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Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

e-CFR data is current as of December 12, 2019

Title 40Chapter ISubchapter CPart 98 → Subpart Z


Title 40: Protection of Environment
PART 98—MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING


Subpart Z—Phosphoric Acid Production


Contents
§98.260   Definition of the source category.
§98.261   Reporting threshold.
§98.262   GHGs to report.
§98.263   Calculating GHG emissions.
§98.264   Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.
§98.265   Procedures for estimating missing data.
§98.266   Data reporting requirements.
§98.267   Records that must be retained.
§98.268   Definitions.
Table Z-1 to Subpart Z of Part 98—Default Chemical Composition of Phosphate Rock by Origin

§98.260   Definition of the source category.

The phosphoric acid production source category consists of facilities with a wet-process phosphoric acid process line used to produce phosphoric acid. A wet-process phosphoric acid process line is the production unit or units identified by an individual identification number in an operating permit and/or any process unit or group of process units at a facility reacting phosphate rock from a common supply source with acid.

§98.261   Reporting threshold.

You must report GHG emissions under this subpart if your facility contains a phosphoric acid production process and the facility meets the requirements of either §98.2(a)(1) or (a)(2).

§98.262   GHGs to report.

(a) You must report CO2 process emissions from each wet-process phosphoric acid process line.

(b) You must report under subpart C of this part (General Stationary Fuel Combustion Sources) the emissions of CO2, CH4, and N2O from each stationary combustion unit following the requirements of subpart C of this part.

§98.263   Calculating GHG emissions.

You must calculate and report the annual process CO2 emissions from each wet-process phosphoric acid process line using the procedures in either paragraph (a) or (b) of this section.

(a) Calculate and report under this subpart the process CO2 emissions by operating and maintaining a CEMS according to the Tier 4 Calculation Methodology specified in §98.33(a)(4) and all associated requirements for Tier 4 in subpart C of this part (General Stationary Fuel Combustion Sources).

(b) Calculate and report under this subpart the process CO2 emissions using the procedures in paragraphs (b)(1) and (b)(2) of this section.

(1) Calculate the annual CO2 mass emissions from each wet-process phosphoric acid process line using the methods in paragraphs (b)(1)(i) or (ii) of this section, as applicable.

(i) If your process measurement provides the inorganic carbon content of phosphate rock as an output, calculate and report the process CO2 emissions from each wet-process phosphoric acid process line using Equation Z-1a of this section:

eCFR graphic er28oc10.031.gif

View or download PDF

where:

Em = Annual CO2 mass emissions from a wet-process phosphoric acid process line m according to this Equation Z-1a (metric tons).

ICn,i = Inorganic carbon content of a grab sample batch of phosphate rock by origin i obtained during month n, from the carbon analysis results (percent by weight, expressed as a decimal fraction).

Pn,i = Mass of phosphate rock by origin i consumed in month n by wet-process phosphoric acid process line m (tons).

z = Number of months during which the process line m operates.

b = Number of different types of phosphate rock in month, by origin. If the grab sample is a composite sample of rock from more than one origin, b = 1.

2000/2205 = Conversion factor to convert tons to metric tons.

44/12 = Ratio of molecular weights, CO2 to carbon.

(ii) If your process measurement provides the CO2 content directly as an output, calculate and report the process CO2 emissions from each wet-process phosphoric acid process line using Equation Z-1b of this section:

eCFR graphic er28oc10.032.gif

View or download PDF

where:

Em = Annual CO2 mass emissions from a wet-process phosphoric acid process line m according to this Equation Z-1b (metric tons).

CO2n,i = Carbon dioxide content of a grab sample batch of phosphate rock by origin i obtained during month n (percent by weight, expressed as a decimal fraction).

Pn,i = Mass of phosphate rock by origin i consumed in month n by wet-process phosphoric acid process line m (tons).

z = Number of months during which the process line m operates.

b = Number of different types of phosphate rock in month, by origin. If the grab sample is a composite sample of rock from more than one origin, b = 1.

