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Electronic Code of Federal Regulations

e-CFR Data is current as of August 29, 2014

Title 26Chapter ISubchapter A → Part 1


Title 26: Internal Revenue


PART 1—INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED)


Contents

ESTATES, TRUSTS, BENEFICIARIES, AND DECEDENTS

Estates, Trusts, and Beneficiaries

§1.641   [Reserved]
§1.641(a)-0   Scope of subchapter J.
§1.641(a)-1   Imposition of tax; application of tax.
§1.641(a)-2   Gross income of estates and trusts.
§1.641(b)-1   Computation and payment of tax; deductions and credits of estates and trusts.
§1.641(b)-2   Filing of returns and payment of the tax.
§1.641(b)-3   Termination of estates and trusts.
§1.641(c)-0   Table of contents.
§1.641(c)-1   Electing small business trust.
§1.642(a)(1)-1   Partially tax-exempt interest.
§1.642(a)(2)-1   Foreign taxes.
§1.642(a)(3)-1   Dividends received by an estate or trust.
§1.642(a)(3)-2   Time of receipt of dividends by beneficiary.
§1.642(a)(3)-3   Cross reference.
§1.642(b)-1   Deduction for personal exemption.
§1.642(c)-0   Effective dates.
§1.642(c)-1   Unlimited deduction for amounts paid for a charitable purpose.
§1.642(c)-2   Unlimited deduction for amounts permanently set aside for a charitable purpose.
§1.642(c)-3   Adjustments and other special rules for determining unlimited charitable contributions deduction.
§1.642(c)-4   Nonexempt private foundations.
§1.642(c)-5   Definition of pooled income fund.
§1.642(c)-6   Valuation of a remainder interest in property transferred to a pooled income fund.
§1.642(c)-7   Transitional rules with respect to pooled income funds.
§1.642(d)-1   Net operating loss deduction.
§1.642(e)-1   Depreciation and depletion.
§1.642(f)-1   Amortization deductions.
§1.642(g)-1   Disallowance of double deductions; in general.
§1.642(g)-2   Deductions included.
§1.642(h)-1   Unused loss carryovers on termination of an estate or trust.
§1.642(h)-2   Excess deductions on termination of an estate or trust.
§1.642(h)-3   Meaning of “beneficiaries succeeding to the property of the estate or trust”.
§1.642(h)-4   Allocation.
§1.642(h)-5   Example.
§1.642(i)-1   Certain distributions by cemetery perpetual care funds.
§1.642(i)-2   Definitions.
§1.643(a)-0   Distributable net income; deduction for distributions; in general.
§1.643(a)-1   Deduction for distributions.
§1.643(a)-2   Deduction for personal exemption.
§1.643(a)-3   Capital gains and losses.
§1.643(a)-4   Extraordinary dividends and taxable stock dividends.
§1.643(a)-5   Tax-exempt interest.
§1.643(a)-6   Income of foreign trust.
§1.643(a)-7   Dividends.
§1.643(a)-8   Certain distributions by charitable remainder trusts.
§1.643(b)-1   Definition of income.
§1.643(b)-2   Dividends allocated to corpus.
§1.643(c)-1   Definition of “beneficiary”.
§1.643(d)-1   Definition of “foreign trust created by a United States person”.
§1.643(d)-2   Illustration of the provisions of section 643.
§1.643(h)-1   Distributions by certain foreign trusts through intermediaries.

pooled income fund actuarial tables applicable before may 1, 2009

§1.642(c)-6A   Valuation of charitable remainder interests for which the valuation date is before May 1, 2009.

Election to Treat Trust as Part of an Estate

§1.645-1   Election by certain revocable trusts to be treated as part of estate.

trusts which distribute current income only

§1.651(a)-1   Simple trusts; deduction for distributions; in general.
§1.651(a)-2   Income required to be distributed currently.
§1.651(a)-3   Distribution of amounts other than income.
§1.651(a)-4   Charitable purposes.
§1.651(a)-5   Estates.
§1.651(b)-1   Deduction for distributions to beneficiaries.
§1.652(a)-1   Simple trusts; inclusion of amounts in income of beneficiaries.
§1.652(a)-2   Distributions in excess of distributable net income.
§1.652(b)-1   Character of amounts.
§1.652(b)-2   Allocation of income items.
§1.652(b)-3   Allocation of deductions.
§1.652(c)-1   Different taxable years.
§1.652(c)-2   Death of individual beneficiaries.
§1.652(c)-3   Termination of existence of other beneficiaries.
§1.652(c)-4   Illustration of the provisions of sections 651 and 652.

estates and trusts which may accumulate income or which distribute corpus

§1.661(a)-1   Estates and trusts accumulating income or distributing corpus; general.
§1.661(a)-2   Deduction for distributions to beneficiaries.
§1.661(b)-1   Character of amounts distributed; in general.
§1.661(b)-2   Character of amounts distributed when charitable contributions are made.
§1.661(c)-1   Limitation on deduction.
§1.661(c)-2   Illustration of the provisions of section 661.
§1.662(a)-1   Inclusion of amounts in gross income of beneficiaries of estates and complex trusts; general.
§1.662(a)-2   Currently distributable income.
§1.662(a)-3   Other amounts distributed.
§1.662(a)-4   Amounts used in discharge of a legal obligation.
§1.662(b)-1   Character of amounts; when no charitable contributions are made.
§1.662(b)-2   Character of amounts; when charitable contributions are made.
§1.662(c)-1   Different taxable years.
§1.662(c)-2   Death of individual beneficiary.
§1.662(c)-3   Termination of existence of other beneficiaries.
§1.662(c)-4   Illustration of the provisions of sections 661 and 662.
§1.663(a)-1   Special rules applicable to sections 661 and 662; exclusions; gifts, bequests, etc.
§1.663(a)-2   Charitable, etc., distributions.
§1.663(a)-3   Denial of double deduction.
§1.663(b)-1   Distributions in first 65 days of taxable year; scope.
§1.663(b)-2   Election.
§1.663(c)-1   Separate shares treated as separate trusts or as separate estates; in general.
§1.663(c)-2   Rules of administration.
§1.663(c)-3   Applicability of separate share rule to certain trusts.
§1.663(c)-4   Applicability of separate share rule to estates and qualified revocable trusts.
§1.663(c)-5   Examples.
§1.663(c)-6   Effective dates.
§1.664-1   Charitable remainder trusts.
§1.664-2   Charitable remainder annuity trust.
§1.664-3   Charitable remainder unitrust.
§1.664-4   Calculation of the fair market value of the remainder interest in a charitable remainder unitrust.

treatment of excess distributions of trusts applicable to taxable years beginning before january 1, 1969

§1.665(a)-0   Excess distributions by trusts; scope of subpart D.
§1.665(a)-1   Undistributed net income.
§1.665(b)-1   Accumulation distributions of trusts other than certain foreign trusts; in general.
§1.665(b)-2   Exclusions from accumulation distributions in the case of trusts (other than a foreign trust created by a U.S. person).
§1.665(b)-3   Exclusions under section 663(a)(1).
§1.665(c)-1   Accumulation distributions of certain foreign trusts; in general.
§1.665(c)-2   Indirect payments to the beneficiary.
§1.665(d)-1   Taxes imposed on the trust.
§1.665(e)-1   Preceding taxable year.
§1.665(e)-2   Application of separate share rule.
§1.666(a)-1A   Amount allocated.
§1.666(b)-1A   Total taxes deemed distributed.
§1.666(c)-1A   Pro rata portion of taxes deemed distributed.
§1.666(c)-2A   Illustration of the provisions of section 666 (a), (b), and (c).
§1.666(d)-1A   Information required from trusts.
§1.666(a)-1   Amount allocated.
§1.666(b)-1   Total taxes deemed distributed.
§1.666(c)-1   Pro rata portion of taxes deemed distributed.
§1.666(c)-2   Illustration of the provisions of section 666.
§1.667-1   Denial of refund to trusts.
§1.667(a)-1A   Denial of refund to trusts.
§1.667(b)-1A   Authorization of credit to beneficiary for taxes imposed on the trust.
§1.668(a)-1A   Amounts treated as received in prior taxable years; inclusion in gross income.
§1.668(a)-2A   Allocation among beneficiaries; in general.
§1.668(a)-3A   Determination of tax.
§1.668(b)-1A   Tax on distribution.
§1.668(b)-2A   Special rules applicable to section 668.
§1.668(b)-3A   Computation of the beneficiary's income and tax for a prior taxable year.
§1.668(b)-4A   Information requirements with respect to beneficiary.
§1.668(a)-1   Amounts treated as received in prior taxable years; inclusion in gross income.
§1.668(a)-2   Allocation among beneficiaries; in general.
§1.668(a)-3   Excluded amounts.
§1.668(a)-4   Tax attributable to throwback.
§1.668(b)-1   Credit for taxes paid by the trust.
§1.668(b)-2   Illustration of the provisions of subpart D.
§1.669(a)-1A   Amount allocated.
§1.669(b)-1A   Tax on distribution.
§1.669(c)-1A   Special rules applicable to section 669.
§1.669(c)-2A   Computation of the beneficiary's income and tax for a prior taxable year.
§1.669(c)-3A   Information requirements with respect to beneficiary.
§1.669(d)-1A   Total taxes deemed distributed.
§1.669(e)-1A   Pro rata portion of taxes deemed distributed.
§1.669(e)-2A   Illustration of the provisions of section 669.
§1.669(f)-1A   Character of capital gain.
§1.669(f)-2A   Exception for capital gain distributions from certain trusts.
§1.669(a)-1   Limitation on tax.
§1.669(a)-2   Rules applicable to section 669 computations.
§1.669(a)-3   Tax computed by the exact throwback method.
§1.669(a)-4   Tax attributable to short-cut throwback method.
§1.669(b)-1   Information requirements.
§1.669(b)-2   Manner of exercising election.

unitrust actuarial tables applicable before may 1, 2009

§1.664-4A   Valuation of charitable remainder interests for which the valuation date is before May 1, 2009.

treatment of excess distributions of trusts applicable to taxable years beginning on or after january 1, 1969

§1.665(a)-0A   Excess distributions by trusts; scope of subpart D.
§1.665(a)-1A   Undistributed net income.
§1.665(b)-1A   Accumulation distributions.
§1.665(b)-2A   Special rules for accumulation distributions made in taxable years beginning before January 1, 1974.
§1.665(c)-1A   Special rule applicable to distributions by certain foreign trusts.
§1.665(d)-1A   Taxes imposed on the trust.
§1.665(e)-1A   Preceding taxable year.
§1.665(f)-1A   Undistributed capital gain.
§1.665(g)-1A   Capital gain distribution.
§1.665(g)-2A   Application of separate share rule.

grantors and others treated as substantial owners

§1.671-1   Grantors and others treated as substantial owners; scope.
§1.671-2   Applicable principles.
§1.671-3   Attribution or inclusion of income, deductions, and credits against tax.
§1.671-4   Method of reporting.
§1.671-5   Reporting for widely held fixed investment trusts.
§1.672(a)-1   Definition of adverse party.
§1.672(b)-1   Nonadverse party.
§1.672(c)-1   Related or subordinate party.
§1.672(d)-1   Power subject to condition precedent.
§1.672(f)-1   Foreign persons not treated as owners.
§1.672(f)-2   Certain foreign corporations.
§1.672(f)-3   Exceptions to general rule.
§1.672(f)-4   Recharacterization of purported gifts.
§1.672(f)-5   Special rules.
§1.673(a)-1   Reversionary interests; income payable to beneficiaries other than certain charitable organizations; general rule.
§1.673(b)-1   Income payable to charitable beneficiaries before amendment by Tax Reform Act of 1969).
§1.673(c)-1   Reversionary interest after income beneficiary's death.
§1.673(d)-1   Postponement of date specified for reacquisition.
§1.674(a)-1   Power to control beneficial enjoyment; scope of section 674.
§1.674(b)-1   Excepted powers exercisable by any person.
§1.674(c)-1   Excepted powers exercisable only by independent trustees.
§1.674(d)-1   Excepted powers exercisable by any trustee other than grantor or spouse.
§1.674(d)-2   Limitations on exceptions in section 674 (b), (c), and (d).
§1.675-1   Administrative powers.
§1.676(a)-1   Power to revest title to portion of trust property in grantor; general rule.
§1.676(b)-1   Powers exercisable only after a period of time.
§1.677(a)-1   Income for benefit of grantor; general rule.
§1.677(b)-1   Trusts for support.
§1.678(a)-1   Person other than grantor treated as substantial owner; general rule.
§1.678(b)-1   If grantor is treated as the owner.
§1.678(c)-1   Trusts for support.
§1.678(d)-1   Renunciation of power.
§1.679-0   Outline of major topics.
§1.679-1   U.S. transferor treated as owner of foreign trust.
§1.679-2   Trusts treated as having a U.S. beneficiary.
§1.679-3   Transfers.
§1.679-4   Exceptions to general rule.
§1.679-5   Pre-immigration trusts.
§1.679-6   Outbound migrations of domestic trusts.
§1.679-7   Effective dates.

miscellaneous

§1.681(a)-1   Limitation on charitable contributions deductions of trusts; scope of section 681.
§1.681(a)-2   Limitation on charitable contributions deduction of trusts with trade or business income.
§1.681(b)-1   Cross reference.
§1.682(a)-1   Income of trust in case of divorce, etc.
§1.682(b)-1   Application of trust rules to alimony payments.
§1.682(c)-1   Definitions.
§1.683-1   Applicability of provisions; general rule.
§1.683-2   Exceptions.
§1.683-3   Application of the 65-day rule of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939.
§1.684-1   Recognition of gain on transfers to certain foreign trusts and estates.
§1.684-2   Transfers.
§1.684-3   Exceptions to general rule of gain recognition.
§1.684-4   Outbound migrations of domestic trusts.
§1.684-5   Effective date.

income in respect of decedents

§1.691(a)-1   Income in respect of a decedent.
§1.691(a)-2   Inclusion in gross income by recipients.
§1.691(a)-3   Character of gross income.
§1.691(a)-4   Transfer of right to income in respect of a decedent.
§1.691(a)-5   Installment obligations acquired from decedent.
§1.691(b)-1   Allowance of deductions and credit in respect to decedents.
§1.691(c)-1   Deduction for estate tax attributable to income in respect of a decedent.
§1.691(c)-2   Estates and trusts.
§1.691(d)-1   Amounts received by surviving annuitant under joint and survivor annuity contract.
§1.691(e)-1   Installment obligations transmitted at death when prior law applied.
§1.691(f)-1   Cross reference.
§1.692-1   Abatement of income taxes of certain members of the Armed Forces of the United States upon death.

PARTNERS AND PARTNERSHIPS

§1.701-1   Partners, not partnership, subject to tax.
§1.701-2   Anti-abuse rule.
§1.702-1   Income and credits of partner.
§1.702-2   Net operating loss deduction of partner.
§1.702-3T   4-Year spread (temporary).
§1.703-1   Partnership computations.
§1.704-1   Partner's distributive share.
§1.704-1T   Partner's distributive share (temporary).
§1.704-2   Allocations attributable to nonrecourse liabilities.
§1.704-3   Contributed property.
§1.704-4   Distribution of contributed property.
§1.705-1   Determination of basis of partner's interest.
§1.705-2   Basis adjustments coordinating sections 705 and 1032.
§1.706-1   Taxable years of partner and partnership.
§1.706-2T   Temporary regulations; question and answer under the Tax Reform Act of 1984.
§1.707-0   Table of contents.
§1.707-1   Transactions between partner and partnership.
§1.707-2   Disguised payments for services. [Reserved]
§1.707-3   Disguised sales of property to partnership; general rules.
§1.707-4   Disguised sales of property to partnership; special rules applicable to guaranteed payments, preferred returns, operating cash flow distributions, and reimbursements of preformation expenditures.
§1.707-5   Disguised sales of property to partnership; special rules relating to liabilities.
§1.707-6   Disguised sales of property by partnership to partner; general rules.
§1.707-7   Disguised sales of partnership interests. [Reserved]
§1.707-8   Disclosure of certain information.
§1.707-9   Effective dates and transitional rules.
§1.708-1   Continuation of partnership.
§1.709-1   Treatment of organization and syndication costs.
§1.709-2   Definitions.

Contributions, Distributions, and Transfers

contributions to a partnership

§1.721-1   Nonrecognition of gain or loss on contribution.
§1.721-2   Noncompensatory options.
§1.722-1   Basis of contributing partner's interest.
§1.723-1   Basis of property contributed to partnership.

distributions by a partnership

§1.731-1   Extent of recognition of gain or loss on distribution.
§1.731-2   Partnership distributions of marketable securities.
§1.732-1   Basis of distributed property other than money.
§1.732-2   Special partnership basis of distributed property.
§1.732-3   Corresponding adjustment to basis of assets of a distributed corporation controlled by a corporate partner.
§1.733-1   Basis of distributee partner's interest.
§1.734-1   Optional adjustment to basis of undistributed partnership property.
§1.734-2   Adjustment after distribution to transferee partner.
§1.735-1   Character of gain or loss on disposition of distributed property.
§1.736-1   Payments to a retiring partner or a deceased partner's successor in interest.
§1.737-1   Recognition of precontribution gain.
§1.737-2   Exceptions and special rules.
§1.737-3   Basis adjustments; Recovery rules.
§1.737-4   Anti-abuse rule.
§1.737-5   Effective dates.

transfers of interests in a partnership

§1.741-1   Recognition and character of gain or loss on sale or exchange.
§1.742-1   Basis of transferee partner's interest.
§1.743-1   Optional adjustment to basis of partnership property.

provisions common to part ii, subchapter k, chapter 1 of the code

§1.751-1   Unrealized receivables and inventory items.
§1.752-0   Table of contents.
§1.752-1   Treatment of partnership liabilities.
§1.752-2   Partner's share of recourse liabilities.
§1.752-3   Partner's share of nonrecourse liabilities.
§1.752-4   Special rules.
§1.752-5   Effective dates and transition rules.
§1.752-6   Partnership assumption of partner's section 358(h)(3) liability after October 18, 1999, and before June 24, 2003.
§1.752-7   Partnership assumption of partner's §1.752-7 liability on or after June 24, 2003.
§1.753-1   Partner receiving income in respect of decedent.
§1.754-1   Time and manner of making election to adjust basis of partnership property.
§1.755-1   Rules for allocation of basis.

definitions

§1.761-1   Terms defined.
§1.761-2   Exclusion of certain unincorporated organizations from the application of all or part of subchapter K of chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code.
§1.761-3   Certain option holders treated as partners.

effective date for subchapter k, chapter 1 of the code

§1.771-1   Effective date.

Life Insurance Companies

definition; tax imposed

§1.801-1   Definitions.
§1.801-2   Taxable years affected.
§1.801-3   Definitions.
§1.801-4   Life insurance reserves.
§1.801-5   Total reserves.
§1.801-6   Adjustments in reserves for policy loans.
§1.801-7   Variable annuities.
§1.801-8   Contracts with reserves based on segregated asset accounts.
§1.802(b)-1   Tax on life insurance companies.
§1.802-2   Taxable years affected.
§1.802-3   Tax imposed on life insurance companies.
§1.802-4   Life insurance company taxable income.
§1.802-5   Special rule for 1959 and 1960.
§1.803-1   Life insurance reserves.
§1.803-2   Adjusted reserves.
§1.803-3   Interest paid or accrued.
§1.803-4   Taxable income and deductions.
§1.803-5   Real estate owned and occupied.
§1.803-6   Amortization of premium and accrual of discount.
§1.803-7   Taxable years affected.

investment income

§1.804-3   Gross investment income of a life insurance company.
§1.804-4   Investment yield of a life insurance company.
§1.806-1   Adjustment for certain reserves.
§1.806-2   Taxable years affected.
§1.806-3   Certain changes in reserves and assets.
§1.806-4   Change of basis in computing reserves.
§1.807-1   Mortality and morbidity tables.
§1.807-2   Cross-reference.

gain and loss from operations

§1.809-1   Taxable years affected.
§1.809-2   Exclusion of share of investment yield set aside for policyholders.
§1.809-3   Gain and loss from operations defined.
§1.809-4   Gross amount.
§1.809-5   Deductions.
§1.809-6   Modifications.
§1.809-7   Limitation on certain deductions.
§1.809-8   Limitation on deductions for certain mutualization distributions.
§1.809-9   Computation of the differential earnings rate and the recomputed differential earnings rate.
§1.809-10   Computation of equity base.
§1.810-1   Taxable years affected.
§1.810-2   Rules for certain reserves.
§1.810-3   Adjustment for change in computing reserves.
§1.810-4   Certain decreases in reserves of voluntary employees' beneficiary associations.
§1.811-1   Taxable years affected.
§1.811-2   Dividends to policyholders.
§1.811-3   Cross-reference.
§1.812-1   Taxable years affected.
§1.812-2   Operations loss deduction.
§1.812-3   Computation of loss from operations.
§1.812-4   Operations loss carrybacks and operations loss carryovers.
§1.812-5   Offset.
§1.812-6   New company defined.
§1.812-7   Application of subtitle A and subtitle F.
§1.812-8   Illustration of operations loss carrybacks and carryovers.
§1.812-9   Cross-reference.

distributions to shareholders

§1.815-1   Taxable years affected.
§1.815-2   Distributions to shareholders.
§1.815-3   Shareholders surplus account.
§1.815-4   Policyholders surplus account.
§1.815-5   Other accounts defined.
§1.815-6   Special rules.

miscellaneous provisions

§1.817-1   Taxable years affected.
§1.817-2   Treatment of capital gains and losses.
§1.817-3   Gain on property held on December 31, 1958, and certain substituted property acquired after 1958.
§1.817-4   Special rules.
§1.817-5   Diversification requirements for variable annuity, endowment, and life insurance contracts.
§1.817A-0   Table of contents.
§1.817A-1   Certain modified guaranteed contracts.
§1.818-1   Taxable years affected.
§1.818-2   Accounting provisions.
§1.818-3   Amortization of premium and accrual of discount.
§1.818-4   Election with respect to life insurance reserves computed on preliminary term basis.
§1.818-5   Short taxable years.
§1.818-6   Transitional rule for change in method of accounting.
§1.818-7   Denial of double deductions.
§1.818-8   Special rules relating to consolidated returns and certain capital losses.
§1.819-1   Taxable years affected.
§1.819-2   Foreign life insurance companies.

Mutual Insurance Companies (Other Than Life and Certain Marine Insurance Companies and Other Than Fire or Flood Insurance Companies Which Operate on Basis of Perpetual Policies or Premium Deposits)

§1.821-1   Tax on mutual insurance companies other than life or marine or fire insurance companies subject to the tax imposed by section 831.
§1.821-2   Taxable years affected.
§1.821-3   Tax on mutual insurance companies other than life or marine or fire insurance companies subject to the tax imposed by section 831.
§1.821-4   Tax on mutual insurance companies other than life insurance companies and other than fire, flood, or marine insurance companies, subject to tax imposed by section 831.
§1.821-5   Special transitional underwriting loss.
§1.822-1   Taxable income and deductions.
§1.822-2   Real estate owned and occupied.
§1.822-3   Amortization of premium and accrual of discount.
§1.822-4   Taxable years affected.
§1.822-5   Mutual insurance company taxable income.
§1.822-6   Real estate owned and occupied.
§1.822-7   Amortization of premium and accrual of discount.
§1.822-8   Determination of taxable investment income.
§1.822-9   Real estate owned and occupied.
§1.822-10   Amortization of premium and accrual of discount.
§1.822-11   Net premiums.
§1.822-12   Dividends to policyholders.
§1.823-1   Net premiums.
§1.823-2   Dividends to policyholders.
§1.823-3   Taxable years affected.
§1.823-4   Net premiums.
§1.823-5   Dividends to policyholders.
§1.823-6   Determination of statutory underwriting income or loss.
§1.823-7   Subscribers of reciprocal underwriters and interinsurers.
§1.823-8   Special transitional underwriting loss; cross reference.
§1.825-1   Unused loss deduction; in general.
§1.825-2   Unused loss carryovers and carrybacks.
§1.825-3   Examples.
§1.826-1   Election by reciprocal underwriters and interinsurers.
§1.826-2   Special rules applicable to electing reciprocals.
§1.826-3   Attorney-in-fact of electing reciprocals.
§1.826-4   Allocation of expenses.
§1.826-5   Attribution of tax.
§1.826-6   Credit or refund.
§1.826-7   Examples.

Other Insurance Companies

§1.831-1   Tax on insurance companies (other than life or mutual), mutual marine insurance companies, and mutual fire insurance companies issuing perpetual policies.
§1.831-2   Taxable years affected.
§1.831-3   Tax on insurance companies (other than life or mutual), mutual marine insurance companies, mutual fire insurance companies issuing perpetual policies, and mutual fire or flood insurance companies operating on the basis of premium deposits; taxable years beginning after December 31, 1962.
§1.831-4   Election of multiple line companies to be taxed on total income.
§1.832-1   Gross income.
§1.832-2   Deductions.
§1.832-3   Taxable years affected.
§1.832-4   Gross income.
§1.832-5   Deductions.
§1.832-6   Policyholders of mutual fire or flood insurance companies operating on the basis of premium deposits.
§1.832-7T   Treatment of salvage and reinsurance in computing “losses incurred” deduction, taxable years beginning before January 1, 1990 (temporary).
§1.833-1   Medical Loss Ratio under section 833(c)(5).
§1.846-0   Outline of provisions.
§1.846-1   Application of discount factors.
§1.846-2   Election by taxpayer to use its own historical loss payment pattern.
§1.846-2T   Election by taxpayer to use its own historical loss payment pattern (temporary).
§1.846-3   Fresh start and reserve strengthening.
§1.846-4   Effective/applicability date.
§1.846-4T   Effective dates (temporary).
§1.848-0   Outline of regulations under section 848.
§1.848-1   Definitions and special provisions.
§1.848-2   Determination of net premiums.
§1.848-3   Interim rules for certain reinsurance agreements.
§§1.849-1.850   [Reserved]

Authority: 26 U.S.C. 7805, unless otherwise noted.

Section 1.642(c)-6 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 642(c)(5).

Section 1.643(a)-8 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 643(a)(7).

Section 1.643(h)-1 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 643(a)(7).

Section 1.642(c)-6A also issued under 26 U.S.C. 642(c)(5).

Section 1.645-1 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 645.

Sections 1.663(c)-1, 1.663(c)-2, 1.663(c)-3, 1.663(c)-4, 1.663(c)-5, and 1.663(c)-6 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 663(c).

Section 1.664-1 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 664(a).

Section 1.664-2 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 664(a).

Section 1.664-3 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 664(a).

Section 1.664-4 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 664(a).

Section 1.664-4A also issued under 26 U.S.C. 664(a).

Section 1.671-2 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 643(a)(7) and 672(f)(6).

Section 1.672(f)-1 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 643(a)(7) and 672(f)(6).

Section 1.672(f)-2 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 643(a)(7) and 672(f)(3) and (6).

Section 1.672(f)-3 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 643(a)(7) and 672(f)(2) and (6).

Section 1.672(f)-4 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 643(a)(7) and 672(f)(4) and (6).

Section 1.672(f)-5 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 643(a)(7) and 672(f)(6).

Section 1.679-1 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 643(a)(7) and 679(d).

Section 1.679-2 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 643(a)(7) and 679(d).

Section 1.679-3 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 643(a)(7) and 679(d).

Section 1.679-4 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 643(a)(7), 679(a)(3) and 679(d).

Section 1.679-5 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 643(a)(7) and 679(d).

Section 1.679-6 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 643(a)(7) and 679(d).

Section 1.684-1 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 643(a)(7) and 684(a).

Section 1.684-2 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 643(a)(7) and 684(a).

Section 1.684-3 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 643(a)(7) and 684(a).

Section 1.684-4 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 643(a)(7) and 684(a).

Section 1.684-5 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 643(a)(7) and 684(a).

Section 1.701-2 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 701 through 761.

Section 1.704-3 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 704(c).

Section 1.704-3T also issued under 26 U.S.C. 704(c).

Section 1.704-4 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 704(c).

Section 1.705-2 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 705 and 1032.

Section 1.706-1T also issued under 26 U.S.C. 706(b).

Section 1.706-3T also issued under 26 U.S.C. 444(f).

Sections 1.707-2 through 1.707-9 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 707(a)(2).

Section 1.721-1 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 721.

Section 1.731-2 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 731(c).

Section 1.732-1 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 732.

Section 1.732-2 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 732.

Section 1.732-3 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 732(f).

Section 1.734-1 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 734.

Section 1.743-1 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 743.

Section 1.751-1 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 751.

Section 1.752-1(a) also issued under Public Law 106-554, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A-638 (2001).

Section 1.752-6 also issued under Public Law 106-554, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A-638 (2001).

Section 1.752-7 also issued under Public Law 106-554, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A-638 (2001).

Section 1.755-1 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 755.

Section 1.755-2 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 755 and 26 U.S.C. 1060.

Section 1.761-2 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 446(b) and 26 U.S.C. 761(a).

Section 1.807-2 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 817A(e).

Section 1.809-10 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 809(b)(2) and (g)(3).

Section 1.811-3 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 817A(e).

Section 1.812-9 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 817A(e).

Section 1.817-5 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 817(h).

Section 1.817A-1 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 817A(e).

Section 1.832-4 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 832(b)(5)(A).

Sections 1.846-1 through 1.846-4 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 846.

Section 1.848-2 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 845(b) and 26 U.S.C. 848(d)(4)(B).

Section 1.846-2(d) also issued under 26 U.S.C. 846.

Section 1.848-3 also issued under 26 U.S.C. 848(d)(4)(B).

Source: T.D. 6500, 25 FR 11814, Nov. 26, 1960; 25 FR 14021, Dec. 31, 1960, unless otherwise noted.

ESTATES, TRUSTS, BENEFICIARIES, AND DECEDENTS

Estates, Trusts, and Beneficiaries

General Rules for Taxation of Estates and Trusts

§1.641   [Reserved]

§1.641(a)-0   Scope of subchapter J.

(a) In general. Subchapter J (sections 641 and following), chapter 1 of the Code, deals with the taxation of income of estates and trusts and their beneficiaries, and of income in respect of decedents. Part I of subchapter J contains general rules for taxation of estates and trusts (subpart A), specific rules relating to trusts which distribute current income only (subpart B), estates and trusts which may accumulate income or which distribute corpus (subpart C), treatment of excess distributions by trusts (subpart D), grantors and other persons treated as substantial owners (subpart E), and miscellaneous provisions relating to limitations on charitable deductions, income of an estate or trust in case of divorce, and taxable years to which the provisions of subchapter J are applicable (subpart F). Part I has no application to any organization which is not to be classified for tax purposes as a trust under the classification rules of §§301.7701-2, 301.7701-3, and 301.7701-4 of this chapter (Regulations on Procedure and Administration). Part II of subchapter J relates to the treatment of income in respect of decedents. However, the provisions of subchapter J do not apply to employee trusts subject to subchapters D and F, chapter 1 of the Code, and common trust funds subject to subchapter H, chapter 1 of the Code.

(b) Scope of subparts A, B, C, and D. Subparts A, B, C, and D (section 641 and following), part I, subchapter J, chapter 1 of the Code, relate to the taxation of estates and trusts and their beneficiaries. These subparts have no application to any portion of the corpus or income of a trust which is to be regarded, within the meaning of the Code, as that of the grantor or others treated as its substantial owners. See subpart E (section 671 and following), Part I, subchapter J, chapter 1 of the Code, and the regulations thereunder for rules for the treatment of any portion of a trust where the grantor (or another person) is treated as the substantial owner. So-called alimony trusts are treated under subparts A, B, C, and D, except to the extent otherwise provided in section 71 or section 682. These subparts have no application to beneficiaries of nonexempt employees' trusts. See section 402(b) and the regulations thereunder.

(c) Multiple trusts. Multiple trusts that have:

(1) No substantially independent purposes (such as independent dispositive purposes),

(2) The same grantor and substantially the same beneficiary, and

(3) The avoidance or mitigation of (i) the progressive rates of tax (including mitigation as a result of deferral of tax) or (ii) the minimum tax for tax preferences imposed by section 56 as their principal purpose,

shall be consolidated and treated as one trust for the purposes of subchapter J.

[T.D. 6500, 25 FR 11814, Nov. 26, 1960, as amended by T.D. 6989, 34 FR 731, Jan. 17, 1969; T.D. 7204, 37 FR 17158, Aug. 25, 1972]

§1.641(a)-1   Imposition of tax; application of tax.

For taxable years beginning after December 31, 1970, section 641 prescribes that the taxes imposed by section 1(d), as amended by the Tax Reform Act of 1969, shall apply to the income of estates or of any kind of property held in trust. For taxable years ending before January 1, 1971, section 641 prescribes that the taxes imposed upon individuals by chapter 1 of the Code apply to the income of estates or of any kind of property held in trust. The rates of tax, the statutory provisions respecting gross income, and, with certain exceptions, the deductions and credits allowed to individuals apply also to estates and trust.

[T.D. 7117, 36 FR 9421, May 25, 1971]

§1.641(a)-2   Gross income of estates and trusts.

The gross income of an estate or trust is determined in the same manner as that of an individual. Thus, the gross income of an estate or trust consists of all items of gross income received during the taxable year, including:

(a) Income accumulated in trust for the benefit of unborn or unascertained persons or persons with contingent interests;

(b) Income accumulated or held for future distribution under the terms of the will or trust;

(c) Income which is to be distributed currently by the fiduciary to the beneficiaries, and income collected by a guardian of an infant which is to be held or distributed as the court may direct;

(d) Income received by estates of deceased persons during the period of administration or settlement of the estate; and

(e) Income which, in the discretion of the fiduciary, may be either distributed to the beneficiaries or accumulated. The several classes of income enumerated in this section do not exclude others which also may come within the general purposes of section 641.

§1.641(b)-1   Computation and payment of tax; deductions and credits of estates and trusts.

Generally, the deductions and credits allowed to individuals are also allowed to estates and trusts. However, there are special rules for the computation of certain deductions and for the allocation between the estate or trust and the beneficiaries of certain credits and deductions. See section 642 and the regulations thereunder. In addition, an estate or trust is allowed to deduct, in computing its taxable income, the deductions provided by sections 651 and 661 and regulations thereunder, relating to distributions to beneficiaries.

§1.641(b)-2   Filing of returns and payment of the tax.

(a) The fiduciary is required to make and file the return and pay the tax on the taxable income of an estate or of a trust. Liability for the payment of the tax on the taxable income of an estate attaches to the person of the executor or administrator up to and after his discharge if, prior to distribution and discharge, he had notice of his tax obligations or failed to exercise due diligence in ascertaining whether or not such obligations existed. For the extent of such liability, see section 3467 of the Revised Statutes, as amended by section 518 of the Revenue Act of 1934 (31 U. S. C. 192). Liability for the tax also follows the assets of the estate distributed to heirs, devisees, legatees, and distributees, who may be required to discharge the amount of the tax due and unpaid to the extent of the distributive shares received by them. See section 6901. The same considerations apply to trusts.

(b) The estate of an infant, incompetent, or other person under a disability, or, in general, of an individual or corporation in receivership or a corporation in bankruptcy is not a taxable entity separate from the person for whom the fiduciary is acting, in that respect differing from the estate of a deceased person or of a trust. See section 6012(b) (2) and (3) for provisions relating to the obligation of the fiduciary with respect to returns of such persons.

[T.D. 6500, 25 FR 11814, Nov. 26, 1960, as amended by T.D. 6580, 26 FR 11486, Dec. 5, 1961]

§1.641(b)-3   Termination of estates and trusts.

(a) The income of an estate of a deceased person is that which is received by the estate during the period of administration or settlement. The period of administration or settlement is the period actually required by the administrator or executor to perform the ordinary duties of administration, such as the collection of assets and the payment of debts, taxes, legacies, and bequests, whether the period required is longer or shorter than the period specified under the applicable local law for the settlement of estates. For example, where an executor who is also named as trustee under a will fails to obtain his discharge as executor, the period of administration continues only until the duties of administration are complete and he actually assumes his duties as trustee, whether or not pursuant to a court order. However, the period of administration of an estate cannot be unduly prolonged. If the administration of an estate is unreasonably prolonged, the estate is considered terminated for Federal income tax purposes after the expiration of a reasonable period for the performance by the executor of all the duties of administration. Further, an estate will be considered as terminated when all the assets have been distributed except for a reasonable amount which is set aside in good faith for the payment of unascertained or contingent liabilities and expenses (not including a claim by a beneficiary in the capacity of beneficiary). Notwithstanding the above, if the estate has joined in making a valid election under section 645 to treat a qualified revocable trust, as defined under section 645(b)(1), as part of the estate, the estate shall not terminate under this paragraph prior to the termination of the section 645 election period. See section 645 and the regulations thereunder for rules regarding the termination of the section 645 election period.

(b) Generally, the determination of whether a trust has terminated depends upon whether the property held in trust has been distributed to the persons entitled to succeed to the property upon termination of the trust rather than upon the technicality of whether or not the trustee has rendered his final accounting. A trust does not automatically terminate upon the happening of the event by which the duration of the trust is measured. A reasonable time is permitted after such event for the trustee to perform the duties necessary to complete the administration of the trust. Thus, if under the terms of the governing instrument, the trust is to terminate upon the death of the life beneficiary and the corpus is to be distributed to the remainderman, the trust continues after the death of the life beneficiary for a period reasonably necessary to a proper winding up of the affairs of the trust. However, the winding up of a trust cannot be unduly postponed and if the distribution of the trust corpus is unreasonably delayed, the trust is considered terminated for Federal income tax purposes after the expiration of a reasonable period for the trustee to complete the administration of the trust. Further, a trust will be considered as terminated when all the assets have been distributed except for a reasonable amount which is set aside in good faith for the payment of unascertained or contingent liabilities and expenses (not including a claim by a beneficiary in the capacity of beneficiary).

