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Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

e-CFR Data is current as of July 23, 2014

Title 40: Protection of Environment
PART 407—CANNED AND PRESERVED FRUITS AND VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY


Subpart F—Canned and Preserved Fruits Subcategory


Contents
§407.60   Applicability; description of the canned and preserved fruits subcategory.
§407.61   Specialized definitions.
§407.62   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available.
§407.63   [Reserved]
§407.64   Pretreatment standards for existing sources.
§407.65   [Reserved]
§407.66   Pretreatment standards for new sources.
§407.67   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

Source: 41 FR 16277, Apr. 16, 1976, unless otherwise noted.

§407.60   Applicability; description of the canned and preserved fruits subcategory.

The provisions of this subpart are applicable to discharges resulting from the processing of the following fruit products: Apricots; caneberries; sweet, sour and brined cherries; cranberries; dried fruit; grape juice canning and pressing; olives; peaches; pears; fresh and processed pickles, and pickle salting stations; pineapples; plums; raisins; strawberries; and tomatoes. When a plant is subject to effluent limitations covering more than one commodity or subcategory, the plant discharge limitation shall be set by proration of limitations for each subcategory or commodity based on the total production covered by each commodity or subcategory.

§407.61   Specialized definitions.

For the purpose of this subpart:

(a) Except as provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this subpart.

(b) The term apricots shall include the processing of apricots into the following product styles: Canned and frozen, pitted and unpitted, peeled and unpeeled, whole, halves, slices, nectar, and concentrate.

(c) The term caneberries shall include the processing of the following berries: Canned and frozen blackberries, blueberries, boysenberries, currants, gooseberries, loganberries, ollalieberries, raspberries, and any other similar cane or bushberry but not strawberries or cranberries.

(d) The term cherries, sweet shall include the processing of all sweet varieties of cherries into the following products styles: Frozen and canned, pitted and unpitted, whole, halves, juice and concentrate.

(e) The term cherries, sour shall include the processing of all sour varieties of cherries into the following products styles: Frozen and canned, pitted and unpitted, whole, halves, juice and concentrate.

(f) The term cherries, brined shall include the processing of all varieties of cherries into the following brined product styles: Canned, bottled and bulk, sweet and sour, pitted and unpitted, bleached, sweetened, colored and flavored, whole, halved and chopped.

(g) The term cranberries shall mean the processing of cranberries into the following product styles: Canned, bottled, and frozen, whole, sauce, jelly, juice and concentrate.

(h) The term dried fruit shall mean the processing of various fruits into the following products styles: Air, vacuum, and freeze dried, pitted and unpitted, blanched and unblanched, whole, halves, slices and other similar styles of apples, apricots, figs, peaches, pears, prunes, canned extracted prune juice and pulp from rehydrated and cooked dehydrated prunes; but not including dates or raisins.

(i) The term grape juice canning shall mean the processing of grape juice into the following products and product styles: Canned and frozen, fresh and stored, natural grape juice for the manufacture of juices, drinks, concentrates, jams, jellies, and other related finished products but not wine or other spirits. In terms of raw material processed 1000 kg (1000 lb) of grapes are equivalent to 834 liters (100 gallons) of grape juice.

(j) The term grape pressing shall mean the washing and subsequent handling including pressing, heating, and filtration of natural juice from all varieties of grapes for the purpose of manufacturing juice, drink, concentrate, and jelly but not wine or other spirits. In terms of raw material processed 1000 kg (1000 lb) of grapes are equivalent to 834 liters (100 gallons) of grape juice.

(k) The term olives shall mean the processing of olives into the following product styles: Canned, all varieties, fresh and stored, green ripe, black ripe, spanish, sicilian, and any other styles to which spices, acids, and flavorings may have been added.

(l) The term peaches shall mean the processing of peaches into the following product styles: Canned or frozen, all varieties, peeled, pitted and unpitted, whole, halves, sliced, diced, and any other cuts, nectar, and concentrate but not dehydrated.

(m) The term pears shall mean the processing of pears into the following product styles: Canned, peeled, halved, sliced, diced, and any other cuts, nectar and concentrate but not dehydrated.

(n) The term pickles, fresh shall mean the processing of fresh cucumbers and other vegetables, all varieties, all sizes from whole to relish, all styles, cured after packing.

(o) The term pickles processed shall mean the processing of pickles, cucumbers and other vegetables, all varieties, sizes and types, made after fermentation and storage.

(p) The term pickles, salt stations shall mean the handling and subsequent preserving of cucumbers and other vegetables at salting stations or tankyards, by salt and other chemical additions necessary to achieve proper fermentation for the packing of processed pickle products. Limitations include allowances for the discharge of spent brine, tank wash, tank soak, and cucumber wash waters. At locations where both salt station and process pack operations (§407.61(o)) occur, additive allowances shall be made for both of these sources in formulation of effluent limitations. The effluent limitations are to be calculated based upon the total annual weight (1000 lb, kkg) of raw product processed at each of the salt station and process pack operations. Allowances for contaminated stormwater runoff should be considered in NPDES permit formulation on a case-by-case basis.

(q) The term pineapples shall mean the processing of pineapple into the following product styles: Canned, peeled, sliced, chunk, tidbit, diced, crushed, and any other related piece size, juice and concentrate. It also specifically includes the on-site production of by-products such as alcohol, sugar or animal feed.

(r) The term plums shall mean the processing of plums into the following product styles: Canned and frozen, pitted and unpitted, peeled and unpeeled, blanched and unblanched, whole, halved, and other piece size.

(s) The term raisins shall mean the production of raisins from the following products: Dried grapes, all varieties, bleached and unbleached, which have been cleaned and washed prior to packaging.

