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Title 40Chapter ISubchapter CPart 63Subpart UUUU → Appendix


Title 40: Protection of Environment
PART 63—NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES (CONTINUED)
Subpart UUUU—National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Cellulose Products Manufacturing


Table 4 to Subpart UUUU of Part 63—Requirements for Performance Tests

As required in §§63.5530(b) and 63.5535(a), (b), (g)(1), and (h)(1), you must conduct performance tests, other initial compliance demonstrations, and CEMS performance evaluations and establish operating limits according to the requirements in the following table:

For .  .  .at .  .  .you must .  .  .using .  .  .according to the following
requirements .  .  .
1. the sum of all process ventsa. each existing or new affected sourcei. select sampling port's location and the number of traverse points;EPA Method 1 or 1A in appendix A-1 to part 60 of this chapter;sampling sites must be located at the inlet and outlet to each control device;
   ii. determine velocity and volumetric flow rate;EPA Method 2, 2A, 2C, 2D, 2F, or 2G in appendices A-1 and A-2 to part 60 of this chapter;you may use EPA Method 2A, 2C, 2D, 2F, or 2G as an alternative to using EPA Method 2, as appropriate;
   iii. conduct gas analysis; and,(1) EPA Method 3, 3A, or 3B in appendix A-2 to part 60 of this chapter; or,you may use EPA Method 3A or 3B as an alternative to using EPA Method 3; or,
   (2) ASME PTC 19.10-1981—Part 10 (incorporated by reference—see §63.14); and,you may use ASME PTC 19.10-1981—Part 10 as an alternative to using the manual procedures (but not instrumental procedures) in EPA Method 3B.
   iv. measure moisture content of the stack gas.EPA Method 4 in appendix A-3 to part 60 of this chapter.
2. the sum of all viscose process ventsa. each existing or new viscose process sourcei. measure total sulfide emissions.(1) EPA Method 15 in appendix A-5 to part 60 of this chapter; or(a) you must conduct testing of emissions at the inlet and outlet of each control device;
(b) you must conduct testing of emissions from continuous viscose process vents and combinations of batch and continuous viscose process vents at normal operating conditions, as specified in §63.5535;
(c) you must conduct testing of emissions from batch viscose process vents as specified in §63.490(c), except that the emission reductions required for process vents under this subpart supersede the emission reductions required for process vents under subpart U of this part; and
(d) you must collect CPMS data during the period of the initial compliance demonstration and determine the CPMS operating limit during the period of the initial compliance demonstration.
(2) carbon disulfide and/or hydrogen sulfide CEMS, as applicable;(a) you must measure emissions at the inlet and outlet of each control device using CEMS;
(b) you must install, operate, and maintain the CEMS according to the applicable performance specification (PS-7, PS-8, PS-9, or PS-15) of appendix B to part 60 of this chapter; and
(c) you must collect CEMS emissions data at the inlet and outlet of each control device during the period of the initial compliance demonstration and determine the CEMS operating limit during the period of the initial compliance demonstration.
3. the sum of all solvent coating process ventsa. each existing or new cellophane operationi. measure toluene emissions.(1) EPA Method 18 in appendix A-6 to part 60 of this chapter, or Method 320 in appendix A to part 63; or(a) you must conduct testing of emissions at the inlet and outlet of each control device;
(b) you may use EPA Method 18 or 320 to determine the control efficiency of any control device for organic compounds; for a combustion device, you must use only HAP that are present in the inlet to the control device to characterize the percent reduction across the combustion device;
(c) you must conduct testing of emissions from continuous solvent coating process vents and combinations of batch and continuous solvent coating process vents at normal operating conditions, as specified in §63.5535;
(d) you must conduct testing of emissions from batch solvent coating process vents as specified in §63.490(c), except that the emission reductions required for process vents under this subpart supersede the emission reductions required for process vents under subpart U of this part; and
(e) you must collect CPMS data during the period of the initial compliance demonstration and determine the CPMS operating limit during the initial compliance demonstration.