2000/2205 = Conversion factor to convert tons to metric tons.

(2) You must determine the total emissions from the facility using Equation Z-2 of this section:

eCFR graphic er30oc09.111.gif

View or download PDF

Where:

CO2 = Annual process CO2 emissions from phosphoric acid production facility (metric tons/year).

Em = Annual process CO2 emissions from wet-process phosphoric acid process line m (metric tons/year).

p = Number of wet-process phosphoric acid process lines.

(c) If GHG emissions from a wet-process phosphoric acid process line are vented through the same stack as any combustion unit or process equipment that reports CO2 emissions using a CEMS that complies with the Tier 4 Calculation Methodology in subpart C of this part (General Stationary Fuel Combustion Sources), then the calculation methodology in paragraph (b) of this section shall not be used to calculate process emissions. The owner or operator shall report under this subpart the combined stack emissions according to the Tier 4 Calculation Methodology in §98.33(a)(4) and all associated requirements for Tier 4 in subpart C of this part.

[74 FR 56374, Oct. 30, 2009, as amended at 75 FR 66468, Oct. 28, 2010; 78 FR 71964, Nov. 29, 2013]

§98.264   Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

(a) You must obtain a monthly grab sample of phosphate rock directly from the rock being fed to the process line before it enters the mill using one of the following methods. You may conduct the representative bulk sampling using a method published by a consensus standards organization, or you may use industry consensus standard practice methods, including but not limited to the Phosphate Mining States Methods Used and Adopted by the Association of Fertilizer and Phosphate Chemists (AFPC). If phosphate rock is obtained from more than one origin in a month, you must obtain a sample from each origin of rock or obtain a composite representative sample.

(b) You must determine the carbon dioxide or inorganic carbon content of each monthly grab sample of phosphate rock (consumed in the production of phosphoric acid). You may use a method published by a consensus standards organization, or you may use industry consensus standard practice methods, including but not limited to the Phosphate Mining States Methods Used and Adopted by AFPC.

(c) You must determine the mass of phosphate rock consumed each month (by origin) in each wet-process phosphoric acid process line. You can use existing plant procedures that are used for accounting purposes (such as sales records) or you can use data from existing monitoring equipment that is used to measure total mass flow of phosphorous-bearing feed under 40 CFR part 60 or part 63.

[74 FR 56374, Oct. 30, 2009, as amended at 75 FR 66468, Oct. 28, 2010; 78 FR 71964, Nov. 29, 2013]

§98.265   Procedures for estimating missing data.

A complete record of all measured parameters used in the GHG emissions calculations is required. Therefore, whenever a quality-assured value of a required parameter is unavailable, a substitute data value for the missing parameter must be used in the calculations as specified in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section.

(a) For each missing value of the inorganic carbon content or CO2 content of phosphate rock (by origin), you must use the appropriate default factor provided in Table Z-1 of this subpart. Alternatively, you must determine a substitute data value by calculating the arithmetic average of the quality-assured values of inorganic carbon contents or CO2 contents of phosphate rock of origin i (see Equation Z-1a or Z-1b of this subpart) from samples immediately preceding and immediately following the missing data incident. If no quality-assured data on inorganic carbon contents or CO2 contents of phosphate rock of origin i are available prior to the missing data incident, the substitute data value shall be the first quality-assured value for inorganic carbon contents or CO2 contents for phosphate rock of origin i obtained after the missing data period.

(b) For each missing value of monthly mass consumption of phosphate rock (by origin), you must use the best available estimate based on all available process data or data used for accounting purposes.

[78 FR 71964, Nov. 29, 2013]

§98.266   Data reporting requirements.

In addition to the information required by §98.3(c), each annual report must contain the information specified in paragraphs (a) through (f) of this section.

(a) Annual phosphoric acid production, by origin of the phosphate rock (tons).