(t) The term strawberries shall mean the processing of strawberries into the following product styles: Canned and frozen, whole, sliced, and pureed.

(u) The term tomatoes shall mean the processing of tomatoes into canned, peeled, whole, stewed, and related piece sizes; and processing of tomatoes into the following products and product styles: Canned, peeled and unpeeled paste, concentrate, puree, sauce, juice, catsup and other similar formulated items requiring various other pre-processed food ingredients.

(v) The term medium shall mean a point source that processes a total annual raw material production of fruits, vegetables, specialties and other products that is between 1,816 kkg (2,000 tons) per year and 9,080 kkg (10,000 tons) per year.

(w) The term large shall mean a point source that processes a total annual raw material production of fruits, vegetables, specialties and other products that exceeds 9,080 kkg (10,000 tons) per year.

(x) The term annual average shall mean the maximum allowable discharge of BOD5 or TSS as calculated by multiplying the total mass (kkg or 1000 lb) of each raw commodity processed for the entire processing season or calendar year by the applicable annual average limitation.

(y) The terms maximum for any one day and average of daily values for thirty consecutive days shall be based on the daily average mass of material processed during the peak thirty consecutive day production period.

[41 FR 16277, Apr. 16, 1976, as amended at 44 FR 22464, Apr. 16, 1979]

§407.62   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available.

Except as provided in §§125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT):

(a) The following limitations establish the quantity of BOD5 controlled by this section, which may be discharged by a “medium” or “large” existing point source subject to the provisions of this subpart after application of the best practicable control technology currently available. Any fruit processing plant which continuously or intermittently discharges process waste water during the processing season shall meet the annual average, maximum thirty day average, and maximum day BOD5 limitations. Fruit processing plants employing long term waste stabilization, where all or a portion of the process waste water discharge is stored for the entire processing season and released at a controlled rate with State approval, shall meet only the annual average BOD5 limitations.

[Metric units, kg/kkg of raw material; English units, lb/1,000 lb of raw material]

Commodity (fruits)BOD5 effluent limitations
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed—Annual average shall not exceed—
Apricots3.001.811.26
Caneberries0.770.460.32
Cherries:
Brined2.871.781.28
Sour1.771.110.81
Sweet1.120.690.49
Cranberries1.711.030.73
Dried fruit1.861.130.80
Grape juice:
Canning1.100.690.51
Pressing0.220.140.10
Olives5.443.342.39
Peaches1.510.930.67
Pears1.771.120.83
Pickles:
Fresh pack1.220.750.53
Process pack1.450.920.68
Salt stations0.250.180.15
Pineapples2.131.330.96
Plums0.690.420.29
Raisins0.430.280.21
Strawberries1.791.060.74
Tomatoes1.210.710.94

(b) The following limitations establish the quantity of TSS controlled by this section, which may be discharged by a “medium” or “large” existing point source subject to the provisions of this subpart after application of the best practicable control technology currently available. Any fruit processing plant which continuously or intermittently discharges process waste water during the processing season shall meet the annual average, maximum thirty day average, and maximum day TSS limitations. Fruit processing plants employing long term waste stabilization, where all or a portion of the process waste water discharge is stored for the entire processing season and released at a controlled rate with state approval, shall meet only the annual average TSS limitations.

[Metric units, kg/kkg of raw material; English units, lb/1,000 lb of raw material]

Commodity (fruits)TSS effluent limitations
Maximum for any 1 dayAverage of daily values for 30 consecutive days shall not exceed—Annual average shall not exceed—
Apricots5.363.742.33
Caneberries1.380.950.58
Cherries:
Brined5.183.682.38
Sour3.202.301.52
Sweet2.011.430.92
Cranberries3.062.141.34
Dried fruit3.342.341.48
Grape juice:
Canning1.991.440.96
Pressing0.400.290.18
Olives9.796.924.44
Peaches2.721.931.26
Pears3.212.321.55
Pickles:
Fresh pack2.191.540.99
Process pack2.631.911.28
Salt stations0.420.330.25
Pineapples3.852.761.81
Plums1.240.870.54
Raisins0.780.570.39
Strawberries3.192.201.35
Tomatoes2.151.480.90

(c) The following limitations establish the quality of pH controlled by this section, which may be discharged by a “medium” or “large” existing point source subject to the provisions of this subpart after application of the best practicable control technology currently available.

Effluent characteristicEffluent limitations
pHAt all times within the range 6.0 to 9.5.

[41 FR 16277, Apr. 16, 1976, as amended at 44 FR 22464, Apr. 16, 1979; 60 FR 33939, June 29, 1995]

§407.63   [Reserved]

§407.64   Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

Any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces process wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a publicly owned treatment works by any existing point source subject to the provisions of this subpart.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyPretreatment standard
BOD5No limitation.
TSS      Do.

[41 FR 16277, Apr. 16, 1976, as amended at 60 FR 33939, June 29, 1995]

§407.65   [Reserved]

§407.66   Pretreatment standards for new sources.

Any new source subject to this subpart that introduces process wastewater pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403. In addition, the following pretreatment standard establishes the quantity or quality of pollutants or pollutant properties controlled by this section which may be discharged to a publicly owned treatment works by a new point source subject to the provisions of this subpart.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyPretreatment standard
BOD5No limitation.
TSS      Do.

[41 FR 16277, Apr. 16, 1976, as amended at 60 FR 33939, June 29, 1995]

§407.67   Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology (BCT).

Except as provided in §§125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart shall achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology (BCT): The limitations shall be the same as those specified for conventional pollutants (which are defined in §401.16) in §407.62 of this subpart for the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).

[51 FR 24997, July 9, 1986]



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