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Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

e-CFR Data is current as of April 17, 2014

Title 29: Labor
PART 1926—SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION
Subpart E—Personal Protective and Life Saving Equipment


§1926.102   Eye and face protection.

(a) General. (1) Employees shall be provided with eye and face protection equipment when machines or operations present potential eye or face injury from physical, chemical, or radiation agents.

(2) Eye and face protection equipment required by this part shall meet the requirements specified in American National Standards Institute, Z87.1-1968, Practice for Occupational and Educational Eye and Face Protection.

(3) Employees whose vision requires the use of corrective lenses in spectacles, when required by this regulation to wear eye protection, shall be protected by goggles or spectacles of one of the following types:

(i) Spectacles whose protective lenses provide optical correction;

(ii) Goggles that can be worn over corrective spectacles without disturbing the adjustment of the spectacles;

(iii) Goggles that incorporate corrective lenses mounted behind the protective lenses.

(4) Face and eye protection equipment shall be kept clean and in good repair. The use of this type equipment with structural or optical defects shall be prohibited.

(5) Table E-1 shall be used as a guide in the selection of face and eye protection for the hazards and operations noted.

eCFR graphic ec30oc91.010.gif

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eCFR graphic ec30oc91.011.gif

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*Non-side shield spectacles are available for limited hazard use requiring only frontal protection.

**See Table E-2, in paragraph (b) of this section, Filter Lens Shade Numbers for Protection Against Radiant Energy.

Applications

OperationHazardsRecommended protectors: Bold type numbers signify preferred protection
Acetylene—Burning, Acetylene—Cutting, Acetylene—WeldingSparks, harmful rays, molten metal, flying particles7, 8, 9.
Chemical HandlingSplash, acid burns, fumes2, 10 (For severe exposure add 10 over 2).
ChippingFlying particles1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7A, 8A.
Electric (arc) weldingSparks, intense rays, molten metal9, 11, (11 in combination with 4, 5, 6, in tinted lenses, advisable).
Furnace operationsGlare, heat, molten metal7, 8, 9 (For severe exposure add 10).
Grinding—LightFlying particles1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 10.
Grinding—HeavyFlying particles1 , 3, 7A, 8A (For severe exposure add 10).
LaboratoryChemical splash, glass breakage2 (10 when in combination with 4, 5, 6).
MachiningFlying particles1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 10.
Molten metalsHeat, glare, sparks, splash7, 8, (10 in combination with 4, 5, 6, in tinted lenses).
Spot weldingFlying particles, sparks1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 10.

(6) Protectors shall meet the following minimum requirements:

(i) They shall provide adequate protection against the particular hazards for which they are designed.

(ii) They shall be reasonably comfortable when worn under the designated conditions.

(iii) They shall fit snugly and shall not unduly interfere with the movements of the wearer.

(iv) They shall be durable.

(v) They shall be capable of being disinfected.

(vi) They shall be easily cleanable.

(7) Every protector shall be distinctly marked to facilitate identification only of the manufacturer.

(8) When limitations or precautions are indicated by the manufacturer, they shall be transmitted to the user and care taken to see that such limitations and precautions are strictly observed.

(b) Protection against radiant energy—(1) Selection of shade numbers for welding filter. Table E-2 shall be used as a guide for the selection of the proper shade numbers of filter lenses or plates used in welding. Shades more dense than those listed may be used to suit the individual's needs.

Table E-2—Filter Lens Shade Numbers for Protection Against Radiant Energy

Welding operationShade number
Shielded metal-arc welding 1/16-, 3/32-, 1/8-, 5/32-inch diameter electrodes10
Gas-shielded arc welding (nonferrous) 1/16-, 3/32-, 1/8-, 5/32-inch diameter electrodes11
Gas-shielded arc welding (ferrous) 1/16-, 3/32-, 1/8-, 5/32-inch diameter electrodes12
Shielded metal-arc welding 3/16-, 7/32-, 1/4-inch diameter electrodes12
5/16-, 3/8-inch diameter electrodes14
Atomic hydrogen welding10-14
Carbon-arc welding14
Soldering2
Torch brazing3 or 4
Light cutting, up to 1 inch3 or 4
Medium cutting, 1 inch to 6 inches4 or 5
Heavy cutting, over 6 inches5 or 6
Gas welding (light), up to 1/8-inch4 or 5
Gas welding (medium), 1/8-inch to 1/2-inch5 or 6
Gas welding (heavy), over 1/2-inch6 or 8

(2) Laser protection. (i) Employees whose occupation or assignment requires exposure to laser beams shall be furnished suitable laser safety goggles which will protect for the specific wavelength of the laser and be of optical density (O.D.) adequate for the energy involved. Table E-3 lists the maximum power or energy density for which adequate protection is afforded by glasses of optical densities from 5 through 8.

Table E-3—Selecting Laser Safety Glass

Intensity, CW maximum power density (watts/cm2)Attenuation
Optical density (O.D.)Attenuation factor
10−25105
10−16106
1.07107
10.08108

Output levels falling between lines in this table shall require the higher optical density.

(ii) All protective goggles shall bear a label identifying the following data:

(a) The laser wavelengths for which use is intended;

(b) The optical density of those wavelengths;

(c) The visible light transmission.

[44 FR 8577, Feb. 9, 1979; 44 FR 20940, Apr. 6, 1979, as amended at 58 FR 35160, June 30, 1993]



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