   (2) ASTM D6420-99 (Reapproved 2010) (incorporated by reference—see §63.14); or(a) you must conduct testing of emissions at the inlet and outlet of each control device;
(b) you may use ASTM D6420-99 (Reapproved 2010) as an alternative to EPA Method 18 only where: The target compound(s) are known and are listed in ASTM D6420 as measurable; this ASTM should not be used for methane and ethane because their atomic mass is less than 35; ASTM D6420 should never be specified as a total VOC method;
(c) you must conduct testing of emissions from continuous solvent coating process vents and combinations of batch and continuous solvent coating process vents at normal operating conditions, as specified in §63.5535;
(d) you must conduct testing of emissions from batch solvent coating process vents as specified in §63.490(c), except that the emission reductions required for process vents under this subpart supersede the emission reductions required for process vents under subpart U of this part; and
(e) you must collect CPMS data during the period of the initial compliance demonstration and determine the CPMS operating limit during the period of the initial compliance demonstration.
   (3) ASTM D6348-12e1 (incorporated by reference—see §63.14).(a) you must conduct testing of emissions at the inlet and outlet of each control device;
(b) you may use ASTM D6348-12e1 as an alternative to EPA Method 320 only where the following conditions are met: (1) The test plan preparation and implementation in the Annexes to ASTM D 6348-03, Sections A1 through A8 are mandatory; and (2) in ASTM D6348-03 Annex A5 (Analyte Spiking Technique), the percent recovery (%R) must be determined for each target analyte (Equation A5.5). In order for the test data to be acceptable for a compound, %R must be greater than or equal to 70 percent and less than or equal to 130 percent. If the %R value does not meet this criterion for a target compound, the test data are not acceptable for that compound and the test must be repeated for that analyte (i.e., the sampling and/or analytical procedure should be adjusted before a retest). The %R value for each compound must be reported in the test report, and all field measurements must be corrected with the calculated %R value for that compound by using the following equation: Reported Results = ((Measured Concentration in the Stack)/(%R)) × 100. ASTM D6348-03 is incorporated by reference, see §63.14.
(c) you must conduct testing of emissions from continuous solvent coating process vents and combinations of batch and continuous solvent coating process vents at normal operating conditions, as specified in §63.5535;
(d) you must conduct testing of emissions from batch solvent coating process vents as specified in §63.490(c), except that the emission reductions required for process vents under this subpart supersede the emission reductions required for process vents under subpart U of this part; and
(e) you must collect CPMS data during the period of the initial compliance demonstration and determine the CPMS operating limit during the period of the initial compliance demonstration.
4. the sum of all cellulose ether process ventsa. each existing or new cellulose ether operationi. measure total organic HAP emissions.(1) EPA Method 18 in appendix A-6 to part 60 of this chapter or Method 320 in appendix A to this part, or(a) you must conduct testing of emissions at the inlet and outlet of each control device;
(b) you may use EPA Method 18 or 320 to determine the control efficiency of any control device for organic compounds; for a combustion device, you must use only HAP that are present in the inlet to the control device to characterize the percent reduction across the combustion device;
(c) you must conduct testing of emissions from continuous cellulose ether process vents and combinations of batch and continuous cellulose ether process vents at normal operating conditions, as specified in §63.5535;
(d) you must conduct testing of emissions from batch cellulose ether process vents as specified in §63.490(c), except that the emission reductions required for process vents under this subpart supersede the emission reductions required for process vents under subpart U of this part; and
(e) you must collect CPMS data during the period of the initial performance test and determine the CPMS operating limit during the period of the initial performance test.
   (2) ASTM D6420-99 (Reapproved 2010); or(a) you must conduct testing of emissions at the inlet and outlet of each control device;
(b) you may use ASTM D6420-99 (Reapproved 2010) as an alternative to EPA Method 18 only where: The target compound(s) are known and are listed in ASTM D6420 as measurable; this ASTM should not be used for methane and ethane because their atomic mass is less than 35; ASTM D6420 should never be specified as a total VOC method;
(c) you must conduct testing of emissions from continuous cellulose ether process vents and combinations of batch and continuous cellulose ether process vents at normal operating conditions, as specified in §63.5535;
(d) you must conduct testing of emissions from batch cellulose ether process vents as specified in §63.490(c), except that the emission reductions required for process vents under this subpart supersede the emission reductions required for process vents under subpart U of this part; and
(e) you must collect CPMS data during the period of the initial performance test and determine the CPMS operating limit during the period of the initial performance test.
