componentsXXXX
Operating procedures, including:
Testing and inspection requirementsXXXX
Pre-transfer proceduresXXXX
Connecting sequenceXXXX
Start-up sequenceXXXX
Normal operationsXXXX
Loading and unloading plansX
Emergency proceduresXXXX
Cargo-hazard-information systemsXXXX
Safe entry into confined spaces, including:
Testing tank atmospheres for oxygen & hydrocarbon vaporsXX
Definition and hazards of confined spacesXXXX
Cargo tanks and pumproomsXXXX
Evaluation and assessment of risks and hazardsXXXX
Safety precautions and proceduresXXXX
Enclosed space rescueX
Personnel protective equipment (PPE) and clothingXXXX
Maintenance of PPEXXXX
Dangers of skin contactXXXX
Inhalation of vaporsXX
Electricity and static electricity—hazards and precautionsXXXX
Emergency proceduresXXXX
Federal regulations, national standards & industry guidelinesXXXX
Inspections by marine chemists & competent persons, including hot-work permits & proceduresXXXX
Vessel response plans:
Purpose, content, and location of informationXXXX
Procedures for notice and mitigation of spillsXXXX
Geographic-specific appendicesXXXX
Vessel-specific appendicesXXXX
Emergency-action checklistXXXX

Column 1—Tankship: Dangerous Liquids.

Column 2—Tank Barge: Dangerous Liquids.

Column 3—Tankship: Liquefied Gases.

Column 4—Tank Barge: Liquefied Gases.

Table 3 to §13.121(e)

Firefighting course topics12
Elements of fire (Fire triangle):
FuelXX
Source of ignitionXX
OxygenXX
Ignition sources (general):
ChemicalX
BiologicalX
PhysicalX
Ignition sources applicable to bargesX
Definitions of flammability and combustibility:      
FlammabilityXX
Ignition pointXX
Burning temperatureXX
Burning speedX
Thermal valueX
Lower flammable limitXX
Upper flammable limitXX
Flammable rangeXX
InertingX
Static electricityXX
Flash pointXX
Auto-ignitionXX
Spread of fire:
By radiationXX
By convectionXX
By conductionXX
ReactivityXX
Fire classifications and applicable extinguishing agentsXX
Main causes of fires:
Oil leakageXX
SmokingXX
Overheating pumpsXX
Galley appliancesX
Spontaneous ignitionXX
Hot workXX
Electrical apparatusX
Reaction, self-heating, and auto-ignitionX
Fire prevention:
GeneralXX
Fire hazards of DL and LGXX
Fire detection:
Fire- and smoke-detection systemsX
Automatic fire alarmsX
Firefighting equipment:
Fire mains, hydrantsX
International shore-connectionX
Smothering-installations, carbon dioxide (CO2), foam *  *  *X
Pressure-water spray system in special-category spacesX
Automatic sprinkler systemX
Emergency fire pump, emergency generatorX
Chemical-powder applicantsX
General outline of required and mobile apparatusX
Fireman's outfit, personal equipmentX
Breathing apparatusX
Resuscitation apparatusX
Smoke helmet or maskX
Fireproof life-line and harnessX
Fire hose, nozzles, connections, and fire axesX
Fire blanketsX
Portable fire extinguishersXX
Limitations of portable and semiportable extinguishersXX
Emergency procedures:
Arrangements:
Escape routesXX
Means of gas-freeing tanksXX
Class A, B, and C divisionsX
Inert-gas systemX
Ship firefighting organization:
General alarmsX
Fire-control plans, muster stations, and dutiesX
CommunicationsX
Periodic shipboard drillsX
Patrol systemX
Basic firefighting techniques:
Sounding alarmXX
Locating and isolating firesXX
Stopping leakage of cargoXX
JettisoningX
InhibitingX
CoolingX
SmotheringX
Sizing up situationX
Locating information on cargoX
ExtinguishingXX
Extinguishing with portable unitsXX
Setting reflash watchXX
Using additional personnelXX
Firefighting extinguishing-agents:
Water (solid jet, spray, fog, and flooding)X
Foam (high, medium and low expansion)X
Carbon dioxide (CO2)XX
Aqueous-film-forming foam (AFFF)X
Dry chemicalsXX
Use of extinguisher on:
Flammable and combustible liquidsXX
Manifold-flange fireXX
Drip-pan fireXX
Pump fireXX
Drills for typical fires on bargesX
Field exercises:
Extinguish small fires using portable extinguishers:
ElectricalXX
Manifold-flangeXX
Drip-panXX
PumpXX
Use self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA)X
Extinguish extensive fires with waterX
Extinguish fires with foam, or chemicalX
Fight fire in smoke-filled enclosed space wearing SCBAX
Extinguish fire with water fog in an enclosed space with heavy smokeX
Extinguish oil fire with fog applicator and spray nozzles, dry-chemical, or foam applicatorsX
Effect a rescue in a smoke-filled space while wearing breathing apparatusX

Column 1—tankerman-PIC (barge).

Column 2—tankerman-PIC, tankerman-engineer, and tankerman-assistant.

[USCG-2004-17914, 78 FR 77989, Dec. 24, 2013, as amended by USCG-2014-0688, 79 FR 58279, Sept. 29, 2014]

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