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Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

e-CFR data is current as of December 4, 2019

Title 21Chapter ISubchapter HPart 884 → Subpart E


Title 21: Food and Drugs
PART 884—OBSTETRICAL AND GYNECOLOGICAL DEVICES


Subpart E—Obstetrical and Gynecological Surgical Devices


Contents
§884.4050   Gynecologic laparoscopic power morcellation containment system.
§884.4100   Endoscopic electrocautery and accessories.
§884.4120   Gynecologic electrocautery and accessories.
§884.4150   Bipolar endoscopic coagulator-cutter and accessories.
§884.4160   Unipolar endoscopic coagulator-cutter and accessories.
§884.4250   Expandable cervical dilator.
§884.4260   Hygroscopic Laminaria cervical dilator.
§884.4270   Vibratory cervical dilators.
§884.4340   Fetal vacuum extractor.
§884.4350   Fetal head elevator.
§884.4400   Obstetric forceps.
§884.4500   Obstetric fetal destructive instrument.
§884.4520   Obstetric-gynecologic general manual instrument.
§884.4530   Obstetric-gynecologic specialized manual instrument.
§884.4550   Gynecologic surgical laser.
§884.4900   Obstetric table and accessories.
§884.4910   Specialized surgical instrumentation for use with urogynecologic surgical mesh.

§884.4050   Gynecologic laparoscopic power morcellation containment system.

(a) Identification. A gynecologic laparoscopic power morcellation containment system is a prescription device consisting of an instrument port and tissue containment method that creates a working space allowing for direct visualization during a power morcellation procedure following a laparoscopic procedure for the excision of benign gynecologic tissue that is not suspected to contain malignancy.

(b) Classification. Class II (special controls). The special controls for this device are:

(1) The patient-contacting components of the device must be demonstrated to be biocompatible;

(2) Device components that are labeled sterile must be validated to a sterility assurance level of 10−6;

(3) Performance data must support shelf life by demonstrating continued sterility of the device or the sterile components, package integrity, and device functionality over the intended shelf life;

(4) Non-clinical performance data must demonstrate that the device meets all design specifications and performance requirements. The following performance characteristics must be tested:

(i) Demonstration of the device impermeability to tissue, cells, and fluids;

(ii) Demonstration that the device allows for the insertion and withdrawal of laparoscopic instruments while maintaining pneumoperitoneum;

(iii) Demonstration that the containment system provides adequate space to perform morcellation and adequate visualization of the laparoscopic instruments and tissue specimen relative to the external viscera;

(iv) Demonstration that intended laparoscopic instruments and morcellators do not compromise the integrity of the containment system; and

(v) Demonstration that intended users can adequately deploy the device, morcellate a specimen without compromising the integrity of the device, and remove the device without spillage of contents;

(5) Training must be developed and validated to ensure users can follow the instructions for use; and

(6) Labeling must include the following:

(i) A contraindication for use in gynecologic surgery in which the tissue to be morcellated is known or suspected to contain malignancy;

(ii) Unless clinical performance data demonstrates that it can be removed or modified, a contraindication for removal of uterine tissue containing suspected fibroids in patients who are: Peri- or postmenopausal, or candidates for en bloc tissue removal, for example, through the vagina or via a mini-laparotomy incision;

(iii) The following boxed warning: “Warning: Information regarding the potential risks of a procedure with this device should be shared with patients. Uterine tissue may contain unsuspected cancer. The use of laparoscopic power morcellators during fibroid surgery may spread cancer. The use of this containment system has not been clinically demonstrated to reduce this risk.”

(iv) A statement limiting use of device to physicians who have completed the training program; and

(v) An expiration date or shelf life.

[81 FR 40183, June 21, 2016]

§884.4100   Endoscopic electrocautery and accessories.

(a) Identification. An endoscopic electrocautery is a device used to perform female sterilization under endoscopic observation. It is designed to coagulate fallopian tube tissue with a probe heated by low-voltage energy. This generic type of device may include the following accessories: electrical generators, probes, and electrical cables.

(b) Classification. Class II. The special controls for this device are:

(1) FDA's:

(i) “Use of International Standard ISO 10993 ‘Biological Evaluation of Medical Devices—Part I: Evaluation and Testing,’”

(ii) “510(k) Sterility Review Guidance 2/12/90 (K-90),” and

(iii) “Guidance (‘Guidelines’) for Evaluation of Laproscopic Bipolar and Thermal Coagulators (and Accessories),”

(2) International Electrotechnical Commission's IEC 60601-1-AM2 (1995-03), Amendment 2, “Medical Electrical Equipment—Part 1: General Requirements for Safety,”

(3) American National Standards Institute/American Association for Medical Instrumentation's HF-18, 1993, “Electrosurgical Devices,”

(4) Labeling:

(i) Indication: For female tubal sterilization, and

(ii) Instructions for use:

(A) Destroy at least 2 centimeters of the fallopian tubes,

(B) Use a cut or undampened sinusoidal waveform,

(C) Use a minimum power of 25 watts, and

(D) For devices with ammeters: continue electrode activation for 5 seconds after the visual endpoint (tissue blanching) is reached or current flow ceases indicating adequate tissue destruction.