   (3) ASTM D6348-12e1.(a) you must conduct testing of emissions at the inlet and outlet of each control device;
(b) you may use ASTM D6348-12e1 as an alternative to EPA Method 320 only where the following conditions are met: (1) The test plan preparation and implementation in the Annexes to ASTM D 6348-03, Sections A1 through A8 are mandatory; and (2) in ASTM D6348-03 Annex A5 (Analyte Spiking Technique), the percent recovery (%R) must be determined for each target analyte (Equation A5.5). In order for the test data to be acceptable for a compound, %R must be greater than or equal to 70 percent and less than or equal to 130 percent. If the %R value does not meet this criterion for a target compound, the test data are not acceptable for that compound and the test must be repeated for that analyte (i.e., the sampling and/or analytical procedure should be adjusted before a retest). The %R value for each compound must be reported in the test report, and all field measurements must be corrected with the calculated %R value for that compound by using the following equation: Reported Results = ((Measured Concentration in the Stack)/(%R)) × 100.
(c) you must conduct testing of emissions from continuous solvent coating process vents and combinations of batch and continuous solvent coating process vents at normal operating conditions, as specified in §63.5535;
(d) you must conduct testing of emissions from batch solvent coating process vents as specified in §63.490(c), except that the emission reductions required for process vents under this subpart supersede the emission reductions required for process vents under subpart U of this part; and
(e) you must collect CPMS data during the period of the initial compliance demonstration and determine the CPMS operating limit during the period of the initial compliance demonstration.
   (4) EPA Method 25 in appendix A-7 to part 60 of this chapter; or(a) you must conduct testing of emissions at the inlet and outlet of each control device;
(b) you may use EPA Method 25 to determine the control efficiency of combustion devices for organic compounds; you may not use EPA Method 25 to determine the control efficiency of noncombustion control devices;
(c) you must conduct testing of emissions from continuous cellulose ether process vents and combinations of batch and continuous cellulose ether process vents at normal operating conditions, as specified in §63.5535;
(d) you must conduct testing of emissions from batch cellulose ether process vents as specified in §63.490(c), except that the emission reductions required for process vents under this subpart supersede the emission reductions required for process vents under subpart U of this part; and
(e) you must collect CPMS data during the period of the initial performance test and determine the CPMS operating limit during the period of the initial performance test
   (5) EPA Method 25A in appendix A-7 to part 60 of this chapter.(a) you must conduct testing of emissions at the inlet and outlet of each control device;
(b) you may use EPA Method 25A if: An exhaust gas volatile organic matter concentration of 50 ppmv or less is required in order to comply with the emission limit; the volatile organic matter concentration at the inlet to the control device and the required level of control are such as to result in exhaust volatile organic matter concentrations of 50 ppmv or less; or because of the high control efficiency of the control device, the anticipated volatile organic matter concentration at the control device exhaust is 50 ppmv or less, regardless of the inlet concentration;
(c) you must conduct testing of emissions from continuous cellulose ether process vents and combinations of batch and continuous cellulose ether process vents at normal operating conditions, as specified in §63.5535;
(d) you must conduct testing of emissions from batch cellulose ether process vents as specified in §63.490(c), except that the emission reductions required for process vents under this subpart supersede the emission reductions required for process vents under subpart U of this part; and,
(e) you must collect CPMS data during the period of the initial performance test and determine the CPMS operating limit during the period of the initial performance test.
5. each toluene storage vessela. each existing or new cellophane operationi. measure toluene emissions.(1) EPA Method 18 in appendix A-6 to part 60 of this chapter or Method 320 in appendix A to this part; or(a) if venting to a control device to reduce emissions, you must conduct testing of emissions at the inlet and outlet of each control device;
(b) you may use EPA Method 18 or 320 to determine the control efficiency of any control device for organic compounds; for a combustion device, you must use only HAP that are present in the inlet to the control device to characterize the percent reduction across the combustion device;
(c) you must conduct testing of emissions from continuous storage vessel vents and combinations of batch and continuous storage vessel vents at normal operating conditions, as specified in §63.5535 for continuous process vents;
(d) you must conduct testing of emissions from batch storage vessel vents as specified in §63.490(c) for batch process vents, except that the emission reductions required for process vents under this subpart supersede the emission reductions required for process vents under subpart U of this part; and,
(e) you must collect CPMS data during the period of the initial compliance demonstration and determine the CPMS operating limit during the period of the initial compliance demonstration.