(c)(1) Except as provided in subparagraph (2) of this paragraph, during the period between the occurrence of an event which causes a trust to terminate and the time when the trust is considered as terminated under this section, whether or not the income and the excess of capital gains over capital losses of the trust are to be considered as amounts required to be distributed currently to the ultimate distributee for the year in which they are received depends upon the principles stated in §1.651(a)-2. See §1.663-1 et seq. for application of the separate share rule.

(2)(i) Except in cases to which the last sentence of this subdivision applies, for taxable years of a trust ending before September 1, 1957, subparagraph (1) of this paragraph shall not apply and the rule of subdivision (ii) of this subparagraph shall apply unless the trustee elects to have subparagraph (1) of this paragraph apply. Such election shall be made by the trustee in a statement filed on or before April 15, 1959, with the district director with whom such trust's return for any such taxable year was filed. The election provided by this subdivision shall not be available if the treatment given the income and the excess of capital gains over capital losses for taxable years for which returns have been filed was consistent with the provisions of subparagraph (1) of this paragraph.

(ii) The rule referred to in subdivision (i) of this subparagraph is as follows: During the period between the occurrence of an event which causes a trust to terminate and the time when a trust is considered as terminated under this section, the income and the excess of capital gains over capital losses of the trust are in general considered as amounts required to be distributed for the year in which they are received. For example, a trust instrument provides for the payment of income to A during her life, and upon her death for the payment of the corpus to B. The trust reports on the basis of the calendar year. A dies on November 1, 1955, but no distribution is made to B until January 15, 1956. The income of the trust and the excess of capital gains over capital losses for the entire year 1955, to the extent not paid, credited, or required to be distributed to A or A's estate, are treated under sections 661 and 662 as amounts required to be distributed to B for the year 1955.

(d) If a trust or the administration or settlement of an estate is considered terminated under this section for Federal income tax purposes (as for instance, because administration has been unduly prolonged), the gross income, deductions, and credits of the estate or trust are, subsequent to the termination, considered the gross income, deductions, and credits of the person or persons succeeding to the property of the estate or trust.

[T.D. 6500, 25 FR 11814, Nov. 26, 1960; 25 FR 14021, Dec. 31, 1960, as amended by T.D. 9032, 67 FR 78376, Dec. 24, 2002]

§1.641(c)-0   Table of contents.

This section lists the major captions contained in §1.641(c)-1.

§1.641(c)-1Electing small business trust.

(a) In general.

(b) Definitions.

(1) Grantor portion.

(2) S portion.

(3) Non-S portion.

(c) Taxation of grantor portion.

(d) Taxation of S portion.

(1) In general.

(2) Section 1366 amounts.

(3) Gains and losses on disposition of S stock.

(4) State and local income taxes and administrative expenses.

(e) Tax rates and exemption of S portion.

(1) Income tax rate.

(2) Alternative minimum tax exemption.

(f) Adjustments to basis of stock in the S portion under section 1367.

(g) Taxation of non-S portion.

(1) In general.

(2) Dividend income under section 1368(c)(2).

(3) Interest on installment obligations.

(4) Charitable deduction.

(h) Allocation of state and local income taxes and administration expenses.

(i) Treatment of distributions from the trust.

(j) Termination or revocation of ESBT election.

(k) Effective date.

(l) Examples.

[T.D. 8994, 67 FR 34394, May 14, 2002]

§1.641(c)-1   Electing small business trust.

(a) In general. An electing small business trust (ESBT) within the meaning of section 1361(e) is treated as two separate trusts for purposes of chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code. The portion of an ESBT that consists of stock in one or more S corporations is treated as one trust. The portion of an ESBT that consists of all the other assets in the trust is treated as a separate trust. The grantor or another person may be treated as the owner of all or a portion of either or both such trusts under subpart E, part I, subchapter J, chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code. The ESBT is treated as a single trust for administrative purposes, such as having one taxpayer identification number and filing one tax return. See §1.1361-1(m).

(b) Definitions—(1) Grantor portion. The grantor portion of an ESBT is the portion of the trust that is treated as owned by the grantor or another person under subpart E.

(2) S portion. The S portion of an ESBT is the portion of the trust that consists of S corporation stock and that is not treated as owned by the grantor or another person under subpart E.

(3) Non-S portion. The non-S portion of an ESBT is the portion of the trust that consists of all assets other than S corporation stock and that is not treated as owned by the grantor or another person under subpart E.

(c) Taxation of grantor portion. The grantor or another person who is treated as the owner of a portion of the ESBT includes in computing taxable income items of income, deductions, and credits against tax attributable to that portion of the ESBT under section 671.

(d) Taxation of S portion—(1) In general. The taxable income of the S portion is determined by taking into account only the items of income, loss, deduction, or credit specified in paragraphs (d)(2), (3), and (4) of this section, to the extent not attributable to the grantor portion.

(2) Section 1366 amounts—(i) In general. The S portion takes into account the items of income, loss, deduction, or credit that are taken into account by an S corporation shareholder pursuant to section 1366 and the regulations thereunder. Rules otherwise applicable to trusts apply in determining the extent to which any loss, deduction, or credit may be taken into account in determining the taxable income of the S portion. See §1.1361-1(m)(3)(iv) for allocation of those items in the taxable year of the S corporation in which the trust is an ESBT for part of the year and an eligible shareholder under section 1361(a)(2)(A)(i) through (iv) for the rest of the year.

(ii) Special rule for charitable contributions. If a deduction described in paragraph (d)(2)(i) of this section is attributable to an amount of the S corporation's gross income that is paid by the S corporation for a charitable purpose specified in section 170(c) (without regard to section 170(c)(2)(A)), the contribution will be deemed to be paid by the S portion pursuant to the terms of the trust's governing instrument within the meaning of section 642(c)(1). The limitations of section 681, regarding unrelated business income, apply in determining whether the contribution is deductible in computing the taxable income of the S portion.

(iii) Multiple S corporations. If an ESBT owns stock in more than one S corporation, items of income, loss, deduction, or credit from all the S corporations are aggregated for purposes of determining the S portion's taxable income.

(3) Gains and losses on disposition of S stock—(i) In general. The S portion takes into account any gain or loss from the disposition of S corporation stock. No deduction is allowed under section 1211(b)(1) and (2) for capital losses that exceed capital gains.

(ii) Installment method. If income from the sale or disposition of stock in an S corporation is reported by the trust on the installment method, the income recognized under this method is taken into account by the S portion. See paragraph (g)(3) of this section for the treatment of interest on the installment obligation. See §1.1361-1(m)(5)(ii) regarding treatment of a trust as an ESBT upon the sale of all S corporation stock using the installment method.

(iii) Distributions in excess of basis. Gain recognized under section 1368(b)(2) from distributions in excess of the ESBT's basis in its S corporation stock is taken into account by the S portion.

(4) State and local income taxes and administrative expenses—(i) In general. State and local income taxes and administrative expenses directly related to the S portion and those allocated to that portion in accordance with paragraph (h) are taken into account by the S portion.

(ii) Special rule for certain interest. Interest paid by the trust on money borrowed by the trust to purchase stock in an S corporation is allocated to the S portion but is not a deductible administrative expense for purposes of determining the taxable income of the S portion.

(e) Tax rates and exemption of S portion—(1) Income tax rate. Except for capital gains, the highest marginal trust rate provided in section 1(e) is applied to the taxable income of the S portion. See section 1(h) for the rates that apply to the S portion's net capital gain.

(2) Alternative minimum tax exemption. The exemption amount of the S portion under section 55(d) is zero.

(f) Adjustments to basis of stock in the S portion under section 1367. The basis of S corporation stock in the S portion must be adjusted in accordance with section 1367 and the regulations thereunder. If the ESBT owns stock in more than one S corporation, the adjustments to the basis in the S corporation stock of each S corporation must be determined separately with respect to each S corporation. Accordingly, items of income, loss, deduction, or credit of an S corporation that are taken into account by the ESBT under section 1366 can only result in an adjustment to the basis of the stock of that S corporation and cannot affect the basis in the stock of the other S corporations held by the ESBT.

(g) Taxation of non-S portion—(1) In general. The taxable income of the non-S portion is determined by taking into account all items of income, deduction, and credit to the extent not taken into account by either the grantor portion or the S portion. The items attributable to the non-S portion are taxed under subparts A through D of part I, subchapter J, chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code. The non-S portion may consist of more than one share pursuant to section 663(c).

(2) Dividend income under section 1368(c)(2). Any dividend income within the meaning of section 1368(c)(2) is includible in the gross income of the non-S portion.

(3) Interest on installment obligations. If income from the sale or disposition of stock in an S corporation is reported by the trust on the installment method, the interest on the installment obligation is includible in the gross income of the non-S portion. See paragraph (d)(3)(ii) of this section for the treatment of income from such a sale or disposition.

(4) Charitable deduction. For purposes of applying section 642(c)(1) to payments made by the trust for a charitable purpose, the amount of gross income of the trust is limited to the gross income of the non-S portion. See paragraph (d)(2)(ii) of this section for special rules concerning charitable contributions paid by the S corporation that are deemed to be paid by the S portion.

(h) Allocation of state and local income taxes and administration expenses. Whenever state and local income taxes or administration expenses relate to more than one portion of an ESBT, they must be allocated between or among the portions to which they relate. These items may be allocated in any manner that is reasonable in light of all the circumstances, including the terms of the governing instrument, applicable local law, and the practice of the trustee with respect to the trust if it is reasonable and consistent. The taxes and expenses apportioned to each portion of the ESBT are taken into account by that portion.

(i) Treatment of distributions from the trust. Distributions to beneficiaries from the S portion or the non-S portion, including distributions of the S corporation stock, are deductible under section 651 or 661 in determining the taxable income of the non-S portion, and are includible in the gross income of the beneficiaries under section 652 or 662. However, the amount of the deduction or inclusion cannot exceed the amount of the distributable net income of the non-S portion. Items of income, loss, deduction, or credit taken into account by the grantor portion or the S portion are excluded for purposes of determining the distributable net income of the non-S portion of the trust.

(j) Termination or revocation of ESBT election. If the ESBT election of the trust terminates pursuant to §1.1361-1(m)(5) or the ESBT election is revoked pursuant to §1.1361-1(m)(6), the rules contained in this section are thereafter not applicable to the trust. If, upon termination or revocation, the S portion has a net operating loss under section 172; a capital loss carryover under section 1212; or deductions in excess of gross income; then any such loss, carryover, or excess deductions shall be allowed as a deduction, in accordance with the regulations under section 642(h), to the trust, or to the beneficiaries succeeding to the property of the trust if the entire trust terminates.

(k) Effective date. This section generally is applicable for taxable years of ESBTs beginning on and after May 14, 2002. However, paragraphs (a), (b), (c), and (l) Example 1 of this section are applicable for taxable years of ESBTs that end on and after December 29, 2000. ESBTs may apply paragraphs (d)(4) and (h) of this section for taxable years of ESBTs beginning after December 31, 1996.

(l) Examples. The following examples illustrate the rules of this section:

Example 1. Comprehensive example. (i) Trust has a valid ESBT election in effect. Under section 678, B is treated as the owner of a portion of Trust consisting of a 10% undivided fractional interest in Trust. No other person is treated as the owner of any other portion of Trust under subpart E. Trust owns stock in X, an S corporation, and in Y, a C corporation. During 2000, Trust receives a distribution from X of $5,100, of which $5,000 is applied against Trust's adjusted basis in the X stock in accordance with section 1368(c)(1) and $100 is a dividend under section 1368(c)(2). Trust makes no distributions to its beneficiaries during the year.

(ii) For 2000, Trust has the following items of income and deduction:

Ordinary income attributable to X under section 1366$5,000
Dividend income from Y$900
Dividend from X representing C corporation earnings and profits$100
Total trust income$6,000
Charitable contributions attributable to X under section 1366$300
Trustee fees$200
State and local income taxes$100
(iii) Trust's items of income and deduction are divided into a grantor portion, an S portion, and a non-S portion for purposes of determining the taxation of those items. Income is allocated to each portion as follows:

B must take into account the items of income attributable to the grantor portion, that is, 10% of each item, as follows:

Ordinary income from X$500
Dividend income from Y$90
Dividend income from X$10
Total grantor portion income$600
The total income of the S portion is $4,500, determined as follows:
Ordinary income from X$5,000
Less: Grantor portion($500)
Total S portion income$4,500
The total income of the non-S portion is $900 determined as follows:
Dividend income from Y (less grantor portion)$810
Dividend income from X (less grantor portion)$90
Total non-S portion income$900
(iv) The administrative expenses and the state and local income taxes relate to all three portions and under state law would be allocated ratably to the $6,000 of trust income. Thus, these items would be allocated 10% (600/6000) to the grantor portion, 75% (4500/6000) to the S portion and 15% (900/6000) to the non-S portion.

(v) B must take into account the following deductions attributable to the grantor portion of the trust:

Charitable contributions from X$30
Trustee fees$20
State and local income taxes$10
(vi) The taxable income of the S portion is $4,005, determined as follows:
Ordinary income from X$4,500
Less: Charitable contributions from X (less grantor portion)($270)
75% of trustee fees($150)
75% of state and local income taxes($75)
Taxable income of S portion$4,005
(vii) The taxable income of the non-S portion is $755, determined as follows:
Dividend income from Y$810
Dividend income from X$90
Total non-S portion income$900
Less: 15% of trustee fees($30)
15% state and local income taxes($15)
Personal exemption($100)
Taxable income of non-S portion$755
Example 2. Sale of S stock. Trust has a valid ESBT election in effect and owns stock in X, an S corporation. No person is treated as the owner of any portion of Trust under subpart E. In 2003, Trust sells all of its stock in X to a person who is unrelated to Trust and its beneficiaries and realizes a capital gain of $5,000. This gain is taken into account by the S portion and is taxed using the appropriate capital gain rate found in section 1(h).
Example 3. (i) Sale of S stock for an installment note. Assume the same facts as in Example 2, except that Trust sells its stock in X for a $400,000 installment note payable with stated interest over ten years. After the sale, Trust does not own any S corporation stock.

(ii) Loss on installment sale. Assume Trust's basis in its X stock was $500,000. Therefore, Trust sustains a capital loss of $100,000 on the sale. Upon the sale, the S portion terminates and the excess loss, after being netted against the other items taken into account by the S portion, is made available to the entire trust as provided in section 641(c)(4).

(iii) Gain on installment sale. Assume Trust's basis in its X stock was $300,000 and that the $100,000 gain will be recognized under the installment method of section 453. Interest income will be recognized annually as part of the installment payments. The portion of the $100,000 gain recognized annually is taken into account by the S portion. However, the annual interest income is includible in the gross income of the non-S portion.

Example 4. Charitable lead annuity trust. Trust is a charitable lead annuity trust which is not treated as owned by the grantor or another person under subpart E. Trust acquires stock in X, an S corporation, and elects to be an ESBT. During the taxable year, pursuant to its terms, Trust pays $10,000 to a charitable organization described in section 170(c)(2). The non-S portion of Trust receives an income tax deduction for the charitable contribution under section 642(c) only to the extent the amount is paid out of the gross income of the non-S portion. To the extent the amount is paid from the S portion by distributing S corporation stock, no charitable deduction is available to the S portion.
Example 5. ESBT distributions. (i) As of January 1, 2002, Trust owns stock in X, a C corporation. No portion of Trust is treated as owned by the grantor or another person under subpart E. X elects to be an S corporation effective January 1, 2003, and Trust elects to be an ESBT effective January 1, 2003. On February 1, 2003, X makes an $8,000 distribution to Trust, of which $3,000 is treated as a dividend from accumulated earnings and profits under section 1368(c)(2) and the remainder is applied against Trust's basis in the X stock under section 1368(b). The trustee of Trust makes a distribution of $4,000 to Beneficiary during 2003. For 2003, Trust's share of X's section 1366 items is $5,000 of ordinary income. For the year, Trust has no other income and no expenses or state or local taxes.

(ii) For 2003, Trust has $5,000 of taxable income in the S portion. This income is taxed to Trust at the maximum rate provided in section 1(e). Trust also has $3,000 of distributable net income (DNI) in the non-S portion. The non-S portion of Trust receives a distribution deduction under section 661(a) of $3,000, which represents the amount distributed to Beneficiary during the year ($4,000), not to exceed the amount of DNI ($3,000). Beneficiary must include this amount in gross income under section 662(a). As a result, the non-S portion has no taxable income.

[T.D. 8994, 67 FR 34395, May 14, 2002]

§1.642(a)(1)-1   Partially tax-exempt interest.

An estate or trust is allowed the credit against tax for partially tax-exempt interest provided by section 35 only to the extent that the credit does not relate to interest properly allocable to a beneficiary under section 652 or 662 and the regulations thereunder. A beneficiary of an estate or trust is allowed the credit against tax for partially tax-exempt interest provided by section 35 only to the extent that the credit relates to interest properly allocable to him under section 652 or 662 and the regulations thereunder. If an estate or trust holds partially tax-exempt bonds and elects under section 171 to treat the premium on the bonds as amortizable, the credit allowable under section 35, with respect to the bond interest (whether allowable to the estate or trust or to the beneficiary), is reduced under section 171(a)(3) by reducing the shares of the interest allocable, respectively, to the estate or trust and its beneficiary by the portion of the amortization deduction attributable to the shares.

§1.642(a)(2)-1   Foreign taxes.

An estate or trust is allowed the credit against tax for taxes imposed by foreign countries and possessions of the United States to the extent allowed by section 901 only for so much of those taxes as are not properly allocable under that section to the beneficiaries. See section 901(b)(4). For purposes of section 901(b)(4), the term beneficiaries includes charitable beneficiaries.

§1.642(a)(3)-1   Dividends received by an estate or trust.

An estate or trust is allowed a credit against the tax for dividends received on or before December 31, 1964 (see section 34), only for so much of the dividends as are not properly allocable to any beneficiary under section 652 or 662. Section 642(a)(3), and this section do not apply to amounts received as dividends after December 31, 1964. For treatment of the credit in the hands of the beneficiary see §1.652(b)-1.

[T.D. 6777, 29 FR 17808, Dec. 16, 1964]

§1.642(a)(3)-2   Time of receipt of dividends by beneficiary.

In general, dividends are deemed received by a beneficiary in the taxable year in which they are includible in his gross income under section 652 or 662. For example, a simple trust, reporting on the basis of a fiscal year ending October 30, receives quarterly dividends on November 3, 1954, and February 3, May 3, and August 3, 1955. These dividends are all allocable to beneficiary A, reporting on a calendar year basis, under section 652 and are deemed received by A in 1955. See section 652(c). Accordingly, A may take all these dividends into account in determining his credit for dividends received under section 34 and his dividends exclusion under section 116. However, solely for purposes of determining whether dividends deemed received by individuals from trusts or estates qualify under the time limitations of section 34(a) or section 116(a), section 642(a)(3) provides that the time of receipt of the dividends by the trust or estate is also considered the time of receipt by the beneficiary. For example, a simple trust reporting on the basis of a fiscal year ending October 30 receives quarterly dividends on December 3, 1953, and March 3, June 3, and September 3, 1954. These dividends are all allocable to beneficiary A, reporting on the calendar year basis, under section 652 and are includible in his income for 1954. However, for purposes of section 34(a) or section 116(a), these dividends are deemed received by A on the same dates that the trust received them. Accordingly, A may take into account in determining the credit under section 34 only those dividends received by the trust on September 3, 1954, since the dividend received credit is not allowed under section 34 for dividends received before August 1, 1954 (or after December 31, 1964). Section 642(a)(3) and this section do not apply to amounts received by an estate or trust as dividends after December 31, 1964. However, the rules in this section relating to time of receipt of dividends by a beneficiary are applicable to dividends received by an estate or trust prior to January 1, 1965, and accordingly, such dividends are deemed to be received by the beneficiary (even though received after December 31, 1964) on the same dates that the estate or trust received them for purposes of determining the credit under section 34 or the exclusion under section 116.

[T.D. 6777, 29 FR 17808, Dec. 16, 1964]

§1.642(a)(3)-3   Cross reference.

See §1.683-2(c) for examples relating to the treatment of dividends received by an estate or trust during a fiscal year beginning in 1953 and ending in 1954.

§1.642(b)-1   Deduction for personal exemption.

In lieu of the deduction for personal exemptions provided by section 151:

(a) An estate is allowed a deduction of $600,

(b) A trust which, under its governing instrument, is required to distribute currently all of its income for the taxable year is allowed a deduction of $300, and

(c) All other trusts are allowed a deduction of $100.

A trust which, under its governing instrument, is required to distribute all of its income currently is allowed a deduction of $300, even though it also distributes amounts other than income in the taxable year and even though it may be required to make distributions which would qualify for the charitable contributions deduction under section 642(c) (and therefore does not qualify as a “simple trust” under sections 651-652). A trust for the payment of an annuity is allowed a deduction of $300 in a taxable year in which the amount of the annuity required to be paid equals or exceeds all the income of the trust for the taxable year. For the meaning of the term income required to be distributed currently, see §1.651(a)-2.

§1.642(c)-0   Effective dates.

The provisions of section 642(c) (other than section 642(c)(5)) and of §§1.642 (c)-1 through 1.642(c)-4 apply to amounts paid, permanently set aside, or to be used for a charitable purpose in taxable years beginning after December 31, 1969. The provisions of section 642(c)(5) and of §§1.642(c)-5 through 1.642(c)-7 apply to transfers in trust made after July 31, 1969. For provisions relating to amounts paid, permanently set aside, or to be used for a charitable purpose in taxable years beginning before January 1, 1970, see 26 CFR 1.642(c)-1 through 1.642(c)-4 (Rev. as of Jan. 1, 1971).

[T.D. 7357, 40 FR 23739, June 2, 1975]

§1.642(c)-1   Unlimited deduction for amounts paid for a charitable purpose.

(a) In general. (1) Any part of the gross income of an estate, or trust which, pursuant to the terms of the governing instrument is paid (or treated under paragraph (b) of this section as paid) during the taxable year for a purpose specified in section 170(c) shall be allowed as a deduction to such estate or trust in lieu of the limited charitable contributions deduction authorized by section 170(a). In applying this paragraph without reference to paragraph (b) of this section, a deduction shall be allowed for an amount paid during the taxable year in respect of gross income received in a previous taxable year, but only if no deduction was allowed for any previous taxable year to the estate or trust, or in the case of a section 645 election, to a related estate, as defined under §1.645-1(b), for the amount so paid.

(2) In determining whether an amount is paid for a purpose specified in section 170(c)(2) the provisions of section 170(c)(2)(A) shall not be taken into account. Thus, an amount paid to a corporation, trust, or community chest, fund, or foundation otherwise described in section 170(c)(2) shall be considered paid for a purpose specified in section 170(c) even though the corporation, trust, or community chest, fund, or foundation is not created or organized in the United States, any State, the District of Columbia, or any possession of the United States.

(3) See section 642(c)(6) and §1.642(c)-4 for disallowance of a deduction under this section to a trust which is, or is treated under section 4947(a)(1) as though it were a private foundation (as defined in section 509(a) and the regulations thereunder) and not exempt from taxation under section 501(a).

(b) Election to treat contributions as paid in preceding taxable year—(1) In general. For purposes of determining the deduction allowed under paragraph (a) of this section, the fiduciary (as defined in section 7701(a)(6)) of an estate or trust may elect under section 642(c)(1) to treat as paid during the taxable year (whether or not such year begins before January 1, 1970) any amount of gross income received during such taxable year or any preceding taxable year which is otherwise deductible under such paragraph and which is paid after the close of such taxable year but on or before the last day of the next succeeding taxable year of the estate or trust. The preceding sentence applies only in the case of payments actually made in a taxable year which is a taxable year beginning after December 31, 1969. No election shall be made, however, in respect of any amount which was deducted for any previous taxable year or which is deducted for the taxable year in which such amount is paid.

(2) Time for making election. The election under subparagraph (1) of this paragraph shall be made not later than the time, including extensions thereof, prescribed by law for filing the income tax return for the succeeding taxable year. Such election shall, except as provided in subparagraph (4) of this paragraph, become irrevocable after the last day prescribed for making it. Having made the election for any taxable year, the fiduciary may, within the time prescribed for making it, revoke the election without the consent of the Commissioner.

(3) Manner of making the election. The election shall be made by filing with the income tax return (or an amended return) for the taxable year in which the contribution is treated as paid a statement which:

(i) States the name and address of the fiduciary,

(ii) Identifies the estate or trust for which the fiduciary is acting,

(iii) Indicates that the fiduciary is making an election under section 642(c)(1) in respect of contributions treated as paid during such taxable year,

(iv) Gives the name and address of each organization to which any such contribution is paid, and

(v) States the amount of each contribution and date of actual payment or, if applicable, the total amount of contributions paid to each organization during the succeeding taxable year, to be treated as paid in the preceding taxable year.

(4) Revocation of certain elections with consent. An application to revoke with the consent of the Commissioner any election made on or before June 8, 1970, must be in writing and must be filed not later than September 2, 1975.

No consent will be granted to revoke an election for any taxable year for which the assessment of a deficiency is prevented by the operation of any law or rule of law. If consent to revoke the election is granted, the fiduciary must attach a copy of the consent to the return (or amended return) for each taxable year affected by the revocation. The application must be addressed to the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, Washington, DC 20224, and must indicate:

(i) The name and address of the fiduciary and the estate or trust for which he was acting,

(ii) The taxable year for which the election was made,

(iii) The office of the district director, or the service center, where the return (or amended return) for the year of election was filed, and

(iv) The reason for revoking the election.

[T.D. 7357, 40 FR 23739, June 2, 1975; 40 FR 24361, June 6, 1975; T.D. 9032, 67 FR 78376, Dec. 24, 2002]

§1.642(c)-2   Unlimited deduction for amounts permanently set aside for a charitable purpose.

(a) Estates. Any part of the gross income of an estate which pursuant to the terms of the will:

(1) Is permanently set aside during the taxable year for a purpose specified in section 170(c), or

(2) Is to be used (within or without the United States or any of its possessions) exclusively for religious, charitable, scientific, literary, or educational purposes, or for the prevention of cruelty to children or animals, or for the establishment, acquisition, maintenance, or operation of a public cemetery not operated for profit,

shall be allowed as a deduction to the estate in lieu of the limited charitable contributions deduction authorized by section 170(a).

(b) Certain trusts—(1) In general. Any part of the gross income of a trust to which either subparagraph (3) or (4) of this paragraph applies, that by the terms of the governing instrument:

(i) Is permanently set aside during the taxable year for a purpose specified in section 170(c), or

(ii) Is to be used (within or without the United States or any of its possessions) exclusively for religious, charitable, scientific, literary, or educational purposes, or for the prevention of cruelty to children or animals, or for the establishment, acquisition, maintenance, or operation of a public cemetery not operated for profit,

shall be allowed, subject to the limitation provided in subparagraph (2) of this paragraph, as a deduction to the trust in lieu of the limited charitable contributions deduction authorized by section 170(a). The preceding sentence applied only to a trust which is required by the terms of its governing instrument to set amounts aside. See section 642(c)(6) and §1.642(c)-4 for disallowance of a deduction under this section to a trust which is, or is treated under section 4947(a)(1) as though it were, a private foundation (as defined in section 509(a) and the regulations thereunder) that is not exempt from taxation under section 501(a).

(2) Limitation of deduction. Subparagraph (1) of this paragraph applies only to the gross income earned by a trust with respect to amounts transferred to the trust under a will executed on or before October 9, 1969, and satisfying the requirements of subparagraph (4) of this paragraph or transferred to the trust on or before October 9, 1969. For such purposes, any income, gains, or losses, which are derived at any time from the amounts so transferred to the trust shall also be taken into account in applying subparagraph (1) of this paragraph. If any such amount so transferred to the trust is invested or reinvested at any time, any asset received by the trust upon such investment or reinvestment shall also be treated as an amount which was so transferred to the trust. In the case of a trust to which this paragraph applies which contains (i) amounts transferred pursuant to transfers described in the first sentence of this subparagraph and (ii) amounts transferred pursuant to transfers not so described, subparagraph (1) of this paragraph shall apply only if the amounts described in subdivision (i) of this subparagraph, together with all income, gains, and losses derived therefrom, are separately accounted for from the amounts described in subdivision (ii) of this subparagraph, together with all income, gains, and losses derived therefrom. Such separate accounting shall be carried out consistently with the principles of paragraph (c)(4) of §53.4947-1 of this chapter (Foundation Excise Tax Regulations), relating to accounting for segregated amounts of split-interest trusts.

(3) Trusts created on or before October 9, 1969. A trust to which this subparagraph applies is a trust, testamentary or otherwise, which was created on or before October 9, 1969, and which qualifies under either subdivision (i) or (ii) of this subparagraph.

(i) Transfer of irrevocable remainder interest to charity. To qualify under this subdivision the trust must have been created under the terms of an instrument granting an irrevocable remainder interest in such trust to or for the use of an organization described in section 170(c). If the instrument granted a revocable remainder interest but the power to revoke such interest terminated on or before October 9, 1969, without the remainder interest having been revoked, the remainder interest will be treated as irrevocable for purposes of the preceding sentence.

(ii) Grantor under a mental disability to change terms of trust. (A) To qualify under this subdivision (ii) the trust must have been created by a grantor who was at all times after October 9, 1969, under a mental disability to change the terms of the trust. The term mental disability for this purpose means mental incompetence to change the terms of the trust, whether or not there has been an adjudication of mental incompetence and whether or not there has been an appointment of a committee, guardian, fiduciary, or other person charged with the care of the person or property of the grantor.

(B) If the grantor has not been adjudged mentally incompetent, the trustee must obtain from a qualified physician a certificate stating that the grantor of the trust has been mentally incompetent at all times after October 9, 1969, and that there is no reasonable probability that the grantor's mental capacity will ever improve to the extent that he will be mentally competent to change the terms of the trust. A copy of this certification must be filed with the first return on which a deduction is claimed by reason of this subdivision (ii) and subparagraph (1) of this paragraph. Thereafter, a statement referring to such medical opinion must be attached to any return for a taxable year for which such a deduction is claimed and during which the grantor's mental incompetence continues. The original certificate must be retained by the trustee of the trust.

(C) If the grantor has been adjudged mentally incompetent, a copy of the judgment or decree, and any modification thereof, must be filed with the first return on which a deduction is claimed by reason of this subdivision (ii) and subparagraph (1) of this paragraph. Thereafter, a statement referring to such judgment or decree must be attached to any return for a taxable year for which such a deduction is claimed and during which the grantor's mental incompetence continues. A copy of such judgment or decree must also be retained by the trustee of the trust.

(D) This subdivision (ii) applies even though a person charged with the care of the person or property of the grantor has the power to change the terms of the trust.

(4) Testamentary trust established by will executed on or before October 9, 1969. A trust to which this subparagraph applies is a trust which was established by will executed on or before October 9, 1969, and which qualifies under either subdivision (i), (ii), or (iii) of this subparagraph. This subparagraph does not apply, however, to that portion of any trust, not established by a will executed on or before October 9, 1969, which was transferred to such trust by a will executed on or before October 9, 1969. Nor does it apply to that portion of any trust, not established by a will executed on or before October 9, 1969, which was subject to a testamentary power of appointment that fails by reason of the testator's nonexercise of the power in a will executed on or before October 9, 1969.

(i) Testator dying within 3 years without republishing his will. To qualify under this subdivision the trust must have been established by the will of a testator who died after October 9, 1969, but before October 9, 1972, without having amended any dispositive provision of the will after October 9, 1969, by codicil or otherwise.

(ii) Testator having no right to change his will. To qualify under this subdivision the trust must have been established by the will of a testator who died after October 9, 1969, and who at no time after that date had the right to change any portion of such will pertaining to such trust. This subdivision could apply, for example, where a contract has been entered into for the execution of wills containing reciprocal provisions as well as provisions for the benefit of an organization described in section 170(c) and under applicable local law the surviving testator is prohibited from revoking his will because he has accepted the benefit of the provisions of the will of the other contracting party.

(iii) Testator under a mental disability to republish his will. To qualify under this subdivision the trust must have been established by the will of a testator who died after October 8, 1972, without having amended any dispositive provision of such will after October 9, 1969, and before October 9, 1972, by codicil or otherwise, and who is under a mental disability at all times after October 8, 1972, to amend such will, by codicil or otherwise. The provisions of subparagraph (3)(ii) of this paragraph with respect to mental incompetence apply for purposes of this subdivision.

(iv) Amendment of dispositive provisions. The provisions of paragraph (e) (4) and (5) of §20.2055-2 of this chapter (Estate Tax Regulations) are to be applied under subdivisions (i) and (iii) of this subparagraph in determining whether there has been an amendment of a dispositive provision of a will.

(c) Pooled income funds. Any part of the gross income of a pooled income fund to which §1.642(c)-5 applies for the taxable year that is attributable to net long-term capital gain (as defined in section 1222(7)) which, pursuant to the terms of the governing instrument, is permanently set aside during the taxable year for a purpose specified in section 170(c) shall be allowed as a deduction to the fund in lieu of the limited charitable contributions deduction authorized by section 170(a). No amount of net long-term capital gain shall be considered permanently set aside for charitable purposes if, under the terms of the fund's governing instrument and applicable local law, the trustee has the power, whether or not exercised, to satisfy the income beneficiaries' right to income by the payment of either: an amount equal to a fixed percentage of the fair market value of the fund's assets (whether determined annually or averaged on a multiple year basis); or any amount that takes into account unrealized appreciation in the value of the fund's assets. In addition, no amount of net long-term capital gain shall be considered permanently set aside for charitable purposes to the extent the trustee distributes proceeds from the sale or exchange of the fund's assets as income within the meaning of §1.642(c)-5(a)(5)(i). No deduction shall be allowed under this paragraph for any portion of the gross income of such fund which is (1) attributable to income other than net long-term capital gain (2) earned with respect to amounts transferred to such fund before August 1, 1969. However, see paragraph (b) of this section for a deduction (subject to the limitations of such paragraph) for amounts permanently set aside by a pooled income fund which meets the requirements of that paragraph. The principles of paragraph (b) or (2) of this section with respect to investment, reinvestment, and separate accounting shall apply under this paragraph in the case of amounts transferred to the fund after July 31, 1969.

(d) Disallowance of deduction for certain amounts not deemed to be permanently set aside for charitable purposes. No amount will be considered to be permanently set aside, or to be used, for a purpose described in paragraph (a) or (b)(1) of this section unless under the terms of the governing instrument and the circumstances of the particular case the possibility that the amount set aside, or to be used, will not be devoted to such purpose or use is so remote as to be negligible. Thus, for example, where there is possibility of the invasion of the corpus of a charitable remainder trust, as defined in §1.664-1(a)(1)(ii), in order to make payment of the annuity amount or unitrust amount, no deduction will be allowed under paragraph (a) of this section in respect of any amount set aside by an estate for distribution to such a charitable remainder trust.

(e) Effective dates. Generally, the second sentence of paragraph (c) of this section, concerning the loss of any charitable deduction for long-term capital gains if the fund's income may be determined by a fixed percentage of the fair market value of the fund's assets or by any amount that takes into account unrealized appreciation in the value of the fund's assets, applies for taxable years beginning after January 2, 2004. In a state whose statute permits income to be determined by reference to a fixed percentage of, or the unrealized appreciation in, the value of the fund's assets, net long-term capital gain of a pooled income fund may be considered to be permanently set aside for charitable purposes if the fund's governing instrument is amended or reformed to eliminate the possibility of determining income in such a manner and if income has not been determined in this manner. For this purpose, a judicial proceeding to reform the fund's governing instrument must be commenced, or a nonjudicial reformation that is valid under state law must be completed, by the date that is nine months after the later of January 2, 2004 or the effective date of the state statute authorizing determination of income in such a manner.

For treatment of distributions by an estate to a charitable remainder trust, see paragraph (a)(5)(iii) of §1.664-1.

[T.D. 7357, 40 FR 23740, June 2, 1975; 40 FR 24361, June 6, 1975, as amended by T.D. 9102, 69 FR 17, Jan. 2, 2004]

§1.642(c)-3   Adjustments and other special rules for determining unlimited charitable contributions deduction.

(a) Income in respect of a decedent. For purposes of §§1.642(c)-1 and 1.642(c)-2, an amount received by an estate or trust which is includible in its gross income under section 691(a)(1) as income in respect of a decedent shall be included in the gross income of the estate or trust.

(b) Determination of amounts deductible under section 642(c) and the character of such amounts—(1) Reduction of charitable contributions deduction by amounts not included in gross income. If an estate, pooled income fund, or other trust pays, permanently sets aside, or uses any amount of its income for a purpose specified in section 642(c) (1), (2) or (3) and that amount includes any items of estate or trust income not entering into the gross income of the estate or trust, the deduction allowable under §1.642(c)-1 or §1.642(c)-2 is limited to the gross income so paid, permanently set aside, or used. In the case of a pooled income fund for which a deduction is allowable under paragraph (c) of §1.642(c)-2 for amounts permanently set aside, only the gross income of the fund which is attributable to net long-term capital gain (as defined in section 1222(7)) shall be taken into account.

