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Electronic Code of Federal Regulations
Title 16: Commercial Practices
(a) A 24-month period(s) means the 24-month period beginning on January 1, 1991, and each subsequent 24-month period beginning on January 1 of the calendar year that is two years following the beginning of the previous 24-month period. The first statutory two year period ends on December 31, 1992. The second begins on January 1, 1993 and ends on December 31, 1994, and so forth.
(b) Grievous bodily injury includes, but is not limited to, any of the following categories of injury:
(1) Mutilation or disfigurement. Disfigurement includes permanent facial disfigurement or non-facial scarring that results in permanent restriction of motion;
(2) Dismemberment or amputation, including the removal of a limb or other appendage of the body;
(3) The loss of important bodily functions or debilitating internal disorder. These terms include:
(i) Permanent injury to a vital organ, in any degree;
(ii) The total loss or loss of use of any internal organ,
(iii) Injury, temporary or permanent, to more than one internal organ;
(iv) Permanent brain injury to any degree or with any residual disorder (e.g. epilepsy), and brain or brain stem injury including coma and spinal cord injuries;
(v) Paraplegia, quadriplegia, or permanent paralysis or paresis, to any degree;
(vi) Blindness or permanent loss, to any degree, of vision, hearing, or sense of smell, touch, or taste;
(vii) Any back or neck injury requiring surgery, or any injury requiring joint replacement or any form of prosthesis, or;
(viii) Compound fracture of any long bone, or multiple fractures that result in permanent or significant temporary loss of the function of an important part of the body;
(4) Injuries likely to require extended hospitalization, including any injury requiring 30 or more consecutive days of in-patient care in an acute care facility, or 60 or more consecutive days of in-patient care in a rehabilitation facility;
(5) Severe burns, including any third degree burn over ten percent of the body or more, or any second degree burn over thirty percent of the body or more;
(6) Severe electric shock, including ventricular fibrillation, neurological damage, or thermal damage to internal tissue caused by electric shock.
(7) Other grievous injuries, including any allegation of traumatically induced disease.
Manufacturers may wish to consult with the Commission staff to determine whether injuries not included in the examples above are regarded as grievous bodily injury.
(c) A particular model of a consumer product is one that is distinctive in functional design, construction, warnings or instructions related to safety, function, user population, or other characteristics which could affect the product's safety related performance. (15 U.S.C. 2084(e)(2))
(1) The functional design of a product refers to those design features that directly affect the ability of the product to perform its intended use or purpose.
(2) The construction of a product refers to its finished assembly or fabrication, its materials, and its components.
(3) Warnings or instructions related to safety include statements of the principal hazards associated with a product, and statements of precautionary or affirmative measures to take during the use, handling, or storage of a product, to the extent that a reasonable person would understand such statements to be related to the safety of the product. Warnings or instructions may be written or graphically depicted and may be attached to the product or appear on the product itself, in operating manuals, or in other literature that accompanies or describes the product.
(4) The function of a product refers to its intended use or purpose.
(5) User population refers to the group or class of people by whom a product is principally used. While the manufacturer's stated intent may be relevant to an inquiry concerning the nature of the user population, the method of distribution, the availability of the product to the public and to specific groups, and the identity of purchasers or users of the product should be considered.
(6) Other characteristics which could affect a product's safety related performance include safety features incorporated into the product to protect against foreseeable risks that might arise during the use, handling, or storage of a product.
(d) The term manufacturer means any person who manufactures or imports a consumer product. (15 U.S.C. 2052(a)(4)).
[57 FR 34239, Aug. 4, 1992, as amended at 58 FR 16121, Mar. 25, 1993]