[45 FR 12684, Feb. 26, 1980, as amended at 52 FR 17741, May 11, 1987; 65 FR 17146, Mar. 31, 2000]

§884.4120   Gynecologic electrocautery and accessories.

(a) Identification. A gynecologic electrocautery is a device designed to destroy tissue with high temperatures by tissue contact with an electrically heated probe. It is used to excise cervical lesions, perform biopsies, or treat chronic cervicitis under direct visual observation. This generic type of device may include the following accessories: an electrical generator, a probe, and electrical cables.

(b) Classification. Class II (performance standards).

§884.4150   Bipolar endoscopic coagulator-cutter and accessories.

(a) Identification. A bipolar endoscopic coagulator-cutter is a device used to perform female sterilization and other operative procedures under endoscopic observation. It destroys tissue with high temperatures by directing a high frequency electrical current through tissue between two electrical contacts of a probe. This generic type of device may include the following accessories: an electrical generator, probes, and electrical cables.

(b) Classification. Class II. The special controls for this device are:

(1) FDA's:

(i) “Use of International Standard ISO 10993 ‘Biological Evaluation of Medical Devices—Part I: Evaluation and Testing,’”

(ii) “510(k) Sterility Review Guidance 2/12/90 (K-90),” and

(iii) “Guidance (‘Guidelines’) for Evaluation of Laproscopic Bipolar and Thermal Coagulators (and Accessories),”

(2) International Electrotechnical Commission's IEC 60601-1-AM2 (1995-03), Amendment 2, “Medical Electrical Equipment—Part 1: General Requirements for Safety,”

(3) American National Standards Institute/American Association for Medical Instrumentation's HF-18, 1993, “Electrosurgical Devices,”

(4) Labeling:

(i) Indication: For female tubal sterilization, and

(ii) Instructions for use:

(A) Destroy at least 2 centimeters of the fallopian tubes,

(B) Use a cut or undampened sinusoidal waveform,

(C) Use a minimum power of 25 watts, and

(D) For devices with ammeters: continue electrode activation for 5 seconds after the visual endpoint (tissue blanching) is reached or current flow ceases indicating adequate tissue destruction.

[45 FR 12684, Feb. 26, 1980, as amended at 52 FR 17741, May 11, 1987; 65 FR 17146, Mar. 31, 2000]

§884.4160   Unipolar endoscopic coagulator-cutter and accessories.

(a) Identification. A unipolar endoscopic coagulator-cutter is a device designed to destroy tissue with high temperatures by directing a high frequency electrical current through the tissue between an energized probe and a grounding plate. It is used in female sterilization and in other operative procedures under endoscopic observation. This generic type of device may include the following accessories: an electrical generator, probes and electrical cables, and a patient grounding plate. This generic type of device does not include devices used to perform female sterilization under hysteroscopic observation.

(b) Classification. Class II (performance standards).

§884.4250   Expandable cervical dilator.

(a) Identification. An expandable cervical dilator is an instrument with two handles and two opposing blades used manually to dilate (stretch open) the cervical os.

(b) Classification. Class III (premarket approval).

(c) Date PMA or notice of completion of a PDP is required. A PMA or a notice of completion of a PDP is required to be filed with the Food and Drug Administration on or before December 26, 1996 for any expandable cervical dilator that was in commercial distribution before May 28, 1976, or that has, on or before December 26, 1996 been found to be substantially equivalent to an expandable cervical dilator that was in commercial distribution before May 28, 1976. Any other expandable cervical dilator shall have an approved PMA or a declared completed PDP in effect before being placed in commercial distribution.

[45 FR 12684, Feb. 26, 1980, as amended at 52 FR 17741, May 11, 1987; 61 FR 50708, Sept. 27, 1996]

§884.4260   Hygroscopic Laminaria cervical dilator.

(a) Identification. A hygroscopic Laminaria cervical dilator is a device designed to dilate (stretch open) the cervical os by cervical insertion of a conical and expansible material made from the root of a seaweed (Laminaria digitata or Laminaria japonica). The device is used to induce abortion.

(b) Classification. Class II (performance standards).

§884.4270   Vibratory cervical dilators.