(2) Determination of the character of an amount deductible under section 642(c). In determining whether the amounts of income so paid, permanently set aside, or used for a purpose specified in section 642(c)(1), (2), or (3) include particular items of income of an estate or trust, whether or not included in gross income, a provision in the governing instrument or in local law that specifically provides the source out of which amounts are to be paid, permanently set aside, or used for such a purpose controls for Federal tax purposes to the extent such provision has economic effect independent of income tax consequences. See §1.652(b)-2(b). In the absence of such specific provisions in the governing instrument or in local law, the amount to which section 642(c) applies is deemed to consist of the same proportion of each class of the items of income of the estate or trust as the total of each class bears to the total of all classes. See §1.643(a)-5(b) for the method of determining the allocable portion of exempt income and foreign income. This paragraph (b)(2) is illustrated by the following examples:

Example 1. A charitable lead annuity trust has the calendar year as its taxable year, and is to pay an annuity of $10,000 annually to an organization described in section 170(c). A provision in the trust governing instrument provides that the $10,000 annuity should be deemed to come first from ordinary income, second from short-term capital gain, third from fifty percent of the unrelated business taxable income, fourth from long-term capital gain, fifth from the balance of unrelated business taxable income, sixth from tax-exempt income, and seventh from principal. This provision in the governing instrument does not have economic effect independent of income tax consequences, because the amount to be paid to the charity is not dependent upon the type of income from which it is to be paid. Accordingly, the amount to which section 642(c) applies is deemed to consist of the same proportion of each class of the items of income of the trust as the total of each class bears to the total of all classes.
Example 2. A trust instrument provides that 100 percent of the trust's ordinary income must be distributed currently to an organization described in section 170(c) and that all remaining items of income must be distributed currently to B, a noncharitable beneficiary. This income ordering provision has economic effect independent of income tax consequences because the amount to be paid to the charitable organization each year is dependent upon the amount of ordinary income the trust earns within that taxable year. Accordingly, for purposes of section 642(c), the full amount distributed to charity is deemed to consist of ordinary income.

(3) Other examples. For examples showing the determination of the character of an amount deductible under §1.642(c)-1 or §1.642(c)-2, see examples 1 and 2 in §1.662(b)-2 and paragraph (e) of the example in §1.662(c)-4.

(c) Capital gains included in charitable contribution. Where any amount of the income paid, permanently set aside, or used for a purpose specified in section 642(c) (1), (2), or (3), is attributable to net long-term capital gain (as defined in section 1222(7)), the amount of the deduction otherwise allowable under §1.642(c)-1 or §1.642(c)-2, must be adjusted for any deduction provided in section 1202 of 50 percent of the excess, if any, of the net long-term capital gain over the net short-term capital loss. For determination of the extent to which the contribution to which §1.642(c)-1 or §1.642(c)-2 applies is deemed to consist of net long-term capital gains, see paragraph (b) of this section. The application of this paragraph may be illustrated by the following examples:

Example 1. Under the terms of the trust instrument, the income of a trust described in §1.642(c)-2 (b)(3)(i) is currently distributable to A during his life and capital gains are allocable to corpus. No provision is made in the trust instrument for the invasion of corpus for the benefit of A. Upon A's death the corpus of the trust is to be distributed to M University, an organization described in section 501(c)(3) which is exempt from taxation under section 501(a). During the taxable year ending December 31, 1970, the trust has long-term capital gains of $100,000 from property transferred to it on or before October 9, 1969, which are permanently set aside for charitable purposes. The trust includes $100,000 in gross income but is allowed a deduction of $50,000 under section 1202 for the long-term capital gains and a charitable contributions deduction of $50,000 under section 642(c)(2) ($100,000 permanently set aside for charitable purposes less $50,000 allowed as a deduction under section 1202 with respect to such $100,000).
Example 2. Under the terms of the will, $200,000 of the income (including $100,000 capital gains) for the taxable year 1972 of an estate is distributed, one-quarter to each of two individual beneficiaries and one-half to N University, an organization described in section 501(c)(3) which is exempt from taxation under section 501(a). During 1972 the estate has ordinary income of $200,000, long-term capital gains of $100,000, and no capital losses. It is assumed that for 1972 the estate has no other items of income or any deductions other than those discussed herein. The entire capital gains of $100,000 are included in the gross income of the estate for 1972, and N University receives $100,000 from the estate in such year. However, the amount allowable to the estate under section 642(c)(1) is subject to appropriate adjustment for the deduction allowable under section 1202. In view of the distributions of $25,000 of capital gains to each of the individual beneficiaries, the deduction allowable to the estate under section 1202 is limited by such section to $25,000 [($100,000 capital gains less $50,000 capital gains includible in income of individual beneficiaries under section 662) × 50%]. Since the whole of this $25,000 deduction under section 1202 is attributable to the distribution of $50,000 of capital gains to N University, the deduction allowable to the estate in 1972 under section 642(c)(1) is $75,000 [$100,000 (distributed to N) less $25,000 (proper adjustment for section 1202 deduction)].
Example 3. Under the terms of the trust instrument, 30 percent of the gross income (exclusive of capital gains) of a trust described in §1.642(c)-2(b)(3)(i) is currently distributed to B, the sole income beneficiary. Net capital gains (capital gain net income for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1976) and undistributed ordinary income are allocable to corpus. No provision is made in the trust instrument for the invasion of corpus for the benefit of B. Upon B's death the remainder of the trust is to be distributed to M Church. During the taxable year 1972, the trust has ordinary income of $100,000, long-term capital gains of $15,000, short-term capital gains of $1,000, long-term capital losses of $5,000, and short-term capital losses of $2,500. It is assumed that the trust has no other items of income or any deductions other than those discussed herein. All the ordinary income and capital gains and losses are attributable to amounts transferred to the trust before October 9, 1969. The trust includes in gross income for 1972 the total amount of $116,000 [$100,000 (ordinary income)+$16,000 (total capital gains determined without regard to capital losses)]. Pursuant to the terms of the governing instrument the trust distributes to B in 1972 the amount of $30,000 ($100,000×30%). The balance of $78,500 [($116,000 less $7,500 capital losses) −030,000 distribution] is available for the set-aside for charitable purposes. In determining taxable income for 1972 the capital losses of $7,500 ($5,000+$2,500) are allowable in full under section 1211(b)(1). The net capital gain (capital gain net income for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1976) of $8,500 ($16,000 less $7,500) is the excess of the net long-term capital gain of $10,000 ($15,000 less $5,000) over the net short-term capital loss of $1,500 ($2,500 less $1,000). The deduction under section 1202 is $4,250 ($8,500×50%), all of which is attributable to the set-aside for charitable purposes. Accordingly, for 1972 the deduction allowable to the trust under section 642(c)(2) is $74,250 [$78,500 (set-aside for M) less $4,250 (proper adjustment for section 1202 deduction)].
Example 4. During the taxable year a pooled income fund, as defined in §1.642(c)-5, has in addition to ordinary income long-term capital gains of $150,000, short-term capital gains of $15,000, long-term capital losses of $100,000, and short-term capital losses of $10,000. Under the Declaration of Trust and pursuant to State law net long-term capital gain is allocable to corpus and net short-term capital gain is to be distributed to the income beneficiaries of the fund. All the capital gains and losses are attributable to amounts transferred to the fund after July 31, 1969. In view of the distribution of the net short-term capital gain of $5,000 ($15,000 less $10,000) to the income beneficiaries, the deduction allowed to the fund under section 1202 is limited by such section to $25,000 [($150,000 (long-term capital gains) less $100,000 (long-term capital losses))×50%]. Since the whole of this deduction under section 1202 is attributable to the set-aside for charitable purposes, the deduction of $50,000 ($150,000 less $100,000) otherwise allowable under section 642(c)(3) is subject to appropriate adjustment under section 642(c)(4) for the deduction allowable under section 1202. Accordingly, the amount of the set-aside deduction is $25,000 [$50,000 (set-aside for public charity) less $25,000 (proper adjustment for section 1202 deduction)].
Example 5. The facts are the same as in example 4 except that under the Declaration of Trust and pursuant to State law all the net capital gain (capital gain net income for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1976) for the taxable year is allocable to corpus of the fund. The fund would thus include in gross income total capital gains of $165,000 ($150,000+$15,000). In determining taxable income for the taxable year the capital losses of $110,000 ($100,000+$10,000) are allowable in full under section 1211(b)(1). The net capital gain of $55,000 ($165,000 less $110,000) is available for the set-aside for charitable purposes under section 642(c)(3) only in the amount of the net long-term capital gain of $50,000 ($150,000 long-term gains less $100,000 long-term losses). The deduction under section 1202 is $25,000 ($50,000×50%), all of which is attributable to the set-aside for charitable purposes. Accordingly, the deduction allowable to the fund under section 642(c)(3) is $25,000 [$50,000 (set-aside for public charity) less $25,000 (proper adjustment for section 1202 deduction)]. The $5,000 balance of net capital gain (capital gain net income for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1976) is taken into account in determining taxable income of the pooled income fund for the taxable year.

(d) Disallowance of deduction for amounts allocable to unrelated business income. In the case of a trust, the deduction otherwise allowable under §1.642(c)-1 or §1.642(c)-2 is disallowed to the extent of amounts allocable to the trust's unrelated business income. See section 681(a) and the regulations thereunder.

(e) Disallowance of deduction in certain cases. For disallowance of certain deductions otherwise allowable under section 642(c) (1), (2), or (3), see sections 508(d) and 4948(c)(4).

(f) Information returns. For rules applicable to the annual information return that must be filed by trusts claiming a deduction under section 642(c) for the taxable year, see section 6034 and the regulations thereunder.

[T.D. 7357, 40 FR 23741, June 2, 1975; 40 FR 24361, June 6, 1975, as amended by T.D. 7728, 45 FR 72650, Nov. 3, 1980; T.D. 9582, 77 FR 22484, Apr. 16, 2012]

§1.642(c)-4   Nonexempt private foundations.

In the case of a trust which is, or is treated under section 4947(a)(1) as though it were, a private foundation (as defined in section 509(a) and the regulations thereunder) that is not exempt from taxation under section 501(a) for the taxable year, a deduction for amounts paid or permanently set aside, or used for a purpose specified in section 642(c) (1), or (2) shall not be allowed under §1.642(c)-1 or §1.642(c)-2, but such trust shall, subject to the provisions applicable to individuals, be allowed a deduction under section 170 for charitable contributions paid during the taxable year. Section 642(c)(6) and this section do not apply to a trust described in section 4947(a)(1) unless such trust fails to meet the requirements of section 508(e). However, if on October 9, 1969, or at any time thereafter, a trust is recognized as being exempt from taxation under section 501(a) as an organization described in section 501(c)(3), if at such time such trust is a private foundation, and if at any time thereafter such trust is determined not to be exempt from taxation under section 501(a) as an organization described in section 501(c)(3), section 642(c)(6) and this section will apply to such trust. See §1.509 (b)-1 (b).

[T.D. 7357, 40 FR 23742, June 2, 1975; 40 FR 24362, June 6, 1975]

§1.642(c)-5   Definition of pooled income fund.

(a) In general—(1) Application of provisions. Section 642(c)(5) prescribes certain rules for the valuation of contributions involving transfers to certain funds described in that section as pooled income funds. This section sets forth the requirements for qualifying as a pooled income fund and provides for the manner of allocating the income of the fund to the beneficiaries. Section 1.642(c)-6 provides for the valuation of a remainder interest in property transferred to a pooled income fund. Section 1.642(c)-7 provides transitional rules under which certain funds may be amended so as to qualify as pooled income funds in respect to transfers of property occurring after July 31, 1969.

(2) Tax status of fund and its beneficiaries. Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, a fund which meets the requirements of a pooled income fund, as defined in section 642(c)(5) and paragraph (b) of this section, shall not be treated as an association within the meaning of section 7701(a)(3). Such a fund, which need not be a trust under local law, and its beneficiaries shall be taxable under part I, subchapter J, chapter 1 of the Code, but the provisions of subpart E (relating to grantors and others treated as substantial owners) of such part shall not apply to such fund.

(3) Recognition of gain or loss on transfer to fund. No gain or loss shall be recognized to the donor on the transfer of property to a pooled income fund. In such case, the fund's basis and holding period with respect to property transferred to the fund by a donor shall be determined as provided in sections 1015(b) and 1223(2). If, however, a donor transfers property to a pooled income fund and, in addition to creating or retaining a life income interest therein, receives property from the fund, or transfers property to the fund which is subject to an indebtedness, this subparagraph shall not apply to the gain realized by reason of (i) the receipt of such property or (ii) the amount of such indebtedness, whether or not assumed by the pooled income fund, which is required to be treated as an amount realized on the transfer. For applicability of the bargain sale rules, see section 1011(b) and the regulations thereunder.

(4) Charitable contributions deduction. A charitable contributions deduction for the value of the remainder interest, as determined under §1.642(c)-6, may be allowed under section 170, 2055, 2106, or 2522, where there is a transfer of property to a pooled income fund. For a special rule relating to the reduction of the amount of a charitable contribution of certain ordinary income property or capital gain property, see section 170(e)(1) (A) or (B)(i) and the regulations thereunder.

(5) Definitions. For purposes of this section, §§1.642(c)-6 and 1.642(c)-7:

(i) The term income has the same meaning as it does under section 643(b) and the regulations thereunder, except that income generally may not include any long-term capital gains. However, in conformance with the applicable state statute, income may be defined as or satisfied by a unitrust amount, or pursuant to a trustee's power to adjust between income and principal to fulfill the trustee's duty of impartiality, if the state statute both provides for a reasonable apportionment between the income and remainder beneficiaries of the total return of the trust and meets the requirements of §1.643(b)-1. In exercising a power to adjust, the trustee must allocate to principal, not to income, the proceeds from the sale or exchange of any assets contributed to the fund by any donor or purchased by the fund at least to the extent of the fair market value of those assets on the date of their contribution to the fund or of the purchase price of those assets purchased by the fund. This definition of income applies for taxable years beginning after January 2, 2004.

(ii) The term donor includes a decedent who makes a testamentary transfer of property to a pooled income fund.

(iii) The term governing instrument means either the governing plan under which the pooled income fund is established and administered or the instrument of transfer, as the context requires.

(iv) The term public charity means an organization described in clause (i) to (vi) of section 170(b)(1)(A). If an organization is described in clause (i) to (vi) of section 170(b)(1)(A) and is also described in clause (viii) of such section, it shall be treated as a public charity.

(v) The term fair market value, when used with respect to property, means its value in excess of the indebtedness or charges against such property.

(vi) The term determination date means each day within the taxable year of a pooled income fund on which a valuation is made of the property in the fund. The property in the fund shall be valued on the first day of the taxable year of the fund and on at least 3 other days within the taxable year. The period between any two consecutive determination dates within the taxable year shall not be greater than 3 calendar months. In the case of a taxable year of less than 12 months, the property in the fund shall be valued on the first day of such taxable year and on such other days within such year as occur at successive intervals of no greater than 3 calendar months. Where a valuation date falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday (as defined in section 7503 and the regulations thereunder), the valuation may be made on either the next preceding day which is not a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday or the next succeeding day which is not a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, so long as the next such preceding day or next such succeeding day is consistently used where the valuation date falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday.

(6) Cross references. (i) See section 4947(a)(2) and section 4947(b)(3)(B) for the application to pooled income funds of the provisions relating to private foundations and section 508(e) for rules relating to provisions required in the governing instrument prohibiting certain activities specified in section 4947(a)(2).

(ii) For rules for postponing the time for deduction of a charitable contribution of a future interest in tangible personal property, see section 170(a)(3) and the regulations thereunder.

(b) Requirements for qualification as a pooled income fund. A pooled income fund to which this section applies must satisfy all of the following requirements:

(1) Contribution of remainder interest to charity. Each donor must transfer property to the fund and contribute an irrevocable remainder interest in such property to or for the use of a public charity, retaining for himself, or creating for another beneficiary or beneficiaries, a life income interest in the transferred property. A contingent remainder interest shall not be treated as an irrevocable remainder interest for purposes of this subparagraph.

(2) Creation of life income interest. Each donor must retain for himself for life an income interest in the property transferred to such fund, or create an income interest in such property for the life of one or more beneficiaries, each of whom must be living at the time of the transfer of the property to the fund by the donor. The term one or more beneficiaries includes those members of a named class who are alive and can be ascertained at the time of the transfer of the property to the fund. In the event more than one beneficiary of the income interest is designated, such beneficiaries may enjoy their shares of income concurrently, consecutively, or both concurrently and consecutively. The donor may retain the power exercisable only by will to revoke or terminate the income interest of any designated beneficiary other than the public charity. The governing instrument must specify at the time of the transfer the particular beneficiary or beneficiaries to whom the income is payable and the share of income distributable to each person so specified. The public charity to or for the use of which the remainder interest is contributed may also be designated as one of the beneficiaries of an income interest. The donor need not retain or create a life interest in all the income from the property transferred to the fund provided any income not payable under the terms of the governing instrument to an income beneficiary is contributed to, and within the taxable year in which it is received is paid to, the same public charity to or for the use of which the remainder interest is contributed. No charitable contributions deduction shall be allowed to the donor for the value of such income interest of the public charity or for the amount of any such income paid to such organization.

(3) Commingling of property required. The property transferred to the fund by each donor must be commingled with, and invested or reinvested with, other property transferred to the fund by other donors satisfying the requirements of subparagraphs (1) and (2) of this paragraph. The governing instrument of the pooled income fund must contain a provision requiring compliance with the preceding sentence. The public charity to or for the use of which the remainder interest is contributed may maintain more than one pooled income fund, provided that each such fund is maintained by the organization and is not a device to permit a group of donors to create a fund which may be subject to their manipulation. The fund must not include property transferred under arrangements other than those specified in section 642(c)(5) and this paragraph. However, a fund shall not be disqualified as a pooled income fund under this paragraph because any portion of its properties is invested or reinvested jointly with other properties, not a part of the pooled income fund, which are held by, or for the use of, the public charity which maintains the fund, as for example, with securities in the general endowment fund of the public charity to or for the use of which the remainder interest is contributed. Where such joint investment or reinvestment of properties occurs, records must be maintained which sufficiently identify the portion of the total fund which is owned by the pooled income fund and the income earned by, and attributable to, such portion. Such a joint investment or reinvestment of properties shall not be treated as an association or partnership for purposes of the Code. A bank which serves as trustee of more than one pooled income fund may maintain a common trust fund to which section 584 applies for the collective investment and reinvestment of moneys of such funds.

(4) Prohibition against exempt securities. The property transferred to the fund by any donor must not include any securities, the income from which is exempt from tax under subtitle A of the Code, and the fund must not invest in such securities. The governing instrument of the fund must contain specific prohibitions against accepting or investing in such securities.

(5) Maintenance by charitable organization required. The fund must be maintained by the same public charity to or for the use of which the irrevocable remainder interest is contributed. The requirement of maintenance will be satisfied where the public charity exercises control directly or indirectly over the fund. For example, this requirement of control shall ordinarily be met when the public charity has the power to remove the trustee or trustees of the fund and designate a new trustee or trustees. A national organization which carries out its purposes through local organizations, chapters, or auxiliary bodies with which it has an identity of aims and purposes may maintain a pooled income fund (otherwise satisfying the requirements of this paragraph) in which one or more local organizations, chapters, or auxiliary bodies which are public charities have been named as recipients of the remainder interests. For example, a national church body may maintain a pooled income fund where donors have transferred property to such fund and contributed an irrevocable remainder interest therein to or for the use of various local churches or educational institutions of such body. The fact that such local organizations or chapters have been separately incorporated from the national organization is immaterial.

(6) Prohibition against donor or beneficiary serving as trustee. The fund must not have, and the governing instrument must prohibit the fund from having, as a trustee a donor to the fund or a beneficiary (other than the public charity to or for the use of which the remainder interest is contributed) of an income interest in any property transferred to such fund. Thus, if a donor or beneficiary (other than such public charity) directly or indirectly has general responsibilities with respect to the fund which are ordinarily exercised by a trustee, such fund does not meet the requirements of section 642(c)(5) and this paragraph. The fact that a donor of property to the fund, or a beneficiary of the fund, is a trustee, officer, director, or other official of the public charity to or for the use of which the remainder interest is contributed ordinarily will not prevent the fund from meeting the requirements of section 642(c)(5) and this paragraph.

(7) Income of beneficiary to be based on rate of return of fund. Each beneficiary entitled to income of any taxable year of the fund must receive such income in an amount determined by the rate of return earned by the fund for such taxable year with respect to his income interest, computed as provided in paragraph (c) of this section. The governing instrument of the fund shall direct the trustee to distribute income currently or within the first 65 days following the close of the taxable year in which the income is earned. Any such payment made after the close of the taxable year shall be treated as paid on the last day of the taxable year. A statement shall be attached to the return of the pooled income fund indicating the date and amount of such payments after the close of the taxable year. Subject to the provisions of part I, subchapter J, chapter 1 of the Code, the beneficiary shall include in his gross income all amounts properly paid, credited, or required to be distributed to the beneficiary during the taxable year or years of the fund ending within or with his taxable year. The governing instrument shall provide that the income interest of any designated beneficiary shall either terminate with the last regular payment which was made before the death of the beneficiary or be prorated to the date of his death.

(8) Termination of life income interest. Upon the termination of the income interest retained or created by any donor, the trustee shall sever from the fund an amount equal to the value of the remainder interest in the property upon which the income interest is based. The value of the remainder interest for such purpose may be either (i) its value as of the determination date next succeeding the termination of the income interest or (ii) its value as of the date on which the last regular payment was made before the death of the beneficiary if the income interest is terminated on such payment date. The amount so severed from the fund must either be paid to, or retained for the use of, the designated public charity, as provided in the governing instrument. However, see subparagraph (3) of this paragraph for rules relating to commingling of property.

(c) Allocation of income to beneficiary—(1) In general. Every income interest retained or created in property transferred to a pooled income fund shall be assigned a proportionate share of the annual income earned by the fund, such share, or unit of participation, being based on the fair market value of such property on the date of transfer, as provided in this paragraph.

(2) Units of participation—(i) Unit plan. (a) On each transfer of property by a donor to a pooled income fund, one or more units of participation in the fund shall be assigned to the beneficiary or beneficiaries of the income interest retained or created in such property, the number of units of participation being equal to the number obtained by dividing the fair market value of the property by the fair market value of a unit in the fund at the time of the transfer.

(b) The fair market value of a unit in the fund at the time of the transfer shall be determined by dividing the fair market value of all property in the fund at such time by the number of units then in the fund. The initial fair market value of a unit in a pooled income fund shall be the fair market value of the property transferred to the fund divided by the number of units assigned to the income interest in that property. The value of each unit of participation will fluctuate with each new transfer of property to the fund in relation to the appreciation or depreciation in the fair market value of the property in the fund, but all units in the fund will always have equal value.

(c) The share of income allocated to each unit of participation shall be determined by dividing the income of the fund for the taxable year by the outstanding number of units in the fund at the end of such year, except that, consistently with paragraph (b)(7) of this section, income shall be allocated to units outstanding during only part of such year by taking into consideration the period of time such units are outstanding. For this purpose the actual income of such part of the taxable year, or a prorated portion of the annual income, may be used, after making such adjustments as are reasonably necessary to reflect fluctuations during the year in the fair market value of the property in the fund.

(ii) Other plans. The governing instrument of the fund may provide any other reasonable method not described in subdivision (i) of this subparagraph for assigning units of participation in the fund and allocating income to such units which reaches a result reasonably consistent with the provisions of such subdivision.

(iii) Transfers between determination dates. For purposes of subdivisions (i) and (ii) of this subparagraph, if a transfer of property to the fund by a donor occurs on other than a determination date, the number of units of participation assigned to the income interest in such property may be determined by using the fair market value of the property in the fund on the determination date immediately preceding the date of transfer (determined without regard to the property so transferred), subject, however, to appropriate adjustments on the next succeeding determination date. Such adjustments may be made by any reasonable method, including the use of a method whereby the fair market value of the property in the fund at the time of the transfer is deemed to be the average of the fair market values of the property in the fund on the determination dates immediately preceding and succeeding the date of transfer. For purposes of determining such average any property transferred to the fund between such preceding and succeeding dates, or on such succeeding date, shall be excluded. The application of this subdivision may be illustrated by the following example:

Example. The determination dates of a pooled income fund are the first day of each calendar month. On April 1, 1971, the fair market value of the property in the fund is $100,000, at which time 1,000 units of participation are outstanding with a value of $100 each. On April 15, 1971, B transfers property with a fair market value of $50,000 to the fund, retaining for himself for life an income interest in such property. No other property is transferred to the fund after April 1, 1971. On May 1, 1971, the fair market value of the property in the fund, including the property transferred by B, is $160,000. The average of the fair market values of the property in the fund (excluding the property transferred by B) on April 1 and May 1, 1971, is $105,000 ($100,000+ [$160,000−$50,000]÷2). Accordingly, the fair market value of a unit of participation in the fund on April 15, 1971, at the time of B's transfer may be deemed to be $105 ($105,000/1,000 units), and B is assigned 476.19 units of participation in the fund ($50,000/$105).

(3) Special rule for partial allocation of income to charity. Notwithstanding subparagraph (2) of this paragraph, the governing instrument may provide that a unit of participation is entitled to share in the income of the fund in a lesser amount than would otherwise be determined under such subparagraph, provided that the income otherwise allocable to the unit under such subparagraph is paid within the taxable year in which it is received to the public charity to or for the use of which the remainder interest is contributed under the governing instrument.

(4) Illustrations. The application of this paragraph may be illustrated by the following examples:

Example 1. On July 1, 1970, A and B transfer separate properties with a fair market value of $20,000 and $10,000, respectively, to a newly created pooled income fund which is maintained by Y University and uses as its taxable year the fiscal year ending June 30. A and B each retain in themselves for life an income interest in such property, the remainder interest being contributed to Y University. The pooled income fund assigns an initial value of $100 to each unit of participation in the fund, and under the governing instruments A receives 200 units, and B receives 100 units, in the fund. On October 1, 1970, which is a determination date, C transfers property to the fund with a fair market value of $12,000, retaining in himself for life an income interest in such property and contributing the remainder interest to Y University. The fair market value of the property in the fund at the time of C's transfer is $36,000. The fair market value of A's and B's units at the time of such transfer is $120 each ($36,000 / 300). By reason of his transfer of property C is assigned 100 units of participation in the fund ($12,000 / $120).
Example 2. Assume that the pooled income fund in example 1 earns $2,600 for its taxable year ending June 30, 1971, and there are no further contributions of property to the fund in such year. Further assume $300 is earned in the first quarter ending September 30, 1970. Therefore, the fund earns $1 per unit for the first quarter ($300 divided by 300 units outstanding) and $5.75 per unit for the remainder of the taxable year ([$2,600 − $300] divided by 400 units outstanding). If the fund distributes its income for the year based on its actual earnings per quarter, the income must be distributed as follows:
BeneficiaryShare of income
A$1,350 ([200 × $1] + [200 × $5.75]).
B$675 ([100 × $1] + [100 × $5.75]).
C$575 (100 × $5.75).
Example 3. (a) On July 1, 1970, A and B transfer separate properties with a fair market value of $10,000 and $20,000, respectively, to a newly created pooled income fund which is maintained by X University and uses as its taxable year the fiscal year ending June 30. A and B each retain in themselves an income interest for life in such property, the remainder interest being contributed to X University. The governing instrument provides that each unit of participation in the fund shall have a value of not more than its initial fair market value; the instrument also provides that the income allocable to appreciation in the fair market value of such unit (to the extent in excess of its initial fair market value) at the end of each quarter of the fiscal year is to be distributed currently to X University. On October 1, 1970, which is a determination date, C contributes to the fund property with a fair market value of $60,000 and retains in himself an income interest for life in such property, the remainder interest being contributed to X University. The initial fair market value of the units assigned to A, B, and C is $100. A, B, and C's units of participation are as follows:
BeneficiaryUnits of participation
A100 ($10,000 divided by $100).
B200 ($20,000 divided by $100).
C100 ($10,000 divided by $100).
(b) The fair market value of the property in the fund at the time of C's contribution is $40,000. Assuming the fair market value of the property in the fund is $100,000 on December 31, 1970, and that the income of the fund for the second quarter ending December 31, 1970, is $2,000, the income is shared by the income beneficiaries and X University as follows:
BeneficiaryAllocation of income
A, B, and C90% ($90,000 divided by $100,000).
X University10% ($10,000 divided by $100,000).
(c) For the quarter ending December 31, 1970, each unit of participation is allocated $2 (90 percent×$2,000 divided by 900) of the income earned for that quarter. A, B, C, and X University share in the income as follows:
BeneficiaryShare of income
A$200 (100 × $2).
B$400 (200 × $2).
C$1,200 (600 × $2).
X University$200 (10% × $2,000).

[T.D. 7105, 36 FR 6477, Apr. 6, 1971; 36 FR 7004, Apr. 13, 1971, as amended by T.D. 7125, 36 FR 11032, June 8, 1971; T.D. 7357, 40 FR 23742, June 2, 1975; T.D. 7633, 44 FR 57925, Oct. 9, 1979; T.D. 9102, 69 FR 18, Jan. 2, 2004]

§1.642(c)-6   Valuation of a remainder interest in property transferred to a pooled income fund.

(a) In general. (1) For purposes of sections 170, 2055, 2106, and 2522, the fair market value of a remainder interest in property transferred to a pooled income fund is its present value determined under paragraph (d) of this section.

(2) The present value of a remainder interest at the time of the transfer of property to the pooled income fund is determined by computing the present value (at the time of the transfer) of the life income interest and subtracting that value from the fair market value of the transferred property on the valuation date. The fact that the income beneficiary may not receive the last income payment, as provided in paragraph (b)(7) of §1.642(c)-5, is not taken into account for purposes of determining the value of the life income interest. For purposes of this section, the valuation date is the date on which property is transferred to the fund by the donor except that, for purposes of section 2055 or 2106, it is the alternate valuation date, if elected, under the provisions and limitations set forth in section 2032 and the regulations thereunder.

(3) Any claim for a deduction on any return for the value of the remainder interest in property transferred to a pooled income fund must be supported by a statement attached to the return showing the computation of the present value of the interest.

(b) Actuarial computations by the Internal Revenue Service. The regulations in this and in related sections provide tables of actuarial factors and examples that illustrate the use of the tables in determining the value of remainder interests in property. Section 1.7520-1(c)(2) refers to government publications that provide additional tables of factors and examples of computations for more complex situations. If the computation requires the use of a factor that is not provided in this section, the Commissioner may supply the factor upon a request for a ruling. A request for a ruling must be accompanied by a recitation of the facts including the pooled income fund's highest yearly rate of return for the 3 taxable years immediately preceding the date of transfer, the date of birth of each measuring life, and copies of the relevant documents. A request for a ruling must comply with the instructions for requesting a ruling published periodically in the Internal Revenue Bulletin (see §§601.201 and 601.601(d)(2)(ii)(b) of this chapter) and include payment of the required user fee. If the Commissioner furnishes the factor, a copy of the letter supplying the factor should be attached to the tax return in which the deduction is claimed. If the Commissioner does not furnish the factor, the taxpayer must furnish a factor computed in accordance with the principles set forth in this section.

(c) Computation of pooled income fund's yearly rate of return. (1) For purposes of determining the present value of the life income interest, the yearly rate of return earned by a pooled income fund for a taxable year is the percentage obtained by dividing the amount of income earned by the pooled income fund for the taxable year by an amount equal to—

(i) The average fair market value of the property in such fund for that taxable year; less

(ii) The corrective term adjustment.

(2) The average fair market value of the property in a pooled income fund for a taxable year shall be the sum of the amounts of the fair market value of all property held by the pooled income fund on each determination date, as defined in paragraph (a)(5)(vi) of §1.642(c)-5, of such taxable year divided by the number of determination dates in such taxable year. For such purposes the fair market value of property held by the fund shall be determined without including any income earned by the fund.

(3)(i) The corrective term adjustment shall be the sum of the products obtained by multiplying each income payment made by the pooled income fund within its taxable year by the percentage set forth in column (2) of the following table opposite the period within such year, set forth in column (1), which includes the date on which that payment is made:

Table

(1) Payment period(2) Percentage of payment
Last week of 4th quarter0
Balance of 4th quarter25
Last week of 3d quarter25
Balance of 3d quarter50
Last week of 2d quarter50
Balance of 2d quarter75
Last week of 1st quarter75
Balance of 1st quarter100

(ii) If the taxable year of the fund consists of less than 12 months, the corrective term adjustment shall be the sum of the products obtained by multiplying each income payment made by the pooled income fund within such taxable year by the percentage obtained by subtracting from 1 a fraction the numerator of which is the number of days from the first day of such taxable year to the date of such income payment and the denominator of which is 365.

(4) A pooled income fund's method of calculating its yearly rate of return must be supported by a full statement attached to the income tax return of the pooled income fund for each taxable year.

(5) The application of this paragraph may be illustrated by the following examples:

Example 1. (a) The pooled income fund maintained by W University has established determination dates on the first day of each calendar quarter. The pooled income fund is on a calendar-year basis. The pooled income fund earned $5,000 of income during 1971. The fair market value of its property (determined without including any income earned by the fund), and the income paid out, on the first day of each calendar quarter in 1971 are as follows:
DateFair market value of propertyIncome payment
Jan. 1$100,000$1,200
Apr. 1105,0001,200
July 195,0001,200
Oct. 1100,0001,400
   400,0005,000
(b) The average fair market value of the property in the fund for 1971 is $100,000 ($400,000, divided by 4).

(c) The corrective term adjustment for 1971 is $3,050, determined by applying the percentages obtained in column (2) of the table in subparagraph (3) of this paragraph:

Multiplication:Product
100%×$1,200$1,200
75%×$1,200900
50%×$1,200600
25%×$1,400350
Sum of products3,050
(d) The pooled income fund's yearly rate of return for 1971 is 5.157 percent, determined as follows:

$5,000÷$100,000−$3,050=0.05157

Example 2. (a) The pooled income fund maintained by X University has established determination dates on the first day of each calendar quarter. The pooled income fund is on a calendar-year basis. The pooled income fund earned $5,000 of income during 1971 and paid out $3,000 on December 15, 1971, and $2,000 on January 15, 1972, the last amount being treated under paragraph (b)(7) of §1.642(c)-5 as paid on December 31, 1971. The fair market value of its property (determined without including any income earned by the fund) on the determination dates in 1971 and the income paid out during 1971 are as follows:
DateFair market value of propertyIncome payment
Jan. 1$125,000
Apr. 1125,000
July 175,000
Oct. 175,000
Dec. 15$3,000
Dec. 312,000
   400,0005,000
(b) The average fair market value of the property in the fund for 1971 is $100,000 ($400,000 divided by 4).

(c) The corrective term adjustment for 1971 is $750, determined by applying the percentages obtained in column (2) of the table in subparagraph (3) of this paragraph:

  Product
Multiplication:
0%×$2,000
25%×$3,000$750
Sum of products750
(d) The pooled income fund's yearly rate of return for 1971 is 5.038 percent, determined as follows:

$5,000÷$100,000−$750=0.05038

(d) Valuation. The present value of the remainder interest in property transferred to a pooled income fund on or after May 1, 2009, is determined under paragraph (e) of this section. The present value of the remainder interest in property transferred to a pooled income fund for which the valuation date is before May 1, 2009, is determined under the following sections:

Valuation datesApplicable regulations
After Before
01-01-521.642(c)-6A(a).
12-31-5101-01-711.642(c)-6A(b).
12-31-7012-01-831.642(c)-6A(c).
11-30-8305-01-891.642(c)-6A(d).
04-30-8905-01-991.642(c)-6A(e).
04-30-9905-01-091.642(c)-6A(f).

(e) Present value of the remainder interest in the case of transfers to pooled income funds for which the valuation date is on or after May 1, 2009—(1) In general. In the case of transfers to pooled income funds for which the valuation date is on or after May 1, 2009, the present value of a remainder interest is determined under this section. See, however, §1.7520-3(b) (relating to exceptions to the use of prescribed tables under certain circumstances). The present value of a remainder interest that is dependent on the termination of the life of one individual is computed by the use of Table S in paragraph (e)(6) of this section. For purposes of the computations under this section, the age of an individual is the age at the individual's nearest birthday.

(2) Transitional rules for valuation of transfers to pooled income funds. (i) For purposes of sections 2055, 2106, or 2624, if on May 1, 2009, the decedent was mentally incompetent so that the disposition of the property could not be changed, and the decedent died on or after May 1, 2009, without having regained competency to dispose of the decedent's property, or the decedent died within 90 days of the date that the decedent first regained competency on or after May 1, 2009, the present value of a remainder interest is determined as if the valuation date with respect to the decedent's gross estate is either before or after May 1, 2009, at the option of the decedent's executor.

(ii) For purposes of sections 170, 2055, 2106, 2522, or 2624, in the case of transfers to a pooled income fund for which the valuation date is on or after May 1, 2009, and before July 1, 2009, the present value of the remainder interest under this section is determined by use of the appropriate yearly rate of return for the month in which the valuation date occurs (see §§1.7520-1(b) and 1.7520-2(a)(2)) and the appropriate actuarial tables under either paragraph (e)(6) of this section or §1.642(c)-6A(f)(6), at the option of the donor or the decedent's executor, as the case may be.

(iii) For purposes of paragraphs (e)(2)(i) and (e)(2)(ii) of this section, where the donor or decedent's executor is given the option to use the appropriate actuarial tables under either paragraph (e)(6) of this section or §1.642(c)-6A(f)(6), the donor or decedent's executor must use the same actuarial table with respect to each individual transaction and with respect to all transfers occurring on the valuation date (for example, gift and income tax charitable deductions with respect to the same transfer must be determined based on the same tables, and all assets includible in the gross estate and/or estate tax deductions claimed must be valued based on the same tables).