(b) Annual phosphoric acid production capacity (tons).

(c) Annual arithmetic average percent inorganic carbon or carbon dioxide in phosphate rock from monthly records (percent by weight, expressed as a decimal fraction).

(d) Annual phosphate rock consumption from monthly measurement records by origin (tons).

(e) If you use a CEMS to measure CO2 emissions, then you must report the information in paragraphs (e)(1) and (e)(2) of this section.

(1) The identification number of each wet-process phosphoric acid process line.

(2) The annual CO2 emissions from each wet-process phosphoric acid process line (metric tons) and the relevant information required under 40 CFR 98.36 (e)(2)(vi) for the Tier 4 Calculation Methodology.

(f) If you do not use a CEMS to measure emissions, then you must report the information in paragraphs (f)(1) through (9) of this section.

(1) Identification number of each wet-process phosphoric acid process line.

(2) Annual CO2 emissions from each wet-process phosphoric acid process line (metric tons) as calculated by either Equation Z-1a or Equation Z-1b of this subpart.

(3) Annual phosphoric acid production capacity (tons) for each wet-process phosphoric acid process line.

(4) Method used to estimate any missing values of inorganic carbon content or carbon dioxide content of phosphate rock for each wet-process phosphoric acid process line.

(5) [Reserved]

(6) [Reserved]

(7) Number of wet-process phosphoric acid process lines.

(8) Number of times missing data procedures were used to estimate phosphate rock consumption (months), inorganic carbon contents of the phosphate rock (months), and CO2 contents of the phosphate rock (months).

(9) Annual process CO2 emissions from phosphoric acid production facility (metric tons).

[74 FR 56374, Oct. 30, 2009, as amended at 75 FR 66469, Oct. 28, 2010; 78 FR 71964, Nov. 29, 2013; 79 FR 63797, Oct. 24, 2014; 81 FR 89263, Dec. 9, 2016]

§98.267   Records that must be retained.

In addition to the records required by §98.3(g), you must retain the records specified in paragraphs (a) through (d) of this section for each wet-process phosphoric acid production facility.

(a) Monthly mass of phosphate rock consumed by origin (tons).

(b) Records of all phosphate rock purchases and/or deliveries (if vertically integrated with a mine).

(c) Documentation of the procedures used to ensure the accuracy of monthly phosphate rock consumption by origin.

(d) Verification software records. You must keep a record of the file generated by the verification software specified in §98.5(b) for the applicable data specified in paragraphs (d)(1) through (4) of this section. Retention of this file satisfies the recordkeeping requirement for the data in paragraphs (d)(1) through (4) of this section.

(1) Inorganic carbon content of a grab sample batch of phosphate rock by origin obtained during month by wet-process phosphoric acid process line, from the carbon analysis results (percent by weight, expressed as a decimal fraction) (Equation Z-1a of §98.263).

(2) Mass of phosphate rock by origin consumed in month by wet-process phosphoric acid process line (tons) (Equation Z-1a).

(3) Carbon dioxide content of a grab sample batch of phosphate rock by origin obtained during month by wet-process phosphoric acid process line (percent by weight, expressed as a decimal fraction) (Equation Z-1b of §98.263).

(4) Mass of phosphate rock by origin consumed in month by wet-process phosphoric acid process line (tons) (Equation Z-1b).

[74 FR 56374, Oct. 30, 2009, as amended at 79 FR 63797, Oct. 24, 2014]

§98.268   Definitions.

All terms used in this subpart have the same meaning given in the Clean Air Act and subpart A of this part.

[74 FR 56374, Oct. 30, 2009, as amended at 78 FR 71965, Nov. 29, 2013]

Table Z-1 to Subpart Z of Part 98—Default Chemical Composition of Phosphate Rock by Origin

OriginTotal carbon
(percent by weight)
Central Florida1.6
North Florida1.76
North Carolina (Calcined)0.76
Idaho (Calcined)0.60
Morocco1.56

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