   (2) ASTM D6420-99; or(a) if venting to a control device to reduce emissions, you must conduct testing of emissions at the inlet and outlet of each control device;
(b) you may use ASTM D6420-99 (Reapproved 2010) as an alternative to EPA Method 18 only where: The target compound(s) are known and are listed in ASTM D6420 as measurable; this ASTM should not be used for methane and ethane because their atomic mass is less than 35; ASTM D6420 should never be specified as a total VOC method;
(c) you must conduct testing of emissions from continuous storage vessel vents and combinations of batch and continuous storage vessel vents at normal operating conditions, as specified in §63.5535 for continuous process vents;
(d) you must conduct testing of emissions from batch storage vessel vents as specified in §63.490(c) for batch process vents, except that the emission reductions required for process vents under this subpart supersede the emission reductions required for process vents under subpart U of this part; and,
(e) you must collect CPMS data during the period of the initial compliance demonstration and determine the CPMS operating limit during the period of the initial compliance demonstration.
   (3) ASTM D6348-12e1.(a) you must conduct testing of emissions at the inlet and outlet of each control device;
(b) you may use ASTM D6348-12e1 as an alternative to EPA Method 320 only where the following conditions are met: (1) The test plan preparation and implementation in the Annexes to ASTM D 6348-03, Sections A1 through A8 are mandatory; and (2) in ASTM D6348-03 Annex A5 (Analyte Spiking Technique), the percent recovery (%R) must be determined for each target analyte (Equation A5.5). In order for the test data to be acceptable for a compound, %R must be greater than or equal to 70 percent and less than or equal to 130 percent. If the %R value does not meet this criterion for a target compound, the test data are not acceptable for that compound and the test must be repeated for that analyte (i.e., the sampling and/or analytical procedure should be adjusted before a retest). The %R value for each compound must be reported in the test report, and all field measurements must be corrected with the calculated %R value for that compound by using the following equation: Reported Results = ((Measured Concentration in the Stack)/(%R)) × 100.
(c) you must conduct testing of emissions from continuous solvent coating process vents and combinations of batch and continuous solvent coating process vents at normal operating conditions, as specified in §63.5535;
(d) you must conduct testing of emissions from batch solvent coating process vents as specified in §63.490(c), except that the emission reductions required for process vents under this subpart supersede the emission reductions required for process vents under subpart U of this part; and
(e) you must collect CPMS data during the period of the initial compliance demonstration and determine the CPMS operating limit during the period of the initial compliance demonstration.
6. the sum of all process vents controlled using a flareeach existing or new affected sourcemeasure visible emissions.EPA Method 22 in appendix A-7 to part 60 of this chapter.you must conduct the flare visible emissions test according to §63.11(b).
7. equipment leaksa. each existing or new cellulose ether operationi. measure leak rate.(1) applicable equipment leak test methods in §63.180; oryou must follow all requirements for the applicable equipment leak test methods in §63.180; or
   (2) applicable equipment leak test methods in §63.1023.you must follow all requirements for the applicable equipment leak test methods in §63.1023.
8. all sources of wastewater emissionsa. each existing or new cellulose ether operationi. measure wastewater HAP emissions.(1) applicable wastewater test methods and procedures in §§63.144 and 63.145; or(a) You must follow all requirements for the applicable wastewater test methods and procedures in §§63.144 and 63.145; or
   (2) applicable wastewater test methods and procedures in §§63.144 and 63.145, using ASTM D5790-95 (Reapproved 2012) (incorporated by reference—see §63.14) as an alternative to EPA Method 624 in appendix A to part 163 of this chapter.(a) you must follow all requirements for the applicable waste water test methods and procedures in §§63.144 and 63.145, except that you may use ASTM D5790-95 (Reapproved 2012) as an alternative to EPA Method 624, under the condition that this ASTM method be used with the sampling procedures of EPA Method 25D or an equivalent method.
9. any emission pointa. each existing or new affected source using a CEMS to demonstrate compliancei. conduct a CEMS performance evaluation.(1) applicable requirements in §63.8 and applicable performance specification (PS-7, PS-8, PS-9, or PS-15) in appendix B to part 60 of this chapter.(a) you must conduct the CEMS performance evaluation during the period of the initial compliance demonstration according to the applicable requirements in §63.8 and the applicable performance specification (PS-7, PS-8, PS-9, or PS-15) of 40 CFR part 60, appendix B;
(b) you must install, operate, and maintain the CEMS according to the applicable performance specification (PS-7, PS-8, PS-9, or PS-15) of 40 CFR part 60, appendix B; and
(c) you must collect CEMS emissions data at the inlet and outlet of each control device during the period of the initial compliance demonstration and determine the CEMS operating limit during the period of the initial compliance demonstration.

[85 FR 40003, July 2, 2020]

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