(3) Present value of a remainder interest. The present value of a remainder interest in property transferred to a pooled income fund is computed on the basis of—

(i) Life contingencies determined from the values of lx that are set forth in Table 2000CM in §20.2031-7(d)(7) of this chapter (see §20.2031-7A for certain prior periods); and

(ii) Discount at a rate of interest, compounded annually, equal to the highest yearly rate of return of the pooled income fund for the 3 taxable years immediately preceding its taxable year in which the transfer of property to the fund is made. For purposes of this paragraph (e), the yearly rate of return of a pooled income fund is determined as provided in paragraph (c) of this section unless the highest rate of return is deemed to be the rate described in paragraph (e)(4) of this section for funds in existence less than 3 taxable years. For purposes of this paragraph (e)(3)(ii), the first taxable year of a pooled income fund is considered a taxable year even though the taxable year consists of less than 12 months. However, appropriate adjustments must be made to annualize the rate of return earned by the fund for that period. Where it appears from the facts and circumstances that the highest yearly rate of return of the fund for the 3 taxable years immediately preceding the taxable year in which the transfer of property is made has been purposely manipulated to be substantially less than the rate of return that would otherwise be reasonably anticipated with the purpose of obtaining an excessive charitable deduction, that rate of return may not be used. In that case, the highest yearly rate of return of the fund is determined by treating the fund as a pooled income fund that has been in existence for less than 3 preceding taxable years.

(4) Pooled income funds in existence less than 3 taxable years. If a pooled income fund has been in existence less than 3 taxable years immediately preceding the taxable year in which the transfer is made to the fund and the transfer to the fund is made after April 30, 1989, the highest rate of return is deemed to be the interest rate (rounded to the nearest two-tenths of one percent) that is 1 percent less than the highest annual average of the monthly section 7520 rates for the 3 calendar years immediately preceding the calendar year in which the transfer to the pooled income fund is made. The deemed rate of return for transfers to new pooled income funds is recomputed each calendar year using the monthly section 7520 rates for the 3-year period immediately preceding the calendar year in which each transfer to the fund is made until the fund has been in existence for 3 taxable years and can compute its highest rate of return for the 3 taxable years immediately preceding the taxable year in which the transfer of property to the fund is made in accordance with the rules set forth in the first sentence of paragraph (e)(3)(ii) of this section.

(5) Computation of value of remainder interest. (i) The factor that is used in determining the present value of a remainder interest that is dependent on the termination of the life of one individual is the factor from Table S in paragraph (e)(6) of this section under the appropriate yearly rate of return opposite the number that corresponds to the age of the individual upon whose life the value of the remainder interest is based (See §1.642(c)-6A for certain prior periods). The tables in paragraph (e)(6) of this section include factors for yearly rates of return from 0.2 to 14 percent. Many actuarial factors not contained in the tables in paragraph (e)(6) of this section are contained in Table S in Internal Revenue Service Publication 1457, “Actuarial Valuations Version 3A” (2009). This publication is available, at no charge, electronically via the IRS Internet site at http://www.irs.gov. For other situations, see paragraph (b) of this section. If the yearly rate of return is a percentage that is between the yearly rates of return for which factors are provided, a linear interpolation must be made. The present value of the remainder interest is determined by multiplying the fair market value of the property on the valuation date by the appropriate remainder factor.

(ii) This paragraph (e)(5) may be illustrated by the following example:

Example. A, who is 54 years and 8 months, transfers $100,000 to a pooled income fund, and retains a life income interest in the property. The highest yearly rate of return earned by the fund for its 3 preceding taxable years is 9.47 percent. In Table S, the remainder factor opposite 55 years under 9.4 percent is .16192 and under 9.6 percent is .15755. The present value of the remainder interest is $16,039.00, computed as follows:
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(6) Actuarial tables. In the case of transfers for which the valuation date is on or after May 1, 2009, the present value of a remainder interest dependent on the termination of one life in the case of a transfer to a pooled income fund is determined by use of the following Table S:

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(f) Effective/applicability date. This section applies on and after May 1, 2009.

[T.D. 7105, 36 FR 6480, Apr. 6, 1971; 36 FR 9512, May 26, 1971; 36 FR 12290, June 30, 1971, as amended by T.D. 7955, 49 FR 19976, May 11, 1984; T.D. 8540, 59 FR 30105, June 10, 1994; T.D. 8819, 64 FR 23190, Apr. 30, 1999; T.D. 8886, 65 FR 36910, June 12, 2000; T.D. 9448, 74 FR 21440, May 7, 2009; T.D. 9540, 76 FR 49572, Aug. 10, 2011]

§1.642(c)-7   Transitional rules with respect to pooled income funds.

(a) In general—(1) Amendment of certain funds. A fund created before May 7, 1971, and not otherwise qualifying as a pooled income fund may be treated as a pooled income fund to which §1.642(c)-5 applies if on July 31, 1969, or on each date of transfer of property to the fund occurring after July 31, 1969, it possessed the initial characteristics described in paragraph (b) of this section and is amended, in the time and manner provided in paragraph (c) of this section, to meet all the requirements of section 642(c)(5) and §1.642(c)-5. If a fund to which this subparagraph applies is amended in the time and manner provided in paragraph (c) of this section it shall be treated as provided in paragraph (d) of this section for the period beginning on August 1, 1969, or, if later, on the date of its creation and ending the day before the date on which it meets the requirements of section 642(c)(5) and §1.642(c)-5.

(2) Severance of a portion of a fund. Any portion of a fund created before May 7, 1971, which consists of property transferred to such fund after July 31, 1969, may be severed from such fund consistently with the principles of paragraph (c)(2) of this section and established before January 1, 1972, as a separate pooled income fund, provided that on and after the date of severance the severed fund meets all the requirements of section 642(c)(5) and §1.642(c)-5. A separate fund which is established pursuant to this subparagraph shall be treated as provided in paragraph (d) of this section for the period beginning on the day of the first transfer of property which becomes part of the separate fund and ending the day before the day on which the separate fund meets the requirements of section 642(c)(5) and §1.642(c)-5.

(b) Initial characteristics required. A fund described in paragraph (a)(1) of this section shall not be treated as a pooled income fund to which section 642(c)(5) applies, even though it is amended as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, unless it possessed the following characteristics on July 31, 1969, or on each date of transfer of property to the fund occurring after July 31, 1969:

(1) It satisfied the requirements of section 642(c)(5)(A) other than that the fund be a trust;

(2) It was constituted in a way to attract and contain commingled properties transferred to the fund by more than one donor satisfying such requirements; and

(3) Each beneficiary of a life income interest which was retained or created in any property transferred to the fund was entitled to receive, but not less often than annually, a proportional share of the annual income earned by the fund, such share being based on the fair market value of the property in which such life interest was retained or created.

(c) Amendment requirements. (1) A fund described in paragraph (a)(1) of this section and possessing the initial characteristics described in paragraph (b) of this section on the date prescribed therein shall be treated as a pooled income fund if it is amended to meet all the requirements of section 642(c)(5) and §1.642(c)-5 before January 1, 1972, or, if later, on or before the 30th day after the date on which any judicial proceedings commenced before January 1, 1972, which are required to amend its governing instrument or any other instrument which does not permit it to meet such requirements, become final. However, see paragraph (d) of this section for limitation on the period in which a claim for credit or refund may be filed.

(2) In addition, if the transferred property described in paragraph (b)(2) of this section is commingled with other property, the transferred property must be separated on or before the date specified in subparagraph (1) of this paragraph from the other property and allocated to the fund in accordance with the transferred property's percentage share of the fair market value of the total commingled property on the date of separation. The percentage share shall be the ratio which the fair market value of the transferred property on the date of separation bears to the fair market value of the total commingled property on that date and shall be computed in a manner consistent with paragraph (c) of §1.642(c)-5. The property which is so allocated to the fund shall be treated as property received from transfers which meet the requirements of section 642(c)(5), and such transfers shall be treated as made on the dates on which the properties giving rise to such allocation were transferred to the fund by the respective donors. The property so allocated to the fund must be representative of all the commingled property other than securities the income from which is exempt from tax under subtitle A of the Code; compensating increases in other commingled property allocated to the fund shall be made where such tax-exempt securities are not allocated to the fund. The application of this subparagraph may be illustrated by the following example:

Example. (a) The trustees of X fund are in the process of amending it in order to qualify as a pooled income fund. The property transferred to the X fund was commingled with other property transferred to the organization by which the fund was established. After taking into account the various transfers and the appreciation in the fair market value of all the properties, the fair market value of the property allocated to the fund on the various transfer dates is set forth in the following schedule and determined in the manner indicated:

Transfers

Date of transferValue of all property before transferTrust propertyOther propertyValue of all property after transferProperty allocated to fund
(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)
January 1, 1968$100,000$100,000$200,0001$100,000
September 30, 1968$300,000100,000400,0002250,000
January 15, 1969480,00060,000540,0003360,000
November 11, 1969600,000200,000800,0004600,000

1$100,000=(the amount in column (2)).

2$250,000=([$100,000/$200,000×$300,000]+$100,000).

3$360,000=([$250,000/$400,000×$480,000]+$60,000).

4$600,000=([$360,000/$540,000×$600,000]+$200,000).

(b) On September 30, 1970, the trustees decide to separate the property of X fund from the other property. The fair market value of all the commingled property is $1 million on September 30, 1970, and there were no additional transfers to the fund after November 11, 1969. Accordingly, the fair market value of the property required to be allocated to X fund must be $750,000 ($600,000/$800,000×$1,000,000), and X fund's percentage share of the commingled property is 75 percent ($750,000/$1,000,000). Accordingly, assuming that the commingled property consists of Y stock with a fair market value of $800,000 and Z bonds with a fair market value of $200,000, there must be allocated to X fund at the close of September 30, 1970, Y stock with a value of $600,000 ($800,000×75%) and Z bonds with a value of $150,000 ($200,000×75%).

(d) Transactions before amendment of or severance from fund. (1) A fund which is amended pursuant to paragraph (c) of this section, or is severed from a fund pursuant to paragraph (a)(2) of this section, shall be treated for all purposes, including the allowance of a deduction for any charitable contribution, as if it were before its amendment or severance a pooled income fund to which section 642(c)(5) and §1.642(c)-5 apply. Thus, for example, where a donor transferred property in trust to such an amended or severed fund on August 1, 1969, but before its amendment or severance under this section, a charitable contributions deduction for the value of the remainder interest may be allowed under section 170, 2055, 2106, or 2522. The deduction may not be allowed, however, until the fund is amended or severed pursuant to this section and shall be allowed only if a claim for credit or refund is filed within the period of limitation prescribed by section 6511(a).

(2) For purposes of determining under §1.642(c)-6 the highest yearly rate of return earned by a fund (which is amended pursuant to paragraph (c) of this section) for the 3 preceding taxable years, taxable years of the fund preceding its taxable year in which the fund is so amended and qualifies as a pooled income fund under this section shall be used provided that the fund did not at any time during such preceding years hold any investments in securities the income from which is exempt from tax under subtitle A of the Code. If any such tax-exempt securities were held during such period by such amended fund, or if the fund consists of a portion of a fund which is severed pursuant to paragraph (a)(2) of this section, the highest yearly rate of return under §1.642(c)-6 shall be determined by treating the fund as a pooled income fund which has been in existence for less than 3 taxable years preceding the taxable year in which the transfer of property to the fund is made.

(3) Property transferred to a fund before its amendment pursuant to paragraph (c) of this section, or before its severance under paragraph (a)(2) of this section, shall be treated as property received from transfers which meet the requirements of section 642(c)(5).

[T.D. 7105, 36 FR 6486, Apr. 6, 1971, as amended by T.D. 7125, 36 FR 11032, June 8, 1971; T.D. 8540, 59 FR 30102, June 10, 1994]

§1.642(d)-1   Net operating loss deduction.

The net operating loss deduction allowed by section 172 is available to estates and trusts generally, with the following exceptions and limitations:

(a) In computing gross income and deductions for the purposes of section 172, a trust shall exclude that portion of the income and deductions attributable to the grantor or another person under sections 671 through 678 (relating to grantors and others treated as substantial owners).

(b) An estate or trust shall not, for the purposes of section 172, avail itself of the deductions allowed by section 642(c) (relating to charitable contributions deductions) and sections 651 and 661 (relating to deductions for distributions).

§1.642(e)-1   Depreciation and depletion.

An estate or trust is allowed the deductions for depreciation and depletion, but only to the extent the deductions are not apportioned to beneficiaries under sections 167(h) and 611(b). For purposes of sections 167(h) and 611(b), the term beneficiaries includes charitable beneficiaries. See the regulations under those sections.

[T.D. 6712, 29 FR 3655, Mar. 24, 1964]

§1.642(f)-1   Amortization deductions.

An estate or trust is allowed amortization deductions with respect to an emergency facility as defined in section 168(d), with respect to a certified pollution control facility as defined in section 169(d), with respect to qualified railroad rolling stock as defined in section 184(d), with respect to certified coal mine safety equipment as defined in section 187(d), with respect to on-the-job training and child-care facilities as defined in section 188(b), and with respect to certain rehabilitations of certified historic structures as defined in section 191, in the same manner and to the same extent as in the case of an individual. However, the principles governing the apportionment of the deductions for depreciation and depletion between fiduciaries and the beneficiaries of an estate or trust (see sections 167(h) and 611(b) and the regulations thereunder) shall be applicable with respect to such amortization deductions.

[T.D. 7700, 45 FR 38055, June 6, 1980]

§1.642(g)-1   Disallowance of double deductions; in general.

Amounts allowable under section 2053(a)(2) (relating to administration expenses) or under section 2054 (relating to losses during administration) as deductions in computing the taxable estate of a decedent are not allowed as deductions in computing the taxable income of the estate unless there is filed a statement, in duplicate, to the effect that the items have not been allowed as deductions from the gross estate of the decedent under section 2053 or 2054 and that all rights to have such items allowed at any time as deductions under section 2053 or 2054 are waived. The statement should be filed with the return for the year for which the items are claimed as deductions or with the district director for the internal revenue district in which the return was filed, for association with the return. The statement may be filed at any time before the expiration of the statutory period of limitation applicable to the taxable year for which the deduction is sought. Allowance of a deduction in computing an estate's taxable income is not precluded by claiming a deduction in the estate tax return, so long as the estate tax deduction is not finally allowed and the statement is filed. However, after a statement is filed under section 642(g) with respect to a particular item or portion of an item, the item cannot thereafter be allowed as a deduction for estate tax purposes since the waiver operates as a relinquishment of the right to have the deduction allowed at any time under section 2053 or 2054.

§1.642(g)-2   Deductions included.

It is not required that the total deductions, or the total amount of any deduction, to which section 642(g) is applicable be treated in the same way. One deduction or portion of a deduction may be allowed for income tax purposes if the appropriate statement is filed, while another deduction or portion is allowed for estate tax purposes. Section 642(g) has no application to deductions for taxes, interest, business expenses, and other items accrued at the date of a decedent's death so that they are allowable as a deduction under section 2053(a)(3) for estate tax purposes as claims against the estate, and are also allowable under section 691(b) as deductions in respect of a decedent for income tax purposes. However, section 642(g) is applicable to deductions for interest, business expenses, and other items not accrued at the date of the decedent's death so that they are allowable as deductions for estate tax purposes only as administration expenses under section 2053(a)(2). Although deductible under section 2053(a)(3) in determining the value of the taxable estate of a decedent, medical, dental, etc., expenses of a decedent which are paid by the estate of the decedent are not deductible in computing the taxable income of the estate. See section 213(d) and the regulations thereunder for rules relating to the deductibility of such expenses in computing the taxable income of the decedent.

§1.642(h)-1   Unused loss carryovers on termination of an estate or trust.

(a) If, on the final termination of an estate or trust, a net operating loss carryover under section 172 or a capital loss carryover under section 1212 would be allowable to the estate or trust in a taxable year subsequent to the taxable year of termination but for the termination, the carryover or carryovers are allowed under section 642(h)(1) to the beneficiaries succeeding to the property of the estate or trust. See §1.641(b)-3 for the determination of when an estate or trust terminates.

(b) The net operating loss carryover and the capital loss carryover are the same in the hands of a beneficiary as in the estate or trust, except that the capital loss carryover in the hands of a beneficiary which is a corporation is a short-term loss irrespective of whether it would have been a long-term or short-term capital loss in the hands of the estate or trust. The net operating loss carryover and the capital loss carryover are taken into account in computing taxable income, adjusted gross income, and the tax imposed by section 56 (relating to the minimum tax for tax preferences). The first taxable year of the beneficiary to which the loss shall be carried over is the taxable year of the beneficiary in which or with which the estate or trust terminates. However, for purposes of determining the number of years to which a net operating loss, or a capital loss under paragraph (a) of §1.1212-1, may be carried over by a beneficiary, the last taxable year of the estate or trust (whether or not a short taxable year) and the first taxable year of the beneficiary to which a loss is carried over each constitute a taxable year, and, in the case of a beneficiary of an estate or trust that is a corporation, capital losses carried over by the estate or trust to any taxable year of the estate or trust beginning after December 31, 1963, shall be treated as if they were incurred in the last taxable year of the estate or trust (whether or not a short taxable year). For the treatment of the net operating loss carryover when the last taxable year of the estate or trust is the last taxable year to which such loss can be carried over, see §1.642(h)-2.

(c) The application of this section may be illustrated by the following examples:

Example 1. A trust distributes all of its assets to A, the sole remainderman, and terminates on December 31, 1954, when it has a capital loss carryover of $10,000 attributable to transactions during the taxable year 1952. A, who reports on the calendar year basis, otherwise has ordinary income of $10,000 and capital gains of $4,000 for the taxable year 1954. A would offset his capital gains of $4,000 against the capital loss of the trust and, in addition, deduct under section 1211(b) $1,000 on his return for the taxable year 1954. The balance of the capital loss carryover of $5,000 may be carried over only to the years 1955 and 1956, in accordance with paragraph (a) of §1.1212-1 and the rules of this section.
Example 2. A trust distributes all of its assets, one-half to A, an individual, and one-half to X, a corporation, who are the sole remaindermen, and terminates on December 31, 1966, when it has a short-term capital loss carryover of $20,000 attributable to short-term transactions during the taxable years 1964, 1965, and 1966, and a long-term capital loss carryover of $12,000 attributable to long-term transactions during such years. A, who reports on the calendar year basis, otherwise has ordinary income of $15,000, short-term capital gains of $4,000 and long-term capital gains of $6,000, for the taxable year 1966. A would offset his short-term capital gains of $4,000 against his share of the short-term capital loss carryover of the trust, $10,000 (one-half of $20,000), and, in addition deduct under section 1211(b) $1,000 (treated as a short-term gain for purposes of computing capital loss carryovers) on his return for the taxable year 1966. A would also offset his long-term capital gains of $6,000 against his share of the long-term capital loss carryover of the trust, $6,000 (one-half of $12,000). The balance of A's share of the short-term capital loss carryover, $5,000, may be carried over as a short-term capital loss carryover to the succeeding taxable year and treated as a short-term capital loss incurred in such succeeding taxable year in accordance with paragraph (b) of §1.1212-1. X, which also reports on the calendar year basis, otherwise has capital gains of $4,000 for the taxable year 1966. X would offset its capital gains of $4,000 against its share of the capital loss carryovers of the trust, $16,000 (the sum of one-half of each the short-term carryover and the long-term carryover of the trust), on its return for the taxable year 1966. The balance of X's share, $12,000, may be carried over as a short-term capital loss only to the years 1967, 1968, 1969, and 1970, in accordance with paragraph (a) of §1.1212-1 and the rules of this section.

[T.D. 6500, 25 FR 11814, Nov. 26, 1960, as amended by T.D. 6828, 30 FR 7805, June 17, 1965; T.D. 7564, 43 FR 40495, Sept. 12, 1978]

§1.642(h)-2   Excess deductions on termination of an estate or trust.

(a) If, on the termination of an estate or trust, the estate or trust has for its last taxable year deductions (other than the deductions allowed under section 642(b) (relating to personal exemption) or section 642(c) (relating to charitable contributions)) in excess of gross income, the excess is allowed under section 642(h)(2) as a deduction to the beneficiaries succeeding to the property of the estate or trust. The deduction is allowed only in computing taxable income and must be taken into account in computing the items of tax preference of the beneficiary; it is not allowed in computing adjusted gross income. The deduction is allowable only in the taxable year of the beneficiary in which or with which the estate or trust terminates, whether the year of termination of the estate or trust is of normal duration or is a short taxable year. For example: Assume that a trust distributes all of its assets to B and terminates on December 31, 1954. As of that date it has excess deductions, for example, because of corpus commissions on termination, of $18,000. B, who reported on the calendar year basis, could claim the $18,000 as a deduction for the taxable year 1954. However, if the deduction (when added to his other deductions) exceeds his gross income, the excess may not be carried over to the year 1955 or subsequent years.

(b) A deduction based upon a net operating loss carryover will never be allowed to beneficiaries under both paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 642(h). Accordingly, a net operating loss deduction which is allowable to beneficiaries succeeding to the property of the estate or trust under the provisions of paragraph (1) of section 642(h) cannot also be considered a deduction for purposes of paragraph (2) of section 642(h) and paragraph (a) of this section. However, if the last taxable year of the estate or trust is the last year in which a deduction on account of a net operating loss may be taken, the deduction, to the extent not absorbed in that taxable year by the estate or trust, is considered an “excess deduction” under section 642(h)(2) and paragraph (a) of this section.

(c) Any item of income or deduction, or any part thereof, which is taken into account in determining the net operating loss or capital loss carryover of the estate or trust for its last taxable year shall not be taken into account again in determining excess deductions on termination of the trust or estate within the meaning of section 642(h)(2) and paragraph (a) of this section (see example in §1.642(h)-5).

[T.D. 6500, 25 FR 11814, Nov. 26, 1960, as amended by T.D. 7564, 43 FR 40495, Sept. 12, 1978]

§1.642(h)-3   Meaning of “beneficiaries succeeding to the property of the estate or trust”.

(a) The phrase beneficiaries succeeding to the property of the estate or trust means those beneficiaries upon termination of the estate or trust who bear the burden of any loss for which a carryover is allowed, or of any excess of deductions over gross income for which a deduction is allowed, under section 642(h).

(b) With reference to an intestate estate, the phrase means the heirs and next of kin to whom the estate is distributed, or if the estate is insolvent, to whom it would have been distributed if it had not been insolvent. If a decedent's spouse is entitled to a specified dollar amount of property before any distribution to other heirs and next of kin, and if the estate is less than that amount, the spouse is the beneficiary succeeding to the property of the estate or trust to the extent of the deficiency in amount.

(c) In the case of a testate estate, the phrase normally means the residuary beneficiaries (including a residuary trust), and not specific legatees or devisees, pecuniary legatees, or other nonresiduary beneficiaries. However, the phrase does not include the recipient of a specific sum of money even though it is payable out of the residue, except to the extent that it is not payable in full. On the other hand, the phrase includes a beneficiary (including a trust) who is not strictly a residuary beneficiary but whose devise or bequest is determined by the value of the decedent's estate as reduced by the loss or deductions in question. Thus the phrase includes:

(1) A beneficiary of a fraction of a decedent's net estate after payment of debts, expenses, etc.;

(2) A nonresiduary legatee or devisee, to the extent of any deficiency in his legacy or devise resulting from the insufficiency of the estate to satisfy it in full;

(3) A surviving spouse receiving a fractional share of an estate in fee under a statutory right of election, to the extent that the loss or deductions are taken into account in determining the share. However, the phrase does not include a recipient of dower or curtesy, or any income beneficiary of the estate or trust from which the loss or excess deduction is carried over.

(d) The principles discussed in paragraph (c) of this section are equally applicable to trust beneficiaries. A remainderman who receives all or a fractional share of the property of a trust as a result of the final termination of the trust is a beneficiary succeeding to the property of the trust. For example, if property is transferred to pay the income to A for life and then to pay $10,000 to B and distribute the balance of the trust corpus to C, C and not B is considered to be the succeeding beneficiary except to the extent that the trust corpus is insufficient to pay B $10,000.

§1.642(h)-4   Allocation.

The carryovers and excess deductions to which section 642(h) applies are allocated among the beneficiaries succeeding to the property of an estate or trust (see §1.642(h)-3) proportionately according to the share of each in the burden of the loss or deductions. A person who qualified as a beneficiary succeeding to the property of an estate or trust with respect to one amount and does not qualify with respect to another amount is a beneficiary succeeding to the property of the estate or trust as to the amount with respect to which he qualifies. The application of this section may be illustrated by the following example:

Example. A decedent's will leaves $100,000 to A, and the residue of his estate equally to B and C. His estate is sufficient to pay only $90,000 to A, and nothing to B and C. There is an excess of deductions over gross income for the last taxable year of the estate or trust of $5,000, and a capital loss carryover of $15,000, to both of which section 642(h) applies. A is a beneficiary succeeding to the property of the estate to the extent of $10,000, and since the total of the excess of deductions and the loss carryover is $20,000, A is entitled to the benefit of one half of each item, and the remaining half is divided equally between B and C.

§1.642(h)-5   Example.

The application of section 642(h) may be illustrated by the following example:

Example. (a) A decedent dies January 31, 1954, leaving a will which provides for distributing all her estate equally to A and an existing trust for B. The period of administration of the estate terminates on December 31, 1954, at which time all the property of the estate is distributed to A and the trust. A reports his income for tax purposes on a calendar year basis, and the trust reports its income on the basis of a fiscal year ending August 31. During the period of the administration, the estate has the following items of income and deductions:
Taxable interest$2,500
Business income3,000
Total5,500
Business expenses (including administrative expense allocable to business income)5,000
Administrative expenses and corpus commissions not allocable to business income9,800
Total deductions14,800
It also has a capital loss of $5,000.

(b) Under section 642(h)(1), an unused net operating loss carryover of the estate on termination of $2,000 will be allowable to: A to the extent of $1,000 for his taxable year 1954 and the next four taxable years in accordance with section 172; and to the trust to the extent of $1,000 for its taxable year ending August 31, 1955, and its next four taxable years. The amount of the net operating loss carryover is computed as follows:

Deductions of estate for 1954$14,800
Less adjustment under section 172(d)(4) (deductions not attributable to a trade or business ($9,800) allowable only to extent of gross income not derived from such trade or business ($2,500))7,300
Deductions as adjusted7,500
Gross income of estate for 19545,500
Net operating loss of estate for 19542,000
(No deduction for capital loss of $5,000 under section 172(d)(2))

Neither A nor the trust will be allowed to carry back any part of the net operating loss made available to them under section 642(h)(1).

(c) Under section 642(h)(2), excess deductions of the estate of $7,300 will be allowed as a deduction to A to the extent of $3,650 for the calendar year 1954 and to the trust to the extent of $3,650 for the taxable year ending August 31, 1955. The deduction of $7,300 for administrative expenses and corpus commissions is the only amount which was not taken into account in determining the net operating loss of the estate ($9,800 of such expenses less $2,500 taken into account).

(d) Under section 642(h)(1), there will be allowable to A a capital loss carryover of $2,500 for his taxable year 1954 and for his next 4 taxable years in accordance with paragraph (a) of §1.1212-1. There will be allowable to the trust a similar capital loss carryover of $2,500 for its taxable year ending August 31, 1955, and its next 4 taxable years (but see paragraph (b) of §1.643(a)-3), (for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1963, net capital losses may be carried over indefinitely by beneficiaries other than corporations, in accordance with §1.642(h)-1 and paragraph (b) of §1.1212-1.)

(e) The carryovers and excess deductions are not allowable directly to B, the trust beneficiary, but to the extent the distributable net income of the trust is reduced by the carryovers and excess deductions B may receive indirect benefit.

[T.D. 6500, 25 FR 11814, Nov. 26, 1960, as amended by T.D. 6828, 30 FR 7806, June 17, 1965]

§1.642(i)-1   Certain distributions by cemetery perpetual care funds.

(a) In general. Section 642 (i) provides that amounts distributed during taxable years ending after December 31, 1963, by a cemetery perpetual care fund trust for the care and maintenance of gravesites shall be treated as distributions solely for purposes of sections 651 and 661. The deduction for such a distribution is allowable only if the fund is taxable as a trust. In addition, the fund must have been created pursuant to local law by a taxable cemetery corporation (as defined in §1.642 (i)-2 (a)) expressly for the care and maintenance of cemetery property. A care fund will be treated as having been created by a taxable cemetery corporation (“cemetery”) if the distributee cemetery is taxable, even though the care fund was created by the distributee cemetery in a year that it was tax-exempt or by a predecessor of such distributee cemetery which was tax-exempt in the year the fund was established. The deduction is the amount of the distributions during the fund's taxable year to the cemetery corporation for such care and maintenance that would be otherwise allowable under section 651 or 661, but in no event is to exceed the limitations described in paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section. The provisions of this paragraph shall not have the effect of extending the period of limitations under section 6511.

(b) Limitation on amount of deduction. The deduction in any taxable year may not exceed the product of $5 multiplied by the aggregate number of gravesites sold by the cemetery corporation before the beginning of the taxable year of the trust. In general, the aggregate number of gravesites sold shall be the aggregate number of interment rights sold by the cemetery corporation (including gravesites sold by the cemetery before a care fund trust law was enacted). In addition, the number of gravesites sold shall include gravesites used to make welfare burials. Welfare burials and pre-trust fund law gravesites shall be included only to the extent that the cemetery cares for and maintain such gravesites. For purposes of this section, a gravesite is sold as of the date on which the purchaser acquires interment rights enforceable under local law. The aggregate number of gravesites includes only those gravesites with respect to which the fund or taxable cemetery corporation has an obligation for care and maintenance.

(c) Requirements for deductibility of distributions for care and maintenance—(1) Obligation for care and maintenance. A deduction is allowed only for distributions for the care and maintenance of gravesites with respect to which the fund or taxable cemetery corporation has an obligation for care and maintenance. Such obligation may be established by the trust instrument, by local law, or by the cemetery's practice of caring for and maintaining gravesites, such as welfare burial plots or gravesites sold before the enactment of a care fund trust law.

(2) Distribution actually used for care and maintenance. The amount of a deduction otherwise allowable for care fund distributions in any taxable year shall not exceed the portion of such distributions expended by the distributee cemetery corporation for the care and maintenance of gravesites before the end of the fund's taxable year following the taxable year in which it makes the distributions. A 6-month extension of time for filing the trust's return may be obtained upon request under section 6081. The failure of a cemetery to expend the care fund's distributions within a reasonable time before the due date for filing the return will be considered reasonable grounds for granting a 6-month extension of time for section 6081. For purposes of this paragraph, any amount expended by the care fund directly for the care and maintenance of gravesites shall be treated as an additional care fund distribution which is expended on the day of distribution by the cemetery corporation. The fund shall be allowed a deduction for such direct expenditure in the fund's taxable year during which the expenditure is made.

(3) Example. The application of paragraph (c)(2) of this section is illustrated by the following example:

Example. A, a calendar-year perpetual care fund trust, meeting the requirements of section 642 (i), makes a $10,000 distribution on December 1, 1978 to X, a taxable cemetery corporation operating on a May 31 fiscal year. From this $10,000 distribution, the cemetery makes the following expenditures for the care and maintenance of gravesites: $2,000 on December 20, 1978; $4,000 on June 1, 1979; $2,000 on October 1, 1979; and $1,000 on April 1, 1980. In addition, as authorized by the trust instrument, A itself makes a direct $1,000 payment to a contractor on September 1, 1979 for qualifying care and maintenance work performed. As a result of these transactions, A will be allowed an $8,000 deduction for its 1978 taxable year attributable to the cemetery's expenditures, and a $1,000 deduction for its 1979 taxable year attributable to the fund's direct payment. A will not be allowed a deduction for its 1978 taxable year for the cemetery's expenditure of either the $1,000 expended on April 1, 1980 or the remaining unspent portion of the original $10,000 distribution. The trustee may request a 6-month extension in order to allow the fund until October 15, 1979 to file its return for 1978.

(d) Certified statement made by cemetery officials to fund trustees. A trustee of a cemetery perpetual care fund shall not be held personally liable for civil or criminal penalties resulting from false statements on the trust's tax return to the extent that such false statements resulted from the trustee's reliance on a certified statement made by the cemetery specifying the number of interments sold by the cemetery or the amount of the cemetery's expenditures for care and maintenance. The statement must indicate the basis upon which the cemetery determined what portion of its expenditures were made for the care and maintenance of gravesites. The statement must be certified by an officer or employee of the cemetery who has the responsibility to make or account for expenditures for care and maintenance. A copy of this statement shall be retained by the trustee along with the trust's return and shall be made available for inspection upon request by the Secretary. This paragraph does not relieve the care fund trust of its liability to pay the proper amount of tax due and to maintain adequate records to substantiate each of its deductions, including the deduction provided in section 642(i) and this section.

[T.D. 7651, 44 FR 61596, Oct. 26, 1979]

§1.642(i)-2   Definitions.

(a) Taxable cemetery corporation. For purposes of section 642(i) and this section, the meaning of the term taxable cemetery corporation is limited to a corporation (within the meaning of section 7701(a)(3)) engaged in the business of owning and operating a cemetery that either (1) is not exempt from Federal tax, or (2) is subject to tax under section 511 with respect to its cemetery activities.

(b) Pursuant to local law. A cemetery perpetual care fund is created pursuant to local law if:

(1) The governing law of the relevant jurisdiction (State, district, county, parish, etc.) requires or expressly permits the creation of such a fund, or

(2) The legally enforceable bylaws or contracts of a taxable cemetery corporation require a perpetual care fund.

(c) Gravesite. A gravesite is any type of interment right that has been sold by a cemetery, including, but not limited to, a burial lot, mausoleum, lawn crypt, niche, or scattering ground. For purposes of §1.642 (i)-1, the term gravesites includes only those gravesites with respect to which the care fund or cemetery has an obligation for care and maintenance within the meaning of §1.642 (i)-1(c)(1).

(d) Care and maintenance. For purposes of section 642(i) and this section, the term care and maintenance of gravesite shall be generally defined in accordance with the definition of such term under the local law pursuant to which the cemetery perpetual care fund is created. If the applicable local law contains no definition, care and maintenance of gravesites may include the upkeep, repair and preservation of those portions of cemetery property in which gravesites (as defined in paragraph (c) of this section) have been sold; including gardening, road maintenance, water line and drain repair and other activities reasonably necessary to the preservation of cemetery property. The costs for care and maintenance include, but are not limited to, expenditures for the maintenance, repair and replacement of machinery, tools, and equipment, compensation of employees performing such work, insurance premiums, reasonable payments for employees' pension and other benefit plans, and the costs of maintaining necessary records of lot ownership, transfers and burials. However, if some of the expenditures of the cemetery corporation, such as officers' salaries, are for both care and maintenance and for other purposes, the expenditures must be properly allocated between care and maintenance of gravesites and the other purposes. Only those expenditures that are properly allocable to those portions of cemetery property in which gravesites have been sold qualify as expenditures for care and maintenance of gravesites.

[T.D. 7651, 44 FR 61596, Oct. 26, 1979]

§1.643(a)-0   Distributable net income; deduction for distributions; in general.

The term distributable net income has no application except in the taxation of estates and trusts and their beneficiaries. It limits the deductions allowable to estates and trusts for amounts paid, credited, or required to be distributed to beneficiaries and is used to determine how much of an amount paid, credited, or required to be distributed to a beneficiary will be includible in his gross income. It is also used to determine the character of distributions to the beneficiaries. Distributable net income means for any taxable year, the taxable income (as defined in section 63) of the estate or trust, computed with the modifications set forth in §§1.643(a)-1 through 1.643(a)-7.

§1.643(a)-1   Deduction for distributions.

The deduction allowable to a trust under section 651 and to an estate or trust under section 661 for amounts paid, credited, or required to be distributed to beneficiaries is not allowed in the computation of distributable net income.

§1.643(a)-2   Deduction for personal exemption.

The deduction for personal exemption under section 642(b) is not allowed in the computation of distributable net income.

§1.643(a)-3   Capital gains and losses.

(a) In general. Except as provided in §1.643(a)-6 and paragraph (b) of this section, gains from the sale or exchange of capital assets are ordinarily excluded from distributable net income and are not ordinarily considered as paid, credited, or required to be distributed to any beneficiary.

(b) Capital gains included in distributable net income. Gains from the sale or exchange of capital assets are included in distributable net income to the extent they are, pursuant to the terms of the governing instrument and applicable local law, or pursuant to a reasonable and impartial exercise of discretion by the fiduciary (in accordance with a power granted to the fiduciary by applicable local law or by the governing instrument if not prohibited by applicable local law)—

(1) Allocated to income (but if income under the state statute is defined as, or consists of, a unitrust amount, a discretionary power to allocate gains to income must also be exercised consistently and the amount so allocated may not be greater than the excess of the unitrust amount over the amount of distributable net income determined without regard to this subparagraph §1.643(a)-3(b));

(2) Allocated to corpus but treated consistently by the fiduciary on the trust's books, records, and tax returns as part of a distribution to a beneficiary; or

(3) Allocated to corpus but actually distributed to the beneficiary or utilized by the fiduciary in determining the amount that is distributed or required to be distributed to a beneficiary.

(c) Charitable contributions included in distributable net income. If capital gains are paid, permanently set aside, or to be used for the purposes specified in section 642(c), so that a charitable deduction is allowed under that section in respect of the gains, they must be included in the computation of distributable net income.

(d) Capital losses. Losses from the sale or exchange of capital assets shall first be netted at the trust level against any gains from the sale or exchange of capital assets, except for a capital gain that is utilized under paragraph (b)(3) of this section in determining the amount that is distributed or required to be distributed to a particular beneficiary. See §1.642(h)-1 with respect to capital loss carryovers in the year of final termination of an estate or trust.