(a) Identification. A vibratory cervical dilator is a device designed to dilate the cervical os by stretching it with a power-driven vibrating probe head. The device is used to gain access to the uterus or to induce abortion, but is not to be used during labor when a viable fetus is desired or anticipated.

(b) Classification. Class III (premarket approval).

(c) Date PMA or notice of completion of a PDP is required. A PMA or a notice of completion of a PDP is required to be filed with the Food and Drug Administration on or before December 26, 1996 for any vibratory cervical dilator that was in commercial distribution before May 28, 1976, or that has, on or before December 26, 1996 been found to be substantially equivalent to a vibratory cervical dilator that was in commercial distribution before May 28, 1976. Any other vibratory cervical dilator shall have an approved PMA or a declared completed PDP in effect before being placed in commercial distribution.

[45 FR 12684, Feb. 26, 1980, as amended at 52 FR 17741, May 11, 1987; 61 FR 50708, Sept. 27, 1996]

§884.4340   Fetal vacuum extractor.

(a) Identification. A fetal vacuum extractor is a device used to facilitate delivery. The device enables traction to be applied to the fetal head (in the birth canal) by means of a suction cup attached to the scalp and is powered by an external vacuum source. This generic type of device may include the cup, hosing, vacuum source, and vacuum control.

(b) Classification. Class II (performance standards).

§884.4350   Fetal head elevator.

(a) Identification. A fetal head elevator is a prescription device consisting of a mechanism that elevates the fetal head to facilitate delivery during a Caesarean section.

(b) Classification. Class II (special controls). The special controls for this device are:

(1) The patient-contacting components of the device must be demonstrated to be biocompatible.

(2) Performance data must demonstrate the sterility of patient-contacting components of the device.

(3) Performance data must support the shelf life of the device by demonstrating continued sterility, package integrity, and device functionality over the identified shelf life.

(4) Non-clinical performance data must demonstrate that the device performs as intended under anticipated conditions of use. The following performance characteristics must be tested:

(i) Reliability testing of device deployment and retrieval under relevant use conditions must be conducted.

(ii) Testing of the maximum force applied to the fetal head in an anatomic model must be conducted.

(iii) Testing of uniform application of the elevator mechanism on the fetal head must be conducted.

(5) Labeling must include the following:

(i) Contraindication for use in the presence of active genital infection;

(ii) Specific instructions regarding the proper placement and use of the device; and

(iii) A shelf life.

[82 FR 60114, Dec. 19, 2017]

§884.4400   Obstetric forceps.

(a) Identification. An obstetric forceps is a device consisting of two blades, with handles, designed to grasp and apply traction to the fetal head in the birth passage and facilitate delivery.

(b) Classification. Class II (performance standards).

§884.4500   Obstetric fetal destructive instrument.

(a) Identification. An obstetric fetal destructive instrument is a device designed to crush or pull the fetal body to facilitate the delivery of a dead or anomalous (abnormal) fetus. This generic type of device includes the cleidoclast, cranioclast, craniotribe, and destructive hook.

(b) Classification. Class II (performance standards).

§884.4520   Obstetric-gynecologic general manual instrument.

(a) Identification. An obstetric-gynecologic general manual instrument is one of a group of devices used to perform simple obstetric and gynecologic manipulative functions. This generic type of device consists of the following:

(1) An episiotomy scissors is a cutting instrument, with two opposed shearing blades, used for surgical incision of the vulvar orifice for obstetrical purposes.

(2) A fiberoptic metal vaginal speculum is a metal instrument, with fiberoptic light, used to expose and illuminate the interior of the vagina.

(3) A metal vaginal speculum is a metal instrument used to expose the interior of the vagina.

(4) An umbilical scissors is a cutting instrument, with two opposed shearing blades, used to cut the umbilical cord.

(5) A uterine clamp is an instrument used to hold the uterus by compression.

(6) A uterine packer is an instrument used to introduce dressing into the uterus or vagina.

(7) A vaginal applicator is an instrument used to insert medication into the vagina.

(8) A vaginal retractor is an instrument used to maintain vaginal exposure by separating the edges of the vagina and holding back the tissue.

(9) A gynecological fibroid hook is an instrument used to exert traction upon a fibroid.

(10) A pelvimeter (external) is an instrument used to measure the external diameters of the pelvis.

(b) Classification. Class I (general controls). The devices are exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter, subject to the limitations in §884.9.

[45 FR 12684, Feb. 26, 1980, as amended at 54 FR 25052, June 12, 1989; 66 FR 38809, July 25, 2001]

§884.4530   Obstetric-gynecologic specialized manual instrument.

(a) Identification. An obstetric-gynecologic specialized manual instrument is one of a group of devices used during obstetric-gynecologic procedures to perform manipulative diagnostic and surgical functions (e.g., dilating, grasping, measuring, and scraping), where structural integrity is the chief criterion of device performance. This type of device consists of the following:

(1) An amniotome is an instrument used to rupture the fetal membranes.