(e) Examples. The following examples illustrate the rules of this section:

Example 1. Under the terms of Trust's governing instrument, all income is to be paid to A for life. Trustee is given discretionary powers to invade principal for A's benefit and to deem discretionary distributions to be made from capital gains realized during the year. During Trust's first taxable year, Trust has $5,000 of dividend income and $10,000 of capital gain from the sale of securities. Pursuant to the terms of the governing instrument and applicable local law, Trustee allocates the $10,000 capital gain to principal. During the year, Trustee distributes to A $5,000, representing A's right to trust income. In addition, Trustee distributes to A $12,000, pursuant to the discretionary power to distribute principal. Trustee does not exercise the discretionary power to deem the discretionary distributions of principal as being paid from capital gains realized during the year. Therefore, the capital gains realized during the year are not included in distributable net income and the $10,000 of capital gain is taxed to the trust. In future years, Trustee must treat all discretionary distributions as not being made from any realized capital gains.
Example 2. The facts are the same as in Example 1, except that Trustee intends to follow a regular practice of treating discretionary distributions of principal as being paid first from any net capital gains realized by Trust during the year. Trustee evidences this treatment by including the $10,000 capital gain in distributable net income on Trust's federal income tax return so that it is taxed to A. This treatment of the capital gains is a reasonable exercise of Trustee's discretion. In future years Trustee must treat all discretionary distributions as being made first from any realized capital gains.
Example 3. The facts are the same as in Example 1, except that Trustee intends to follow a regular practice of treating discretionary distributions of principal as being paid from any net capital gains realized by Trust during the year from the sale of certain specified assets or a particular class of investments. This treatment of capital gains is a reasonable exercise of Trustee's discretion.
Example 4. The facts are the same as in Example 1, except that pursuant to the terms of the governing instrument (in a provision not prohibited by applicable local law), capital gains realized by Trust are allocated to income. Because the capital gains are allocated to income pursuant to the terms of the governing instrument, the $10,000 capital gain is included in Trust's distributable net income for the taxable year.
Example 5. The facts are the same as in Example 1, except that Trustee decides that discretionary distributions will be made only to the extent Trust has realized capital gains during the year and thus the discretionary distribution to A is $10,000, rather than $12,000. Because Trustee will use the amount of any realized capital gain to determine the amount of the discretionary distribution to the beneficiary, the $10,000 capital gain is included in Trust's distributable net income for the taxable year.
Example 6. Trust's assets consist of Blackacre and other property. Under the terms of Trust's governing instrument, Trustee is directed to hold Blackacre for ten years and then sell it and distribute all the sales proceeds to A. Because Trustee uses the amount of the sales proceeds that includes any realized capital gain to determine the amount required to be distributed to A, any capital gain realized from the sale of Blackacre is included in Trust's distributable net income for the taxable year.
Example 7. Under the terms of Trust's governing instrument, all income is to be paid to A during the Trust's term. When A reaches 35, Trust is to terminate and all the principal is to be distributed to A. Because all the assets of the trust, including all capital gains, will be actually distributed to the beneficiary at the termination of Trust, all capital gains realized in the year of termination are included in distributable net income. See §1.641(b)-3 for the determination of the year of final termination and the taxability of capital gains realized after the terminating event and before final distribution.
Example 8. The facts are the same as Example 7, except Trustee is directed to pay B $10,000 before distributing the remainder of Trust assets to A. Because the distribution to B is a gift of a specific sum of money within the meaning of section 663(a)(1), none of Trust's distributable net income that includes all of the capital gains realized during the year of termination is allocated to B's distribution.
Example 9. The facts are the same as Example 7, except Trustee is directed to distribute one-half of the principal to A when A reaches 35 and the balance to A when A reaches 45. Trust assets consist entirely of stock in corporation M with a fair market value of $1,000,000 and an adjusted basis of $300,000. When A reaches 35, Trustee sells one-half of the stock and distributes the sales proceeds to A. All the sales proceeds, including all the capital gain attributable to that sale, are actually distributed to A and therefore all the capital gain is included in distributable net income.
Example 10. The facts are the same as Example 9, except when A reaches 35, Trustee sells all the stock and distributes one-half of the sales proceeds to A. If authorized by the governing instrument and applicable state statute, Trustee may determine to what extent the capital gain is distributed to A. The $500,000 distribution to A may be treated as including a minimum of $200,000 of capital gain (and all of the principal amount of $300,000) and a maximum of $500,000 of the capital gain (with no principal). Trustee evidences the treatment by including the appropriate amount of capital gain in distributable net income on Trust's federal income tax return. If Trustee is not authorized by the governing instrument and applicable state statutes to determine to what extent the capital gain is distributed to A, one-half of the capital gain attributable to the sale is included in distributable net income.
Example 11. The applicable state statute provides that a trustee may make an election to pay an income beneficiary an amount equal to four percent of the fair market value of the trust assets, as determined at the beginning of each taxable year, in full satisfaction of that beneficiary's right to income. State statute also provides that this unitrust amount shall be considered paid first from ordinary and tax-exempt income, then from net short-term capital gain, then from net long-term capital gain, and finally from return of principal. Trust's governing instrument provides that A is to receive each year income as defined under state statute. Trustee makes the unitrust election under state statute. At the beginning of the taxable year, Trust assets are valued at $500,000. During the year, Trust receives $5,000 of dividend income and realizes $80,000 of net long-term gain from the sale of capital assets. Trustee distributes to A $20,000 (4% of $500,000) in satisfaction of A's right to income. Net long-term capital gain in the amount of $15,000 is allocated to income pursuant to the ordering rule of the state statute and is included in distributable net income for the taxable year.
Example 12. The facts are the same as in Example 11, except that neither state statute nor Trust's governing instrument has an ordering rule for the character of the unitrust amount, but leaves such a decision to the discretion of Trustee. Trustee intends to follow a regular practice of treating principal, other than capital gain, as distributed to the beneficiary to the extent that the unitrust amount exceeds Trust's ordinary and tax-exempt income. Trustee evidences this treatment by not including any capital gains in distributable net income on Trust's Federal income tax return so that the entire $80,000 capital gain is taxed to Trust. This treatment of the capital gains is a reasonable exercise of Trustee's discretion. In future years Trustee must consistently follow this treatment of not allocating realized capital gains to income.
Example 13. The facts are the same as in Example 11, except that neither state statutes nor Trust's governing instrument has an ordering rule for the character of the unitrust amount, but leaves such a decision to the discretion of Trustee. Trustee intends to follow a regular practice of treating net capital gains as distributed to the beneficiary to the extent the unitrust amount exceeds Trust's ordinary and tax-exempt income. Trustee evidences this treatment by including $15,000 of the capital gain in distributable net income on Trust's Federal income tax return. This treatment of the capital gains is a reasonable exercise of Trustee's discretion. In future years Trustee must consistently treat realized capital gain, if any, as distributed to the beneficiary to the extent that the unitrust amount exceeds ordinary and tax-exempt income.
Example 14. Trustee is a corporate fiduciary that administers numerous trusts. State statutes provide that a trustee may make an election to distribute to an income beneficiary an amount equal to four percent of the annual fair market value of the trust assets in full satisfaction of that beneficiary's right to income. Neither state statutes nor the governing instruments of any of the trusts administered by Trustee has an ordering rule for the character of the unitrust amount, but leaves such a decision to the discretion of Trustee. With respect to some trusts, Trustee intends to follow a regular practice of treating principal, other than capital gain, as distributed to the beneficiary to the extent that the unitrust amount exceeds the trust's ordinary and tax-exempt income. Trustee will evidence this treatment by not including any capital gains in distributable net income on the Federal income tax returns for those trusts. With respect to other trusts, Trustee intends to follow a regular practice of treating any net capital gains as distributed to the beneficiary to the extent the unitrust amount exceeds the trust's ordinary and tax-exempt income. Trustee will evidence this treatment by including net capital gains in distributable net income on the Federal income tax returns filed for these trusts. Trustee's decision with respect to each trust is a reasonable exercise of Trustee's discretion and, in future years, Trustee must treat the capital gains realized by each trust consistently with the treatment by that trust in prior years.

(f) Effective date. This section applies for taxable years of trusts and estates ending after January 2, 2004.

[T.D. 9102, 69 FR 18, Jan. 2, 2004]

§1.643(a)-4   Extraordinary dividends and taxable stock dividends.

In the case solely of a trust which qualifies under subpart B (section 651 and following) as a “simple trust,” there are excluded from distributable net income extraordinary dividends (whether paid in cash or in kind) or taxable stock dividends which are not distributed or credited to a beneficiary because the fiduciary in good faith determines that under the terms of the governing instrument and applicable local law such dividends are allocable to corpus. See section 665(e), paragraph (b) of §1.665(e)-1, and paragraph (b) of §1.665(e)-1A for the treatment of such dividends upon subsequent distribution.

[T.D. 7204, 37 FR 17134, Aug. 25, 1972]

§1.643(a)-5   Tax-exempt interest.

(a) There is included in distributable net income any tax-exempt interest excluded from gross income under section 103, reduced by disbursements allocable to such interest which would have been deductible under section 212 but for the provisions of section 265 (relating to disallowance of deductions allocable to tax-exempt income).

(b) If the estate or trust is allowed a charitable contributions deduction under section 642(c), the amounts specified in paragraph (a) of this section and §1.643(a)-6 are reduced by the portion deemed to be included in income paid, permanently set aside, or to be used for the purposes specified in section 642(c). If the governing instrument or local law specifically provides as to the source out of which amounts are paid, permanently set aside, or to be used for such charitable purposes, the specific provision controls for Federal tax purposes to the extent such provision has economic effect independent of income tax consequences. See §1.652(b)-2(b). In the absence of such specific provisions in the governing instrument or local law, an amount to which section 642(c) applies is deemed to consist of the same proportion of each class of the items of income of the estate or trust as the total of each class bears to the total of all classes. For illustrations showing the determination of the character of an amount deductible under section 642(c), see Examples 1 and 2 of §1.662(b)-2 and §1.662(c)-4(e).

[T.D. 6500, 25 FR 11814, Nov. 26, 1960; 25 FR 14021, Dec. 31, 1960, as amended by T.D. 9582, 77 FR 22485, Apr. 16, 2012]

§1.643(a)-6   Income of foreign trust.

(a) Distributable net income of a foreign trust. In the case of a foreign trust (see section 7701(a)(31)), the determination of distributable net income is subject to the following rules:

(1) There is included in distributable net income the amounts of gross income from sources without the United States, reduced by disbursements allocable to such foreign income which would have been deductible but for the provisions of section 265 (relating to disallowance of deductions allocable to tax exempt income). See paragraph (b) of §1.643(a)-5 for rules applicable when an estate or trust is allowed a charitable contributions deduction under section 642(c).

(2) In the case of a distribution made by a trust before January 1, 1963, for purposes of determining the distributable net income of the trust for the taxable year in which the distribution is made, or for any prior taxable year;

(i) Gross income from sources within the United States is determined by taking into account the provisions of section 894 (relating to income exempt under treaty); and

(ii) Distributable net income is determined by taking into account the provisions of section 643(a)(3) (relating to exclusion of certain gains from the sale or exchange of capital assets).

(3) In the case of a distribution made by a trust after December 31, 1962, for purposes of determining the distributable net income of the trust for any taxable year, whether ending before January 1, 1963, or after December 31, 1962;

(i) Gross income (for the entire foreign trust) from sources within the United States is determined without regard to the provisions of section 894 (relating to income exempt under treaty);

(ii) In respect of a foreign trust created by a U.S. person (whether such trust constitutes the whole or only a portion of the entire foreign trust) (see section 643(d) and §1.643(d)-1), there shall be included in gross income gains from the sale or exchange of capital assets reduced by losses from such sales or exchanges to the extent such losses do not exceed gains from such sales or exchanges, and the deduction under section 1202 (relating to deduction for capital gains) shall not be taken into account; and

(iii) In respect of a foreign trust created by a person other than a U.S. person (whether such trust constitutes the whole or only a portion of the entire foreign trust) (see section 643(d) and §1.643(d)-1), distributable net income is determined by taking into account all of the provisions of section 643 except section 643(a)(6)(C) (relating to gains from the sale or exchange of capital assets by a foreign trust created by a U.S. person).

(b) Examples. The application of this section, showing the computation of distributable net income for one of the taxable years for which such a computation must be made, may be illustrated by the following examples:

Example 1. (1) A trust is created in 1952 under the laws of Country X by the transfer to a trustee in Country X of money and property by a U.S. person. The entire trust constitutes a foreign trust created by a U.S. person. The income from the trust corpus is to be accumulated until the beneficiary, a resident citizen of the United States who was born in 1944, reaches the age of 21 years, and upon his reaching that age, the corpus and accumulated income are to be distributed to him. The trust instrument provides that capital gains are to be allocated to corpus and are not to be paid, credited, or required to be distributed to any beneficiary during the taxable year or paid, permanently set aside, or to be used for the purposes specified in section 642(c). Under the terms of a tax convention between the United States and Country X, interest income received by the trust from U.S. sources is exempt from U.S. taxation. In 1965 the corpus and accumulated income are distributed to the beneficiary. During the taxable year 1964, the trust has the following items of income, loss, and expense:
Interest on bonds of a U.S. corporation$10,000
Net long-term capital gain from U.S. sources30,000
Gross income from investments in Country X40,000
Net short-term capital loss from U.S. sources5,000
Expenses allocable to gross income from investments in Country X5,000
(2) The distributable net income for the taxable year 1964 of the foreign trust created by a U.S. person, determined under section 643(a), is $70,000, computed as follows:
Interest on bonds of a U.S. corporation$10,000
Gross income from investments in Country X40,000
Net long-term capital gain from U.S. sources$30,000
Less: Net short-term capital loss from U.S. sources5,000
Excess of net long-term capital gain over net short-term capital loss25,000
Total75,000
Less: Expenses allocable to income from investments in Country X5,000
Distributable net income70,000
(3) In determining the distributable net income of $70,000, the taxable income of the trust is computed with the following modifications: No deduction is allowed for the personal exemption of the trust (section 643(a)(2)); the interest received on bonds of a U.S. corporation is included in the trust gross income despite the fact that such interest is exempt from U.S. tax under the provisions of the tax treaty between Country X and the United States (section 643(a)(6) (see H. Con. Res. (B)); the excess of net long-term capital gain over net short-term capital loss allocable to corpus is included in distributable net income, but such excess is not subject to the deduction under section 1202 (section 643(a)(6)(C)); and the amount representing gross income from investments in Country X is included, but such amount is reduced by the amount of the disbursements allocable to such income (section 643(a)(6)(A)).
Example 2. (1) The facts are the same as in example 1 except that money or property has also been transferred to the trust by a person other than a U.S. person and, pursuant to the provisions of §1.643(d)-1, during 1964 only 60 percent of the entire trust constitutes a foreign trust created by a U.S. person.

(2) The distributable net income for the taxable year 1964 of the foreign trust created by a U.S. person, determined under section 643(a), is $42,000 computed as follows:

Interest on bonds of a U.S. corporation (60 percent of $10,000)$6,000
Gross income from investments in Country X (60 percent of $40,000)24,000
Net long-term capital gain from U.S. sources (60 percent of $30,000)$18,000
Less: Net short-term capital loss from U.S. sources (60 percent of $5,000)3,000
      15,000
Total   45,000
Less: Expenses allocable to income from investments in Country X (60 percent of $5,000)3,000
Distributable net income42,000
(3) The distributable net income for the taxable year 1964 of the portion of the entire foreign trust which does not constitute a foreign trust created by a U.S. person, determined under section 643(a), is $18,000, computed as follows:
Interest on bonds of a U.S. corporation (40 percent of $10,000)$4,000
Gross income from investments in Country X (40 percent of $40,000)16,000
Total20,000
Less: Expenses allocable to income from investments in Country X (40 percent of $5,000)2,000
Distributable net income18,000
(4) The distributable net income of the entire foreign trust for the taxable year 1964 is $60,000, computed as follows:
Distributable net income of the foreign trust created by a U.S. person$42,000
Distributable net income of that portion of the entire foreign trust which does not constitute a foreign trust created by a U.S. person18,000
Distributable net income of the entire foreign trust60,000

It should be noted that the difference between the $70,000 distributable net income of the foreign trust in example 1 and the $60,000 distributable net income of the entire foreign trust in this example is due to the $10,000 (40 percent of $25,000) net capital gain (capital gain net income for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1976) which under section 643(a)(3) is excluded from the distributable net income of that portion of the foreign trust in example 2 which does not constitute a foreign trust created by a U.S. person.

[T.D. 6989, 34 FR 731, Jan. 17, 1969, as amended by T.D. 7728, 45 FR 72650, Nov. 3, 1980]

§1.643(a)-7   Dividends.

Dividends excluded from gross income under section 116 (relating to partial exclusion of dividends received) are included in distributable net income. For this purpose, adjustments similar to those required by §1.643(a)-5 with respect to expenses allocable to tax-exempt income and to income included in amounts paid or set aside for charitable purposes are not made. See the regulations under section 642(c).

[T.D. 7357, 40 FR 23742, June 2, 1975]

§1.643(a)-8   Certain distributions by charitable remainder trusts.

(a) Purpose and scope. This section is intended to prevent the avoidance of the purposes of the charitable remainder trust rules regarding the characterizations of distributions from those trusts in the hands of the recipients and should be interpreted in a manner consistent with this purpose. This section applies to all charitable remainder trusts described in section 664 and the beneficiaries of such trusts.

(b) Deemed sale by trust. (1) For purposes of section 664(b), a charitable remainder trust shall be treated as having sold, in the year in which a distribution of an annuity or unitrust amount is made from the trust, a pro rata portion of the trust assets to the extent that the distribution of the annuity or unitrust amount would (but for the application of this paragraph (b)) be characterized in the hands of the recipient as being from the category described in section 664(b)(4) and exceeds the amount of the previously undistributed

(i) Cash contributed to the trust (with respect to which a deduction was allowable under section 170, 2055, 2106, or 2522); plus

(ii) Basis in any contributed property (with respect to which a deduction was allowable under section 170, 2055, 2106, or 2522) that was sold by the trust.

(2) Any transaction that has the purpose or effect of circumventing the rules in this paragraph (b) shall be disregarded.

(3) For purposes of paragraph (b)(1) of this section, trust assets do not include cash or assets purchased with the proceeds of a trust borrowing, forward sale, or similar transaction.

(4) Proper adjustment shall be made to any gain or loss subsequently realized for gain or loss taken into account under paragraph (b)(1) of this section.

(c) Examples. The following examples illustrate the rules of paragraph (b) of this section:

Example 1. Deemed sale by trust. Donor contributes stock having a fair market value of $2 million to a charitable remainder unitrust with a unitrust amount of 50 percent of the net fair market value of the trust assets and a two-year term. The stock has a total adjusted basis of $400,000. In Year 1, the trust receives dividend income of $20,000. As of the valuation date, the trust's assets have a net fair market value of $2,020,000 ($2 million in stock, plus $20,000 in cash). To obtain additional cash to pay the unitrust amount to the noncharitable beneficiary, the trustee borrows $990,000 against the value of the stock. The trust then distributes $1,010,000 to the beneficiary before the end of Year 1. Under section 664(b)(1), $20,000 of the distribution is characterized in the hands of the beneficiary as dividend income. The rest of the distribution, $990,000, is attributable to an amount received by the trust that did not represent either cash contributed to the trust or a return of basis in any contributed asset sold by the trust during Year 1. Under paragraph (b)(3) of this section, the stock is a trust asset because it was not purchased with the proceeds of the borrowing. Therefore, in Year 1, under paragraph (b)(1) of this section, the trust is treated as having sold $990,000 of stock and as having realized $792,000 of capital gain (the trust's basis in the shares deemed sold is $198,000). Thus, in the hands of the beneficiary, $792,000 of the distribution is characterized as capital gain under section 664(b)(2) and $198,000 is characterized as a tax-free return of corpus under section 664(b)(4). No part of the $990,000 loan is treated as acquisition indebtedness under section 514(c) because the entire loan has been recharacterized as a deemed sale.
Example 2. Adjustment to trust's basis in assets deemed sold. The facts are the same as in Example 1. During Year 2, the trust sells the stock for $2,100,000. The trustee uses a portion of the proceeds of the sale to repay the outstanding loan, plus accrued interest. Under paragraph (b)(4) of this section, the trust's adjusted basis in the stock is $1,192,000 ($400,000 plus the $792,000 of gain recognized in Year 1). Therefore, the trust recognizes capital gain (as described in section 664(b)(2)) in Year 2 of $908,000.
Example 3. Distribution of cash contributions. Upon the death of D, the proceeds of a life insurance policy on D's life are payable to T, a charitable remainder annuity trust. The terms of the trust provide that, for a period of three years commencing upon D's death, the trust shall pay an annuity amount equal to $x annually to A, the child of D. After the expiration of such three-year period, the remainder interest in the trust is to be transferred to charity Z. In Year 1, the trust receives payment of the life insurance proceeds and pays the appropriate pro rata portion of the $x annuity to A from the insurance proceeds. During Year 1, the trust has no income. Because the entire distribution is attributable to a cash contribution (the insurance proceeds) to the trust for which a charitable deduction was allowable under section 2055 with respect to the present value of the remainder interest passing to charity, the trust will not be treated as selling a pro rata portion of the trust assets under paragraph (b)(1) of this section. Thus, the distribution is characterized in A's hands as a tax-free return of corpus under section 664(b)(4).

(d) Effective date. This section is applicable to distributions made by a charitable remainder trust after October 18, 1999.

[T.D. 8926, 66 FR 1037, Jan. 5, 2001]

§1.643(b)-1   Definition of income.

For purposes of subparts A through D, part I, subchapter J, chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code, “income,” when not preceded by the words “taxable,” “distributable net,” “undistributed net,” or “gross,” means the amount of income of an estate or trust for the taxable year determined under the terms of the governing instrument and applicable local law. Trust provisions that depart fundamentally from traditional principles of income and principal will generally not be recognized. For example, if a trust instrument directs that all the trust income shall be paid to the income beneficiary but defines ordinary dividends and interest as principal, the trust will not be considered one that under its governing instrument is required to distribute all its income currently for purposes of section 642(b) (relating to the personal exemption) and section 651 (relating to simple trusts). Thus, items such as dividends, interest, and rents are generally allocated to income and proceeds from the sale or exchange of trust assets are generally allocated to principal. However, an allocation of amounts between income and principal pursuant to applicable local law will be respected if local law provides for a reasonable apportionment between the income and remainder beneficiaries of the total return of the trust for the year, including ordinary and tax-exempt income, capital gains, and appreciation. For example, a state statute providing that income is a unitrust amount of no less than 3% and no more than 5% of the fair market value of the trust assets, whether determined annually or averaged on a multiple year basis, is a reasonable apportionment of the total return of the trust. Similarly, a state statute that permits the trustee to make adjustments between income and principal to fulfill the trustee's duty of impartiality between the income and remainder beneficiaries is generally a reasonable apportionment of the total return of the trust. Generally, these adjustments are permitted by state statutes when the trustee invests and manages the trust assets under the state's prudent investor standard, the trust describes the amount that may or must be distributed to a beneficiary by referring to the trust's income, and the trustee after applying the state statutory rules regarding the allocation of receipts and disbursements to income and principal, is unable to administer the trust impartially. Allocations pursuant to methods prescribed by such state statutes for apportioning the total return of a trust between income and principal will be respected regardless of whether the trust provides that the income must be distributed to one or more beneficiaries or may be accumulated in whole or in part, and regardless of which alternate permitted method is actually used, provided the trust complies with all requirements of the state statute for switching methods. A switch between methods of determining trust income authorized by state statute will not constitute a recognition event for purposes of section 1001 and will not result in a taxable gift from the trust's grantor or any of the trust's beneficiaries. A switch to a method not specifically authorized by state statute, but valid under state law (including a switch via judicial decision or a binding non-judicial settlement) may constitute a recognition event to the trust or its beneficiaries for purposes of section 1001 and may result in taxable gifts from the trust's grantor and beneficiaries, based on the relevant facts and circumstances. In addition, an allocation to income of all or a part of the gains from the sale or exchange of trust assets will generally be respected if the allocation is made either pursuant to the terms of the governing instrument and applicable local law, or pursuant to a reasonable and impartial exercise of a discretionary power granted to the fiduciary by applicable local law or by the governing instrument, if not prohibited by applicable local law. This section is effective for taxable years of trusts and estates ending after January 2, 2004.

[T.D. 9102, 69 FR 19, Jan. 2, 2004]

§1.643(b)-2   Dividends allocated to corpus.

Extraordinary dividends or taxable stock dividends which the fiduciary, acting in good faith, determines to be allocable to corpus under the terms of the governing instrument and applicable local law are not considered “income” for purposes of subpart A, B, C, or D, part I, subchapter J, chapter 1 of the Code. See section 643(a)(4), §1.643(a)-4, §1.643(d)-2, section 665(e), paragraph (b) of §1.665(e)-1, and paragraph (b) of §1.665(e)-1A for the treatment of such items in the computation of distributable net income.

[T.D. 7204, 37 FR 17134, Aug. 25, 1972]

§1.643(c)-1   Definition of “beneficiary”.

An heir, legatee, or devisee (including an estate or trust) is a beneficiary. A trust created under a decedent's will is a beneficiary of the decedent's estate. The following persons are treated as beneficiaries:

(a) Any person with respect to an amount used to discharge or satisfy that person's legal obligation as that term is used in §1.662(a)-4.

(b) The grantor of a trust with respect to an amount applied or distributed for the support of a dependent under the circumstances specified in section 677(b) out of corpus or out of other than income for the taxable year of the trust.

(c) The trustee or cotrustee of a trust with respect to an amount applied or distributed for the support of a dependent under the circumstances specified in section 678(c) out of corpus or out of other than income for the taxable year of the trust.

§1.643(d)-1   Definition of “foreign trust created by a United States person”.

(a) In general. For the purpose of part I, subchapter J, chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code, the term foreign trust created by a United States person means that portion of a foreign trust (as defined in section 7701(a)(31)) attributable to money or property (including all accumulated earnings, profits, or gains attributable to such money or property) of a U.S. person (as defined in section 7701(a)(30)) transferred directly or indirectly, or under the will of a decedent who at the date of his death was a U.S. citizen or resident, to the foreign trust. A foreign trust created by a person who is not a U.S. person, to which a U.S. person transfers his money or property, is a foreign trust created by a U.S. person to the extent that the fair market value of the entire foreign trust is attributable to money or property of the U.S. person transferred to the foreign trust. The transfer of money or property to the foreign trust may be made either directly or indirectly by a U.S. person. Transfers of money or property to a foreign trust do not include transfers of money or property pursuant to a sale or exchange which is made for a full and adequate consideration. Transfers to which section 643(d) and this section apply are transfers of money or property which establish or increase the corpus of a foreign trust. The rules set forth in this section with respect to transfers by a U.S. person to a foreign trust also are applicable with respect to transfers under the will of a decedent who at the date of his death was a U.S. citizen or resident. For provisions relating to the information returns which are required to be filed with respect to the creation of or transfers to foreign trusts, see section 6048 and §16.3-1 of this chapter (Temporary Regulations under the Revenue Act of 1962).

(b) Determination of a foreign trust created by a U.S. person—(1) Transfers of money or property only by a U.S. person. If all the items of money or property constituting the corpus of a foreign trust are transferred to the trust by a U.S. person, the entire foreign trust is a foreign trust created by a U.S. person.

(2) Transfers of money or property by both a U.S. person and a person other than a U.S. person; transfers required to be treated as separate funds. Where there are transfers of money or property by both a U.S. person and a person other than a U.S. person to a foreign trust, and it is necessary, either by reason of the provisions of the governing instrument of the trust or by reason of some other requirement such as local law, that the trustee treat the entire foreign trust as composed of two separate funds, one consisting of the money or property (including all accumulated earnings, profits, or gains attributable to such money or property) transferred by the U.S. person and the other consisting of the money or property (including all accumulated earnings, profits, or gains attributable to such money or property) transferred by the person other than the U.S. person, the foreign trust created by a U.S. person shall be the fund consisting of the money or property transferred by the U.S. person. See example 1 in paragraph (c) of this section.

(3) Transfers of money or property by both a U.S. person and a person other than a U.S. person; transfers not required to be treated as separate funds. Where the corpus of a foreign trust consists of money or property transferred to the trust (simultaneously or at different times) by a U.S. person and by a person who is not a U.S. person, the foreign trust created by a U.S. person within the meaning of section 643(d) is that portion of the entire foreign trust which, immediately after any transfer of money or property to the trust, the fair market value of money or property (including all accumulated earnings, profits, or gains attributable to such money or property) transferred to the foreign trust by the U.S. person bears to the fair market value of the corpus (including all accumulated earnings, profits, or gains attributable to the corpus) of the entire foreign trust.

(c) Examples. The provisions of paragraph (b) of this section may be illustrated by the following examples. Example 1 illustrates the application of paragraph (b)(2) of this section. Example (2) illustrates the application of paragraph (b)(3) of this section in a case where there is no provision in the governing instrument of the trust or elsewhere which would require the trustee to treat the corpus of the trust as composed of more than one fund.

Example 1. On January 1, 1964, the date of the creation of a foreign trust, a U.S. person transfers to it stock of a U.S. corporation with a fair market value of $50,000. On the same day, a person other than a U.S. person transfers to the trust Country X bonds with a fair market value of $25,000. The governing instrument of the trust provides that the income from the stock of the U.S. corporation is to be accumulated until A, a U.S. beneficiary, reaches the age of 21 years, and upon his reaching that age, the stock and income accumulated thereon are to be distributed to him. The governing instrument of the trust further provides that the income from the Country X bonds is to be accumulated until B, a U.S. beneficiary, reaches the age of 21 years, and upon his reaching that age, the bonds and income accumulated thereon are to be distributed to him. To comply with the provisions of the governing instrument of the trust that the income from the stock of the U.S. corporation be accumulated and distributed to A and that the income from the Country X bonds be accumulated and distributed to B, it is necessary that the trustee treat the transfers as two separate funds. The fund consisting of the stock of the U.S. corporation is a foreign trust created by a U.S. person.
Example 2. On January 1, 1964, the date of the creation of a foreign trust, a U.S. person transfers to it property having a fair market value of $60,000 and a person other than a U.S. person transfers to it property having a fair market value of $40,000. Immediately after these transfers, the foreign trust created by a U.S. person is 60 percent of the entire foreign trust, determined as follows:

$60,000 (Value of property transferred by U.S. person)/$100,000 (Value of entire property transferred to trust)=60 percent

The undistributed net income for the calendar years 1964 and 1965 is $20,000 which increases the value of the entire foreign trust to $120,000 ($100,000 plus $20,000). Accordingly, as of December 31, 1965, the portion of the foreign trust created by the U.S. person is $72,000 (60 percent of $120,000). On January 1, 1966, the U.S. person transfers property having a fair market value of $40,000 increasing the value of the entire foreign trust to $160,000 ($120,000 plus $40,000) and increasing the value of the portion of the foreign trust created by the U.S. person to $112,000 ($72,000 plus $40,000). Immediately, after this transfer, the foreign trust created by the U.S. person is 70 percent of the entire foreign trust, determined as follows:

$112,000 (Value of property transferred by U.S. person)/$160,000 (Value of entire property transferred to the trust)=70 percent

[T.D. 6989, 34 FR 732, Jan. 17, 1969]

§1.643(d)-2   Illustration of the provisions of section 643.

(a) The provisions of section 643 may be illustrated by the following example:

Example. (1) Under the terms of the trust instrument, the income of a trust is required to be currently distributed to W during her life. Capital gains are allocable to corpus and all expenses are charges against corpus. During the taxable year the trust has the following items of income and expenses:
Dividends from domestic corporations$30,000
Extraordinary dividends allocated to corpus by the trustee in good faith20,000
Taxable interest10,000
Tax-exempt interest10,000
Long-term capital gains10,000
Trustee's commissions and miscellaneous expenses allocable to corpus5,000
(2) The “income” of the trust determined under section 643(b) which is currently distributable to W is $50,000, consisting of dividends of $30,000, taxable interest of $10,000, and tax-exempt interest of $10,000. The trustee's commissions and miscellaneous expenses allocable to tax-exempt interest amount to $1,000 (10,000/50,000× $5,000).

(3) The “distributable net income” determined under section 643(a) amounts to $45,000, computed as follows:

Dividends from domestic corporations$30,000
Taxable interest10,000
Nontaxable interest$10,000
Less: Expenses allocable thereto1,000
   9,000
Total49,000
Less: Expenses ($5,000 less $1,000 allocable to tax-exempt interest)4,000
Distributable net income45,000

In determining the distributable net income of $45,000, the taxable income of the trust is computed with the following modifications: No deductions are allowed for distributions to W and for personal exemption of the trust (section 643(a) (1) and (2)); capital gains allocable to corpus are excluded and the deduction allowable under section 1202 is not taken into account (section 643(a)(3)): the extraordinary dividends allocated to corpus by the trustee in good faith are excluded (sections 643(a)(4)); and the tax- exempt interest (as adjusted for expenses) and the dividend exclusion of $50 are included) section 643(a) (5) and (7)).

(b) See paragraph (c) of the example in §1.661(c)-2 for the computation of distributable net income where there is a charitable contributions deduction.

[T.D. 6500, 25 FR 11814, Nov. 26, 1960. Redesignated, T.D. 6989, 34 FR 732, Jan. 1, 1969]

§1.643(h)-1   Distributions by certain foreign trusts through intermediaries.

(a) In general—(1) Principal purpose of tax avoidance. Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, for purposes of part I of subchapter J, chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code, and section 6048, any property (within the meaning of paragraph (f) of this section) that is transferred to a United States person by another person (an intermediary) who has received property from a foreign trust will be treated as property transferred directly by the foreign trust to the United States person if the intermediary received the property from the foreign trust pursuant to a plan one of the principal purposes of which was the avoidance of United States tax.

(2) Principal purpose of tax avoidance deemed to exist. For purposes of paragraph (a)(1) of this section, a transfer will be deemed to have been made pursuant to a plan one of the principal purposes of which was the avoidance of United States tax if the United States person—

(i) Is related (within the meaning of paragraph (e) of this section) to a grantor of the foreign trust, or has another relationship with a grantor of the foreign trust that establishes a reasonable basis for concluding that the grantor of the foreign trust would make a gratuitous transfer (within the meaning of §1.671-2(e)(2)) to the United States person;

(ii) Receives from the intermediary, within the period beginning twenty-four months before and ending twenty-four months after the intermediary's receipt of property from the foreign trust, either the property the intermediary received from the foreign trust, proceeds from such property, or property in substitution for such property; and

(iii) Cannot demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Commissioner that—

(A) The intermediary has a relationship with the United States person that establishes a reasonable basis for concluding that the intermediary would make a gratuitous transfer to the United States person;

(B) The intermediary acted independently of the grantor and the trustee of the foreign trust;

(C) The intermediary is not an agent of the United States person under generally applicable United States agency principles; and

(D) The United States person timely complied with the reporting requirements of section 6039F, if applicable, if the intermediary is a foreign person.

(b) Exceptions—(1) Nongratuitous transfers. Paragraph (a) of this section does not apply to the extent that either the transfer from the foreign trust to the intermediary or the transfer from the intermediary to the United States person is a transfer that is not a gratuitous transfer within the meaning of §1.671-2(e)(2).

(2) Grantor as intermediary. Paragraph (a) of this section does not apply if the intermediary is the grantor of the portion of the trust from which the property that is transferred is derived. For the definition of grantor, see §1.671-2(e).

(c) Effect of disregarding intermediary—(1) General rule. Except as provided in paragraph (c)(2) of this section, the intermediary is treated as an agent of the foreign trust, and the property is treated as transferred to the United States person in the year the property is transferred, or made available, by the intermediary to the United States person. The fair market value of the property transferred is determined as of the date of the transfer by the intermediary to the United States person. For purposes of section 665(d)(2), the term taxes imposed on the trust includes any income, war profits, and excess profits taxes imposed by any foreign country or possession of the United States on the intermediary with respect to the property transferred.

(2) Exception. If the Commissioner determines, or if the taxpayer can demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Commissioner, that the intermediary is an agent of the United States person under generally applicable United States agency principles, the property will be treated as transferred to the United States person in the year the intermediary receives the property from the foreign trust. The fair market value of the property transferred will be determined as of the date of the transfer by the foreign trust to the intermediary. For purposes of section 901(b), any income, war profits, and excess profits taxes imposed by any foreign country or possession of the United States on the intermediary with respect to the property transferred will be treated as having been imposed on the United States person.

(3) Computation of gross income of intermediary. If property is treated as transferred directly by the foreign trust to a United States person pursuant to this section, the fair market value of such property is not taken into account in computing the gross income of the intermediary (if otherwise required to be taken into account by the intermediary but for paragraph (a) of this section).

(d) Transfers not in excess of $10,000. This section does not apply if, during the taxable year of the United States person, the aggregate fair market value of all property transferred to such person from all foreign trusts either directly or through one or more intermediaries does not exceed $10,000.

(e) Related parties. For purposes of this section, a United States person is treated as related to a grantor of a foreign trust if the United States person and the grantor are related for purposes of section 643(i)(2)(B), with the following modifications—

(1) For purposes of applying section 267 (other than section 267(f)) and section 707(b)(1), “at least 10 percent” is used instead of “more than 50 percent” each place it appears; and

(2) The principles of section 267(b)(10), using “at least 10 percent” instead of “more than 50 percent,” apply to determine whether two corporations are related.

(f) Definition of property. For purposes of this section, the term property includes cash.

(g) Examples. The following examples illustrate the rules of this section. In each example, FT is an irrevocable foreign trust that is not treated as owned by any other person and the fair market value of the property that is transferred exceeds $10,000. The examples are as follows:

Example 1. Principal purpose of tax avoidance. FT was created in 1980 by A, a nonresident alien, for the benefit of his children and their descendants. FT's trustee, T, determines that 1000X of accumulated income should be distributed to A's granddaughter, B, who is a resident alien. Pursuant to a plan with a principal purpose of avoiding the interest charge that would be imposed by section 668, T causes FT to make a gratuitous transfer (within the meaning of §1.671-2(e)(2)) of 1000X to I, a foreign person. I subsequently makes a gratuitous transfer of 1000X to B. Under paragraph (a)(1) of this section, FT is deemed to have made an accumulation distribution of 1000X directly to B.
Example 2. United States person unable to demonstrate that intermediary acted independently. GM and her daughter, M, are both nonresident aliens. M's daughter, D, is a resident alien. GM creates and funds FT for the benefit of her children. On July 1, 2001, FT makes a gratuitous transfer of XYZ stock to M. M immediately sells the XYZ stock and uses the proceeds to purchase ABC stock. On January 1, 2002, M makes a gratuitous transfer of the ABC stock to D. D is unable to demonstrate that M acted independently of GM and the trustee of FT in making the transfer to D. Under paragraph (a)(2) of this section, FT is deemed to have distributed the ABC stock to D. Under paragraph (c)(1) of this section, M is treated as an agent of FT, and the distribution is deemed to have been made on January 1, 2002.
Example 3. United States person demonstrates that specified conditions are satisfied. Assume the same facts as in Example 2, except that M receives 1000X cash from FT instead of XYZ stock. M gives 1000X cash to D on January 1, 2002. Also assume that M receives annual income of 5000X from her own investments and that M has given D 1000X at the beginning of each year for the past ten years. Based on this and additional information provided by D, D demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Commissioner that M has a relationship with D that establishes a reasonable basis for concluding that M would make a gratuitous transfer to D, that M acted independently of GM and the trustee of FT, that M is not an agent of D under generally applicable United States agency principles, and that D timely complied with the reporting requirements of section 6039F. FT will not be deemed under paragraph (a)(2) of this section to have made a distribution to D.
Example 4. Transfer to United States person less than 24 months before transfer to intermediary. Several years ago, A, a nonresident alien, created and funded FT for the benefit of his children and their descendants. A has a close friend, C, who also is a nonresident alien. A's granddaughter, B, is a resident alien. On December 31, 2001, C makes a gratuitous transfer of 1000X to B. On January 15, 2002, FT makes a gratuitous transfer of 1000X to C. B is unable to demonstrate that C has a relationship with B that would establish a reasonable basis for concluding that C would make a gratuitous transfer to B or that C acted independently of A and the trustee of FT in making the transfer to B. Under paragraph (a)(2) of this section, FT is deemed to have distributed 1000X directly to B. Under paragraph (c)(1) of this section, C is treated as an agent of FT, and the distribution is deemed to have been made on December 31, 2001.
Example 5. United States person receives property in substitution for property transferred to intermediary. GM and her son, S, are both nonresident aliens. S's daughter, GD, is a resident alien. GM creates and funds FT for the benefit of her children and their descendants. On July 1, 2001, FT makes a gratuitous transfer of ABC stock with a fair market value of approximately 1000X to S. On January 1, 2002, S makes a gratuitous transfer of DEF stock with a fair market value of approximately 1000X to GD. GD is unable to demonstrate that S acted independently of GM and the trustee of FT in transferring the DEF stock to GD. Under paragraph (a)(2) of this section, FT is deemed to have distributed the DEF stock to GD. Under paragraph (c)(1) of this section, S is treated as an agent of FT, and the distribution is deemed to have been made on January 1, 2002.
Example 6. United States person receives indirect loan from foreign trust. Several years ago, A, a nonresident alien, created and funded FT for the benefit of her children and their descendants. A's daughter, B, is a resident alien. B needs funds temporarily while she is starting up her own business. If FT were to loan money directly to B, section 643(i) would apply. FT deposits 500X with FB, a foreign bank, on June 30, 2001. On July 1, 2001, FB loans 400X to B. Repayment of the loan is guaranteed by FT's 500X deposit. B is unable to demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Commissioner that FB has a relationship with B that establishes a reasonable basis for concluding that FB would make a loan to B or that FB acted independently of A and the trustee of FT in making the loan. Under paragraph (a)(2) of this section, FT is deemed to have loaned 400X directly to B on July 1, 2001. Under paragraph (c)(1) of this section, FB is treated as an agent of FT. For the treatment of loans from foreign trusts, see section 643(i).
Example 7. United States person demonstrates that specified conditions are satisfied. GM, a nonresident alien, created and funded FT for the benefit of her children and their descendants. One of GM's children is M, who is a resident alien. During the year 2001, FT makes a gratuitous transfer of 500X to M. M reports the 500X on Form 3520 as a distribution received from a foreign trust. During the year 2002, M makes a gratuitous transfer of 400X to her son, S, who also is a resident alien. M files a Form 709 treating the gratuitous transfer to S as a gift. Based on this and additional information provided by S, S demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Commissioner that M has a relationship with S that establishes a reasonable basis for concluding that M would make a gratuitous transfer to S, that M acted independently of GM and the trustee of FT, and that M is not an agent of S under generally applicable United States agency principles. FT will not be deemed under paragraph (a)(2) of this section to have made a distribution to S.M
Example 8. Intermediary as agent of trust; increase in FMV. A, a nonresident alien, created and funded FT for the benefit of his children and their descendants. On December 1, 2001, FT makes a gratuitous transfer of XYZ stock with a fair market value of 85X to B, a nonresident alien. On November 1, 2002, B sells the XYZ stock to a third party in an arm's length transaction for 100X in cash. On November 1, 2002, B makes a gratuitous transfer of 98X to A's grandson, C, a resident alien. C is unable to demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Commissioner that B acted independently of A and the trustee of FT in making the transfer. Under paragraph (a)(2) of this section, FT is deemed to have made a distribution directly to C. Under paragraph (c)(1) of this section, B is treated as an agent of FT, and FT is deemed to have distributed 98X to C on November 1, 2002.
Example 9. Intermediary as agent of United States person; increase in FMV. Assume the same facts as in Example 8, except that the Commissioner determines that B is an agent of C under generally applicable United States agency principles. Under paragraph (c)(2) of this section, FT is deemed to have distributed 85X to C on December 1, 2001. C must take the gain of 15X into account in the year 2002.
Example 10. Intermediary as agent of trust; decrease in FMV. Assume the same facts as in Example 8, except that the value of the XYZ stock on November 1, 2002, is only 80X. Instead of selling the XYZ stock to a third party and transferring cash to C, B transfers the XYZ stock to C in a gratuitous transfer. Under paragraph (c)(1) of this section, FT is deemed to have distributed XYZ stock with a value of 80X to C on November 1, 2002.
Example 11. Intermediary as agent of United States person; decrease in FMV. Assume the same facts as in Example 10, except that the Commissioner determines that B is an agent of C under generally applicable United States agency principles. Under paragraph (c)(2) of this section, FT is deemed to have distributed XYZ stock with a value of 85X to C on December 1, 2001.

(h) Effective date. The rules of this section are applicable to transfers made to United States persons after August 10, 1999.

[T.D. 8831, 64 FR 43272, Aug. 10, 1999, as amended by T.D. 8890, 65 FR 41332, July 5, 2000]

pooled income fund actuarial tables applicable before may 1, 2009

§1.642(c)-6A   Valuation of charitable remainder interests for which the valuation date is before May 1, 2009.

(a) Valuation of charitable remainder interests for which the valuation date is before January 1, 1952. There was no provision for the qualification of pooled income funds under section 642 until 1969. See §20.2031-7A(a) of this chapter (Estate Tax Regulations) for the determination of the present value of a charitable remainder interest created before January 1, 1952.

(b) Valuation of charitable remainder interests for which the valuation date is after December 31, 1951, and before January 1, 1971. No charitable deduction is allowable for a transfer to a pooled income fund for which the valuation date is after the effective dates of the Tax Reform Act of 1969 unless the pooled income fund meets the requirements of section 642(c)(5). See §20.2031-7A(b) of this chapter (Estate Tax Regulations) for the determination of the present value of a charitable remainder interest for which the valuation date is after December 31, 1951, and before January 1, 1971.

(c) Present value of remainder interest in the case of transfers to pooled income funds for which the valuation date is after December 31, 1970, and before December 1, 1983. For the determination of the present value of a remainder interest in property transferred to a pooled income fund for which the valuation date is after December 31, 1970, and before December 1, 1983, see §20.2031-7A(c) of this chapter (Estate Tax Regulations) and former §1.642(c)-6(e) (as contained in the 26 CFR part 1 edition revised as of April 1, 1994).

(d) Present value of remainder interest dependent on the termination of one life in the case of transfers to pooled income funds made after November 30, 1983, for which the valuation date is before May 1, 1989—(1) In general. For transfers to pooled income funds made after November 30, 1983, for which the valuation date is before May 1, 1989, the present value of the remainder interest at the time of the transfer of property to the fund is determined by computing the present value (at the time of the transfer) of the life income interest in the transferred property (as determined under paragraph (d)(2) of this section) and subtracting that value from the fair market value of the transferred property on the valuation date. The present value of a remainder interest that is dependent on the termination of the life of one individual is computed by use of Table G in paragraph (d)(4) of this section. For purposes of the computation under this section, the age of an individual is to be taken as the age of the individual at the individual's nearest birthday.

(2) Present value of life income interest. The present value of the life income interest in property transferred to a pooled income fund shall be computed on the basis of:

(i) Life contingencies determined from the values of lx that are set forth in Table LN of §20.2031-7A(d)(6) of this chapter (Estate Tax Regulations); and

(ii) Discount at a rate of interest, compounded annually, equal to the highest yearly rate of return of the pooled income fund for the 3 taxable years immediately preceding its taxable year in which the transfer of property to the fund is made. For purposes of this paragraph (d)(2), the yearly rate of return of a pooled income fund is determined as provided in §1.642(c)-6(c) unless the highest yearly rate of return is deemed to be 9 percent. For purposes of this paragraph (d)(2), the first taxable year of a pooled income fund is considered a taxable year even though the taxable year consists of less than 12 months. However, appropriate adjustments must be made to annualize the rate of return earned by the fund for that period. Where it appears from the facts and circumstances that the highest yearly rate of return for the 3 taxable years immediately preceding the taxable year in which the transfer of property is made has been purposely manipulated to be substantially less than the rate of return that would otherwise be reasonably anticipated with the purpose of obtaining an excessive charitable deduction, that rate of return may not be used. In that case, the highest yearly rate of return of the fund is determined by treating the fund as a pooled income fund that has been in existence for less than 3 preceding taxable years. If a pooled income fund has been in existence less than 3 taxable years immediately preceding the taxable year in which the transfer of property to the fund is made, the highest yearly rate of return is deemed to be 9 percent.

(3) Computation of value of remainder interest. The factor which is used in determining the present value of the remainder interest is the factor under the appropriate yearly rate of return in column (2) of Table G opposite the number in column (1) which corresponds to the age of the individual upon whose life the value of the remainder interest is based. If the yearly rate of return is a percentage which is between yearly rates of return for which factors are provided in Table G, a linear interpolation must be made. The present value of the remainder interest is determined by multiplying, by the factor determined under this paragraph (d)(3), the fair market value on the appropriate valuation date. If the yearly rate of return is below 2.2 percent or above 14 percent, see §1.642(c)-6(b). This paragraph (d)(3) may be illustrated by the following example:

Example. A, who will be 50 years old on April 15, 1985, transfers $100,000 to a pooled income fund on January 1, 1985, and retains a life income interest in such property. The highest yearly rate of return earned by the fund for its 3 preceding taxable years is 9.9 percent. In Table G the figure in column (2) opposite 50 years under 9.8 percent is .15653 and under 10 percent is .15257. The present value of the remainder interest is $15,455, computed as follows:
Factor at 9.8 percent for person aged 50.15653
Factor at 10 percent for person aged 50.15257
Difference.00396
Interpolation adjustment:
eCFR graphic ec14no91.133.gif

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Factor at 9.8 percent for person aged 500.15653
Less:
Interpolation adjustment.00198
Interpolated factor.15455
Present value of remainder interest ($100,000×.15455$15,455

(4) Actuarial tables. The following tables shall be used in the application of the provisions of this section.

Table G

Table G—Single Life, Unisex—Table Showing the Present Worth of the Remainder Interest in Property Transferred to a Pooled Income Fund Having the Yearly Rate of Return Shown—Applicable for Transfers After November 30, 1983, and Before May 1, 1989

(1) Age(2) Yearly rate of return
2.2%2.4%2.6%2.8%3.0%
0.23930.21334.19077.17113.15401
1.22891.20224.17903.15880.14114
2.23297.20610.18265.16218.14429
3.23744.21035.18669.16600.14787
4.24212.21485.19098.17006.15171
5.24701.21955.19547.17434.15577
6.25207.22442.20015.17880.16001
7.25726.22944.20497.18342.16441
8.26259.23461.20995.18820.16898
9.26809.23995.21511.19315.17373
10.27373.24544.22043.19828.17865
11.27953.25110.22592.20358.18375
12.28546.25690.23156.20904.18902
13.29149.26280.23731.21462.19440
14.29757.26877.24312.22026.19986
15.30368.27476.24896.22593.20535
16.30978.28075.25481.23161.21085
17.31589.28676.26068.23732.21637
18.32204.29280.26659.24306.22193
19.32825.29892.27257.24889.22759
20.33457.30514.27867.25484.23336
21.34099.31148.28489.26092.23927
22.34751.31794.29124.26712.24532
23.35416.32452.29773.27348.25152
24.36096.33127.30439.28002.25791
25.36793.33821.31124.28676.26452
26.37509.34535.31832.29374.27136
27.38244.35269.32560.30093.27844
28.38998.36023.33311.30836.28577
29.39767.36795.34080.31599.29330
30.40553.37584.34868.32382.30104
31.41352.38388.35672.33182.30897
32.42165.39208.36494.34001.31710
33.42993.40044.37333.34839.32543
34.43834.40894.38188.35694.33395
35.44689.41760.39060.36567.34266
36.45556.42640.39947.37458.35156
37.46435.43534.40850.38365.36063
38.47325.44440.41767.39288.36987
39.48226.45358.42696.40225.37927
40.49136.46288.43640.41177.38884
41.50056.47228.44596.42143.39856
42.50988.48182.45566.43125.40846
43.51927.49145.46547.44120.41850
44.52874.50118.47540.45128.42869
45.53828.51099.48543.46146.43899
46.54788.52088.49554.47176.44943
47.55754.53083.50574.48216.45998
48.56726.54087.51604.49267.47065
49.57703.55097.52642.50327.48144
50.58685.56114.53688.51398.49234
51.59670.57136.54740.52476.50333
52.60658.58161.55798.53560.51441
53.61647.59189.56859.54651.52556
54.62635.60217.57923.55744.53675
55.63622.61246.58987.56840.54798
56.64606.62273.60052.57937.55923
57.65589.63299.61117.59037.57052
58.66569.64324.62181.60136.58183
59.67546.65347.63246.61237.59316
60.68521.66368.64309.62338.60450
61.69492.67388.65372.63440.61587
62.70461.68406.66434.64542.62726
63.71425.69420.67494.65643.63865
64.72384.70430.68550.66742.65002
65.73336.71434.69602.67837.66137
66.74281.72431.70647.68926.67267
67.75216.73419.71684.70009.68391
68.76143.74399.72714.71085.69509
69.77060.75370.73735.72153.70622
70.77969.76334.74750.73215.71728
71.78870.77290.75758.74272.72830
72.79764.78240.76760.75323.73928
73.80646.79178.77751.76364.75016
74.81511.80099.78725.77387.76086
75.82353.80995.79674.78386.77132
76.83169.81866.80596.79357.78149
77.83960.82710.81491.80301.79139
78.84727.83530.82360.81218.80101
79.85473.84328.83207.82112.81041
80.86201.85106.84034.82986.81960
81.86905.85861.84837.83835.82853
82.87585.86589.85612.84655.83717
83.88239.87291.86360.85447.84552
84.88873.87971.87085.86216.85362
85.89487.88630.87789.86963.86150
86.90070.89258.88459.87674.86901
87.90609.89838.89079.88332.87597
88.91106.90372.89650.88939.88239
89.91570.90872.90184.89507.88839
90.92014.91350.90696.90051.89416
91.92435.91804.91182.90569.89964
92.92822.92222.91630.91045.90469
93.93170.92597.92032.91474.90923
94.93477.92929.92387.91853.91325
95.93743.93216.92695.92181.91673
96.93967.93458.92955.92458.91966
97.94167.93674.93186.92704.92228
98.94342.93863.93389.92921.92457
999450894041.93580.93124.92673
100.94672.94218.93770.93326.92887
101.94819.94377.93940.93508.93080
102.94979.94550.94125.93704.93288
103.95180.94766.94357.93952.93550
104.95377.94979.94585.94194.93806
105.95663.95288.94916.94547.94181
106.96101.95762.95425.95091.94760
107.96688.96398.96110.95824.95539
108.97569.97354.97141.96928.96717
109.98924.98828.98733.98638.98544

Table G

Table G—Single Life, Unisex—Table Showing the Present Worth of the Remainder Interest in Property Transferred to a Pooled Income Fund Having the Yearly Rate of Return Shown—Applicable for Transfers After November 30, 1983, and Before May 1, 1989

(1) Age(2) Yearly rate of return
3.2%3.4%3.6%3.8%4.0%
0.13908.12603.11461.10461.09583
1.12570.11220.10036.08998.08086
2.12862.11489.10284.09225.08293
3.13198.11802.10576.09496.08544
4.13559.12141.10893.09793.08821
5.13943.12503.11234.10112.09121
6.14345.12884.11593.10451.09439
7.14763.13280.11968.10805.09773
8.15198.13694.12360.11176.10125
9.15652.14126.12771.11567.10495
10.16123.14576.13200.11975.10883
11.16613.15045.13648.12402.11290
12.17119.15531.14113.12847.11715
13.17638.16029.14591.13304.12152
14.18164.16535.15076.13769.12597
15.18693.17044.15565.14238.13045
16.19224.17554.16055.14707.13494
17.19756.18066.16547.15178.13945
18.20294.18584.17044.15655.14401
19.20840.19110.17550.16140.14866
20.21399.19650.18069.16639.15344
21.21972.20203.18602.17152.15836
22.22559.20771.19151.17680.16344
23.23162.21356.19716.18225.16869
24.23784.21960.20301.18791.17414
25.24429.22588.20910.19380.17984
26.25098.23240.21545.19996.18581
27.25792.23918.22206.20639.19205
28.26512.24623.22894.21310.19858
29.27253.25350.23605.22004.20534
30.28016.26100.24341.22724.21236
31.28799.26871.25097.23464.21961
32.29603.27664.25877.24230.22710
33.30428.28478.26679.25018.23484
34.31273.29314.27504.25830.24280
35.32139.30172.28351.26665.25102
36.33024.31050.29220.27523.25948
37.33929.31949.30111.28404.26816
38.34851.32867.31022.29305.27707
39.35791.33804.31953.30228.28620
40.36749.34759.32904.31172.29555
41.37724.35733.33874.32137.30512
42.38717.36727.34866.33124.31493
43.39727.37739.35877.34132.32495
44.40752.38768.36906.35159.33518
45.41791.39811.37952.36204.34560
46.42844.40871.39014.37267.35621
47.43910.41944.40092.38347.36701
48.44990.43034.41188.39446.37801
49.46083.44137.42299.40562.38919
50.47189.45256.43427.41695.40056
51.48306.46386.44567.42844.41209
52.49432.47528.45721.44006.42378
53.50567.48679.46886.45182.43562
54.51708.49838.48060.46367.44756
55.52854.51004.49242.47563.45962
56.54004.52175.50430.48766.47177
57.55159.53352.51626.49978.48402
58.56316.54533.52827.51196.49636
59.57478.55719.54036.52424.50879
60.58643.56910.55250.53658.52131
61.59811.58107.56471.54901.53393
62.60982.59307.57697.56150.54662
63.62155.60510.58928.57405.55940
64.63327.61714.60161.58664.57222
65.64498.62918.61395.59926.58508
66.65666.64120.62628.61188.59796
67.66829.65319.63859.62448.61083
68.67986.66512.65086.63706.62370
69.69139.67702.66311.64963.63656
70.70286.68888.67533.66218.64942
71.71431.70073.68754.67474.66231
72.72572.71255.69974.68730.67520
73.73704.72429.71188.69980.68805
74.74819.73586.72384.71214.70075
75.75909.74718.73557.72424.71320
76.76971.75822.74700.73606.72538
77.78004.76897.75815.74758.73726
78.79010.77944.76902.75883.74886
79.79993.78968.77965.76984.76023
80.80955.79971.79008.78064.77140
81.81891.80948.80024.79118.78230
82.82796.81894.81009.80140.79288
83.83672.82810.81962.81131.80314
84.84525.8370082891.82096.81314
85.85352.84567.83795.83037.82291
86.86141.85394.84659.83936.83224
87.86874.86162.85461.84771.84092
88.87549.86870.86201.85542.84893
89.88182.87534.86895.86266.85645
90.88789.88171.8756286961.86369
91.89367.88779.88198.87625.87059
92.89900.89338.88784.88237.87697
93.90379.89842.89312.88788.88271
94.90803.90288.89780.89277.88781
95.91171.90675.90185.89701.89223
96.91481.91001.90527.90058.89594
97.91757.91291.90831.90376.89926
98.91999.91546.91098.90655.90217
99.92227.91786.91349.90917.90490
100.92453.92023.91598.91177.90761
101.92656.92236.91821.91410.91003
102.92875.92467.92063.91662.91266
103.93152.92758.92367.9198091597
104.93423.93042.92665.92291.91920
105.93818.93458.93101.92747.92395
106.94430.94104.93779.93457.93127
10795256.94975.94696.94418.94143
108.9650796298.96090.95883.95676
109.98450.98356.98263.98170.98077

Table G

Table G—Single Life, Unisex—Table Showing the Present Worth of the Remainder Interest in Property Transferred to a Pooled Income Fund Having the Yearly Rate of Return Shown—Applicable for Transfers After November 30, 1983, and Before May 1, 1989

(1) Age(2) Yearly rate of return
4.2%4.4%4.6%4.8%5.0%
0.08811.08132.07534.07006.06539
1.07283.06576.05952.05400.04912
2.07471.06746.06106.05539.05037
3.07704.06962.06304.05722.05205
4.07962.07202.06528.05930.05398
5.08243.07464.06773.06159.05612
6.08542.07745.07037.06406.05844
7.08857.08042.07316.06669.06091
8.09189.08355.07612.06948.06354
9.09540.08687.07926.07245.06635
10.09908.09037.08258.07560.06934
11.10296.09406.08609.07894.07251
12.10701.09793.08977.08245.07586
13.11119.10191.09358.08608.07932
14.11544.10597.09745.08978.08285
15.11972.11007.10136.09350.08640
16.12402.11416.10527.09723.08995
17.12832.11827.10919.10096.09351
18.13268.12243.11315.10474.09711
19.13712.12667.11720.10860.10078
20.14170.13105.12138.11259.10459
21.14642.13557.12570.11671.10853
22.15129.14024.13017.12099.11261
23.15634.14508.13481.12544.11687
24.16159.15013.13967.13009.12133
25.16709.15543.14477.13500.12604
26.17286.16101.15014.14018.13103
27.17891.16686.15580.14564.13630
28.18525.17301.16175.15140.14187
29.19183.17940.16796.15742.14770
30.19867.18606.17443.16370.15380
31.20574.19295.18114.17023.16013
32.21307.20010.18811.17702.16674
33.22064.20751.19535.18407.17362
34.22846.21516.20283.19138.18075
35.23653.22307.21058.19896.18816
36.24484.23124.21859.20681.19584
37.25340.23966.22685.21492.20379
38.26219.24831.23536.22328.21199
39.27120.25720.24411.23188.22044
40.28045.26633.25311.24075.22916
41.28992.27569.26236.24986.23814
42.29965.28532.27188.25926.24741
43.30960.29518.28163.26890.25693
44.31977.30527.29164.27880.26671
45.33013.31557.30185.28892.27673
46.34071.32609.31230.29929.28700
47.35148.33681.32296.30988.29750
48.36246.34777.33387.32072.30826
49.37364.35893.34499.33179.31927
50.38503.37030.35634.34310.33053
51.39659.38187.36790.35462.34201
52.40832.39362.37965.36636.35371
53.42021.40554.39158.37829.36562
54.43222.41760.40367.39039.37771
55.44436.42980.41591.40264.38997
56.45660.44212.42828.41504.40239
57.46897.45456.44079.42760.41498
58.48142.46712.45342.44030.42771
59.49399.47980.46620.45314.44062
60.50666.49260.47910.46613.45367
61.51944.50552.49214.47927.46690
62.53232.51856.50531.49256.48028
63.54529.53169.51860.50598.49381
64.55832.54491.53198.51950.50746
65.57140.55819.54544.53312.52121
66.58451.57152.55895.54681.53506
67.59763.58486.57251.56054.54896
68.61076.59823.58609.57432.56292
69.62390.61162.59971.58816.57695
70.63705.62503.61337.60204.59104
71.65023.63849.62709.61600.60522
72.66344.65199.64086.63003.61949
73.67661.66547.65463.64407.63378
74.68964.67882.66827.65798.64796
75.70243.69193.68168.67168.66192
76.71495.70477.69482.68511.67563
77.72717.71731.70768.69826.68905
78.73912.72959.72026.71114.70221
79.75083.74163.73262.72379.71515
80.76235.75348.74479.73627.72792
81.77360.76506.75669.74848.74043
82.78452.77632.76827.76036.75260
83.79513.78725.77952.77192.76446
84.80547.79792.79051.78322.77606
85.81557.80836.80126.79429.78742
86.82524.81835.81157.80489.79832
87.83423.82764.82115.81477.80847
88.84253.83623.83002.82390.81787
89.85033.84430.83836.83250.82672
90.85784.85208.84639.84079.83525
91.86502.85951.85408.84871.84342
92.87164.86638.86118.85605.85098
93.87761.87257.86759.86267.85781
94.88290.87806.87327.86854.86386
95.88750.88282.87820.87364.86913
96.89136.88683.88236.87793.87355
97.89481.89041.88606.88176.87750
98.89783.89354.88930.88511.88096
99.90067.89649.89235.88826.88420
100.90349.89941.89538.89138.88743
101.90600.90202.89807.89416.89029
102.90873.90484.90099.89717.89339
103.91217.90841.90468.90099.99733
104.91553.91188.90827.90469.90114
105.92047.91701.91358.91018.90680
106.92819.92504.92191.91880.91571
107.93868.93596.93325.93056.92788
108.95471.95267.95064.94862.94661
109.97985.97893.97801.97710.97619

Table G

Table G—Single Life, Unisex—Table Showing the Present Worth of the Remainder Interest in Property Transferred to a Pooled Income Fund Having the Yearly Rate of Return Shown—Applicable for Transfers After November 30, 1983, and Before May 1, 1989

(1) Age(2) Yearly rate of return
5.2%5.4%5.6%5.8%6.0%
0.06126.05759.05433.05143.04884
1.04480.04096.03754.03450.03179
2.04591.04194.03841.03527.03246
3.04745.04336.03972.03646.03355
4.04924.04502.04125.03789.03487
5.05124.04689.04300.03952.03639
6.05342.04893.04492.04131.03808
7.05574.05112.04697.04324.03990
8.05822.05346.04918.04533.04186
9.06089.05598.05156.04759.04400
10.06372.05866.05411.05000.04630
11.06673.06153.05684.05260.04877
12.06992.06457.05973.05536.05141
13.07322.06772.06274.05824.05415
14.07659.07093.06581.06117.05695
15.07998.07417.06890.06411.05976
16.08337.07739.07197.06704.06255
17.08675.08062.07504.06996.06533
18.09018.08387.07813.07290.06813
19.09367.08720.08130.07591.07099
20.09730.09065.08458.07904.07397
21.10106.09423.08800.08229.07707
22.10496.09796.09155.08568.08030
23.10903.10185.09526.08923.08368
24.11330.10594.09918.09297.08726
25.11782.11028.10334.09696.09108
26.12262.11489.10778.10122.09518
27.12771.11979.11249.10576.09955
28.13309.12499.11751.11060.10421
29.13873.13044.12278.11570.10914
30.14464.13617.12833.12107.11433
31.15079.14214.13412.12668.11977
32.15722.14838.14018.13256.12548
33.16391.15490.14652.13873.13147
34.17087.16168.15312.14515.13772
35.17811.16874.16001.15186.14426
36.18562.17608.16717.15886.15108
37.19340.18369.17462.16613.15819
38.20144.19157.18233.17368.16557
39.20974.19971.19031.18149.17322
40.21830.20812.19856.18959.18115
41.22714.21681.20710.19797.18938
42.23627.22579.21594.20665.19791
43.24566.23505.22505.21562.20673
44.25532.24458.23445.22488.21585
45.26522.25436.24410.23440.22523
46.27538.26441.25402.24420.23490
47.28579.27471.26421.25427.24484
48.29647.28529.27469.26463.25508
49.30739.29613.28543.27527.26562
50.31859.30724.29646.28620.27645
51.33001.31860.30774.29740.28755
52.34167.33020.31928.30886.29893
53.35355.34204.33105.32057.31056
54.36562.35407.34304.33250.32243
55.37787.36630.35523.34465.33452
56.39029.37870.36761.35699.34682
57.40289.39130.38020.36956.35935
58.41565.40408.39297.38231.37208
59.42859.41704.40595.39529.38504
60.44170.43019.41912.40847.39822
61.45499.44353.43250.42187.41164
62.46845.45706.44607.43548.42527
63.48208.47076.45984.44930.43913
64.49583.48461.47377.46329.45317
65.50971.49859.48784.47744.46738
66.52369.51269.50204.49173.48175
67.53774.52688.51635.50614.49625
68.55187.54115.53075.52066.51088
69.56607.55551.54526.53530.52563
70.58035.56997.55987.55006.54053
71.59474.58455.57463.56498.55559
72.60923.59924.58952.58004.57082
73.62375.61398.60446.59518.58613
74.63818.62864.61933.61026.60140
75.65240.64310.63402.62515.61649
76.66636.65731.64846.63981.63135
77.68005.67124.66263.65420.64596
78.69347.68492.67655.66836.66033
79.70669.69840.69028.68232.67452
80.71973.71171.70384.69613.68856
81.73252.72477.71717.70970.70237
82.74499.73751.73016.72295.71587
83.75713.74992.74284.73589.72905
84.76901.76208.75527.74857.74198
85.78067.77402.76748.76104.75471
86.79185.78548.77921.77304.76695
87.80228.79617.79015.78423.77838
88.81193.80607.80029.79460.78899
89.82102.81540.80985.80438.79899
90.82979.82441.81909.81384.80867
91.83820.83304.82795.82292.81796
92.84598.84104.83616.83134.82657
93.85300.84826.84357.83894.83437
94.85924.85468.85017.84570.84130
95.86466.86025.85589.85158.84732
96.86922.86494.86071.85652.85238
97.87329.86913.86501.86093.85690
98.87685.87279.86877.86479.86085
99.88019.87622.87230.86841.86456
100.88351.87964.87580.87200.86824
101.88646.88267.87891.87519.87150
102.88965.88594.88227.87863.87503
103.89370.89011.88654.88301.87952
104.89763.89414.89068.88725.88385
105.90345.90013.89683.89356.89032
106.91265.90961.90658.90358.90060
107.92522.92258.91995.91734.91474
108.94461.94262.94063.93866.93670
109.97529.97438.97348.97259.97170

Table G

Table G—Single Life, Unisex—Table Showing the Present Worth of the Remainder Interest in Property Transferred to a Pooled Income Fund Having the Yearly Rate of Return Shown—Applicable for Transfers After November 30, 1983, and Before May 1, 1989

(1) Age(2) Yearly rate of return
6.2%6.4%6.6%6.8%7.0%
0.04653.04447.04262.04095.03946
1.02937.02720.02525.02351.02194
2.02994.02769.02567.02385.02221
3.03094.02860.02650.02460.02290
4.03216.02973.02755.02558.92380
5.03359.03106.02879.02674.02488
6.03517.03255.03019.02805.02612
7.03688.03416.03171.02949.02747
8.03874.03592.03337.03106.02896
9.04077.03784.03519.03279.03061
10.04295.03992.03717.03467.03240
11.04531.04217.03931.03672.03436
12.04782.04457.04161.03892.02647
13.05045.04708.04402.04122.03868
14.05312.04964.04646.04357.04093
15.05581.05220.04891.04591.04317
16.05847.05474.05134.04822.04538
17.06111.05726.05374.05051.04756
18.06378.05979.05615.05280.04974
19.06650.06238.05861.05514.05196
20.06933.06507.06117.05758.05429
21.07228.06788.06384.06013.05671
22.07535.07081.06664.06279.05925
23.07858.07389.06958.06559.06192
24.08201.07717.07270.06858.06477
25.08567.08067.07606.07179.06785
26.08960.08444.07968.07527.07118
27.09380.08849.08357.07901.07478
28.09830.09283.08775.08304.07867
29.10306.09742.09218.08732.08280
30.10808.10228.09688.09187.08720
31.11335.10738.10182.09665.09182
32.11889.11275.10704.10170.09672
33.12471.11840.11252.10703.10189
34.13079.12432.11827.11261.10732
35.13716.13052.12431.11849.11305
36.14381.13701.13063.12465.11905
37.15075.14378.13724.13110.12534
38.15796.15083.14412.13782.13190
39.16545.15815.15129.14483.13875
40.17322.16576.15874.15212.14589
41.18129.17367.16649.15971.15332
42.18967.18190.17456.16763.16108
43.19834.19041.18293.17585.16915
44.20731.19924.19160.18437.17753
45.21655.20834.20055.19318.18619
46.22608.21773.20981.20229.19516
47.23590.22741.21935.21170.20443
48.24602.23741.22922.22144.21403
49.25644.24770.23939.23148.22394
50.26716.25831.24989.24185.23419
51.27816.26921.26068.25253.24475
52.28945.28040.27176.26351.25562
53.30100.29187.28313.27478.26679
54.31279.30357.29475.28631.27822
55.32482.31553.30663.29810.28992
56.33707.32771.31875.31014.30188
57.34955.34015.33112.32244.31411
58.36225.35280.34372.33499.32659
59.37519.36571.35659.34781.33936
60.38836.37886.36971.36089.35239
61.40177.39226.38309.37425.36572
62.41542.40591.39674.38788.37932
63.42930.41981.41064.40178.39321
64.44338.43392.42477.41591.40734
65.45765.44823.43910.43027.42171
66.47208.46271.45364.44483.43630
67.48666.47736.46834.45958.45108
68.50138.49215.48320.47450.46605
69.51624.50711.49824.48961.48122
70.53125.52223.51345.50491.49660
71.54645.53755.52889.52045.51223
72.56183.55307.54453.53621.52809
73.57731.56870.56030.55211.54412
74.59275.58431.57606.56801.56015
75.60803.59976.59168.58379.57607
76.62308.61500.60709.59936.59179
77.63789.63000.62227.61470.60730
78.65247.64477.63723.62984.62261
79.66687.65938.65203.64483.63777
80.68114.67386.66672.65971.65284
81.69518.68812.68119.67438.66770
82.70891.70207.69535.68875.68227
83.72232.71572.70922.70283.69655
84.73550.72913.72285.71668.71061
85.74847.74234.73630.73035.72449
86.76096.75506.74925.74353.73789
87.77263.76696.76137.75585.75042
88.78345.77799.77261.76730.76207
89.79367.78842.78323.77812.77308
90.80356.79851.79353.78862.78376
91.81306.80821.80344.79871.79405
92.82187.81722.81263.80810.80361
93.82984.82538.82096.81659.81228
94.83694.83263.82837.82416.81999
95.84310.83893.83481.83073.82670
96.84829.84424.84023.83626.83234
97.85291.84897.84506.84120.83738
98.85696.85310.84929.84551.84177
99.86075.85698.85325.84956.84590
100.86452.86084.85719.85357.85000
101.86785.86424.86066.85711.85360
102.87146.86792.86442.86094.85750
103.87605.87261.86921.86583.86248
104.88047.87713.87382.87053.86727
105.88710.88390.88073.87758.87446
106.89764.89471.89179.88889.88601
107.91216.90960.90705.90451.90199
108.93474.93280.93086.92894.92702
109.97081.96992.96904.96816.96729

Table G

Table G—Single Life, Unisex—Table Showing the Present Worth of the Remainder Interest in Property Transferred to a Pooled Income Fund Having the Yearly Rate of Return Shown—Applicable for Transfers After November 30, 1983, and Before May 1, 1989