(2) A circumcision clamp is an instrument used to compress the foreskin of the penis during circumcision of a male infant.

(3) An umbilical clamp is an instrument used to compress the umbilical cord.

(4) A uterine curette is an instrument used to scrape and remove material from the uterus.

(5) A fixed-size cervical dilator is any of a series of bougies of various sizes used to dilate the cervical os by stretching the cervix.

(6) A uterine elevator is an instrument inserted into the uterus used to lift and manipulate the uterus.

(7) A gynecological surgical forceps is an instrument with two blades and handles used to pull, grasp, or compress during gynecological examination.

(8) A cervical cone knife is a cutting instrument used to excise and remove tissue from the cervix.

(9) A gynecological cerclage needle is a looplike instrument used to suture the cervix.

(10) A hook-type contraceptive intrauterine device (IUD) remover is an instrument used to remove an IUD from the uterus.

(11) A gynecological fibroid screw is an instrument used to hold onto a fibroid.

(12) A uterine sound is an instrument used to determine the depth of the uterus by inserting it into the uterine cavity.

(13) A cytological cervical spatula is a blunt instrument used to scrape and remove cytological material from the surface of the cervix or vagina.

(14) A gynecological biopsy forceps is an instrument with two blades and handles used for gynecological biopsy procedures.

(15) A uterine tenaculum is a hooklike instrument used to seize and hold the cervix or fundus.

(16) An internal pelvimeter is an instrument used within the vagina to measure the diameter and capacity of the pelvis.

(17) A nonmetal vaginal speculum is a nonmetal instrument used to expose the interior of the vagina.

(18) A fiberoptic nonmetal vaginal speculum is a nonmetal instrument, with fiberoptic light, used to expose and illuminate the interior of the vagina.

(b) Classification. (1) Class II (performance standards).

(2) Class I for the amniotome, uterine curette, cervical dilator (fixed-size bougies), cerclage needle, IUD remover, uterine sound, and gynecological biopsy forceps. The devices subject to this paragraph (b)(2) are exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter, subject to the limitations in §884.9.

[45 FR 12684, Feb. 26, 1980, as amended at 61 FR 1124, Jan. 16, 1996; 66 FR 38809, July 25, 2001]

§884.4550   Gynecologic surgical laser.

(a) Identification. A gynecologic surgical laser is a continuous wave carbon dioxide laser designed to destroy tissue thermally or to remove tissue by radiant light energy. The device is used only in conjunction with a colposcope as part of a gynecological surgical system. A colposcope is a magnifying lens system used to examine the vagina and cervix.

(b) Classification. Class II (performance standards).

§884.4900   Obstetric table and accessories.

(a) Identification. An obstetric table is a device with adjustable sections designed to support a patient in the various positions required during obstetric and gynecologic procedures. This generic type of device may include the following accessories: patient equipment, support attachments, and cabinets for warming instruments and disposing of wastes.

(b) Classification. Class II (performance standards).

§884.4910   Specialized surgical instrumentation for use with urogynecologic surgical mesh.

(a) Identification. Specialized surgical instrumentation for use with urogynecologic surgical mesh is a prescription device specifically intended for use as an aid in the insertion, placement, fixation, or anchoring of surgical mesh during urogynecologic procedures. These procedures include transvaginal pelvic organ prolapse repair, sacrocolpopexy (transabdominal pelvic organ prolapse repair), and treatment of female stress urinary incontinence. Examples of specialized surgical instrumentation include needle passers and trocars, needle guides, fixation tools, and tissue anchors. This device is not a manual gastroenterology-urology surgical instrument and accessories (§876.4730) or a manual surgical instrument for general use (§878.4800).

(b) Classification. Class II (special controls). The special controls for specialized surgical instrumentation for use with urogynecologic surgical mesh are:

(1) The device must be demonstrated to be biocompatible;

(2) The device must be demonstrated to be sterile and, if reusable, it must be demonstrated that the device can be adequately reprocessed;

(3) Performance data must support the shelf life of the device by demonstrating package integrity and device functionality over the requested shelf life;

(4) Non-clinical performance testing must demonstrate that the device meets all design specifications and performance requirements, and that the device performs as intended under anticipated conditions of use; and

(5) Labeling must include:

(i) Information regarding the mesh design that may be used with the device;

(ii) Detailed summary of the clinical evaluations pertinent to use of the device;

(iii) Expiration date; and

(iv) Where components are intended to be sterilized by the user prior to initial use and/or are reusable, validated methods and instructions for sterilization and/or reprocessing of any reusable components.

[82 FR 1603, Jan. 6, 2017]

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