(1) Age(2) Yearly rate of return
7.2%7.4%7.6%7.8%8.0%
0.03811.03689.03579.03479.03388
1.02052.01924.01809.01704.01609
2.02074.01940.01819.01710.01611
3.02136.01996.01870.01756.01652
4.02219.02074.01942.01822.01713
5.02321.02169.02031.01905.01791
6.02437.02278.02134.02003.01883
7.02565.02399.02248.02111.01986
8.02706.02533.02376.02232.02101
9.02863.02682.02518.02367.02230
10.03034.02846.02674.02517.02373
11.03221.03025.02846.02682.02532
12.03424.03219.03032.02861.02704
13.03635.03422.03228.03049.02885
14.03851.03630.03427.03240.03069
15.04066.03836.03624.03430.03252
16.04277.04037.03817.03615.03429
17.04485.04236.04007.03796.03602
18.04693.04434.04196.03976.03773
19.04904.04635.04387.04159.03947
20.05125.04845.04588.04349.04129
21.05356.05065.04797.04549.04319
22.05597.05295.05016.04758.04519
23.05853.05539.05248.04979.04730
24.06124.05799.05497.05217.04957
25.06420.06081.05767.05475.05205
26.06739.06388.06062.05758.05476
27.07086.06721.06382.06067.05773
28.07460.07082.06730.06402.06097
29.07859.07467.07102.06762.06444
30.08284.07879.07500.07146.06815
31.08733.08312.07920.07553.07209
32.09207.08773.08366.07986.07629
33.09709.09260.08839.08445.08075
34.10237.09773.09338.08929.08546
35.10794.10315.09865.09442.09045
36.11379.10884.10420.09983.09572
37.11992.11483.11003.10552.10126
38.12633.12108.11614.11148.10708
39.13302.12762.12253.11772.11318
40.14000.13445.12921.12425.11957
41.14728.14158.13619.13109.12626
42.15490.14904.14350.13825.13328
43.16260.15680.15111.145072.14060
4417104.16488.15905.15351.14825
45.17955.17326.16727.16159.15619
46.18838.18194.17582.16999.16445
47.19751.19093.18467.17870.17302
48.20698.20026.19386.18776.18194
49.21676.20991.20338.19715.19119
50.22689.21991.21325.20689.20080
51.23732.23023.22344.21695.21074
52.24808.24086.23396.22735.22102
53.25914.25181.24479.23807.24252
54.27047.26304.25591.24908.25372
55.28208.27455.26733.26039.25372
56.29395.28633.37901.27197.26521
57.30610.29840.29099.28386.27700
58.31851.31074.30325.29604.28909
59.33122.32337.31581.30853.30150
60.34420.33630.32867.32132.31422
61.35748.34953.34185.33444.32727
62.37106.36307.35535.34788.34066
63.38492.37691.36915.36165.35438
64.39905.39102.38324.37571.36841
65.41342.40539.39760.39005.38272
66.42803.42000.41221.40465.39731
67.44283.43483.42705.41949.41215
68.45784.44987.44211.43457.42724
69.47307.46513.45741.44990.44254
70.48851.48063.47296.46549.45821
71.50422.49641.48880.48139.47416
72.52018.51246.50493.49758.49042
73.53631.52870.52126.51400.50691
74.55247.54497.53764.53048.52347
75.56852.56115.55393.54687.53997
76.58439.57714.57005.56311.55632
77.60005.59294.58599.57917.57249
78.61551.60856.60174.59506.58851
79.63084.62405.61739.61085.60443
80.64609.63946.63296.62657.62030
81.66114.65469.64835.64213.63602
82.67589.66963.66347.65742.65146
83.60937.68429.67831.67243.66664
84.70463.69875.69296.68726.68165
85.71872.71304.70745.70194.69651
86.73233.72685.72146.71614.71089
87.74507.73978.73458.72944.72438
88.75691.75181.74679.74183.73694
89.76810.76319.75834.75355.74883
90.77897.77424.76957.76496.76040
91.78945.78490.78040.77596.77158
92.79919.79481.79048.78621.78198
93.80801.80380.79963.79550.79143
94.81587.81180.80777.80379.79985
95.82271.81877.81487.81100.80719
96.82846.82462.82083.81707.81335
97.83360.82985.82615.82248.81885
98.33808.83441.83079.82720.82365
99.84228.83869.83514.83163.82815
100.84645.84294.83947.83603.83262
101.85012.84668.84327.83988.83653
102.85409.85072.84737.84405.84077
103.85917.85588.85262.84939.84619
104.86403.86083.85765.85449.85136
105.87136.86829.86524.86221.85921
106.88315.88032.87750.87470.87192
107.89949.89700.89452.89206.88961
108.92511.92321.92132.91944.91757
109.96642.96555.96468.96382.96296

Table G

Table G—Single Life, Unisex—Table Showing the Present Worth of the Remainder Interest in Property Transferred to a Pooled Income Fund Having the Yearly Rate of Return Shown—Applicable for Transfers After November 30, 1983, and Before May 1, 1989

(1) Age(2) Yearly rate of return
8.2%8.4%8.6%8.8%9.0%
0.03305.03230.03161.03098.03040
1.01523.01444.01372.01307.01247
2.01520.01438.01362.01294.01230
3.01557.01470.01391.01319.01253
4.01613.01522.01439.01363.01294
5.01687.01591.01504.01424.01351
6.01774.01674.01582.01498.01421
7.01871.01766.01670.01581.01500
8.01980.01870.01769.01676.01591
9.02104.01989.01883.01785.01695
10.02241.02120.02009.01906.01812
11.02394.02267.02150.02042.01943
12.02560.02427.02305.02192.02088
13.02734.02595.02467.02349.02240
14.02912.02766.02632.02509.02394
15.03087.02935.02795.02666.02546
16.03257.03099.02952.02817.02691
17.03423.03257.03104.02962.02831
18.03586.03414.03253.03105.02967
19.03752.03572.03404.03249.03105
20.03925.03737.03562.03399.03248
21.04107.03910.03727.03557.03398
22.04297.04091.03899.03722.03556
23.04498.04283.04083.03897.03723
24.04715.04491.04282.04087.03905
25.04953.04718.04499.04295.04105
26.05213.04968.04740.04527.04327
27.05499.05243.05005.04782.04573
28.05811.05545.05295.05062.04844
29.06146.05868.05608.05365.05136
30.06506.06217.05945.05691.05452
31.06888.06586.06303.06038.05789
32.07295.06981.06687.06410.06149
33.07728.07401.07095.06806.06535
34.08185.07846.07527.07227.06944
35.08671.08319.07988.07675.07380
36.09184.08819.08475.08150.07843
37.09725.09347.08989.08652.08332
38.10293.09901.09531.09180.08848
39.10889.10483.10099.09736.09391
40.11514.11094.10697.10320.09963
41.12168.11735.11324.10934.10564
42.12856.12409.11984.11581.11197
43.13574.13113.12675.12258.11862
44.14325.13850.13398.12967.12558
45.15105.14616.14150.13706.13283
46.15917.15414.14935.14478.14041
47.16760.16244.15751.15280.14831
48.17639.17109.16602.16119.15656
49.18551.18007.17488.16991.16516
50.19499.18942.18410.17900.17412
51.20480.19911.19366.18844.18343
52.21495.20914.20357.19822.19309
53.22544.21951.21381.20835.20309
54.23622.23018.22437.21878.21341
55.24732.24116.23524.22954.22406
56.25870.25244.24641.24060.23501
57.27040.26404.25791.25200.24630
58.28239.27594.26971.26370.25791
59.29472.28817.28186.27576.26987
60.30736.30074.29434.28816.28218
61.32035.31365.30718.30092.29486
62.33368.32692.32038.31405.30791
63.34735.34054.33394.32754.32134
64.36133.35448.34783.34138.33512
65.37562.36873.36204.35554.34924
66.39019.38327.37655.37002.36367
67.40502.39809.39134.38479.37841
68.42011.41317.40642.39985.39345
69.43547.42854.42179.41522.40882
70.45112.44421.43748.43091.42451
71.46711.46023.45352.44698.44059
72.48342.47659.46992.46341.45705
73.49998.49321.48660.48014.47382
74.51663.50994.50339.49699.49073
75.53322.52661.52014.51381.50762
76.54967.54315.53678.53053.52440
77.56595.55954.55326.54710.54106
78.58209.57579.56961.56355.55761
79.59814.59196.58590.57995.57410
80.61415.60810.60217.59633.59060
81.63001.62410.61830.61260.60699
82.64561.63985.63419.62862.62314
83.66095.65535.64983.64441.63907
84.67612.67068.66533.66005.65486
85.69116.68589.68070.67559.67055
86.70573.70063.69561.69066.68578
87.71939.71446.70961.70481.70009
88.73211.72735.72265.71801.71343
89.74417.73956.73501.73053.72609
90.75590.75146.74707.74273.73845
91.76724.76296.75873.75454.75041
92.77781.77368.76960.76556.76158
93.78740.78342.77948.77558.77173
94.79596.79210.78829.78452.78079
95.80341.79967.79597.79231.78869
96.80967.80603.80242.79885.79532
97.81526.81170.80818.80470.80125
98.82013.81665.81320.80979.80641
99.82470.82129.81791.81456.81125
100.82924.82590.82258.81930.81605
101.83322.82993.82667.82344.82024
102.83751.83428.83108.82791.82477
103.84301.83986.83674.83365.83058
104.84826.84518.84213.83910.83610
105.85623.85327.85033.84741.84452
106.86915.86641.86369.86098.85829
107.88718.88476.88236.87997.87759
108.91571.91385.91201.91017.90834
109.96211.96125.96041.95956.95872

Table G

Table G—Single Life, Unisex—Table Showing the Present Worth of the Remainder Interest in Property Transferred to a Pooled Income Fund Having the Yearly Rate of Return Shown—Applicable for Transfers After November 30, 1983, and Before May 1, 1989

(1) Age(2) Yearly rate of return
9.2%9.4%9.6%9.8%10.0%
0.02987.02938.02893.02851.02812
1.01192.01141.01094.01051.01012
2.01173.01119.01070.01025.00983
3.01192.01136.01084.01036.00992
4.01229.01170.01116.01066.01019
5.01283.01221.01164.01111.01062
6.01350.01284.01224.01168.01116
7.01425.01356.01292.01233.01178
8.01512.01439.01372.01309.01252
9.01612.01535.01464.01398.01337
10.01724.01644.01569.01499.01435
11.01851.01766.01688.01615.01547
12.01991.01902.01819.01742.01671
13.02139.02045.01958.01877.01802
14.02288.02190.02098.02013.01934
15.02435.02331.02235.02146.02063
16.02575.02466.02366.02272.02185
17.02709.02595.02490.02391.02300
18.02839.02721.02610.02507.02410
19.02971.02846.02730.02621.02520
20.03108.02977.02855.02741.02635
21.03251.03114.02986.02866.02755
22.03402.03258.03123.02998.02880
23.03562.03410.03269.03137.03014
24.03735.03577.03428.03290.03159
25.03927.03761.03605.03459.03322
26.04141.03966.03803.03649.03505
27.04377.04194.04023.03861.03710
28.04639.04447.04267.04098.03938
29.04922.04721.04532.04354.04187
30.05228.05017.04819.04633.04457
31.05554.05334.05126.04930.04746
32.05904.05674.05456.05251.05058
33.06279.06038.05810.05595.05392
34.06677.06435.06187.05962.05750
35.07102.06839.06590.06355.06132
36.07553.07278.07019.06773.06540
37.08030.07745.07474.07217.06974
38.08534.08237.07955.07687.07433
39.09065.08755.08462.08182.07917
40.09624.09302.08996.08706.08429
41.10212.09878.09560.09258.08970
42.10833.10486.10156.09842.09543
43.11484.11125.10783.10456.10145
44.12167.11795.11441.11102.10779
45.12880.12495.12128.11777.11442
46.13625.13227.12847.12484.12137
47.14402.13991.13599.13223.12863
48.15214.14791.14385.13997.13626
49.16060.15625.15207.14806.14422
50.16944.16496.16065.15653.15257
51.17862.17401.16959.16534.16126
52.18816.18343.17888.17451.17031
53.19805.19320.18853.18404.17972
54.20825.20328.19850.19390.18946
55.21878.21370.20881.20409.19954
56.22963.22443.21943.21460.20994
57.24081.23551.23040.22546.22069
58.25231.24691.24170.23665.23178
59.26418.25868.25336.24822.24325
60.27640.27081.26540.26016.25509
61.28899.28332.27782.27249.26733
62.30197.29622.29064.28523.27998
63.31533.30950.30385.29836.29304
64.32905.32316.31743.31188.30648
65.34311.33716.33138.32576.32030
66.35751.35151.34568.34001.33449
67.37221.36618.36030.35459.34902
68.38723.38116.37526.36950.36390
69.40257.39649.39056.38478.37914
70.41826.41217.40623.40043.39478
71.43435.42827.42233.41652.41086
72.45084.44478.43885.43305.42739
73.46765.46161.45571.44994.44429
74.48460.47861.47274.46700.46138
75.50155.49561.48979.48409.47851
76.51841.51253.50677.50112.49559
77.53514.52934.52364.51806.51258
78.55177.54605.54043.53492.52951
79.56837.56273.55720.55177.54643
80.58497.57944.57401.56866.56341
81.60148.59606.59073.58548.58033
82.61775.61245.60723.60210.59705
83.63381.62863.62354.61852.61358
84.64974.64470.63973.63484.63002
85.66558.66068.65586.65110.64641
86.68096.67622.67154.66692.66236
87.69542.69082.68628.68180.67738
88.70891.70445.70005.69570.69141
89.72172.71739.71312.70891.70474
90.73422.73004.72591.72182.71779
91.74632.74229.73829.73435.73045
92.75763.75373.74988.74606.74229
93.76791.76414.76042.75673.75308
94.77710.77345.76983.76626.76272
95.78510.78155.77804.77457.77113
96.79183.78837.78494.78155.77819
97.79783.79445.79110.78779.78450
98.80306.79975.79647.79322.79000
99.80797.80471.80149.79830.79514
100.81283.80964.80648.80335.80025
101.81708.81394.81082.80774.80468
102.82165.81856.81550.81247.80946
103.82754.82452.82153.81857.81563
104.83312.83017.82723.82433.82144
105.84165.83880.83597.83316.83038
106.85562.85297.85034.84772.84512
107.87523.87288.87054.86822.86591
108.90652.90471.90291.90111.89932
109.95788.95704.95620.95537.95455

Table G

Table G—Single Life, Unisex—Table Showing the Present Worth of the Remainder Interest in Property Transferred to a Pooled Income Fund Having the Yearly Rate of Return Shown—Applicable for Transfers After November 30, 1983, and Before May 1, 1989

(1) Age (2) Yearly rate of return
10.2% 10.4% 10.6% 10.8% 11.0%
0.02776.02743.02712.02682.02655
1.00975.00941.00909.00880.00852
2.00945.00909.00875.00844.00816
3.00952.00914.00879.00846.00815
4.00976.00936.00899.00865.00832
5.01016.00974.00935.00898.00864
6.01068.01023.00981.00943.00907
7.01128.01080.01036.00995.00957
8.01198.01148.01101.01058.01017
9.01281.01228.01179.01133.01090
10.01375.01319.01267.01219.01173
11.01483.01425.01370.01318.01270
12.01604.01542.01484.01430.01379
13.01732.01666.01605.01548.01494
14.01860.01792.01727.01667.01610
15.01986.01913.01845.01782.01723
16.02103.02027.01956.01889.01827
17.02214.02134.02059.01989.01923
18.02320.02236.02157.02084.02014
19.02426.02337.02254.02177.02104
20.02536.02442.02355.02273.02197
21.02650.02552.02460.02374.02293
22.02770.02667.02570.02479.02394
23.02898.02789.02687.02591.02501
24.03037.02923.02815.02714.02619
25.03194.03073.02960.02853.02752
26.03370.03243.03123.03010.02904
27.03568.03434.03307.03188.03076
28.03789.03647.03514.03389.03271
29.04029.03880.03740.03608.03483
30.04291.04135.03987.03848.03716
31.04572.04407.04252.04105.03966
32.04875.04702.04538.04384.04237
33.05200.05019.04847.04684.04530
34.05548.05358.05177.05006.04843
35.05921.05722.05532.05352.05181
36.06319.06110.05911.05722.05543
37.06743.06524.06315.06117.05929
38.07191.06962.06744.06536.06338
39.07665.074425.07197.06980.06773
40.08166.07916.07677.07450.07233
41.08696.08434.08185.07947.07721
42.09257.08985.08725.08477.08239
43.09848.09564.09293.09034.08787
44.10470.10175.09893.09623.09365
45.11121.10815.10522.10241.09972
46.11805.11486.11182.10890.10610
47.12519.12189.11873.11569.11279
48.13269.12927.12600.12285.11983
49.14054.13600.13361.13035.12721
50.14876.14511.14160.13822.13497
51.15734.15356.14994.14645.14309
52.16627.16238.15864.15504.15156
53.17557.17156.16770.16399.16040
54.18519.18107.17710.17327.16957
55.19515.19092.18684.18290.17909
56.20544.20110.19691.19286.18894
57.21609.21164.20734.20318.19916
58.22707.22252.21811.21385.20972
59.23844.23378.22928.22491.22068
60.25018.24543.24082.23636.23203
61.26233.25749.25279.24823.24381
62.27490.26996.26517.26052.25601
63.28787.28286.27798.27325.26865
64.30124.29615.29120.28639.28171
65.31500.30983.30481.29993.29517
66.32912.32390.31881.31386.30904
67.34360.33832.33318.32817.32328
68.35843.35311.34791.34285.33791
69.37365.36828.36305.35794.35296
70.38925.38386.37860.37346.36844
71.40532.39991.39463.38946.38442
72.42185.41644.41115.40597.40091
73.43876.43336.42807.42289.41782
74.45588.45050.44522.44005.43499
75.47304.46769.46244.45729.45225
76.49016.48485.47963.47451.46949
77.50721.50193.49676.49168.48670
78.52419.51898.51385.50882.50388
79.54119.53604.53097.52600.52111
80.55825.55318.54819.54328.53846
81.57526.57027.56536.56053.55578
82.59208.58718.58236.57762.57295
83.60871.60392.59920.59455.58997
84.62527.62059.61597.61143.60695
85.64179.63723.63273.62830.62393
86.65787.65344.64907.64475.64050
87.67302.66871.66446.66026.65612
88.68717.68298.67885.67477.67074
89.70063.69656.69255.68858.68466
90.71380.70986.70597.70212.69831
91.72659.72278.71901.71528.71160
92.73856.73488.73123.72762.72405
93.74947.74590.74236.73887.73541
94.75922.75575.75233.74893.74557
95.76773.76436.76102.75772.75445
96.77487.77158.76832.76510.76190
97.78125.77803.77485.77169.76856
98.78681.78365.78052.77742.77435
99.79201.78891.78583.78279.77977
100.79717.79412.79111.78811.78515
101.80165.79865.79568.79273.78981
102.80648.80353.80060.79769.79481
103.81271.80982.80695.80411.80129
104.81858.81574.81292.81013.80736
105.83761.82487.82214.81943.81675
106.84254.83998.83743.83490.83238
107.86362.86133.85906.85681.85456
108.89755.89577.89401.89226.89051
109.95372.95290.95208.95126.95045

Table G

Table G—Single Life, Unisex—Table Showing the Present Worth of the Remainder Interest in Property Transferred to a Pooled Income Fund Having the Yearly Rate of Return Shown—Applicable for Transfers After November 30, 1983, and Before May 1, 1989

(1) Age(2) Yearly rate of return
11.2%11.4%11.6%11.8%12.0%
0.02630.02606.02583.02562.02542
1.00827.00803.00780.00759.00739
2.00789.00763.00740.00718.00697
3.00787.00760.00736.00712.00690
4.00802.00774.00748.00723.00700
5.00832.00802.00774.00748.00724
6.00873.00841.00812.00784.00758
7.00921.00888.00856.00827.00799
8.00979.00944.00910.00879.00850
9.01049.01012.00976.00943.00912
10.01131.01091.01053.01018.00985
11.01225.01183.01143.01106.01070
12.01331.01286.01244.01205.01168
13.01444.01397.01352.01311.01271
14.01558.01508.01461.01417.01375
15.01667.01614.01565.01519.01475
16.01768.01713.01661.01612.01566
17.01862.01803.01749.01697.01649
18.01949.01888.01831.01776.01725
19.02035.01971.01910.01853.01799
20.02124.02056.01992.01932.01875
21.02217.02145.02078.02014.01954
22.02313.02238.02166.02099.02035
23.02416.02336.02261.02190.02122
24.02529.02445.02365.02290.02218
25.02657.02568.02484.02404.02328
26.02804.02710.02620.02536.02456
27.02970.02870.02776.02686.02601
28.03159.03053.02953.02858.02768
29.03365.03253.03147.03047.02951
30.03591.03473.03361.03255.03154
31.03834.03709.03591.03478.03372
32.04098.03966.03841.03722.03610
33.04383.04244.04112.03987.03867
34.04689.04543.04403.04271.04145
35.05019.04865.04718.04578.04445
36.05372.05210.05055.04907.04767
37.05749.05578.05416.05260.05112
38.06150.05970.05799.05636.05480
39.06575.06387.06207.06035.05871
40.07026.06828.06639.06459.06286
41.07504.07297.07099.06909.06728
42.08013.07796.07589.07390.07200
43.08550.08323.08106.07898.07699
44.09118.08881.08654.08437.08228
45.09714.09467.09230.09003.08784
46.10341.10084.09837.09599.09371
47.10999.10731.10473.10226.09988
48.11693.11414.11145.10888.10639
49.12420.12130.11852.11583.11325
50.13185.12884.12595.12316.12047
51.13985.13674.13373.13084.12805
52.14822.14499.14188.13888.13598
53.15695.15361.15039.14729.14428
54.16601.16256.15924.15602.15292
55.17542.17186.16843.16511.16190
56.18516.18150.17796.17454.17122
57.19527.19150.18786.18433.18091
58.20573.20186.19811.19448.19096
59.21659.21262.20877.20504.20142
60.22784.22377.21982.21599.21227
61.23952.23535.23131.22738.22357
62.25163.24737.24324.23922.23531
63.26418.25984.25561.25151.24751
64.27716.27273.26842.26423.26015
65.29054.28604.28165.27738.27322
66.30434.29976.29530.29096.28672
67.31852.31388.30935.30494.30063
68.33310.32840.32381.31933.31496
69.34809.34334.33870.33417.32975
70.36353.35874.35405.34948.34500
71.37948.37466.36994.36532.36081
72.39595.39111.38636.38172.37718
73.41286.40801.40325.39859.39403
74.43004.42518.42042.41575.41118
75.44730.44245.43770.43304.42846
76.46457.45974.45500.45035.44579
77.48181.47700.47229.46766.46311
78.49903.49426.48958.48497.48045
79.51631.51159.50694.50238.49789
80.53371.52905.52446.51994.51550
81.55110.54650.54197.53752.53313
82.56835.56382.55937.55497.55065
83.58546.58101.57663.57231.56806
84.60253.59817.59388.58965.58547
85.61961.61536.61116.60703.60294
86.63630.63215.62806.62402.62004
87.65203.64800.64401.64007.63619
88.66676.66282.65894.65510.65131
89.68079.67696.67318.66944.66574
90.69455.69084.68716.68353.67993
91.70795.70435.70078.69726.69377
92.72052.71703.71357.71015.70677
93.73198.72860.72524.72192.71864
94.74225.73896.73570.73248.72928
95.75121.74801.74483.74169.73858
96.75874.75561.75250.74943.74639
97.76546.76240.75936.75635.75336
98.77131.76830.76531.76235.75942
99.77678.77382.77088.76798.76509
100.78221.77930.77642.77356.77072
101.78691.78404.78119.77837.77557
102.79196.78912.78632.78353.78077
103.79849.79572.79297.79024.78753
104.80460.80188.79917.79648.79381
105.81408.81143.80881.80620.80361
106.82989.82740.82494.82249.82006
107.85233.85012.84791.84572.84353
108.88877.88704.88532.88361.88190
109.94964.94883.94803.94723.94643

Table G

Table G—Single Life, Unisex—Table Showing the Present Worth of the Remainder Interest in Property Transferred to a Pooled Income Fund Having the Yearly Rate of Return Shown—Applicable for Transfers After November 30, 1983, and Before May 1, 1989

(1) Age(2) Yearly rate of return
12.2%12.4%12.6%12.8%13.0%
0.02523.02505.02488.02472.02456
1.00721.00703.00687.00671.00657
2.00678.00659.00642.00626.00610
3.00670.00650.00632.00615.00599
4.00678.00658.00638.00620.00603
5.00701.00679.00658.00639.00620
6.00733.00710.00688.00668.00648
7.00733.00748.00725.00703.00682
8.00822.00796.00771.00748.00726
9.00882.00854.00828.00803.00780
10.00953.00924.00896.00869.00844
11.01037.01006.00976.00948.00922
12.01132.01099.01068.01038.01010
13.01234.01199.01166.01134.01104
14.01336.01299.01264.01231.01199
15.01434.01395.01358.01323.01289
16.01522.01481.01442.01405.01371
17.01603.01559.01518.01480.01443
18.01677.01631.01588.01547.01508
19.01748.01700.01654.01611.01570
20.01821.01770.01722.01677.01633
21.01897.01843.01792.01744.01698
22.01975.01918.01864.01813.01765
23.02059.01998.01941.01887.01836
24.02151.02087.02027.01970.01915
25.02257.02189.02125.02064.02006
26.02380.02308.02240.02175.02114
27.02521.02445.02373.02304.02239
28.02683.02602.02525.02452.02383
29.02861.02775.02694.02616.02543
30.03058.02967.02881.02798.02720
31.03270.03174.03082.02995.02911
32.03502.03400.03303.03210.03122
33.03754.03646.03543.03444.03350
34.04025.03910.03801.03697.03597
35.04318.04197.04081.03971.03865
36.04633.04505.04383.04266.04154
37.04971.04836.04707.04583.04465
38.05331.05188.05052.04922.04797
39.05714.05564.05420.05282.05150
40.06121.05963.05812.05667.05528
41.06554.06388.06229.06076.05929
42.07018.06843.06675.06514.06360
43.07508.07324.07148.06979.06817
44.08028.07325.07651.07473.07303
45.08575.08373.08180.07993.07814
46.09152.08941.08738.08543.08355
47.09759.09539.09326.09122.08926
48.10401.10171.09949.09735.09530
49.11076.10836.10605.10382.10167
50.11788.11538.11297.11065.10840
51.12535.12276.12025.11782.11548
52.13319.13049.12788.12536.12292
53.14139.13858.13588.13326.13072
54.14992.14701.14420.14149.13885
55.15880.15579.15288.15006.14733
56.16801.16491.16190.15898.15615
57.17760.17439.17128.16827.16534
58.18755.18424.18103.17792.17489
59.19790.19450.19119.18798.18486
60.20866.20516.20175.19844.19523
61.21986.21626.21276.20936.20605
62.23151.22782.22423.22073.21733
63.24362.23984.23616.23257.22908
64.25617.25231.24854.24487.24129
65.26917.26522.26137.25761.25395
66.28259.27857.27464.27081.26707
67.29643.29233.28833.28443.38061
68.31070.30653.30246.29849.29461
69.32542.32120.31707.31303.30908
70.34063.33635.33217.32807.32407
71.35639.35207.34784.34370.33965
72.37273.36837.36410.35993.35583
73.38955.38517.38088.37667.37255
74.40670.40230.39799.39377.38962
75.42398.41958.41526.41102.40686
76.44131.43691.43259.42825.42419
77.45864.45425.44994.44571.44155
78.47601.47164.46734.46312.45897
79.49348.48914.48487.48067.47654
80.51112.50682.50259.49842.49432
81.52881.52455.52036.51624.51218
82.54639.54219.53805.53398.52996
83.56386.55973.55566.55164.54768
84.58136.57730.57329.56934.56545
85.59891.59494.59102.58715.58333
86.61610.61222.60839.60460.60086
87.62335.62856.62481.62111.61746
88.64757.64386.64021.63659.63302
89.66209.65848.65491.65139.64790
90.67638.67287.66939.66596.66256
91.69032.68691.68353.68019.67689
92.70342.70011.69683.69359.69038
93.71539.71217.70899.70584.70271
94.72612.72299.71989.71683.71379
95.73550.43245.72943.72643.72347
96.74337.74039.73743.73450.73160
97.75041.74748.74458.74171.73886
98.74652.75364.75079.74797.74517
99.76224.75941.75660.75382.75106
100.76791.76513.76237.75963.75692
101.77280.77005.76732.67462.76194
102.77804.77532.77263.76996.76732
103.78485.78218.77954.77692.77432
104.79117.78854.78594.78335.78078
105.80103.79848.78595.79343.79093
106.81764.81524.81285.81048.80813
107.84137.93921.83706.83493.83281
108.88020.87851.87682.87515.87348
109.94563.94484.94405.94326.94248

Table G

Table G—Single Life, Unisex—Table Showing the Present Worth of the Remainder Interest in Property Transferred to a Pooled Income Fund Having the Yearly Rate of Return Shown—Applicable for Transfers After November 30, 1983, and Before May 1, 1989

(1) Age(2) Yearly rate of return
13.2%13.4%13.6%13.8%14.0%
0.02442.02428.02414.02402.02389
1.00643.00629.00617.00605.00594
2.00596.00582.00569.00556.00544
3.00583.00569.00555.00542.00529
4.00586.00571.00556.00542.00529
5.00603.00587.00571.00556.00542
6.00630.00612.00595.00580.00565
7.00663.00644.00626.00610.00594
8.00705.00685.00666.00648.00631
9.00757.00736.00716.00697.00679
10.00821.00798.00777.00756.00737
11.00896.00872.00850.00828.00807
12.00983.00958.00934.00911.00889
13.01076.01049.01024.00999.00976
14.01170.01141.01114.01088.01064
15.01258.01228.01200.01172.01147
16.01337.01306.01276.01247.01220
17.01408.01375.01343.01313.01284
18.01471.01436.01403.01371.01341
19.01531.01494.01459.01426.01394
20.01592.01553.01516.01481.01447
21.01655.01614.01574.01537.01502
22.01719.01675.01634.01594.01557
23.01787.01741.01697.01655.01615
24.01863.01814.01768.01723.01681
25.01952.01899.01850.01802.01757
26.02056.02000.01947.01897.01849
27.02177.02118.02061.02008.01956
28.02317.02254.02194.02137.02082
29.02472.02405.02342.02281.02223
30.02645.02574.02506.02441.02379
31.02832.02756.02684.02615.02549
32.03037.02957.02880.02806.02736
33.03261.03175.03093.03015.02940
34.03502.03411.03324.03241.03162
35.03764.03668.03576.03488.03403
36.04048.03945.03847.03754.03664
37.04352.04244.04140.04040.03945
38.04677.04563.04453.04347.04246
39.05024.04903.04787.04675.04568
40.05394.05266.05143.05025.04912
41.05789.05653.05524.05399.05279
42.06212.06069.05932.05800.05674
43.06661.06511.06366.06227.06093
44.07138.06980.06828.06682.06541
45.07642.07476.07316.07162.07013
46.08174.08000.07832.07670.07514
47.08736.08553.08377.08207.08042
48.09331.09140.08955.08776.08604
49.09959.09759.09565.09378.09198
50.10624.10414.10212.10016.09827
51.11322.11104.10892.10688.10490
52.12057.11829.11608.11395.11188
53.12827.12590.12360.12138.11922
54.13631.13384.13145.12913.12689
55.14469.14213.13964.13724.13490
56.15341.15075.14817.14567.14324
57.16250.15975.15708.15448.15196
58.17196.16911.16634.16365.16104
59.18183.17888.17602.17324.17053
60.19210.18906.18611.18323.18043
61.20283.19970.19665.19368.19079
62.21402.21079.20766.20460.20162
63.22568.22237.21914.21600.21293
64.23780.23440.23109.22786.22471
65.25038.24690.24350.24019.23695
66.26342.25986.25638.25298.24967
67.27689.27325.26970.26623.26284
68.29081.28711.28248.27994.27647
69.30523.30145.29776.29415.29062
70.32015.31632.31257.30890.30530
71.33568.33179.32799.32426.32061
72.35182.34789.34404.34027.33657
73.36851.36455.36066.35685.35311
74.38555.38156.37765.37381.37004
75.40278.39877.39484.39098.38710
76.42010.41608.41213.40826.40445
77.43746.43344.42949.42561.42179
78.45489.45088.44693.44305.43923
79.47248.46848.46454.46067.45686
80.49028.48631.48240.47854.47475
82.50818.50423.50035.49653.59276
82.52600.52210.51826.51447.51074
83.54377.53992.53613.53238.52869
84.56160.55781.55407.55038.54674
85.57956.57584.57216.56854.56496
86.59717.59353.58993.58638.58287
87.61385.61028.60676.60328.59984
88.62950.62601.62256.61915.61578
89.64445.64104.63767.63434.63105
90.65920.65588.65259.64934.64612
91.67362.67039.66719.66402.66089
92.68720.68405.68094.67786.67481
93.69962.69657.69354.69054.68757
94.71078.70780.70485.70193.69903
95.72053.71763.71475.71189.70906
96.72872.72587.72305.72026.71748
97.73604.73325.73048.72773.72501
98.74239.73964.73692.73422.73154
99.74833.74562.74294.74028.73764
100.75423.75156.74892.74630.74370
101.75928.75664.75403.75144.74887
102.76469.76209.75950.75694.75440
103.77174.76918.76664.76413.76163
104.77824.77571.77320.77071.76824
105.78845.78599.78354.78111.77870
106.80579.80346.80115.79885.79657
107.83070.82860.82652.82444.82238
108.87182.87016.86852.86688.86525
109.94170.94092.94014.93937.93860

(e) Present value of the remainder interest in the case of transfers to pooled income funds for which the valuation date is after April 30, 1989, and before May 1, 1999—(1) In general. In the case of transfers to pooled income funds for which the valuation date is after April 30, 1989, and before May 1, 1999, the present value of a remainder interest is determined under this section. See, however, §1.7520-3(b) (relating to exceptions to the use of prescribed tables under certain circumstances). The present value of a remainder interest that is dependent on the termination of the life of one individual is computed by the use of Table S in paragraph (e)(5) of this section. For purposes of the computations under this section, the age of an individual is the age at the individual's nearest birthday. If the valuation date of a transfer to a pooled income fund is after April 30, 1989, and before June 10, 1994, a transferor can rely on Notice 89-24, 1989-1 C.B. 660, or Notice 89-60, 1989-1 C.B. 700, in valuing the transferred interest. (See §601.601(d)(2)(ii)(b) of this chapter.)

(2) Present value of a remainder interest. The present value of a remainder interest in property transferred to a pooled income fund is computed on the basis of—

(i) Life contingencies determined from the values of lx that are set forth in Table 80CNSMT in §20.2031-7A(e)(4) of this chapter (Estate Tax Regulations); and

(ii) Discount at a rate of interest, compounded annually, equal to the highest yearly rate of return of the pooled income fund for the 3 taxable years immediately preceding its taxable year in which the transfer of property to the fund is made. The provisions of §1.642(c)-6(c) apply for determining the yearly rate of return. However, where the taxable year is less than 12 months, the provisions of §1.642(c)-6(e)(3)(ii) apply for the determining the yearly rate of return.

(3) Pooled income funds in existence less than 3 taxable years. The provisions of §1.642(c)-6(e)(4) apply for determining the highest yearly rate of return when the pooled income fund has been in existence less than three taxable years.

(4) Computation of value of remainder interest. The factor that is used in determining the present value of a remainder interest that is dependent on the termination of the life of one individual is the factor from Table S in paragraph (e)(5) of this section under the appropriate yearly rate of return opposite the number that corresponds to the age of the individual upon whose life the value of the remainder interest is based. Table S in paragraph (e)(5) of this section includes factors for yearly rates of return from 4.2 to 14 percent. Many actuarial factors not contained in Table S in paragraph (e)(5) of this section are contained in Table S in Internal Revenue Service Publication 1457, “Actuarial Values, Alpha Volume,” (8-89). Publication 1457 is no longer available for purchase from the Superintendent of Documents, United States Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. However, pertinent factors in this publication may be obtained by a written request to: CC:DOM:CORP:R (IRS Publication 1457), room 5226, Internal Revenue Service, POB 7604, Ben Franklin Station, Washington, DC 20044. For other situations, see §1.642(c)-6(b). If the yearly rate of return is a percentage that is between the yearly rates of return for which factors are provided, a linear interpolation must be made. The present value of the remainder interest is determined by multiplying the fair market value of the property on the valuation date by the appropriate remainder factor. For an example of a computation of the present value of a remainder interest requiring a linear interpolation adjustment, see §1.642(c)-6(e)(5).

(5) Actuarial tables. In the case of transfers for which the valuation date is after April 30, 1989, and before May 1, 1999, the present value of a remainder interest dependent on the termination of one life in the case of a transfer to a pooled income fund is determined by use of the following tables:

Table S—Based on Life Table 80CNSMT Single Life Remainder Factors

[Applicable After April 30, 1989, and Before May 1, 1999]

AgeInterest rate
4.2%4.4%4.6%4.8%5.0%5.2%5.4%5.6%5.8%6.0%
0.07389.06749.06188.05695.05261.04879.04541.04243.03978.03744
1.06494.05832.05250.04738.04287.03889.03537.03226.02950.02705
2.06678.05999.05401.04874.04410.03999.03636.03314.03028.02773
3.06897.06200.05587.05045.04567.04143.03768.03435.03139.02875
4.07139.06425.05796.05239.04746.04310.03922.03578.03271.02998
5.07401.06669.06023.05451.04944.04494.04094.03738.03421.03137
6.07677.06928.06265.05677.05156.04692.04279.03911.03583.03289
7.07968.07201.06521.05918.05381.04903.04477.04097.03757.03453
8.08274.07489.06792.06172.05621.05129.04689.04297.03945.03630
9.08597.07794.07079.06443.05876.05370.04917.04511.04148.03821
10.08936.08115.07383.06730.06147.05626.05159.04741.04365.04027
11.09293.08453.07704.07035.06436.05900.05419.04988.04599.04250
12.09666.08807.08040.07354.06739.06188.05693.05248.04847.04486
13.10049.09172.08387.07684.07053.06487.05977.05518.05104.04731
14.10437.09541.08738.08017.07370.06788.06263.05791.05364.04978
15.10827.09912.09090.08352.07688.07090.06551.06064.05623.05225
16.11220.10285.09445.08689.08008.07394.06839.06337.05883.05472
17.11615.10661.09802.09028.08330.07699.07129.06612.06144.05719
18.12017.11043.10165.09373.08656.08009.07422.06890.06408.05969
19.12428.11434.10537.09726.08992.08327.07724.07177.06679.06226
20.12850.11836.10919.10089.09337.08654.08035.07471.06959.06492
21.13282.12248.11311.10462.09692.08991.08355.07775.07247.06765
22.13728.12673.11717.10848.10059.09341.08686.08090.07546.07049
23.14188.13113.12136.11248.10440.09703.09032.08418.07858.07345
24.14667.13572.12575.11667.10839.10084.09395.08764.08187.07659
25.15167.14051.13034.12106.11259.10486.09778.09130.08536.07991
26.15690.14554.13517.12569.11703.10910.10184.09518.08907.08346
27.16237.15081.14024.13056.12171.11359.10614.09930.09302.08724
28.16808.15632.14555.13567.12662.11831.11068.10366.09720.09125
29.17404.16208.15110.14104.13179.12329.11547.10827.10163.09551
30.18025.16808.15692.14665.13721.12852.12051.11313.10631.10002
31.18672.17436.16300.15255.14291.13403.12584.11827.11127.10480
32.19344.18090.16935.15870.14888.13980.13142.12367.11650.10985
33.20044.18772.17598.16514.15513.14587.13730.12936.12201.11519
34.20770.19480.18287.17185.16165.15221.14345.13533.12780.12080
35.21522.20215.19005.17884.16846.15883.14989.14159.13388.12670
36.22299.20974.19747.18609.17552.16571.15660.14812.14022.13287
37.23101.21760.20516.19360.18286.17288.16358.15492.14685.13933
38.23928.22572.21311.20139.19048.18032.17085.16201.15377.14607
39.24780.23409.22133.20945.19837.18804.17840.16939.16097.15310
40.25658.24273.22982.21778.20654.19605.18624.17706.16847.16043
41.26560.25163.23858.22639.21499.20434.19436.18502.17627.16806
42.27486.26076.24758.23525.22370.21289.20276.19326.18434.17597
43.28435.27013.25683.24436.23268.22172.21143.20177.19270.18416
44.29407.27975.26633.25373.24191.23081.22038.21057.20134.19265
45.30402.28961.27608.26337.25142.24019.22962.21966.21028.20144
46.31420.29970.28608.27326.26120.24983.23913.22904.21951.21053
47.32460.31004.29632.28341.27123.25975.24892.23870.22904.21991
48.33521.32058.30679.29379.28151.26992.25897.24862.23883.22957
49.34599.33132.31746.30438.29201.28032.26926.25879.24888.23949
50.35695.34224.32833.31518.30273.29094.27978.26921.25918.24966
51.36809.35335.33940.32619.31367.30180.29055.27987.26973.26010
52.37944.36468.35070.33744.32486.31292.30158.29081.28057.27083
53.39098.37622.36222.34892.33629.32429.31288.30203.29170.28186
54.40269.38794.37393.36062.34795.33590.32442.31349.30308.29316
55.41457.39985.38585.37252.35983.34774.33621.32522.31474.30473
56.42662.41194.39796.38464.37193.35981.34824.33720.32666.31658
57.43884.42422.41028.39697.38426.37213.36053.34945.33885.32872
58.45123.43668.42279.40951.39682.38468.37307.36196.35132.34114
59.46377.44931.43547.42224.40958.39745.38584.37471.36405.35383
60.47643.46206.44830.43513.42250.41040.39880.38767.37699.36674
61.48916.47491.46124.44814.43556.42350.41192.40080.39012.37985
62.50196.48783.47427.46124.44874.43672.42518.41408.40340.39314
63.51480.50081.48736.47444.46201.45006.43856.42749.41684.40658
64.52770.51386.50054.48773.47540.46352.45208.44105.43043.42019
65.54069.52701.51384.50115.48892.47713.46577.45480.44422.43401
66.55378.54029.52727.51472.50262.49093.47965.46876.45824.44808
67.56697.55368.54084.52845.51648.50491.49373.48293.47248.46238
68.58026.56717.55453.54231.53049.51905.50800.49729.48694.47691
69.59358.58072.56828.55624.54459.53330.52238.51179.50154.49160
70.60689.59427.58205.57021.55874.54762.53683.52638.51624.50641
71.62014.60778.59578.58415.57287.56193.55131.54100.53099.52126
72.63334.62123.60948.59808.58700.57624.56579.55563.54577.53617
73.64648.63465.62315.61198.60112.59056.58029.57030.56059.55113
74.65961.64806.63682.62590.61527.60492.59485.58504.57550.56620
75.67274.66149.65054.63987.62948.61936.60950.59990.59053.58140
76.68589.67495.66429.65390.64377.63390.62427.61487.60570.59676
77.69903.68841.67806.66796.65811.64849.63910.62993.62097.61223
78.71209.70182.69179.68199.67242.66307.65393.64501.63628.62775
79.72500.71507.70537.69588.68660.67754.66867.65999.65151.64321
80.73768.72809.71872.70955.70058.69180.68320.67479.66655.65849
81.75001.74077.73173.72288.71422.70573.69741.68926.68128.67345
82.76195.75306.74435.73582.72746.71926.71123.70335.69562.68804
83.77346.76491.75654.74832.74026.73236.72460.71699.70952.70219
84.78456.77636.76831.76041.75265.74503.73756.73021.72300.71592
85.79530.78743.77971.77212.76466.75733.75014.74306.73611.72928
86.80560.79806.79065.78337.77621.76917.76225.75544.74875.74216
87.81535.80813.80103.79404.78717.78041.77375.76720.76076.75442
88.82462.81771.81090.80420.79760.79111.78472.77842.77223.76612
89.83356.82694.82043.81401.80769.80147.79533.78929.78334.77747
90.84225.83593.82971.82357.81753.81157.80570.79991.79420.78857
91.85058.84455.83861.83276.82698.82129.81567.81013.80466.79927
92.85838.85263.84696.84137.83585.83040.82503.81973.81449.80933
93.86557.86009.85467.84932.84405.83884.83370.82862.82360.81865
94.87212.86687.86169.85657.85152.84653.84160.83673.83192.82717
95.87801.87298.86801.86310.85825.85345.84872.84404.83941.83484
96.88322.87838.87360.86888.86420.85959.85502.85051.84605.84165
97.88795.88328.87867.87411.86961.86515.86074.85639.85208.84782
98.89220.88769.88323.87883.87447.87016.86589.86167.85750.85337
99.89612.89176.88745.88318.87895.87478.87064.86656.86251.85850
100.89977.89555.89136.88722.88313.87908.87506.87109.86716.86327
101.90326.89917.89511.89110.88712.88318.87929.87543.87161.86783
102.90690.90294.89901.89513.89128.88746.88369.87995.87624.87257
103.91076.90694.90315.89940.89569.89200.88835.88474.88116.87760
104.91504.91138.90775.90415.90058.89704.89354.89006.88661.88319
105.92027.91681.91337.90996.90658.90322.89989.89659.89331.89006
106.92763.92445.92130.91816.91506.91197.90890.90586.90284.89983
107.93799.93523.93249.92977.92707.92438.92170.91905.91641.91378
108.95429.95223.95018.94814.94611.94409.94208.94008.93809.93611
109.97985.97893.97801.97710.97619.97529.97438.97348.97259.97170

Table S—Based on Life Table 80CNSMT Single Life Remainder Factors

[Applicable After April 30, 1989, and Before May 1, 1999]

AgeInterest rate
6.2%6.4%6.6%6.8%7.0%7.2%7.4%7.6%7.8%8.0%
0.03535.03349.03183.03035.02902.02783.02676.02579.02492.02413
1.02486.02292.02119.01963.01824.01699.01587.01486.01395.01312
2.02547.02345.02164.02002.01857.01727.01609.01504.01408.01321
3.02640.02429.02241.02073.01921.01785.01662.01552.01451.01361
4.02753.02535.02339.02163.02005.01863.01735.01619.01514.01418
5.02883.02656.02453.02269.02105.01956.01822.01700.01590.01490
6.03026.02790.02578.02387.02215.02060.01919.01792.01677.01572
7.03180.02935.02714.02515.02336.02174.02027.01894.01773.01664
8.03347.03092.02863.02656.02469.02300.02146.02007.01881.01766
9.03528.03263.03025.02810.02615.02438.02278.02133.02000.01880
10.03723.03449.03201.02977.02774.02590.02423.02271.02133.02006
11.03935.03650.03393.03160.02949.02757.02583.02424.02279.02147
12.04160.03865.03598.03356.03136.02936.02755.02589.02438.02299
13.04394.04088.03811.03560.03331.03123.02934.02761.02603.02458
14.04629.04312.04025.03764.03527.03311.03113.02933.02768.02617
15.04864.04536.04238.03968.03721.03496.03290.03103.02930.02773
16.05099.04759.04451.04170.03913.03679.03466.03270.03090.02926
17.05333.04982.04662.04370.04104.03861.03638.03434.03247.03075
18.05570.05207.04875.04573.04296.04044.03812.03599.03404.03225
19.05814.05438.05095.04781.04494.04231.03990.03769.03565.03378
20.06065.05677.05321.04996.04698.04424.04173.03943.03731.03535
21.06325.05922.05554.05217.04907.04623.04362.04122.03901.03697
22.06594.06178.05797.05447.05126.04831.04559.04309.04078.03865
23.06876.06446.06051.05688.05355.05048.04766.04505.04265.04042
24.07174.06729.06321.05945.05599.05281.04987.04715.04465.04233
25.07491.07031.06609.06219.05861.05530.05224.04941.04680.04438
26.07830.07355.06918.06515.06142.05799.05481.05187.04915.04662
27.08192.07702.07250.06832.06446.06090.05759.05454.05170.04906
28.08577.08071.07603.07171.06772.06402.06059.05740.05445.05170
29.08986.08464.07981.07534.07120.06736.06380.06049.05742.05456
30.09420.08882.08383.07921.07492.07095.06725.06381.06061.05763
31.09881.09327.08812.08335.07891.07479.07095.06738.06405.06095
32.10369.09797.09267.08774.08315.07888.07491.07120.06774.06451
33.10885.10297.09750.09241.08767.08325.07913.07529.07170.06834
34.11430.10824.10261.09736.09246.08790.08363.07964.07592.07243
35.12002.11380.10800.10259.09754.09282.08841.08428.08041.07679
36.12602.11963.11366.10809.10288.09800.09344.08917.08516.08140
37.13230.12574.11961.11387.10850.10347.09876.09433.09018.08628
38.13887.13214.12584.11994.11441.10922.10436.09978.09549.09145
39.14573.13883.13237.12630.12061.11527.11025.10553.10109.09690
40.15290.14583.13920.13297.12712.12162.11644.11157.10698.10266
41.16036.15312.14633.13994.13393.12827.12294.11792.11318.10871
42.16810.16071.15375.14720.14103.13522.12973.12456.11967.11505
43.17614.16858.16146.15475.14842.14245.13682.13149.12645.12169
44.18447.17675.16948.16261.15613.15000.14421.13873.13355.12864
45.19310.18524.17780.17078.16414.15787.15192.14630.14096.13591
46.20204.19402.18644.17926.17247.16604.15995.15418.14870.14350
47.21128.20311.19538.18806.18112.17454.16830.16238.15676.15141
48.22080.21249.20462.19716.19007.18335.17696.17090.16513.15964
49.23059.22214.21413.20653.19930.19244.18591.17970.17379.16816
50.24063.23206.22391.21617.20881.20180.19514.18879.18274.17697
51.25095.24225.23398.22610.21861.21147.20466.19818.19199.18609
52.26157.25275.24436.23636.22874.22147.21453.20791.20159.19556
53.27249.26357.25505.24694.23919.23180.22474.21799.21154.20537
54.28369.27466.26604.25782.24995.24244.23526.22839.22181.21552
55.29518.28605.27734.26900.26103.25341.24611.23912.23243.22601
56.30695.29774.28893.28050.27242.26469.25728.25019.24338.23685
57.31902.30973.30084.29232.28415.27632.26881.26161.25469.24805
58.33138.32203.31306.30446.29621.28829.28069.27339.26637.25962
59.34402.33461.32558.31691.30859.30059.29290.28550.27839.27155
60.35690.34745.33836.32963.32124.31317.30540.29792.29073.28379
61.36999.36050.35137.34259.33414.32601.31817.31062.30334.29633
62.38325.37374.36458.35576.34726.33907.33117.32356.31621.30912
63.39669.38717.37799.36913.36060.35236.34441.33674.32933.32217
64.41031.40078.39159.38272.37415.36588.35789.35016.34270.33548
65.42416.41464.40545.39656.38798.37968.37166.36390.35639.34912
66.43825.42876.41958.41070.40211.39380.38576.37797.37043.36312
67.45260.44315.43399.42513.41655.40824.40019.39238.38482.37749
68.46720.45779.44868.43985.43129.42299.41494.40713.39956.39221
69.48197.47263.46357.45478.44625.43798.42995.42215.41458.40722
70.49686.48760.47861.46988.46140.45316.44516.43738.42983.42248
71.51182.50265.49374.48508.47666.46847.46051.45276.44523.43790
72.52685.51778.50896.50038.49203.48390.47599.46829.46079.45349
73.54194.53298.52426.51578.50751.49946.49161.48397.47652.46926
74.55714.54832.53972.53134.52317.51520.50744.49986.49247.48527
75.57250.56382.55536.54710.53904.53118.52351.51601.50870.50156
76.58803.57951.57120.56308.55515.54740.53984.53245.52522.51817
77.60369.59535.58720.57923.57144.56383.55639.54912.54200.53504
78.61942.61126.60329.59549.58787.58040.57310.56596.55896.55212
79.63508.62713.61935.61174.60428.59698.58983.58283.57597.56925
80.65059.64285.63527.62785.62058.61345.60646.59961.59290.58632
81.66579.65827.65090.64368.63659.62965.62283.61615.60959.60316
82.68061.67332.66616.65914.65226.64550.63886.63235.62595.61968
83.69499.68793.68099.67418.66749.66092.65447.64813.64191.63579
84.70896.70213.69541.68881.68233.67595.66969.66353.65748.65153
85.72256.71596.70947.70308.69681.69063.68456.67859.67271.66693
86.73569.72931.72305.71688.71081.70484.69896.69318.68748.68188
87.74818.74204.73599.73003.72417.71839.71271.70711.70159.69616
88.76011.75419.74836.74261.73695.73137.72588.72046.71512.70986
89.77169.76599.76037.75484.74938.74400.73870.73347.72831.72323
90.78302.77755.77215.76683.76158.75640.75129.74625.74128.73638
91.79395.78870.78352.77842.77337.76840.76349.75864.75385.74913
92.80423.79920.79423.78933.78449.77971.77499.77033.76572.76118
93.81377.80894.80417.79946.79481.79022.78568.78120.77677.77239
94.82247.81784.81325.80873.80425.79983.79547.79115.78688.78266
95.83033.82586.82145.81709.81278.80852.80431.80014.79602.79195
96.83729.83298.82872.82451.82034.81622.81215.80812.80414.80019
97.84361.83944.83532.83124.82721.82322.81927.81537.81151.80769
98.84929.84525.84126.83730.83339.82952.82569.82190.81815.81443
99.85454.85062.84674.84290.83910.83534.83161.82792.82427.82066
100.85942.85561.85184.84810.84440.84074.83711.83352.82997.82644
101.86408.86037.85670.85306.84946.84589.84236.83886.83539.83196
102.86894.86534.86177.85823.85473.85126.84782.84442.84104.83770
103.87408.87060.86714.86371.86032.85695.85362.85031.84703.84378
104.87980.87644.87311.86980.86653.86328.86005.85686.85369.85054
105.88684.88363.88046.87731.87418.87108.86800.86494.86191.85890
106.89685.89389.89095.88804.88514.88226.87940.87656.87374.87094
107.91117.90858.90600.90344.90089.89836.89584.89334.89085.88838
108.93414.93217.93022.92828.92634.92442.92250.92060.91870.91681
109.97081.96992.96904.96816.96729.96642.96555.96468.96382.96296

Table S—Based on Life Table 80CNSMT Single Life Remainder Factors

[Applicable After April 30, 1989, and Before May 1, 1999]

Age Interest rate
8.2% 8.4% 8.6% 8.8% 9.0% 9.2% 9.4% 9.6% 9.8% 10.0%
0.02341.02276.02217.02163.02114.02069.02027.01989.01954.01922
1.01237.01170.01108.01052.01000.00953.00910.00871.00834.00801
2.01243.01172.01107.01048.00994.00944.00899.00857.00819.00784
3.01278.01203.01135.01073.01016.00964.00916.00872.00832.00795
4.01332.01253.01182.01116.01056.01001.00951.00904.00862.00822
5.01400.01317.01241.01172.01109.01051.00998.00949.00904.00862
6.01477.01390.01310.01238.01171.01110.01054.01002.00954.00910
7.01563.01472.01389.01312.01242.01178.01118.01064.01013.00966
8.01660.01564.01477.01396.01322.01254.01192.01134.01081.01031
9.01770.01669.01577.01492.01414.01342.01276.01216.01159.01107
10.01891.01785.01688.01599.01517.01442.01372.01308.01249.01194
11.02026.01915.01814.01720.01634.01555.01481.01414.01351.01293
12.02173.02056.01950.01852.01761.01678.01601.01529.01463.01402
13.02326.02204.02092.01989.01895.01807.01726.01651.01582.01517
14.02478.02351.02234.02126.02027.01935.01850.01771.01698.01630
15.02628.02495.02372.02259.02155.02058.01969.01886.01810.01738
16.02774.02635.02507.02388.02279.02178.02084.01997.01917.01842
17.02917.02772.02637.02513.02399.02293.02194.02103.02018.01940
18.03059.02907.02767.02637.02517.02406.02302.02207.02118.02035
19.03205.03046.02899.02763.02637.02521.02412.02312.02218.02131
20.03355.03188.03035.02892.02760.02638.02524.02419.02320.02229
21.03509.03334.03173.03024.02886.02758.02638.02527.02424.02328
22.03669.03487.03318.03162.03017.02882.02757.02640.02532.02430
23.03837.03646.03470.03306.03154.03013.02881.02759.02644.02538
24.04018.03819.03634.03463.03303.03155.03016.02888.02767.02655
25.04214.04006.03812.03633.03465.03309.03164.03029.02902.02784
26.04428.04210.04008.03820.03644.03481.03328.03186.03052.02928
27.04662.04434.04223.04025.03841.03670.03509.03360.03219.03088
28.04915.04677.04456.04249.04056.03876.03708.03550.03403.03264
29.05189.04941.04709.04493.04291.04102.03925.03760.03604.03458
30.05485.05226.04984.04757.04546.04348.04162.03988.03825.03671
31.05805.05535.05282.05045.04824.04616.04421.04238.04067.03905
32.06149.05867.05603.05356.05124.04906.04702.04510.04329.04160
33.06520.06226.05950.05692.05449.05221.05007.04806.04616.04438
34.06916.06609.06322.06052.05799.05560.05336.05125.04926.04738
35.07339.07020.06720.06439.06174.05925.05690.05469.05260.05063
36.07787.07455.07143.06850.06573.06313.06068.05836.05617.05411
37.08262.07917.07593.07287.06999.06727.06470.06228.05999.05783
38.08765.08407.08069.07751.07451.07167.06899.06646.06407.06180
39.09296.08925.08574.08243.07931.07635.07356.07092.06841.06604
40.09858.09472.09109.08765.08440.08132.07841.07565.07303.07055
41.10449.10050.09673.09316.08978.08658.08355.08067.07794.07535
42.11069.10656.10265.09895.09544.09212.08896.08596.08312.08041
43.11718.11291.10887.10503.10140.09794.09466.09154.08858.08576
44.12399.11958.11540.11143.10766.10407.10067.09743.09434.09141
45.13111.12656.12224.11814.11423.11052.10699.10362.10042.09736
46.13856.13387.12941.12516.12113.11728.11362.11013.10680.10363
47.14633.14150.13690.13252.12835.12438.12059.11697.11352.11022
48.15442.14945.14471.14020.13589.13179.12787.12412.12055.11713
49.16280.15769.15281.14816.14373.13949.13544.13157.12787.12433
50.17147.16622.16121.15643.15186.14749.14331.13931.13548.13182
51.18045.17507.16993.16501.16030.15580.15150.14737.14342.13963
52.18979.18427.17899.17394.16911.16448.16004.15579.15172.14780
53.19947.19383.18842.18324.17828.17352.16896.16458.16038.15635
54.20950.20372.19819.19288.18779.18291.17822.17372.16940.16524
55.21986.21397.20831.20288.19767.19266.18785.18322.17878.17450
56.23058.22457.21879.21324.20791.20278.19785.19310.18854.18414
57.24167.23554.22965.22399.21854.21329.20824.20338.19870.19419
58.25314.24690.24090.23512.22956.22420.21904.21407.20927.20464
59.26497.25863.25252.24664.24097.23550.23023.22515.22024.21551
60.27712.27068.26448.25849.25272.24716.24178.23659.23158.22674
61.28956.28304.27674.27067.26480.25913.25366.24837.24325.23831
62.30228.29567.28929.28312.27717.27141.26584.26045.25524.25020
63.31525.30857.30211.29586.28982.28397.27832.27284.26754.26240
64.32851.32176.31522.30890.30278.29685.29111.28555.28016.27493
65.34209.33528.32868.32229.31610.31010.30429.29865.29317.28787
66.35604.34918.34253.33609.32983.32377.31788.31217.30663.30124
67.37037.36347.35678.35028.34398.33786.33191.32614.32053.31508
68.38508.37815.37142.36489.35854.35237.34638.34055.33488.32937
69.40008.39313.38638.37982.37344.36724.36120.35533.34961.34405
70.41533.40838.40162.39504.38864.38241.37634.37043.36468.35907
71.43076.42382.41705.41047.40405.39780.39171.38578.38000.37436
72.44638.43945.43269.42611.41969.41344.40733.40138.39558.38991
73.46218.45527.44854.44197.43556.42931.42321.41725.41143.40575
74.47823.47137.46466.45812.45173.44549.43940.43345.42763.42195
75.49459.48777.48112.47462.46826.46205.45598.45004.44424.43856
76.51127.50452.49793.49148.48517.47900.47297.46706.46129.45563
77.52823.52157.51505.50867.50243.49632.49033.48447.47873.47311
78.54541.53885.53242.52613.51996.51392.50800.50220.49652.49094
79.56267.55621.54989.54369.53762.53166.52582.52009.51448.50897
80.57987.57354.56733.56125.55527.54941.54366.53802.53248.52705
81.59685.59065.58457.57860.57274.56699.56134.55579.55035.54499
82.61351.60746.60151.59567.58993.58429.57875.57331.56796.56270
83.62978.62387.61806.61236.60675.60123.59581.59047.58523.58007
84.64567.63992.63426.62869.62321.61783.61253.60731.60218.59713
85.66125.65565.65014.64472.63938.63413.62896.62387.61886.61392
86.67636.67092.66557.66030.65511.65000.64496.64000.63511.63030
87.69081.68554.68034.67522.67018.66520.66031.65548.65071.64602
88.70468.69957.69453.68956.68466.67983.67507.67037.66574.66117
89.71821.71326.70838.70357.69882.69414.68952.68495.68045.67601
90.73153.72676.72204.71739.71280.70827.70379.69938.69502.69071
91.74447.73986.73532.73083.72640.72202.71770.71343.70921.70504
92.75669.75225.74787.74354.73927.73504.73087.72674.72267.71864
93.76807.76379.75957.75540.75127.74719.74317.73918.73524.73135
94.77849.77437.77030.76627.76229.75835.75446.75061.74680.74303
95.78792.78394.78001.77611.77226.76845.76468.76096.75727.75362
96.79630.79244.78863.78485.78112.77742.77377.77015.76657.76303
97.80391.80016.79646.79280.78917.78559.78203.77852.77504.77160
98.81076.80712.80352.79996.79643.79294.78948.78606.78267.77931
99.81709.81354.81004.80657.80313.79972.79635.79302.78971.78644
100.82296.81950.81609.81270.80934.80602.80273.79947.79624.79304
101.82855.82518.82185.81854.81526.81201.80880.80561.80245.79932
102.83438.83110.82785.82462.82142.81826.81512.81200.80892.80586
103.84056.83737.83420.83106.82795.82487.82181.81878.81577.81279
104.84743.84433.84127.83822.83521.83221.82924.82630.82338.82048
105.85591.85295.85001.84709.84419.84132.83846.83563.83282.83003
106.86816.86540.86266.85993.85723.85454.85187.84922.84659.84397
107.88592.88348.88105.87863.87623.87384.87147.86911.86676.86443
108.91493.91306.91119.90934.90749.90566.90383.90201.90020.89840
109.96211.96125.96041.95956.95872.95788.95704.95620.95537.95455

Table S—Based on Life Table 80CNSMT Single Life Remainder Factors

[Applicable After April 30, 1989, Before May 1, 1999]

Age Interest rate
10.2% 10.4% 10.6% 10.8% 11.0% 11.2% 11.4% 11.6% 11.8% 12.0%
0.01891.01864.01838.01814.01791.01770.01750.01732.01715.01698
1.00770.00741.00715.00690.00667.00646.00626.00608.00590.00574
2.00751.00721.00693.00667.00643.00620.00600.00580.00562.00544
3.00760.00728.00699.00671.00646.00622.00600.00579.00560.00541
4.00786.00752.00721.00692.00665.00639.00616.00594.00573.00554
5.00824.00788.00755.00724.00695.00668.00643.00620.00598.00578
6.00869.00832.00796.00764.00733.00705.00678.00654.00630.00608
7.00923.00883.00846.00811.00779.00749.00720.00694.00669.00646
8.00986.00943.00904.00867.00833.00801.00771.00743.00716.00692
9.01059.01014.00972.00933.00897.00863.00831.00801.00773.00747
10.01142.01095.01051.01009.00971.00935.00901.00869.00840.00812
11.01239.01189.01142.01098.01057.01019.00983.00950.00918.00889
12.01345.01292.01243.01197.01154.01113.01075.01040.01007.00975
13.01457.01401.01349.01300.01255.01212.01172.01135.01100.01067
14.01567.01508.01453.01402.01354.01309.01267.01227.01190.01155
15.01672.01610.01552.01498.01448.01400.01356.01314.01275.01238
16.01772.01707.01646.01589.01536.01486.01439.01396.01354.01315
17.01866.01798.01734.01674.01618.01566.01516.01470.01427.01386
18.01958.01886.01818.01755.01697.01641.01590.01541.01495.01452
19.02050.01974.01903.01837.01775.01717.01662.01611.01563.01517
20.02143.02064.01989.01919.01854.01793.01735.01681.01630.01582
21.02238.02154.02075.02002.01933.01868.01807.01750.01696.01646
22.02336.02247.02164.02087.02014.01946.01882.01821.01764.01711
23.02438.02345.02257.02176.02099.02027.01959.01895.01835.01778
24.02550.02451.02359.02273.02192.02115.02044.01976.01913.01853
25.02673.02569.02472.02381.02295.02214.02138.02067.01999.01936
26.02811.02701.02598.02502.02411.02326.02246.02170.02098.02031
27.02965.02849.02741.02639.02543.02452.02367.02287.02211.02140
28.03134.03013.02898.02790.02689.02593.02503.02418.02338.02262
29.03322.03193.03072.02958.02851.02750.02654.02564.02479.02398
30.03527.03391.03264.03143.03030.02923.02821.02726.02635.02550
31.03753.03610.03475.03348.03228.03115.03008.02907.02811.02720
32.04000.03849.03707.03573.03446.03326.03213.03105.03004.02907
33.04269.04111.03961.03819.03685.03558.03438.03325.03217.03115
34.04561.04394.04236.04087.03946.03812.03685.03565.03451.03342
35.04877.04702.04535.04378.04229.04087.03953.03826.03706.03591
36.05215.05031.04856.04690.04533.04384.04242.04108.03980.03859
37.05578.05384.05200.05025.04860.04703.04553.04411.04276.04148
38.05965.05761.05568.05385.05211.05045.04888.04738.04595.04460
39.06379.06165.05962.05770.05587.05412.05247.05089.04939.04795
40.06820.06596.06383.06181.05989.05806.05631.05465.05307.05155
41.07288.07054.06832.06620.06418.06226.06042.05868.05701.05541
42.07784.07539.07306.07085.06873.06671.06479.06295.06119.05952
43.08308.08052.07808.07576.07355.07143.06941.06748.06564.06387
44.08861.08594.08340.08097.07865.07644.07432.07230.07036.06851
45.09445.09167.08901.08648.08406.08174.07953.07741.07538.07343
46.10060.09770.09494.09230.08977.08735.08503.08281.08068.07865
47.10707.10406.10119.09843.09579.09327.09085.08853.08630.08417
48.11386.11073.10774.10487.10213.09949.09697.09455.09222.08999
49.12094.11769.11458.11160.10874.10600.10337.10084.09842.09609
50.12831.12494.12172.11862.11565.11280.11006.10743.10490.10247
51.13600.13251.12917.12596.12288.11991.11706.11432.11169.10915
52.14405.14044.13698.13366.13046.12738.12442.12157.11883.11619
53.15247.14875.14517.14172.13841.13522.13215.12919.12635.12360
54.16124.15740.15370.15014.14671.14341.14023.13717.13421.13136
55.17039.16642.16261.15893.15539.15198.14868.14551.14244.13948
56.17991.17583.17190.16811.16445.16092.15752.15423.15106.14799
57.18984.18564.18160.17769.17392.17029.16677.16338.16010.15692
58.20018.19587.19172.18770.18382.18007.17645.17295.16956.16628
59.21093.20652.20225.19812.19414.19028.18655.18294.17945.17606
60.22206.21753.21316.20893.20483.20087.19703.19332.18972.18624
61.23353.22890.22442.22009.21589.21182.20788.20407.20037.19678
62.24532.24059.23601.23158.22728.22311.21907.21515.21135.20767
63.25742.25260.24793.24339.23900.23473.23060.22658.22268.21890
64.26987.26495.26019.25556.25107.24671.24248.23837.23438.23050
65.28271.27771.27286.26815.26357.25912.25480.25059.24651.24254
66.29601.29093.28600.28120.27654.27200.26760.26331.25913.25507
67.30978.30462.29961.29474.29000.28539.28090.27653.27227.26813
68.32401.31879.31371.30877.30396.29927.29471.29027.28593.28171
69.33863.33336.32822.32322.31835.31359.30896.30445.30005.29576
70.35361.34829.34310.33804.33311.32830.32361.31903.31457.31021
71.36886.36349.35826.35316.34818.34332.33858.33394.32942.32500
72.38439.37899.37373.36858.36356.35866.35387.34919.34461.34015
73.40021.39479.38950.38432.37927.37433.36950.36478.36016.35565
74.41639.41096.40565.40046.39538.39042.38556.38081.37616.37161
75.43301.42758.42226.41706.41198.40699.40212.39734.39267.38809
76.45009.44467.43937.43417.42908.42410.41921.41443.40974.40514
77.46761.46221.45693.45175.44667.44170.43682.43203.42734.42274
78.48548.48013.47488.46973.46468.45972.45486.45009.44541.44082
79.50356.49826.49306.48795.48294.47802.47319.46845.46379.45922
80.52171.51647.51133.50628.50132.49644.49166.48695.48233.47779
81.53974.53457.52950.52451.51961.51479.51006.50541.50083.49633
82.55753.55245.54745.54254.53771.53296.52828.52369.51917.51472
83.57500.57001.56510.56026.55551.55083.54623.54170.53724.53285
84.59216.58726.58245.57770.57304.56844.56391.55945.55506.55074
85.60906.60428.59956.59492.59034.58583.58139.57702.57270.56845
86.62555.62088.61627.61173.60725.60284.59849.59420.58997.58580
87.64139.63683.63233.62790.62352.61921.61495.61076.60661.60253
88.65666.65221.64783.64350.63923.63502.63086.62675.62270.61871
89.67163.66730.66304.65882.65466.65055.64650.64249.63854.63463
90.68646.68226.67812.67402.66998.66599.66204.65814.65430.65049
91.70093.69686.69285.68888.68496.68108.67725.67347.66973.66604
92.71466.71073.70684.70300.69920.69545.69173.68806.68444.68085
93.72750.72370.71994.71622.71254.70890.70530.70174.69822.69474
94.73931.73562.73198.72838.72481.72129.71780.71434.71093.70755
95.75001.74644.74291.73941.73595.73253.72914.72579.72247.71919
96.75953.75606.75262.74923.74586.74253.73924.73598.73275.72955
97.76819.76481.76147.75816.75489.75165.74844.74526.74211.73899
98.77599.77270.76944.76621.76302.75986.75672.75362.75054.74750
99.78319.77998.77680.77365.77053.76744.76437.76134.75833.75535
100.78987.78673.78362.78054.77748.77446.77146.76849.76555.76263
101.79622.79315.79010.78708.78409.78113.77819.77528.77239.76953
102.80283.79983.79685.79390.79097.78807.78519.78234.77951.77671
103.80983.80690.80399.80111.79825.79541.79260.78981.78705.78430
104.81760.81475.81192.80912.80633.80357.80083.79810.79541.79273
105.82726.82451.82178.81907.81638.81371.81106.80843.80582.80322
106.84137.83879.83623.83368.83115.82863.82614.82366.82119.81874
107.86211.85981.85751.85523.85297.85071.84847.84624.84403.84182
108.89660.89481.89304.89127.88950.88775.88601.88427.88254.88081
109.95372.95290.95208.95126.95045.94964.94883.94803.94723.94643

Table S—Based on Life Table 80CNSMT Single Life Remainder Factors

[Applicable After April 30, 1989, and Before May 1, 1999]

Age Interest rate
12.2% 12.4% 12.6% 12.8% 13.0% 13.2% 13.4% 13.6% 13.8% 14.0%
0.01683.01669.01655.01642.01630.01618.01607.01596.01586.01576
1.00559.00544.00531.00518.00506.00494.00484.00473.00464.00454
2.00528.00513.00499.00485.00473.00461.00449.00439.00428.00419
3.00524.00508.00493.00479.00465.00453.00441.00429.00419.00408
4.00536.00519.00503.00488.00473.00460.00447.00435.00423.00412
5.00558.00540.00523.00507.00492.00477.00464.00451.00439.00427
6.00588.00569.00550.00533.00517.00502.00487.00473.00460.00448
7.00624.00604.00584.00566.00549.00532.00517.00502.00488.00475
8.00668.00646.00626.00606.00588.00570.00554.00538.00523.00509
9.00722.00699.00677.00656.00636.00617.00600.00583.00567.00552
10.00785.00761.00737.00715.00694.00674.00655.00637.00620.00604
11.00861.00835.00810.00786.00764.00743.00723.00704.00686.00668
12.00946.00918.00891.00866.00843.00820.00799.00779.00760.00741
13.01035.01006.00978.00951.00927.00903.00880.00859.00839.00819
14.01122.01091.01061.01034.01007.00982.00958.00936.00914.00894
15.01203.01171.01140.01110.01082.01056.01031.01007.00985.00963
16.01279.01244.01211.01181.01151.01123.01097.01072.01048.01025
17.01347.01311.01276.01244.01213.01184.01156.01130.01104.01081
18.01411.01373.01336.01302.01270.01239.01210.01182.01155.01130
19.01474.01434.01396.01359.01325.01293.01262.01233.01205.01178
20.01537.01494.01454.01415.01379.01345.01313.01282.01252.01224
21.01598.01553.01510.01470.01432.01396.01361.01329.01298.01268
22.01660.01613.01568.01525.01485.01446.01410.01375.01343.01312
23.01725.01674.01627.01581.01539.01498.01460.01423.01388.01355
24.01796.01742.01692.01644.01599.01556.01515.01476.01439.01404
25.01876.01819.01765.01714.01666.01621.01577.01536.01497.01460
26.01967.01907.01850.01796.01745.01696.01650.01606.01565.01525
27.02072.02008.01948.01890.01836.01784.01735.01688.01644.01601
28.02190.02122.02057.01996.01938.01883.01831.01781.01734.01689
29.02322.02249.02181.02116.02054.01996.01940.01887.01836.01788
30.02469.02392.02319.02250.02184.02122.02062.02006.01952.01900
31.02634.02552.02475.02401.02331.02264.02201.02140.02083.02028
32.02816.02729.02647.02568.02494.02423.02355.02291.02229.02170
33.03018.02926.02838.02755.02675.02600.02528.02459.02393.02331
34.03239.03142.03048.02960.02875.02795.02718.02645.02575.02508
35.03482.03378.03279.03185.03095.03009.02928.02850.02775.02704
36.03743.03633.03528.03428.03333.03242.03155.03072.02992.02916
37.04026.03909.03798.03692.03591.03494.03401.03313.03228.03147
38.04330.04207.04089.03977.03869.03767.03668.03574.03484.03398
39.04658.04528.04403.04284.04170.04061.03957.03857.03762.03670
40.05011.04873.04741.04615.04495.04379.04269.04163.04061.03964
41.05389.05244.05104.04971.04844.04721.04604.04492.04384.04281
42.05791.05638.05491.05350.05216.05086.04962.04844.04729.04620
43.06219.06057.05902.05754.05612.05475.05344.05218.05098.04981
44.06673.06503.06340.06184.06034.05890.05752.05619.05491.05368
45.07157.06978.06806.06642.06484.06332.06186.06046.05911.05781
46.07669.07481.07301.07128.06962.06802.06649.06501.06358.06221
47.08212.08015.07826.07645.07470.07302.07140.06984.06834.06690
48.08784.08578.08380